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TZSET(3)			   BSD Library Functions Manual 			 TZSET(3)

NAME
     tzset -- initialize time conversion information

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <time.h>

     void
     tzset(void);

DESCRIPTION
     The tzset() function uses the value of the environment variable TZ to set time conversion
     information used by localtime(3).	If TZ does not appear in the environment, the best avail-
     able approximation to local wall clock time, as specified by the tzfile(5) format file
     /etc/localtime is used by localtime(3).  If TZ appears in the environment but its value is a
     null string, Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is used (without leap second correction).  If
     TZ appears in the environment and its value is not a null string:

     -	 if the value begins with a colon, it is used as a pathname of a file from which to read
	 the time conversion information;

     -	 if the value does not begin with a colon, it is first used as the pathname of a file
	 from which to read the time conversion information, and, if that file cannot be read, is
	 used directly as a specification of the time conversion information.

     When TZ is used as a pathname, if it begins with a slash, it is used as an absolute path-
     name; otherwise, it is used as a pathname relative to /usr/share/zoneinfo.  The file must be
     in the format specified in tzfile(5).

     When TZ is used directly as a specification of the time conversion information, it must have
     the following syntax (spaces inserted for clarity):

	   stdoffset[dst[offset][,rule]]

     where:
     std and dst  Three or more bytes that are the designation for the standard (std) or summer
		  (dst) time zone.  Only std is required; if dst is missing, then summer time
		  does not apply in this locale.  Upper- and lowercase letters are explicitly
		  allowed.  Any characters except a leading colon (:), digits, comma (,), minus
		  (-), plus (+), and ASCII NUL are allowed.
     offset	  Indicates the value one must add to the local time to arrive at Coordinated
		  Universal Time.  The offset has the form:

			hh[:mm[:ss]]

		  The minutes (mm) and seconds (ss) are optional.  The hour (hh) is required and
		  may be a single digit.  The offset following std is required.  If no offset
		  follows dst, summer time is assumed to be one hour ahead of standard time.  One
		  or more digits may be used; the value is always interpreted as a decimal num-
		  ber.	The hour must be between zero and 24, and the minutes (and seconds) -- if
		  present -- between zero and 59.  If preceded by a ``-'' the time zone shall be
		  east of the Prime Meridian; otherwise it shall be west (which may be indicated
		  by an optional preceding ``+'').
     rule	  Indicates when to change to and back from summer time.  The rule has the form:

			date/time,date/time

		  where the first date describes when the change from standard to summer time
		  occurs and the second date describes when the change back happens.  Each time
		  field describes when, in current local time, the change to the other time is
		  made.  The format of date is one of the following:
		  Jn		  The Julian day n (1 <= n <= 365).  Leap days are not counted;
				  that is, in all years -- including leap years -- February 28 is
				  day 59 and March 1 is day 60.  It is impossible to explicitly
				  refer to the occasional February 29.
		  n		  The zero-based Julian day (0 <= n <= 365).  Leap days are
				  counted, and it is possible to refer to February 29.
		  Mm.n.d	  The d'th day (0 <= d <= 6) of week n of month m of the year (1
				  <= n <= 5, 1 <= m <= 12, where week 5 means ``the last d
				  day in month m'' which may occur in either the fourth or the
				  fifth week).	Week 1 is the first week in which the d'th day
				  occurs.  Day zero is Sunday.
		  The time has the same format as offset except that no leading sign ``-'' or
		  ``+'' is allowed.  The default, if time is not given, is 02:00:00.
     If no rule is present in TZ, the rules specified by the tzfile(5) format file posixrules in
     /usr/share/zoneinfo are used, with the standard and summer time offsets from UTC replaced by
     those specified by the offset values in TZ.

     For compatibility with System V Release 3.1, a semicolon (;) may be used to separate the
     rule from the rest of the specification.

     If the TZ environment variable does not specify a tzfile(5) format file and cannot be inter-
     preted as a direct specification, UTC is used.

FILES
     /etc/localtime		     local time zone file
     /usr/share/zoneinfo	     time zone information directory
     /usr/share/zoneinfo/posixrules  used with POSIX-style TZ's
     /usr/share/zoneinfo/GMT	     for UTC leap seconds

     If /usr/share/zoneinfo/GMT is absent, UTC leap seconds are loaded from
     /usr/share/zoneinfo/posixrules.

SEE ALSO
     ctime(3), getenv(3), strftime(3), time(3), tzfile(5)

STANDARDS
     The tzset() function conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-1988 (``POSIX.1'').

BSD					  April 1, 2001 				      BSD
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