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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for pfil (netbsd section 9)

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PFIL(9) 			  BSD Kernel Developer's Manual 			  PFIL(9)

NAME
     pfil, pfil_head_register, pfil_head_unregister, pfil_head_get, pfil_hook_get, pfil_add_hook,
     pfil_remove_hook, pfil_run_hooks -- packet filter interface

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/param.h>
     #include <sys/mbuf.h>
     #include <net/if.h>
     #include <net/pfil.h>

     int
     pfil_head_register(struct pfil_head *ph);

     int
     pfil_head_unregister(struct pfil_head *ph);

     struct pfil_head *
     pfil_head_get(int af, u_long dlt);

     struct packet_filter_hook *
     pfil_hook_get(int dir, struct pfil_head *ph);

     int
     pfil_add_hook(int (*func)(), void *arg, int flags, struct pfil_head *ph);

     int
     pfil_remove_hook(int (*func)(), void *arg, int flags, struct pfil_head *ph);

     int
     (*func)(void *arg, struct mbuf **mp, struct ifnet *, int dir);

     int
     pfil_run_hooks(struct pfil_head *ph, struct mbuf **mp, struct ifnet *ifp, int dir);

DESCRIPTION
     The pfil framework allows for a specified function to be invoked for every incoming or out-
     going packet for a particular network I/O stream.	These hooks may be used to implement a
     firewall or perform packet transformations.

     Packet filtering points are registered with pfil_head_register().	Filtering points are
     identified by a key (void *) and a data link type (int) in the pfil_head structure.  Packet
     filters use the key and data link type to look up the filtering point with which they regis-
     ter themselves.  The key is unique to the filtering point.  The data link type is a bpf(4)
     DLT constant indicating what kind of header is present on the packet at the filtering point.
     Filtering points may be unregistered with the pfil_head_unregister() function.

     Packet filters register/unregister themselves with a filtering point with the
     pfil_add_hook() and pfil_remove_hook() functions, respectively.  The head is looked up using
     the pfil_head_get() function, which takes the key and data link type that the packet filter
     expects.  Filters may provide an argument to be passed to the filter when invoked on a
     packet.

     When a filter is invoked, the packet appears just as if it ``came off the wire''.	That is,
     all protocol fields are in network byte order.  The filter is called with its specified
     argument, the pointer to the pointer to the mbuf containing the packet, the pointer to the
     network interface that the packet is traversing, and the direction (PFIL_IN or PFIL_OUT, see
     also below) that the packet is traveling.	The filter may change which mbuf the mbuf **
     argument references.  The filter returns an errno if the packet processing is to stop, or 0
     if the processing is to continue.	If the packet processing is to stop, it is the responsi-
     bility of the filter to free the packet.

     The flags parameter, used in the pfil_add_hook() and pfil_remove_hook() functions, indicates
     when the filter should be called.	The flags are:
	   PFIL_IN	call me on incoming packets
	   PFIL_OUT	call me on outgoing packets
	   PFIL_ALL	call me on all of the above
	   PFIL_IFADDR	call me on interface reconfig (mbuf ** is ioctl #)
	   PFIL_IFNET	call me on interface attach/detach (mbuf ** is either PFIL_IFNET_ATTACH
			or PFIL_IFNET_DETACH)
	   PFIL_WAITOK	OK to call malloc with M_WAITOK.

     The pfil interface is enabled in the kernel via the PFIL_HOOKS option.

SEE ALSO
     bpf(4)

HISTORY
     The pfil interface first appeared in NetBSD 1.3.  The pfil input and output lists were orig-
     inally implemented as <sys/queue.h> LIST structures; however this was changed in NetBSD 1.4
     to TAILQ structures.  This change was to allow the input and output filters to be processed
     in reverse order, to allow the same path to be taken, in or out of the kernel.

     The pfil interface was changed in 1.4T to accept a 3rd parameter to both pfil_add_hook() and
     pfil_remove_hook(), introducing the capability of per-protocol filtering.	This was done
     primarily in order to support filtering of IPv6.

     In 1.5K, the pfil framework was changed to work with an arbitrary number of filtering
     points, as well as be less IP-centric.

AUTHORS
     The pfil interface was designed and implemented by Matthew R. Green, with help from Darren
     Reed, Jason R. Thorpe and Charles M. Hannum.  Darren Reed added support for IPv6 in addition
     to IPv4.  Jason R. Thorpe added support for multiple hooks and other clean up.

BUGS
     The current pfil implementation will need changes to suit a threaded kernel model.

BSD					 January 8, 2006				      BSD
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