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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for iic (netbsd section 9)

IIC(9)				  BSD Kernel Developer's Manual 			   IIC(9)

NAME
     iic_acquire_bus, iic_release_bus, iic_exec, iic_smbus_write_byte, iic_smbus_read_byte,
     iic_smbus_receive_byte -- Inter IC (I2C) bus

SYNOPSIS
     #include <dev/i2c/i2cvar.h>

     int
     iic_acquire_bus(i2c_tag_t ic, int flags);

     int
     iic_release_bus(i2c_tag_t ic, int flags);

     int
     iic_exec(i2c_tag_t ic, i2c_op_t op, i2c_addr_t addr, const void *cmdbuf, size_t cmdlen,
	 void *buf, size_t buflen, int flags);

     int
     iic_smbus_write_byte(i2c_tag_t ic, i2c_addr_t addr, uint8_t cmd, uint8_t data, int flags);

     int
     iic_smbus_read_byte(i2c_tag_t ic, i2c_addr_t addr, uint8_t cmd, uint8_t *datap, int flags);

     int
     iic_smbus_receive_byte(i2c_tag_t ic, i2c_addr_t addr, uint8_t *datap, int flags);

DESCRIPTION
     I2C is a two-wire bus developed by Philips used for connecting integrated circuits.  It is
     commonly used for connecting devices such as EEPROMs, temperature sensors, fan controllers,
     real-time clocks, tuners, and other types of integrated circuits.	The iic interface pro-
     vides a means of communicating with I2C-connected devices.  The System Management Bus, or
     SMBus, is a variant of the I2C bus with a simplified command protocol and some electrical
     differences.

DATA TYPES
     Drivers for devices attached to the I2C bus will make use of the following data types:

     i2c_tag_t	 Controller tag for the I2C bus.  This is a pointer to a struct i2c_controller,
		 consisting of function pointers filled in by the I2C controller driver.

     i2c_op_t	 I2C bus operation.  The following I2C bus operations are defined:

		 I2C_OP_READ
		       Perform a read operation.

		 I2C_OP_READ_WITH_STOP
		       Perform a read operation and send a STOP condition on the I2C bus at the
		       conclusion of the read.

		 I2C_OP_WRITE
		       Perform a write operation.

		 I2C_OP_WRITE_WITH_STOP
		       Perform a write operation and send a STOP condition on the I2C bus at the
		       conclusion of the write.

     i2c_addr_t  I2C device address.

     struct i2c_attach_args
		 Devices are attached to an I2C bus using this structure.  The structure is
		 defined as follows:

		 struct i2c_attach_args {
			 i2c_tag_t ia_tag;	 /* controller */
			 i2c_addr_t ia_addr;	 /* address of device */
			 int ia_size;		 /* size (for EEPROMs) */
		 };

FUNCTIONS
     The following functions comprise the API provided to drivers of I2C-connected devices:

     iic_acquire_bus(ic, flags)
	       Acquire an exclusive lock on the I2C bus.  This is required since only one device
	       may communicate on the I2C bus at a time.  Drivers should acquire the bus lock,
	       perform the I2C bus operations necessary, and then release the bus lock.  Passing
	       the I2C_F_POLL flag indicates to iic_acquire_bus() that sleeping is not permitted.

     iic_release_bus(ic, flags)
	       Release an exclusive lock on the I2C bus.  If the I2C_F_POLL flag was passed to
	       iic_acquire_bus(), it must also be passed to iic_release_bus().

     iic_exec(ic, op, addr, cmdbuf, cmdlen, buf, buflen, flags)
	       Perform a series of I2C transactions on the bus.  iic_exec() initiates the opera-
	       tion by sending a START condition on the I2C bus and then transmitting the address
	       of the target device along with the transaction type.  If cmdlen is non-zero, the
	       command pointed to by cmdbuf is then sent to the device.  If buflen is non-zero,
	       iic_exec() will then transmit or receive the data, as indicated by op.  If op
	       indicates a read operation, iic_exec() will send a REPEATED START before transfer-
	       ring the data.  If op so indicates, a STOP condition will be sent on the I2C bus
	       at the conclusion of the operation.  Passing the I2C_F_POLL flag indicates to
	       iic_exec() that sleeping is not permitted.

     iic_smbus_write_byte(ic, addr, cmd, data, flags)
	       Perform an SMBus WRITE BYTE operation.  This is equivalent to
	       I2C_OP_WRITE_WITH_STOP with cmdlen of 1 and buflen of 1.

     iic_smbus_read_byte(ic, addr, cmd, datap, flags)
	       Perform an SMBus READ BYTE operation.  This is equivalent to I2C_OP_READ_WITH_STOP
	       with cmdlen of 1 and buflen of 1.

     iic_smbus_receive_byte(ic, addr, datap, flags)
	       Perform an SMBus RECEIVE BYTE operation.  This is equivalent to
	       I2C_OP_READ_WITH_STOP with cmdlen of 0 and buflen of 1.

CONTROLLER INTERFACE
     The I2C controller driver must fill in the function pointers of an i2c_controller structure,
     which is defined as follows:

     struct i2c_controller {
	     void    *ic_cookie;     /* controller private */

	     int     (*ic_acquire_bus)(void *, int);
	     void    (*ic_release_bus)(void *, int);

	     int     (*ic_exec)(void *, i2c_op_t, i2c_addr_t,
			const void *, size_t, void *, size_t, int);

	     int     (*ic_send_start)(void *, int);
	     int     (*ic_send_stop)(void *, int);
	     int     (*ic_initiate_xfer)(void *, i2c_addr_t, int);
	     int     (*ic_read_byte)(void *, uint8_t *, int);
	     int     (*ic_write_byte)(void *, uint8_t, int);
     };

     The (*ic_acquire_bus)() and (*ic_release_bus)() functions must always be provided.

     The controller driver may elect to provide an (*ic_exec)() function.  This function is
     intended for use by automated controllers that do not provide manual control over I2C bus
     conditions such as START and STOP.

     If the (*ic_exec)() function is not provided, the following 5 functions will be used by
     iic_exec() in order to execute the I2C bus operation:

     (*ic_send_start)(cookie, flags)
	   Send a START condition on the I2C bus.  The I2C_F_POLL flag indicates that sleeping is
	   not permitted.

     (*ic_send_stop)(cookie, flags)
	   Send a STOP condition on the I2C bus.  The I2C_F_POLL flag indicates that sleeping is
	   not permitted.

     (*ic_initiate_xfer)(cookie, addr, flags)
	   Initiate a transfer on the I2C bus by sending a START condition and then transmitting
	   the I2C device address and transfer type.  The I2C_F_READ flag indicates a read trans-
	   fer; the lack of this flag indicates a write transfer.  The I2C_F_POLL flag indicates
	   that sleeping is not permitted.  The error code ETIMEDOUT should be returned if a
	   timeout that would indicate that the device is not present occurs.

     (*ic_read_byte)(cookie, datap, flags)
	   Read a byte from the I2C bus into the memory location referenced by datap.  The
	   I2C_F_LAST flag indicates that this is the final byte of the transfer, and that a NACK
	   condition should be sent on the I2C bus following the transfer of the byte.	The
	   I2C_F_STOP flag indicates that a STOP condition should be sent on the I2C bus follow-
	   ing the transfer of the byte.  The I2C_F_POLL flag indicates that sleeping is not per-
	   mitted.

     (*ic_write_byte)(cookie, data, flags)
	   Write the byte contained in data to the I2C bus.  The I2C_F_STOP flag indicates that a
	   STOP condition should be sent on the I2C bus following the transfer of the byte.  The
	   I2C_F_POLL flag indicates that sleeping is not permitted.

SEE ALSO
     iic(4), i2cscan(8)

     NXP Semiconductors, I2C-bus Specification and User Manual, Revision 03,
     http://www.ics.nxp.com/support/documents/i2c/pdf/i2c.bus.specification.pdf, June 19, 2007.

     Duracell Inc. et. al., System Management Bus (SMBus) Specification, Version 2.0,
     http://smbus.org/specs/smbus20.pdf, August 3, 2000.

HISTORY
     The iic API first appeared in NetBSD 2.0.	OpenBSD support was added in OpenBSD 3.6.

AUTHORS
     The iic API was written by Steve C. Woodford and Jason R. Thorpe for NetBSD and then ported
     to OpenBSD by Alexander Yurchenko <grange@openbsd.org>.

BSD					 October 15, 2011				      BSD


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