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services_mkdb(8) [netbsd man page]

SERVICES_MKDB(8)					    BSD System Manager's Manual 					  SERVICES_MKDB(8)

services_mkdb -- generate the services databases SYNOPSIS
services_mkdb [-qv] [-o database] [-V style] [file] services_mkdb -u [file] DESCRIPTION
services_mkdb creates a db(3) database for the specified file. If no file is specified, then /etc/services is used. The database is installed into /var/db/services.cdb for CDB format and into /var/db/services.db for DB format (see -V). The file must be in the correct for- mat (see services(5)). The options are as follows: -o database Put the output databases in the named file. -q Don't warn about duplicate services. This is the default behavior. -u Print the services file to stdout, omitting duplicate entries and comments. -V Create a specific version of the database style. style can be cdb to request the CDB format (default) or db to request the DB for- mat. The DB format is useful for compatibility with old statically linked binaries. -v Warn about duplicate services. The databases are used by the C library services routines (see getservent(3)). services_mkdb exits zero on success, non-zero on failure. FILES
/var/db/services.db The current services database. /var/db/services.db.tmp A temporary file. /etc/services The current services file. SEE ALSO
db(3), getservent(3), services(5) BUGS
Because services_mkdb guarantees not to install a partial destination file it must build a temporary file in the same file system and if suc- cessful use rename(2) to install over the destination file. If services_mkdb fails it will leave the previous version of the destination file intact. BSD
May 5, 2010 BSD

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GETSERVENT(3)						     Linux Programmer's Manual						     GETSERVENT(3)

getservent, getservbyname, getservbyport, setservent, endservent - get service entry SYNOPSIS
#include <netdb.h> struct servent *getservent(void); struct servent *getservbyname(const char *name, const char *proto); struct servent *getservbyport(int port, const char *proto); void setservent(int stayopen); void endservent(void); DESCRIPTION
The getservent() function reads the next line from the file /etc/services and returns a structure servent containing the broken out fields from the line. The /etc/services file is opened if necessary. The getservbyname() function returns a servent structure for the line from /etc/services that matches the service name using protocol proto. If proto is NULL, any protocol will be matched. The getservbyport() function returns a servent structure for the line that matches the port port given in network byte order using protocol proto. If proto is NULL, any protocol will be matched. The setservent() function opens and rewinds the /etc/services file. If stayopen is true (1), then the file will not be closed between calls to getservbyname() and getservbyport(). The endservent() function closes /etc/services. The servent structure is defined in <netdb.h> as follows: struct servent { char *s_name; /* official service name */ char **s_aliases; /* alias list */ int s_port; /* port number */ char *s_proto; /* protocol to use */ } The members of the servent structure are: s_name The official name of the service. s_aliases A zero terminated list of alternative names for the service. s_port The port number for the service given in network byte order. s_proto The name of the protocol to use with this service. RETURN VALUE
The getservent(), getservbyname() and getservbyport() functions return the servent structure, or a NULL pointer if an error occurs or the end of the file is reached. FILES
/etc/services services database file CONFORMING TO
getprotoent(3), getnetent(3), services(5) BSD
2001-07-25 GETSERVENT(3)
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