Home Man
Search
Today's Posts
Register

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

OpenDarwin 7.2.1 - man page for ktrace (opendarwin section 1)

KTRACE(1)			   BSD General Commands Manual				KTRACE(1)

NAME
     ktrace -- enable kernel process tracing

SYNOPSIS
     ktrace [-aCcdi] [-f trfile] [-g pgrp | -p pid] [-t trstr]
     ktrace [-adi] [-f trfile] [-t trstr] command

DESCRIPTION
     The ktrace command enables kernel trace logging for the specified processes.  Kernel trace
     data is logged to the file ktrace.out.  The kernel operations that are traced include system
     calls, namei translations, signal processing, and I/O.

     Once tracing is enabled on a process, trace data will be logged until either the process
     exits or the trace point is cleared.  A traced process can generate enormous amounts of log
     data quickly; It is strongly suggested that users memorize how to disable tracing before
     attempting to trace a process.  The following command is sufficient to disable tracing on
     all user owned processes, and, if executed by root, all processes:

	   $ ktrace -C

     The trace file is not human readable; use kdump(1) to decode it.

     The options are as follows:

     -a      Append to the trace file instead of recreating it.

     -C      Disable tracing on all user owned processes, and, if executed by root, all processes
	     in the system.

     -c      Clear the trace points associated with the specified file or processes.

     -d      Descendants; perform the operation for all current children of the designated pro-
	     cesses.

     -f file
	     Log trace records to file instead of ktrace.out.

     -g pgid
	     Enable (disable) tracing on all processes in the process group (only one -g flag is
	     permitted).

     -i      Inherit; pass the trace flags to all future children of the designated processes.

     -p pid  Enable (disable) tracing on the indicated process id (only one -p flag is permit-
	     ted).

     -t trstr
	     The string argument represents the kernel trace points, one per letter.  The follow-
	     ing table equates the letters with the tracepoints:

	     c	   trace system calls
	     n	   trace namei translations
	     i	   trace I/O
	     s	   trace signal processing
	     u	   userland traces
	     w	   context switches

     command
	     Execute command with the specified trace flags.

     The -p, -g, and command options are mutually exclusive.

EXAMPLES
     # trace all kernel operations of process id 34
	   $ ktrace -p 34

     # trace all kernel operations of processes in process group 15 and # pass the trace flags to
     all current and future children
	   $ ktrace -idg 15

     # disable all tracing of process 65
	   $ ktrace -cp 65

     # disable tracing signals on process 70 and all current children
	   $ ktrace -t s -cdp 70

     # enable tracing of I/O on process 67
	   $ ktrace -ti -p 67

     # run the command "w", tracing only system calls
	   $ ktrace -tc w

     # disable all tracing to the file "tracedata"
	   $ ktrace -c -f tracedata

     # disable tracing of all processes owned by the user
	   $ ktrace -C

SEE ALSO
     kdump(1)

BUGS
     Only works if file is a regular file.

HISTORY
     The ktrace command appeared in 4.4BSD.

BSD					   June 6, 1993 				      BSD


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 09:54 PM.

Unix & Linux Forums Content Copyrightę1993-2018. All Rights Reserved.
UNIX.COM Login
Username:
Password:  
Show Password