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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for sockopt (netbsd section 9)

SOCKOPT(9)				    BSD Kernel Developer's Manual				   SOCKOPT(9)

NAME
sockopt_init, sockopt_destroy, sockopt_get, sockopt_getint sockopt_set, sockopt_setint, -- socket options han- dling
SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/socketvar.h> void sockopt_init(struct sockopt *sopt, int level, int name, size_t size); void sockopt_destroy(struct sockopt *sopt); int sockopt_get(struct sockopt *sopt, void *value, size_t size); int sockopt_getint(struct sockopt *sopt, int *value); int sockopt_set(struct sockopt *sopt, const void *value, size_t size); int sockopt_setint(struct sockopt *sopt, int value);
DESCRIPTION
The sockopt structure is used to pass a socket option and associated value: struct sockopt { int sopt_level; /* option level */ int sopt_name; /* option name */ size_t sopt_size; /* data length */ void * sopt_data; /* data pointer */ uint8_t sopt_buf[sizeof(int)]; /* internal storage */ }; The internal storage is used for the common case of values up to integer size so that memory allocation is not required and sopt_data will point to this in that case. Rather than provide accessor functions, the sockopt structure is public and the contents are expected to be internally consistent, but the normal practice would be to use the appropriate methods for storage and retrieval of values where a known datatype is expected, as the size will be verified. Note: a sockopt structure may only be used for a single level/name/size combination. If the structure is to be re-used, it must be destroyed and re-initialized with the new values.
OPTIONS
options DIAGNOSTIC Kernels compiled with the DIAGNOSTIC option will perform basic sanity checks on socket options operations.
FUNCTIONS
sockopt_init(sopt, level, name, size) Initialise sockopt storage. If size is given, sockopt_init() will arrange for sopt_data to point to a buffer of size bytes for the sockopt value. Where memory needs to be allocated to satisfy this, sockopt_init() may sleep. sockopt_destroy(sopt) Destroy sockopt storage, releasing any allocated memory. sockopt_get(sopt, value, size) Copy out sockopt value. Will return EINVAL if an incorrect data size is given. sockopt_getint(sopt, value) Common case of get sockopt integer value. Will return EINVAL if sockopt does not contain an integer sized value. sockopt_set(sopt, value, size) Copy in sockopt value. The sockopt structure must contain a data field of size bytes or be previously unset, in which case a data buffer may be allocated using kmem_alloc(9) with the KM_NOSLEEP flag which may cause sockopt_set() to return ENOMEM. Note: If you need to use sockopt_set() in a context where memory allocation may be required and you do not wish to contemplate failure, the sockopt structure can be initialised in a more suitable context using sockopt_init() which will not fail. sockopt_setint(sopt, value) Common case of set sockopt integer value. The sockpt structure must contain an int sized data field or be previously unset, in which case the data pointer will be set to the internal storage.
CODE REFERENCES
The function prototypes and sockopt structure are defined in the sys/sys/socketvar.h header file, and the socket options implementation is in sys/kern/uipc_socket.c.
SEE ALSO
errno(2), kmem(9)
HISTORY
The socket options KPI was inspired by a similar KPI in FreeBSD and first appeared in NetBSD 5.0.
BSD
September 4, 2009 BSD
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