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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for iso (netbsd section 4)

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ISO(4)				   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual 			   ISO(4)

NAME
     iso -- ISO protocol family

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <netiso/iso.h>

DESCRIPTION
     The ISO protocol family is a collection of protocols that uses the ISO address format.  The
     ISO family provides protocol support for the SOCK_SEQPACKET abstraction through the TP pro-
     tocol (ISO 8073), for the SOCK_DGRAM abstraction through the connectionless transport proto-
     col (ISO 8602), and for the SOCK_RAW abstraction by providing direct access (for debugging)
     to the CLNP (ISO 8473) network layer protocol.

ADDRESSING
     ISO addresses are based upon ISO 8348/AD2, Addendum to the Network Service Definition
     Covering Network Layer Addressing.

     Sockets bound to the OSI protocol family use the following address structure:

     struct iso_addr {
	  u_char    isoa_len;  /* length, not including this byte */
	  char	    isoa_genaddr[20];  /* general opaque address */
     };

     struct sockaddr_iso {
	  u_char	  siso_len;	 /* size of this sockaddr */
	  sa_family_t	  siso_family;	 /* addressing domain, AF_ISO */
	  u_char	  siso_plen;	 /* presentation selector length */
	  u_char	  siso_slen;	 /* session selector length */
	  u_char	  siso_tlen;	 /* transport selector length */
	  struct iso_addr siso_addr; /* network address */
	  u_char	  siso_pad[6];	  /* space for gosip v2 SELs */
     };
     #define siso_nlen siso_addr.isoa_len
     #define siso_data siso_addr.isoa_genaddr

     The fields of this structure are:

     siso_len:
	     Length of the entire address structure, in bytes, which may grow to be longer than
	     the 32 bytes shown above.

     siso_family:
	     Identifies the domain: AF_ISO.

     siso_tlen:
	     Length of the transport selector.

     siso_slen:
	     Length of the session selector.  This is not currently supported by the kernel and
	     is provided as a convenience for user level programs.

     siso_plen:
	     Length of the presentation selector.  This is not currently supported by the kernel
	     and is provided as a convenience for user level programs.

     siso_addr:
	     The network part of the address, described below.

TRANSPORT ADDRESSING
     An ISO transport address is similar to an Internet address in that it contains a network-
     address portion and a portion that the transport layer uses to multiplex its services among
     clients.  In the Internet domain, this portion of the address is called a port.  In the ISO
     domain, this is called a transport selector (also known at one time as a transport suffix).
     While ports are always 16 bits, transport selectors may be of (almost) arbitrary size.

     Since the C language does not provide convenient variable length structures, we have sepa-
     rated the selector lengths from the data themselves.  The network address and various selec-
     tors are stored contiguously, with the network address first, then the transport selector,
     and so on.  Thus, if you had a network address of less than 20 bytes, the transport selector
     would encroach on space normally reserved for the network address.

NETWORK ADDRESSING
     ISO network addresses are limited to 20 bytes in length.  ISO network addresses can take any
     format.

PROTOCOLS
     The ARGO 1.0 implementation of the ISO protocol family comprises the Connectionless-Mode
     Network Protocol (CLNP), and the Transport Protocol (TP), classes 4 and 0, and X.25.  TP is
     used to support the SOCK_SEQPACKET abstraction.  A raw interface to CLNP is available by
     creating an ISO socket of type SOCK_RAW.  This is used for CLNP debugging only.

SEE ALSO
     clnp(4), cltp(4), tp(4)

BSD					November 30, 1993				      BSD
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