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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for lwresd (netbsd section 8)

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LWRESD(8)				      BIND9					LWRESD(8)

NAME
       lwresd - lightweight resolver daemon

SYNOPSIS
       lwresd [-c config-file] [-C config-file] [-d debug-level] [-f] [-g] [-i pid-file]
	      [-m flag] [-n #cpus] [-P port] [-p port] [-s] [-t directory] [-u user] [-v] [-4]
	      [-6]

DESCRIPTION
       lwresd is the daemon providing name lookup services to clients that use the BIND 9
       lightweight resolver library. It is essentially a stripped-down, caching-only name server
       that answers queries using the BIND 9 lightweight resolver protocol rather than the DNS
       protocol.

       lwresd listens for resolver queries on a UDP port on the IPv4 loopback interface,
       127.0.0.1. This means that lwresd can only be used by processes running on the local
       machine. By default, UDP port number 921 is used for lightweight resolver requests and
       responses.

       Incoming lightweight resolver requests are decoded by the server which then resolves them
       using the DNS protocol. When the DNS lookup completes, lwresd encodes the answers in the
       lightweight resolver format and returns them to the client that made the request.

       If /etc/resolv.conf contains any nameserver entries, lwresd sends recursive DNS queries to
       those servers. This is similar to the use of forwarders in a caching name server. If no
       nameserver entries are present, or if forwarding fails, lwresd resolves the queries
       autonomously starting at the root name servers, using a built-in list of root server
       hints.

OPTIONS
       -4
	   Use IPv4 only even if the host machine is capable of IPv6.  -4 and -6 are mutually
	   exclusive.

       -6
	   Use IPv6 only even if the host machine is capable of IPv4.  -4 and -6 are mutually
	   exclusive.

       -c config-file
	   Use config-file as the configuration file instead of the default, /etc/lwresd.conf.
	   -c can not be used with -C.

       -C config-file
	   Use config-file as the configuration file instead of the default, /etc/resolv.conf.
	   -C can not be used with -c.

       -d debug-level
	   Set the daemon's debug level to debug-level. Debugging traces from lwresd become more
	   verbose as the debug level increases.

       -f
	   Run the server in the foreground (i.e. do not daemonize).

       -g
	   Run the server in the foreground and force all logging to stderr.

       -i pid-file
	   Use pid-file as the PID file instead of the default, /var/run/lwresd/lwresd.pid.

       -m flag
	   Turn on memory usage debugging flags. Possible flags are usage, trace, record, size,
	   and mctx. These correspond to the ISC_MEM_DEBUGXXXX flags described in <isc/mem.h>.

       -n #cpus
	   Create #cpus worker threads to take advantage of multiple CPUs. If not specified,
	   lwresd will try to determine the number of CPUs present and create one thread per CPU.
	   If it is unable to determine the number of CPUs, a single worker thread will be
	   created.

       -P port
	   Listen for lightweight resolver queries on port port. If not specified, the default is
	   port 921.

       -p port
	   Send DNS lookups to port port. If not specified, the default is port 53. This provides
	   a way of testing the lightweight resolver daemon with a name server that listens for
	   queries on a non-standard port number.

       -s
	   Write memory usage statistics to stdout on exit.
		  Note: This option is mainly of interest to BIND 9 developers and may be removed
		  or changed in a future release.

       -t directory
	   Chroot to directory after processing the command line arguments, but before reading
	   the configuration file.
		  Warning: This option should be used in conjunction with the -u option, as
		  chrooting a process running as root doesn't enhance security on most systems;
		  the way chroot(2) is defined allows a process with root privileges to escape a
		  chroot jail.

       -u user
	   Setuid to user after completing privileged operations, such as creating sockets that
	   listen on privileged ports.

       -v
	   Report the version number and exit.

FILES
       /etc/resolv.conf
	   The default configuration file.

       /var/run/lwresd.pid
	   The default process-id file.

SEE ALSO
       named(8), lwres(3), resolver(5).

AUTHOR
       Internet Systems Consortium

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 2004, 2005, 2007-2009 Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
       Copyright (C) 2000, 2001 Internet Software Consortium.

BIND9					  June 30, 2000 				LWRESD(8)
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