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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for fsck (netbsd section 8)

FSCK(8) 			   BSD System Manager's Manual				  FSCK(8)

NAME
     fsck -- file system consistency check and interactive repair

SYNOPSIS
     fsck [-dfnPpqvy] [-l maxparallel] [-T fstype:fsoptions] [-t fstype] [-x mountpoint]
	  [special | node ...]

DESCRIPTION
     The fsck command invokes file system-specific programs to check the special devices listed
     in the fstab(5) file or in the command line for consistency.

     It is normally used in the script /etc/rc during automatic reboot.  If no file systems are
     specified, and ``preen'' mode is enabled ( -p option) fsck reads the table /etc/fstab to
     determine which file systems to check, in what order.  Only partitions in fstab that are
     mounted ``rw,'' ``rq'' or ``ro'' and that have non-zero pass number are checked.  File sys-
     tems with pass number 1 (normally just the root file system) are checked one at a time.
     When pass 1 completes, all remaining file systems are checked, running one process per disk
     drive.  By default, file systems which are already mounted read-write are not checked.  The
     disk drive containing each file system is inferred from the longest prefix of the device
     name that ends in a digit; the remaining characters are assumed to be the partition designa-
     tor.

     The options are as follows:

     -d      Debugging mode.  Just print the commands without executing them.

     -f      Force checking of file systems, even when they are marked clean (for file systems
	     that support this), or when they are mounted read-write.

     -l maxparallel
	     Limit the number of parallel checks to the number specified in the following argu-
	     ment.  By default, the limit is the number of disks, running one process per disk.
	     If a smaller limit is given, the disks are checked round-robin, one file system at a
	     time.

     -n      Causes fsck to assume no as the answer to all operator questions, except "CON-
	     TINUE?".

     -P      Display a progress meter for each file system check.  This option also disables par-
	     allel checking.  Note that progress meters are not supported by all file system
	     types.

     -p      Enter preen mode.	In preen mode, fsck will check all file systems listed in
	     /etc/fstab according to their pass number, and will make minor repairs without human
	     intervention.

     -q      Quiet mode, do not output any messages for clean filesystems.

     -T fstype:fsoptions
	     List of comma separated file system specific options for the specified file system
	     type, in the same format as mount(8).

     -t fstype
	     Invoke fsck only for the comma separated list of file system types.  If the list
	     starts with ``no'' then invoke fsck for the file system types that are not specified
	     in the list.

     -v      Print the commands before executing them.

     -x mountpoint
	     Exclude the filesystem which has a mountpoint the same as in /etc/fstab.  Used only
	     in ``preen'' mode.

     -y      Causes fsck to assume yes as the answer to all operator questions.

FILES
     /etc/fstab  file system table

EXIT STATUS
     fsck exits with 0 on success.  Any major problems will cause fsck to exit with the following
     non-zero exit(3) codes, so as to alert any invoking program or script that human interven-
     tion is required.

     1	   Usage problem.

     2	   Unresolved errors while checking the filesystem.  Re-running fsck on the filesystem(s)
	   is required.

     4	   The root filesystem was changed in the process of checking, and updating the mount was
	   unsuccessful.  A reboot (without sync) is required.

     8	   The filesystem check has failed, and a subsequent check is required that will require
	   human intervention.

     12    fsck exited because of the result of a signal (usually SIGINT or SIGQUIT from the ter-
	   minal).

SEE ALSO
     fstab(5), fsck_ext2fs(8), fsck_ffs(8), fsck_lfs(8), fsck_msdos(8), mount(8)

BSD					February 17, 2010				      BSD


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