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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for sysstat (netbsd section 1)

SYSTAT(1)			   BSD General Commands Manual				SYSTAT(1)

     systat -- display system statistics on a CRT

     systat [-n] [-M core] [-N system] [-t turns] [-w wait] [display] [refresh-interval]

     systat displays various system statistics in a screen oriented fashion using the curses
     screen display library, curses(3).

     While systat is running the screen is usually divided into two windows (an exception is the
     vmstat display which uses the entire screen).  The upper window depicts the current system
     load average.  The information displayed in the lower window may vary, depending on user
     commands.	The last line on the screen is reserved for user input and error messages.

     By default systat displays the processes getting the largest percentage of the processor in
     the lower window.	Other displays show more detailed process information, swap space usage,
     disk usage statistics (a la df(1)), disk I/O statistics (a la iostat(8)), virtual memory
     statistics (a la vmstat(1)), network ``mbuf'' utilization, and network connections (a la

     Input is interpreted at two different levels.  A ``global'' command interpreter processes
     all keyboard input.  If this command interpreter fails to recognize a command, the input
     line is passed to a per-display command interpreter.  This allows each display to have cer-
     tain display-specific commands.

     Command line options:

     -M core	       Extract values associated with the name list from core instead of the
		       default /dev/mem.

     -N system	       Extract the name list from system instead of the default /netbsd.

     -n 	       Do not resolve IP addresses into string hostnames (FQDNs) on netstat.  It
		       has the same effect as numbers subcommand in netstat.

     -w wait	       See refresh-interval.

     -t turns	       How many refreshes to show each screen in 'all' display mode.

     display	       The display argument expects to be one of: all, bufcache, df, inet.icmp,
		       inet.ip, inet.tcp, inet.tcpsyn, inet6.ip6, iostat, mbufs, netstat, pigs,
		       ps, swap, syscall or vmstat.  These displays can also be requested inter-
		       actively and are described in full detail below.

     refresh-interval  The refresh-interval specifies the screen refresh time interval in sec-
		       onds.  This is provided for backwards compatibility, and overrides the
		       refresh-interval specified with the -w flag.

     Certain characters cause immediate action by systat.  These are

     ^L 	 Refresh the screen.

     ^G 	 Print the name of the current ``display'' being shown in the lower window and
		 the refresh interval.

     ^Z 	 Stop systat.

     ?, h	 Print the names of the available displays on the command line.

     :		 Move the cursor to the command line and interpret the input line typed as a com-
		 mand.	While entering a command the current character erase, word erase, and
		 line kill characters may be used.

     The following commands are interpreted by the ``global'' command interpreter.

     help key	 Print the names of the available displays on the command line.  It will print
		 long names as ``inet.*''.  To print items under ``inet'', give inet as key.

     load	 Print the load average over the past 1, 5, and 15 minutes on the command line.

     stop	 Stop refreshing the screen.

     [start] [number]
		 Start (continue) refreshing the screen.  If a second, numeric, argument is pro-
		 vided it is interpreted as a refresh interval in seconds.  Supplying only a num-
		 ber will set the refresh interval to this value.

     quit	 Exit systat.  (This may be abbreviated to q.)

     The available displays are:

     all	 Cycle through all displays automatically.  At each display, wait some refresh-
		 turns, then switch to the next display.  Duration of one refresh-turn is
		 adjustable with the -w option, number of refresh-turns can be changed with the
		 -t option.

     bufcache	 Display, in the lower window, statistics about the file system buffers.  Statis-
		 tics for each file system that has active buffers include the number of buffers
		 for that file system, the number of active kilobytes in those buffers and the
		 total size of the buffers for that file system.

     df 	 Lists disk usage statistics for all filesystems, including the available free
		 space as well as a bar graph indicating the used capacity.

		 The following commands are specific to the df display:

		 all	     Displays information for all filesystems, including kernfs, procfs
			     and null-mounts.
		 some	     Suppress information about procfs, kernfs and null-mounts (default).

     inet.icmp	 Display ICMP statistics.

     inet.ip	 Display IPv4 and UDP statistics.

     inet.tcp	 Display TCP statistics.

		 Display statistics about the TCP ``syncache''.

     inet6.ip6	 Display IPv6 statistics.

     iostat	 Display, in the lower window, statistics about processor use and disk through-
		 put.  Statistics on processor use appear as bar graphs of the amount of time
		 executing in user mode (``user''), in user mode running low priority processes
		 (``nice''), in system mode (``system''), and idle (``idle'').	Statistics on
		 disk throughput show, for each drive, kilobytes of data transferred, number of
		 disk transactions performed, and time spent in disk accesses in milliseconds.
		 This information may be displayed as bar graphs or as rows of numbers which
		 scroll downward.  Bar graphs are shown by default;

		 The following commands are specific to the iostat display; the minimum unambigu-
		 ous prefix may be supplied.

		 numbers     Show the disk I/O statistics in numeric form.  Values are displayed
			     in numeric columns which scroll downward.
		 bars	     Show the disk I/O statistics in bar graph form (default).
		 secs	     Toggle the display of time in disk activity (the default is to not
			     display time).
		 all	     Show the read and write statistics combined (default).
		 rw	     Show the read and write statistics separately.

     mbufs	 Display, in the lower window, the number of mbufs allocated for particular uses,
		 i.e. data, socket structures, etc.

     netstat	 Display, in the lower window, network connections.  By default, network servers
		 awaiting requests are not displayed.  Each address is displayed in the format
		 ``host.port'', with each shown symbolically, when possible.  It is possible to
		 have addresses displayed numerically, limit the display to a set of ports,
		 hosts, and/or protocols (the minimum unambiguous prefix may be supplied):

		 all	       Toggle the displaying of server processes awaiting requests (this
			       is the equivalent of the -a flag to netstat 1).
		 numbers       Display network addresses numerically.
		 names	       Display network addresses symbolically.
		 protocol      Display only network connections using the indicated protocol
			       (currently either ``tcp'' or ``udp'').
		 ignore [items]
			       Do not display information about connections associated with the
			       specified hosts or ports.  Hosts and ports may be specified by
			       name (``vangogh'', ``ftp''), or numerically.  Host addresses use
			       the Internet dot notation (``'').  Multiple items may be
			       specified with a single command by separating them with spaces.
		 display [items]
			       Display information about the connections associated with the
			       specified hosts or ports.  As for ignore, [items] may be names or
		 show [ports|hosts]
			       Show, on the command line, the currently selected protocols,
			       hosts, and ports.  Hosts and ports which are being ignored are
			       prefixed with a `!'.  If ports or hosts is supplied as an argument
			       to show, then only the requested information will be displayed.
		 reset	       Reset the port, host, and protocol matching mechanisms to the
			       default (any protocol, port, or host).

     pigs	 Display, in the lower window, those processes which are getting the largest por-
		 tion of the processor (the default display).  When less than 100% of the proces-
		 sor is scheduled to user processes, the remaining time is accounted to the
		 ``idle'' process.

     ps 	 Display, in the lower window, the same information provided by the command ps(1)
		 with the flags -aux.

		 The following command is specific to the ps display; the minimum unambiguous
		 prefix may be supplied.

		 user name   Limit the list of processes displayed to those owned by user name.
			     If name is specified as `+', processes owned by any user are dis-
			     played (default).

     swap	 Show information about swap space usage on all the swap areas configured with
		 swapctl(8).  The first column is the device name of the partition.  The next
		 column is the total space available in the partition.	The Used column indicates
		 the total blocks used so far; the graph shows the percentage of space in use on
		 each partition.  If there are more than one swap partition in use, a total line
		 is also shown.  Areas known to the kernel, but not in use are shown as not

     syscall	 Show per system call statistics.  The display consists of several columns of
		 system call name and counts.

		 In order to stop entries moving around the screen too much, an infinite response
		 filter is applied to the values before they are sorted.

		 The following commands are specific to the syscall display:

		 sort name     Sort display by the syscall name (default).
		 sort count    Sort display by the count of calls or time spent in the calls.
		 sort syscall  Sort display be syscall number.
		 show count    Show the number of times the system call has be called (default).
		 show time     Show the average amount of time (in arbitrary units) spent in a
			       call of the syscall.

     vmstat	 Take over the entire display and show a (rather crowded) compendium of statis-
		 tics related to virtual memory usage, process scheduling, device interrupts,
		 system name translation caching, disk I/O etc.

		 The upper left quadrant of the screen shows the number of users logged in and
		 the load average over the last one, five, and fifteen minute intervals.  Below
		 this is a list of the average number of processes (over the last refresh inter-
		 val) that are runnable (`r'), in page wait (`p'), in disk wait other than paging
		 (`d'), sleeping (`s').  Below the queue length listing is a numerical listing
		 and a bar graph showing the amount of system (shown as `='), user (shown as
		 `>'), nice (shown as `-'), and idle time (shown as ` ').

		 To the right of the process statistics is a column that lists the average number
		 of context switches (`Csw'), traps (`Trp'; includes page faults), system calls
		 (`Sys'), interrupts (`Int'), network software interrupts (`Sof'), page faults

		 Below this are statistics on memory utilization.  The first row of the table
		 reports memory usage only among active processes, that is processes that have
		 run in the previous twenty seconds.  The second row reports on memory usage of
		 all processes.  The first column reports on the number of physical pages claimed
		 by processes.	The second column reports the number of pages of memory and swap.
		 The third column gives the number of pages of free memory and swap.

		 Below the memory display are statistics on name translations.	It lists the num-
		 ber of names translated in the previous interval, the number and percentage of
		 the translations that were handled by the system wide name translation cache,
		 and the number and percentage of the translations that were handled by the per
		 process name translation cache.

		 At the bottom left is the disk usage display.	It reports the number of seeks,
		 transfers, number of kilobyte blocks transferred per second averaged over the
		 refresh period of the display (by default, five seconds), and the time spent in
		 disk accesses.  If there are more than five disks, and the terminal window has
		 more than 24 lines, the disks display will be flipped so that more of the disk
		 statistics are visible.

		 Under the date in the upper right hand quadrant are statistics on paging and
		 swapping activity.  The first two columns report the average number of pages
		 brought in and out per second over the last refresh interval due to page faults
		 and the paging daemon.  The third and fourth columns report the average number
		 of pages brought in and out per second over the last refresh interval due to
		 swap requests initiated by the scheduler.  The first row of the display shows
		 the average number of disk transfers per second over the last refresh interval;
		 the second row of the display shows the average number of pages transferred per
		 second over the last refresh interval.

		 Below the paging statistics is another columns of paging data.  From top to bot-
		 tom, these represent average numbers of copy on write faults (`cow'), object
		 cache lookups (`objlk'), object cache hits (`objht'), pages zero filled on
		 demand (`zfodw'), number zfod's created (`nzfod'), percentage of zfod's used
		 (`%zfod'), number of kernel pages (`kern'), number of wired pages (`wire'), num-
		 ber of active pages (`act'), number of inactive pages (`inact'), number of free
		 pages (`free'), pages freed by daemon (`daefr'), pages freed by exiting pro-
		 cesses (`prcfr'), number of pages reactivated from freelist (`react'), scans in
		 page out daemon (`scan'), revolutions of the hand (`hdrev'), and in-transit
		 blocking page faults (`intrn'), per second over the refresh period.  Note that
		 the `%zfod' percentage is usually less than 100%, however it may exceed 100% if
		 a large number of requests are actually used long after they were set up during
		 a period when no new pages are being set up.  Thus this figure is most interest-
		 ing when observed over a long time period, such as from boot time (see below on
		 getting such a display).

		 To the left of the column of paging statistics is a breakdown of the interrupts
		 being handled by the system.  At the top of the list is the total interrupts per
		 second over the time interval.  The rest of the column breaks down the total on
		 a device by device basis.  Only devices that have interrupted at least once
		 since boot time are shown.

     Commands to switch between displays may be abbreviated to the minimum unambiguous prefix;
     for example, ``io'' for ``iostat''.  Certain information may be discarded when the screen
     size is insufficient for display.	For example, on a machine with 10 drives the iostat bar
     graph displays only 3 drives on a 24 line terminal.  When a bar graph would overflow the
     allotted screen space it is truncated and the actual value is printed ``over top'' of the

     The following commands are common to each display which shows information about disk drives.
     These commands are used to select a set of drives to report on, should your system have more
     drives configured than can normally be displayed on the screen.

     display [drives]
		   Display information about the drives indicated.  Multiple drives may be speci-
		   fied, separated by spaces.
     ignore [drives]
		   Do not display information about the drives indicated.  Multiple drives may be
		   specified, separated by spaces.
     drives [drives]
		   With no arguments, display a list of available drives.  With arguments,
		   replace the list of currently displayed drives with the ones specified.

     The following commands are specific to the inet.*, inet6.*, syscall and vmstat displays; the
     minimum unambiguous prefix may be supplied.

     boot	   Display cumulative statistics since the system was booted.
     run	   Display statistics as a running total from the point this command is given.
     time	   Display statistics averaged over the refresh interval (the default).
     zero	   Reset running statistics to zero.

     /netbsd	    For the namelist.
     /dev/kmem	    For information in main memory.
     /etc/hosts     For host names.
     /etc/networks  For network names.
     /etc/services  For port names.

     Much of the information that systat vmstat uses is obtained from struct vmmeter cnt.

     df(1), netstat(1), ps(1), top(1), vmstat(1), iostat(8), pstat(8)

     The systat program appeared in 4.3BSD.

     Consumes CPU resources and thus may skew statistics.

     Certain displays presume a minimum of 80 characters per line.

     The vmstat display looks out of place because it is (it was added in as a separate display
     from what used to be a different program).

BSD					 January 5, 2012				      BSD

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