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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for cpio (netbsd section 1)

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CPIO(1) 			   BSD General Commands Manual				  CPIO(1)

NAME
     cpio -- copy file archives in and out

SYNOPSIS
     cpio -o [-AaBcLvZz] [-C bytes] [-F archive] [-H format] [-O archive] < name-list [> archive]
     cpio -i [-6BbcdfmrSstuvZz] [-C bytes] [-E file] [-F archive] [-H format] [-I archive]
	  [pattern ...] [< archive]
     cpio -p [-adLlmuv] destination-directory < name-list

DESCRIPTION
     The cpio command copies files to and from a cpio archive.	If the archive is of the form:
     [[user@]host:]file then the archive will be processed using rmt(8).

     The options are as follows:

     -o, --create
	     Create an archive.  Reads the list of files to store in the archive from standard
	     input, and writes the archive on standard output.

	     -a, --reset-access-time
		     Reset the access times on files that have been copied to the archive.

	     -A, --append
		     Append to the specified archive.

	     -B      Set block size of output to 5120 bytes.

	     -c      Use ASCII format for cpio header for portability.

	     -C bytes
		     Set the block size of output to bytes.

	     -F archive

	     -O archive
		     Use the specified file name as the archive to write to.

	     -H format
		     Write the archive in the specified format.  Recognized formats are:

		     bcpio    Old binary cpio format.
		     cpio     Old octal character cpio format.
		     sv4cpio  SVR4 hex cpio format.
		     tar      Old tar format.
		     ustar    POSIX ustar format.

	     -L      Follow symbolic links.

	     -v      Be verbose about operations.  List filenames as they are written to the ar-
		     chive.

	     --xz    Compress/decompress archive using xz(1) format.

	     -Z      Compress archive using compress(1) format.

	     -z      Compress/decompress archive using gzip(1) format.

     -i, --extract
	     Restore files from an archive.  Reads the archive file from standard input and
	     extracts files matching the patterns that were specified on the command line.

	     -b      Do byte and word swapping after reading in data from the archive, for
		     restoring archives created on systems with a different byte order.

	     -B      Set the block size of the archive being read to 5120 bytes.

	     -c      Expect the archive headers to be in ASCII format.

	     -C bytes
		     Read archive written with a block size of bytes.

	     -d, --make-directories
		     Create any intermediate directories as needed during restore.

	     -E file, --pattern-file file
		     Read list of file name patterns to extract or list from file.

	     -f, --nonmatching
		     Restore all files except those matching the patterns given on the command
		     line.

	     -F archive, --file archive

	     -I archive
		     Use the specified file as the input for the archive.

	     -H format, --format format
		     Read an archive of the specified format.  Recognized formats are:

		     bcpio    Old binary cpio format.
		     cpio     Old octal character cpio format.
		     sv4cpio  SVR4 hex cpio format.
		     tar      Old tar format.
		     ustar    POSIX ustar format.

	     -m      Restore modification times on files.

	     -r, --rename
		     Rename restored files interactively.

	     -s      Swap bytes after reading data from the archive.

	     -S, --swap-halfwords
		     Swap words after reading data from the archive.

	     -t, --list
		     Only list the contents of the archive, no files or directories will be cre-
		     ated.

	     -u, --unconditional
		     Overwrite files even when the file in the archive is older than the one that
		     will be overwritten.

	     -v, --verbose
		     Be verbose about operations.  List filenames as they are copied in from the
		     archive.

	     -z      Uncompress archive using gzip(1) format.

	     -Z      Uncompress archive using compress(1) format.

	     -6      Process old-style cpio format archives.

     -p, --pass-through
	     Copy files from one location to another in a single pass.	The list of files to copy
	     are read from standard input and written out to a directory relative to the speci-
	     fied directory argument.

	     -a      Reset the access times on files that have been copied.

	     -d      Create any intermediate directories as needed to write the files at the new
		     location.

	     -l, --link
		     When possible, link files rather than creating an extra copy.

	     -L, --dereference
		     Follow symbolic links.

	     -m, --preserve-modification-time
		     Restore modification times on files.

	     -u, --unconditional
		     Overwrite files even when the original file being copied is older than the
		     one that will be overwritten.

	     -v, --verbose
		     Be verbose about operations.  List filenames as they are copied.

	     --force-local
		     Do not interpret filenames that contain a ':' as remote files.

	     --insecure
		     Normally cpio ignores filenames that contain ``..'' as a path component.
		     With this option, files that contain ``..'' can be processed.

EXIT STATUS
     cpio will exit with one of the following values:

     0	 All files were processed successfully.

     1	 An error occurred.

     Whenever cpio cannot create a file or a link when extracting an archive or cannot find a
     file while writing an archive, or cannot preserve the user ID, group ID, file mode, or
     access and modification times when the -p option is specified, a diagnostic message is writ-
     ten to standard error and a non-zero exit value will be returned, but processing will con-
     tinue.  In the case where cpio cannot create a link to a file, cpio will not create a second
     copy of the file.

     If the extraction of a file from an archive is prematurely terminated by a signal or error,
     cpio may have only partially extracted the file the user wanted.  Additionally, the file
     modes of extracted files and directories may have incorrect file bits, and the modification
     and access times may be wrong.

     If the creation of an archive is prematurely terminated by a signal or error, cpio may have
     only partially created the archive which may violate the specific archive format specifica-
     tion.

SEE ALSO
     pax(1), tar(1)

AUTHORS
     Keith Muller at the University of California, San Diego.

BUGS
     The -s and -S options are currently not implemented.

BSD					  June 18, 2011 				      BSD
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