SEM_OPEN(3) BSD Library Functions Manual SEM_OPEN(3)
sem_open, sem_close, sem_unlink -- named semaphore operations
POSIX Real-time Library (librt, -lrt)
sem_open(const char *name, int oflag, ...);
sem_unlink(const char *name);
The sem_open() function creates or opens the named semaphore specified by name. The
returned semaphore may be used in subsequent calls to sem_getvalue(3), sem_wait(3),
sem_trywait(3), sem_post(3), and sem_close().
The following bits may be set in the oflag argument:
O_CREAT Create the semaphore if it does not already exist.
The third argument to the call to sem_open() must be of type mode_t and specifies
the mode for the semaphore. Only the S_IWUSR, S_IWGRP, and S_IWOTH bits are exam-
ined; it is not possible to grant only ``read'' permission on a semaphore. The
mode is modified according to the process's file creation mask; see umask(2).
The fourth argument must be an unsigned int and specifies the initial value for the
semaphore, and must be no greater than SEM_VALUE_MAX.
O_EXCL Create the semaphore if it does not exist. If the semaphore already exists,
sem_open() will fail. This flag is ignored unless O_CREAT is also specified.
The sem_close() function closes a named semaphore that was opened by a call to sem_open().
The sem_unlink() function removes the semaphore named name. Resources allocated to the sem-
aphore are only deallocated when all processes that have the semaphore open close it.
If successful, the sem_open() function returns the address of the opened semaphore. If the
same name argument is given to multiple calls to sem_open() by the same process without an
intervening call to sem_close(), the same address is returned each time. If the semaphore
cannot be opened, sem_open() returns SEM_FAILED and the global variable errno is set to
indicate the error.
The sem_close() and sem_unlink() functions return the value 0 if successful; otherwise the
value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.
The sem_open() function will fail if:
[EACCES] The semaphore exists and the permissions specified by oflag at the time
it was created deny access to this process.
[EACCES] The semaphore does not exist, but permission to create it is denied.
[EEXIST] O_CREAT and O_EXCL are set but the semaphore already exists.
[EINTR] The call was interrupted by a signal.
[EINVAL] The sem_open() operation is not supported for the given name.
[EINVAL] The value argument is greater than SEM_VALUE_MAX.
[ENAMETOOLONG] The name argument is too long.
[ENFILE] The system limit on semaphores has been reached.
[ENOENT] O_CREAT is not set and the named semaphore does not exist.
[ENOSPC] There is not enough space to create the semaphore.
The sem_close() function will fail if:
[EINVAL] The sem argument is not a valid semaphore.
The sem_unlink() function will fail if:
[EACCES] Permission is denied to unlink the semaphore.
[ENAMETOOLONG] The specified name is too long.
[ENOENT] The named semaphore does not exist.
close(2), open(2), umask(2), unlink(2), sem_getvalue(3), sem_post(3), sem_trywait(3),
The sem_open(), sem_close(), and sem_unlink() functions conform to ISO/IEC 9945-1:1996
Support for named semaphores first appeared in NetBSD 2.0.
This implementation places strict requirements on the value of name: it must begin with a
slash ('/'), contain no other slash characters, and be less than 14 characters in length not
including the terminating null character.
BSD January 21, 2005 BSD