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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for utoppy (netbsd section 4)

UTOPPY(4)			   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual 			UTOPPY(4)

     utoppy -- USB driver for the Topfield TF5000PVR range of digital video recorders

     utoppy* at uhub? port ?

     #include <dev/usb/utoppy.h>

     The utoppy driver provides support for the Topfield TF5000PVR range of DVB recorders (nick-
     named 'Toppy') which are popular in Europe and Australia.	These recorders have a USB device
     interface which can be used to transfer recordings to and from the unit's hard disk.  The
     USB interface can also be used to upload binary images for execution on the Toppy's MIPS

     The Toppy's USB protocol has not been officially documented by Topfield, but the basic fea-
     tures have been reverse engineered by others in order to write replacements for the official
     'Altair' download/upload program from Topfield.

     Existing replacements for Altair suffer from the fact that they are ultimately built on top
     of ugen(4).  This has a number of detrimental side-effects:

     1.   Performance suffers since all Toppy command packets have to cross the user-kernel

     2.   The userland programs are full of clutter to deal with interpreting the command/status
	  packets, not to mention byte-swapping and host endian issues.

     3.   Signals can interrupt a data transfer at a critical point, leaving the Toppy in an
	  undefined state.  For example, interrupting a download with 'Turbo' mode enabled will
	  leave the Toppy completely unresponsive to the remote control, and prevent timer-based
	  recordings from starting.

     The utoppy driver provides a clean and stable interface to the Toppy protocol, and ensures
     that an interrupt caused by a signal does not leave the Toppy in an undefined state.

     Use the following header file to get access to the utoppy specific structures and defines.

     #include <dev/usb/utoppy.h>

     The utoppy driver can be accessed through the /dev/utoppyN character device.  The primary
     means of controlling the driver is by issuing a series of ioctl(2) system calls followed by
     read(2) or write(2) system calls as appropriate.

     The following ioctl(2) commands are supported by the utoppy driver:

     UTOPPYIOTURBO int *mode
	     This command can be used to enable or disable 'Turbo' mode for subsequent
	     UTOPPYIOREADFILE or UTOPPYIOWRITEFILE commands (see below).  If num is non-zero,
	     Turbo mode will be enabled.  Otherwise Turbo mode will be disabled.  In non-Turbo
	     mode, the Toppy's USB interface is capable of sustaining around 5.6 Mbit/s during a
	     file transfer.  With Turbo mode enabled, it can sustain just over 16 Mbit/s.  Of
	     course, these figures are valid only if the Toppy is connected via a USB 2.0 inter-
	     face.  Performance using an older USB 1 interface will be significantly lower.

	     This command can be used to abort an in-progress UTOPPYIOREADDIR, UTOPPYIOREADFILE,
	     or UTOPPYIOWRITEFILE command.

	     This command will cause the Toppy to reboot cleanly.

     UTOPPYIOSTATS struct utoppy_stats *stats
	     This command retrieves statistics for the Toppy's hard disk.

	     struct utoppy_stats {
		     uint64_t us_hdd_size;   /* Size of the disk, in bytes */
		     uint64_t us_hdd_free;   /* Free space, in bytes */

     UTOPPYIORENAME struct utoppy_rename *rename
	     This command is used to rename a file or directory on the Toppy's hard disk.  The
	     full pathname to each file must be provided.

	     struct utoppy_rename {
		     char *ur_old_path;      /* Path to existing file */
		     char *ur_new_path;      /* Path to new file */

     UTOPPYIOMKDIR char *path
	     This command creates the directory specified by path.

     UTOPPYIODELETE char *path
	     This command deletes the file or directory specified by path.

     UTOPPYIOREADDIR char *path
	     This command initiates a read of the contents of the directory specified by path.
	     After issuing this command, the directory contents must be read using consecutive
	     read(2) system calls.  Each read(2) will transfer one or more directory entries into
	     the user-supplied buffer.	The buffer must be large enough to receive at least one
	     directory entry.  When read(2) returns zero, all directory entries have been read.

	     A directory entry is described using the following data structure:

	     struct utoppy_dirent {
		     char ud_path[UTOPPY_MAX_FILENAME_LEN + 1];
		     enum {
		     } ud_type;
		     off_t ud_size;
		     time_t ud_mtime;
		     uint32_t ud_attributes;

	     The ud_path field contains the name of the directory entry.

	     The ud_type field specifies whether the entry corresponds to a file or a sub-direc-

	     The ud_size field is valid for files only, and specifies the file's size in bytes.

	     The ud_mtime field describes the file or directory's modification time, specified as
	     seconds from the Unix epoch.  The timestamp is relative to the current timezone, so
	     localtime(3) can be used to convert it into human readable form.  Note that the
	     Toppy sets directory timestamps to a predefined value so they are not particularly

	     The ud_attributes field is not used at this time.

     UTOPPYIOREADFILE struct utoppy_readfile *
	     This command is used to initiate reading a file from the Toppy's hard disk.  The
	     full pathname, together with the file offset at which to start reading, is specified
	     using the following data structure:

	     struct utoppy_readfile {
		     char *ur_path;
		     off_t ur_offset;

	     After issuing this command, the file must be read using consecutive read(2) system
	     calls.  When read(2) returns zero, the entire file has been read.

     UTOPPYIOWRITEFILE struct utoppy_writefile *
	     This command is used to initiate writing to a file on the Toppy's hard disk.  The
	     file to be written is described using the following data structure:

	     struct utoppy_writefile {
		     char *uw_path;
		     off_t uw_offset;
		     off_t uw_size;
		     time_t uw_mtime;

	     The uw_path field specifies the full pathname of the file to be written.

	     The uw_offset field specifies the file offset at which to start writing, assuming
	     the file already exists.  Otherwise, uw_offset must be zero.

	     The protocol requires that the Toppy must be informed of a file's size in advance of
	     the file being written.  This is accomplished using the uw_size field.  It may be
	     possible to work around this limitation in a future version of the driver.

	     The uw_mtime field specifies the file's timestamp expressed as seconds from the Unix
	     epoch in the local timezone.

     Due to limitations with the protocol, a utoppy device can be opened by only one application
     mand can be in progress at any given time.

     /dev/utoppy0  device node

     utoppya(1), usb(4)

     The utoppy driver appeared in NetBSD 4.0.

     Steve C. Woodford <scw@netbsd.org>

BSD					  April 3, 2006 				      BSD

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