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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for strmode (netbsd section 3)

STRMODE(3)			   BSD Library Functions Manual 		       STRMODE(3)

NAME
     strmode -- convert inode status information into a symbolic string

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <unistd.h>

     void
     strmode(mode_t mode, char *bp);

DESCRIPTION
     The strmode() function converts a file mode (the type and permission information associated
     with an inode, see stat(2)) into a symbolic string which is stored in the location refer-
     enced by bp.  This stored string is eleven characters in length plus a trailing nul byte.

     The first character is the inode type, and will be one of the following:

	   -	 regular file
	   a	 regular file in archive state 1
	   A	 regular file in archive state 2
	   b	 block special
	   c	 character special
	   d	 directory
	   l	 symbolic link
	   p	 fifo
	   s	 socket
	   w	 whiteout
	   ?	 unknown inode type

     The next nine characters encode three sets of permissions, in three characters each.  The
     first three characters are the permissions for the owner of the file, the second three for
     the group the file belongs to, and the third for the ``other'', or default, set of users.

     Permission checking is done as specifically as possible.  If read permission is denied to
     the owner of a file in the first set of permissions, the owner of the file will not be able
     to read the file.	This is true even if the owner is in the file's group and the group per-
     missions allow reading or the ``other'' permissions allow reading.

     If the first character of the three character set is an ``r'', the file is readable for that
     set of users; if a dash ``-'', it is not readable.

     If the second character of the three character set is a ``w'', the file is writable for that
     set of users; if a dash ``-'', it is not writable.

     The third character is the first of the following characters that apply:

     S	   If the character is part of the owner permissions and the file is not executable or
	   the directory is not searchable by the owner, and the set-user-id bit is set.

     S	   If the character is part of the group permissions and the file is not executable or
	   the directory is not searchable by the group, and the set-group-id bit is set.

     T	   If the character is part of the other permissions and the file is not executable or
	   the directory is not searchable by others, and the ``sticky'' (S_ISVTX) bit is set.

     s	   If the character is part of the owner permissions and the file is executable or the
	   directory searchable by the owner, and the set-user-id bit is set.

     s	   If the character is part of the group permissions and the file is executable or the
	   directory searchable by the group, and the set-group-id bit is set.

     t	   If the character is part of the other permissions and the file is executable or the
	   directory searchable by others, and the ``sticky'' (S_ISVTX) bit is set.

     x	   The file is executable or the directory is searchable.

     -	   None of the above apply.

     The last character is a plus sign ``+'' if there are any alternative or additional access
     control methods associated with the inode, otherwise it will be a space.

     Archive state 1 and archive state 2 represent file system dependent archive state for a
     file.  Most file systems do not retain file archive state, and so will not report files in
     either archive state.  msdosfs will report a file in archive state 1 if it has been archived
     more recently than modified.  Hierarchical storage systems may have multiple archive states
     for a file and may define archive states 1 and 2 as appropriate.

SEE ALSO
     chmod(1), find(1), stat(2), getmode(3), setmode(3)

HISTORY
     The strmode() function first appeared in 4.4BSD.

BSD					  July 28, 1994 				      BSD


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