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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for reboot (netbsd section 8)

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REBOOT(8)			   BSD System Manager's Manual				REBOOT(8)

NAME
     reboot, poweroff, halt -- restarting, powering down and stopping the system

SYNOPSIS
     halt [-dlnpqvxz]
     poweroff [-dlnqvxz]
     reboot [-dlnqvxz] [arg ...]

DESCRIPTION
     The poweroff, halt and reboot utilities flush the file system cache to disk, send all run-
     ning processes a SIGTERM, wait for up to 30 seconds for them to die, send a SIGKILL to the
     survivors and, respectively, power down, halt or restart the system.  The action is logged,
     including entering a shutdown record into the login accounting file and sending a message
     via syslog(3).

     The options are as follows:

     -d      Create a dump before halting or restarting.  This option is useful for debugging
	     system dump procedures or capturing the state of a corrupted or misbehaving system.

     -l      Suppress sending a message via syslog(3) before halting or restarting.

     -n      Do not flush the file system cache.  This option should be used with extreme cau-
	     tion.  It can be used if a disk or a processor is on fire.

     -p      Attempt to powerdown the system.  If the powerdown fails, or the system does not
	     support software powerdown, the system will halt.	This option is only valid for
	     halt.

     -v      To enable verbose messages on the console, pass the boothowto(9) flag AB_VERBOSE to
	     reboot(2).

     -x      To enable debugging messages on the console, pass the boothowto(9) flag AB_DEBUG to
	     reboot(2).

     -z      To silence some shutdown messages on the console, pass the boothowto(9) flag
	     AB_SILENT to reboot(2).

     -q      Do not give processes a chance to shut down before halting or restarting.	This
	     option should not normally be used.

     If there are any arguments passed to reboot they are concatenated with spaces and passed as
     bootstr to the reboot(2) system call.  The string is passed to the firmware on platforms
     that support it.

     Normally, the shutdown(8) utility is used when the system needs to be halted or restarted,
     giving users advance warning of their impending doom.

SEE ALSO
     reboot(2), syslog(3), utmp(5), boot(8), init(8), rescue(8), shutdown(8), sync(8)

HISTORY
     A reboot command appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX.

     The poweroff command first appeared in NetBSD 1.5.

CAVEATS
     Once the command has begun its work, stopping it before it completes will probably result in
     a system so crippled it must be physically reset.	To prevent premature termination, the
     command blocks many signals early in its execution.  However, nothing can defend against
     deliberate attempts to evade this.

     This command will stop the system without running any shutdown(8) scripts.  Amongst other
     things, this means that swapping will not be disabled so that raid(4) can shutdown cleanly.
     You should normally use shutdown(8) unless you are running in single user mode.

BUGS
     The single user shell will ignore the SIGTERM signal.  To avoid waiting for the timeout when
     rebooting or halting from the single user shell, you have to exec reboot or exec halt.

BSD					February 16, 2011				      BSD
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