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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for pmc_free_kernel_counter (netbsd section 9)

PMC(9)				  BSD Kernel Developer's Manual 			   PMC(9)

NAME
     pmc, pmc_get_num_counters, pmc_get_counter_type, pmc_save_context, pmc_restore_context,
     pmc_enable_counter, pmc_disable_counter, pmc_counter_isrunning, pmc_counter_isconfigured,
     pmc_configure_counter, pmc_get_counter_value, pmc_accumulate, pmc_alloc_kernel_counter,
     pmc_free_kernel_counter, pmc_start_profiling, pmc_stop_profiling, PMC_ENABLED -- Hardware
     Performance Monitoring Interface

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/pmc.h>

     int
     pmc_get_num_counters(void);

     int
     pmc_get_counter_type(int ctr);

     void
     pmc_save_context(struct lwp *l);

     void
     pmc_restore_context(struct lwp *l);

     int
     pmc_enable_counter(struct lwp *l, int ctr);

     int
     pmc_disable_counter(struct lwp *l, int ctr);

     int
     pmc_counter_isrunning(struct lwp *l, int ctr);

     int
     pmc_counter_isconfigured(struct lwp *l, int ctr);

     int
     pmc_configure_counter(struct lwp *l, int ctr, struct pmc_counter_cfg *cfg);

     int
     pmc_get_counter_value(struct lwp *l, int ctr, int flags, uint64_t *pval);

     int
     pmc_accumulate(struct lwp *l_parent, struct lwp *l_exiting);

     int
     pmc_alloc_kernel_counter(int ctr, struct pmc_counter_cfg *cfg);

     int
     pmc_free_kernel_counter(int ctr);

     int
     pmc_start_profiling(int ctr, struct pmc_counter_cfg *cfg);

     int
     pmc_stop_profiling(int ctr);

     int
     PMC_ENABLED(struct lwp *l);

DESCRIPTION
     Provides a machine-independent interface to the hardware performance counters which are
     available on several CPU families.  The capabilities of these counters vary from CPU to CPU,
     but they basically count hardware events such as data cache hits or misses, branches taken,
     branched mispredicted, and so forth.  Some can interrupt the processor when a certain
     threshold has been reached.  Some can count events in user space and kernel space indepen-
     dently.

     The pmc interface is intended to allow monitoring from within the kernel as well as monitor-
     ing of userland applications.  If the hardware can interrupt the CPU in a specific implemen-
     tation, then it may also be used as a profiling source instead of the clock.

IMPLEMENTATION NOTES
     All function calls in this interface may be defined as cpp(1) macros.  If any function is
     not implemented as a macro, its prototype must be defined by the port-specific header
     <machine/pmc.h>.

     Counters are numbered from 0 to N-1 where N is the number of counters available on the sys-
     tem (see pmc_get_num_counters() below).

     Upon a process fork, implementations must

     o	 Zero performance counters for the new process, and

     o	 Inherit any enabled performance counters.

DATA TYPES
     Each implementation must specify two new types:

     pmc_evid_t  An integer type which can contain the event IDs for a given processor.

     pmc_ctr_t	 An integer type defining the value which may be contained in a given counter
		 register.

     Counters are configured with the struct pmc_counter_cfg.  This structure is defined as

     struct pmc_counter_cfg {
	     pmc_evid_t      event_id;
	     pmc_ctr_t	     reset_value;
	     uint32_t	     flags;
     };

     flags are currently unused.

FUNCTIONS
     pmc_get_num_counters(void)
	    Returns the number of counters present on the current system.  Valid values for ctr
	    in the interface entry points below are from zero to one less than the return value
	    from this function.

     pmc_get_counter_type(int ctr)
	    Returns an implementation-dependent type describing the specified counter.	If ctr is
	    specified as -1, returns a machine-dependent type describing the CPU or counter con-
	    figuration.  For example, on an ia32 architecture, it may distinguish between 586-,
	    686-, and K7-style counters.

     pmc_save_context(struct lwp *l)
	    Saves the PMC context for the current process.  This is called just before
	    cpu_switch(9).  If there is kernel PMC state, it must be maintained across this call.

     pmc_restore_context(struct lwp *l)
	    Restores the PMC context for the current process.  This is called just after
	    cpu_switch(9) returns.  If there is kernel PMC state, it must be maintained across
	    this call.

     pmc_enable_counter(struct lwp *l, int ctr)
	    Enables counter ctr for the specified process.  The counter should have already been
	    configured with a call to pmc_configure_counter().	This starts the counter running
	    if it is not already started and enables any interrupts, as appropriate.

     pmc_disable_counter(struct lwp *l, int ctr)
	    Disables counter ctr for the specified process.  This stops the counter from running,
	    and disables any interrupts, as appropriate.

     pmc_counter_isrunning(struct lwp *l, int ctr)
	    Returns non-zero if the specified counter in the specified process is running or if
	    the counter is running in the kernel.

     pmc_counter_isconfigured(struct lwp *l, int ctr)
	    Returns non-zero if the specified counter in the specified process is configured or
	    if the counter is in use by the kernel.

     pmc_configure_counter(struct lwp *l, int ctr, struct pmc_counter_cfg *cfg)
	    Configures counter ctr according to the configuration information stored in cfg.

     pmc_get_counter_value(struct lwp *l, int ctr, int flags, uint64_t *pval)
	    Returns the value of counter ctr in the space pointed to by pval.  The only recog-
	    nized flag is PMC_VALUE_FLAGS_CHILDREN which specifies that the returned counts
	    should be accumulated values for any exited child processes.

     pmc_accumulate(struct lwp *l_parent, struct lwp *l_exiting)
	    Accumulates any counter data from the exiting process p_exiting into the counters for
	    the parent process p_parent.

     pmc_alloc_kernel_counter(int ctr, struct pmc_counter_cfg *cfg)
	    Allocates counter ctr for use by the kernel and configures it with cfg.

     pmc_free_kernel_counter(int ctr)
	    Returns counter ctr to the available pool of counters that may be used by processes.

     pmc_start_profiling(int ctr, struct pmc_counter_cfg *cfg)
	    Allocates counter ctr for use by the kernel for profiling and configures it with cfg.

     pmc_stop_profiling(int ctr)
	    Stops profiling with counter ctr.

     PMC_ENABLED(struct lwp *l)
	    Returns non-zero if the given process or the kernel is using the PMC at all.

SEE ALSO
     pmc(1), pmc_control(2), pmc_get_info(2)

HISTORY
     The pmc interface appeared in NetBSD 2.0.

AUTHORS
     The pmc interface was designed and implemented by Allen Briggs for Wasabi Systems, Inc.
     Additional input on the pmc design was provided by Jason R. Thorpe.

BSD					   May 14, 2010 				      BSD


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