
EXPR(1) BSD General Commands Manual EXPR(1)
NAME
expr  evaluate expression
SYNOPSIS
expr expression
DESCRIPTION
The expr utility evaluates expression and writes the result on standard output.
All operators are separate arguments to the expr utility. Characters special to the command
interpreter must be escaped.
Operators are listed below in order of increasing precedence. Operators with equal prece
dence are grouped within { } symbols.
expr1  expr2
Returns the evaluation of expr1 if it is neither an empty string nor zero; other
wise, returns the evaluation of expr2.
expr1 & expr2
Returns the evaluation of expr1 if neither expression evaluates to an empty string
or zero; otherwise, returns zero.
expr1 {=, >, >=, <, <=, !=} expr2
Returns the results of integer comparison if both arguments are integers; otherwise,
returns the results of string comparison using the localespecific collation
sequence. The result of each comparison is 1 if the specified relation is true, or
0 if the relation is false.
expr1 {+, } expr2
Returns the results of addition or subtraction of integervalued arguments.
expr1 {*, /, %} expr2
Returns the results of multiplication, integer division, or remainder of integer
valued arguments.
expr1 : expr2
The ``:'' operator matches expr1 against expr2, which must be a regular expression.
The regular expression is anchored to the beginning of the string with an implicit
``^''. expr expects "basic" regular expressions, see re_format(7) for more informa
tion on regular expressions.
If the match succeeds and the pattern contains at least one regular expression sub
expression ``\(...\)'', the string corresponding to ``\1'' is returned; otherwise
the matching operator returns the number of characters matched. If the match fails
and the pattern contains a regular expression subexpression the null string is
returned; otherwise 0.
Parentheses are used for grouping in the usual manner.
EXAMPLES
1. The following example adds one to the variable a.
a=`expr $a + 1`
2. The following example returns the filename portion of a pathname stored in variable a.
The // characters act to eliminate ambiguity with the division operator.
expr //$a : '.*/\(.*\)'
3. The following example returns the number of characters in variable a.
expr $a : '.*'
DIAGNOSTICS
The expr utility exits with one of the following values:
0 the expression is neither an empty string nor 0.
1 the expression is an empty string or 0.
2 the expression is invalid.
STANDARDS
The expr utility conforms to IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2'').
BSD July 3, 1993 BSD 
