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OSX 10.14 Mojave - man page for parse::eyapp::base (mojave section 3)

Parse::Eyapp::Base(3)					User Contributed Perl Documentation				     Parse::Eyapp::Base(3)

NAME
Parse::Eyapp::Base - Miscellaneous support functions for Parse::Eyapp
SYNOPSIS
use Parse::Eyapp::Base qw(:all)
INTRODUCTION
"Parse::Eyapp::Base" holds a set of utility functions that give support to the other modules that made "Parse::Eyapp". Several of them are related to the dynamic use of methods and subroutines.
SUBROUTINES
Function "insert_method" Function "insert_method" receives as arguments a list of class names, the name of the method that will be inserted in such classes and a reference to the code implementing such method. insert_method( qw{CLASS1 CLASS2 ... }, 'subname', sub { ... } ) It inserts the method in the specified classes. A second way to call it is without the last argument, the handler: insert_method( qw{CLASS1 CLASS2 ... }, 'subname' ) In such case the function is deleted from all the specified classes and it no longer exists. The caller class is assumed if no classes are specified: insert_method('subname', sub { ... } ) See the following session with the debugger: pl@nereida:~/src/perl/YappWithDefaultAction/lib/Parse/Eyapp$ perl -wde 0 main::(-e:1): 0 DB<1> use Parse::Eyapp::Base qw(:all) DB<2> insert_method( qw{PLUS MINUS TIMES }, 'printclass', sub { print "$_[0]\n" } ) DB<3> $_->printclass for qw{PLUS MINUS TIMES } PLUS MINUS TIMES DB<4> insert_method( qw{PLUS MINUS TIMES }, 'printclass') DB<5> print $_->can('printclass')?"Yes\n":"No\n" for qw{PLUS MINUS TIMES } No No No Function "insert_function" It works as "insert_method" (see section "Function insert_method"), only that instead of classes receives the full names of the functions to install and a reference to the code implementing such function. See an example of call: insert_function( qw{ FUNCTIONCALL::type_info VARARRAY::type_info VAR::type_info }, \&type_info ); When the package is unspecified the caller package is assumed. See the following example: pl@nereida:~/src/perl/YappWithDefaultAction/lib/Parse/Eyapp$ perl -wde 0 main::(-e:1): 0 DB<1> use Parse::Eyapp::Base qw(:all) DB<2> insert_function('Tutu::tata', 'titi', sub{ print "Inside titi\n"}) DB<3> titi() Inside titi DB<4> Tutu::tata() Inside titi Function "empty_method" The call to empty_method(qw{CLASSES ... }, 'subname') is equivalent to insert_method(qw{CLASSES ... }, 'subname', sub {}) Consequently "empty_method" replaces the current "CODE" for function "subname" by an empty subroutine Function "push_method" The call push_method( qw{CLASS1 CLASS2 ... }, 'subname', sub { ... } ) saves the current methods "CLASS1::subname", "CLASS2::subname", etc. in a stack and proceeds to install the new handler specified through the last argument. See an example: pl@nereida:~/src/perl/YappWithDefaultAction/lib/Parse/Eyapp$ perl -wde 0 main::(-e:1): 0 DB<1> use Parse::Eyapp::Base qw(:all) DB<2> sub Tutu::titi { print "Inside first Tutu::titi!\n" } DB<3> push_method('Tutu', 'titi', sub { print "New titi!\n" }) DB<4> Tutu::titi() New titi! DB<5> pop_method('Tutu', 'titi') DB<6> Tutu::titi() Inside first Tutu::titi! DB<7> push_method('Tutu', 'titi') # No handler: sub Tutu::titi no longer exists DB<8> print "Can't titi\n" unless Tutu->can('titi') Can't titi DB<9> pop_method('Tutu', 'titi') # Give me the old sub DB<10> Tutu::titi() Inside first Tutu::titi! The caller class is assumed if no classes are specified. In list context the "push_method" function returns an array of pointers to the old versions of the function. In a scalar context returns the first "CODE" reference. See the following example: pl@nereida:~/src/perl/YappWithDefaultAction/examples$ cat -n returnedbypushmethod.pl 1 #!/usr/local/bin/perl -w 2 use strict; 3 use Parse::Eyapp::Base qw(:all); 4 5 sub tutu { "tutu" } 6 sub Chum::tutu { "chum" } 7 8 my @classes = qw{main Cham Chum}; 9 10 my %oldf; 11 our $tutu = 5; 12 our @tutu = 9..12; 13 $Cham::tutu = 8; 14 @Cham::tutu = 1..3; 15 16 @oldf{@classes} = push_method(@classes, 'tutu', sub { "titi" }); 17 18 print "Calling new function 'tutu':".&tutu()."\n"; 19 20 for (@classes) { 21 if (defined($oldf{$_})) { 22 print "Old function 'tutu' in $_ gives: ".$oldf{$_}->()."\n"; 23 } 24 else { 25 print "Function 'tutu' wasn't defined in $_\n"; 26 } 27 } The following session with the debugger shows that: o Package variables with the same name like $tutu or @tutu aren't changed by "insert_method" o References to the old versions of function "tutu" are returned by "insert_method" pl@nereida:~/LEyapp/examples$ perl -wd returnedbypushmethod.pl main::(returnedbypushmethod.pl:8): 8: my @classes = qw{main Cham Chum}; DB<1> c 18 main::(returnedbypushmethod.pl:18): 18: print "Calling new function 'tutu':".&tutu()."\n"; DB<2> n Calling new function 'tutu':titi main::(returnedbypushmethod.pl:20): 20: for (@classes) { DB<2> x @tutu 0 9 1 10 2 11 3 12 DB<3> x @Cham::tutu 0 1 1 2 2 3 DB<4> p $Cham::tutu 8 DB<5> c Old function 'tutu' in main gives: tutu Function 'tutu' wasn't defined in Cham Old function 'tutu' in Chum gives: chum Function "pop_method" The call pop_method(qw{CLASS1 CLASS2 ... }, 'subname' ) pops the methods in the tops of the stacks associated with "CLASS1::subname", "CLASS2::subname", etc. See the example in the section push_method above. o The caller class is assumed if no classes are specified. o If the stack for "CLASS::subname" is empty the old specification of "subname" will remain. pl@nereida:~/LEyapp/examples$ cat returnedbypopmethod.pl #!/usr/local/bin/perl -w use strict; use Parse::Eyapp::Base qw(:all); sub tutu { "tutu" } my $old = pop_method('tutu'); print "Function 'tutu' is available\n" if main->can('tutu'); print "Old function 'tutu' gives: ".$old->()."\n"; When executed gives the following output: pl@nereida:~/LEyapp/examples$ returnedbypopmethod.pl Function 'tutu' is available Old function 'tutu' gives: tutu o In list context the "pop_method" function returns an array of pointers to the old versions of the function. In a scalar context returns the first function reference. When the stack is empty the function(s) are deleted. Examples of "push_method" and "pop_method" Hiding functions See the following example: package Tutu; use Parse::Eyapp::Base qw(:all); sub tutu { print "Inside tutu\n" } sub plim { # When the stack is empty the old 'tutu' remains ... pop_method('tutu'); &tutu(); # Inside tutu push_method('tutu'); # Tutu disapears } package main; Tutu::plim(); # main can't call 'tutu' print "Can't tutu\n" unless Tutu->can('tutu'); Tutu::plim(); When executed the former program produces this output: pl@nereida:~/LEyapp/examples$ localsubbase.pl Inside tutu Can't tutu Inside tutu Changing the Behavior of Method-parametric Methods A common situation where I need the couple ("push_method", "pop_method") is to control the behavior of method "str" when debugging: pl@nereida:~/Lbook/code/Simple-Types/script$ perl -wd usetypes.pl prueba26.c 2 Loading DB routines from perl5db.pl version 1.28 Editor support available. main::(usetypes.pl:5): my $filename = shift || die "Usage:\n$0 file.c\n"; DB<1> c Parse::Eyapp::Node::str 1 int f() { 2 int a[30]; 3 4 return; 5 } Parse::Eyapp::Node::str(/home/pl/src/perl/YappWithDefaultAction/lib//Parse/Eyapp/Node.pm:716): 716: my @terms; Let us assume I want to see the syntax tree for this program. I can see it using "$_[0]->str" but the problem is that nodes "PROGRAM" and "FUNCTION" have defined a "footnote" method that will dump their symbol and type tables producing hundred of lines of output and making difficult to see the shape of the tree. This is because method "str" calls method "footnote" wherever the node being visited can do "footnote". The solution is to use "push_method" to make the "footnote" methods disappear: DB<2> use Parse::Eyapp::Base qw(:all) DB<3> push_method(qw{PROGRAM FUNCTION}, 'footnote') The use of "push_method" without an explicit code handler eliminates the CODE entry for "footnote": DB<4> p $_->can('footnote')? "1\n" : "0\n" for (qw{PROGRAM FUNCTION}) 0 0 Now I can see the shape of the tree: DB<5> p $_[0]->str PROGRAM( FUNCTION[f]( EMPTYRETURN ) ) # PROGRAM If I want back the "footnote" methods I can use "pop_method": DB<6> pop_method(qw{PROGRAM FUNCTION}, 'footnote') DB<7> p $_->can('footnote')? "1\n" : "0\n" for (qw{PROGRAM FUNCTION}) 1 1 Now the information will be profuse: DB<8> p $_[0]->str PROGRAM^{0}( FUNCTION[f]^{1}( EMPTYRETURN ) ) # PROGRAM --------------------------- 0) Types: $VAR1 = { 'CHAR' => bless( { 'children' => [] }, 'CHAR' ), ..... etc, etc. 'A_30(INT)' => bless( { 'children' => [ $VAR1->{'INT'} ] }, 'A_30' ) }; Symbol Table: $VAR1 = { 'f' => { 'type' => 'F(X_0(),INT)', 'line' => 1 } }; --------------------------- 1) $VAR1 = { 'a' => { 'type' => 'A_30(INT)', 'line' => 2 } }; You can still do something like this to achieve a similar effect: DB<9> p eval { local (*PROGRAM::footnote, *FUNCTION::footnote) = (sub {}, sub {}); $_[0]->str } PROGRAM( FUNCTION[f]( EMPTYRETURN ) ) # PROGRAM but is certainly more verbose and does not eliminate function "footnote" from the "PROGRAM" and "FUNCTION" classes. Therefore the usefulness of "push_method" is when you either want to temporarily delete your function/methods or localize them not necessarily in a scope basis. Function "compute_lines" The call compute_lines(\$text, $filename, $pattern) Substitutes all the occurrences of $pattern by "#line $number $filename" in string $text. where $number is the line number. Function "slurp_file" The call my $input = slurp_file($filename, "c"); returns a string with the contents of the file $filename assuming extension "c". pl@nereida:~/src/perl/YappWithDefaultAction/lib/Parse/Eyapp$ perl -wde 0 main::(-e:1): 0 DB<1> use Parse::Eyapp::Base qw(:all) DB<2> !!ls *yp # There are two files with extension .yp in this directory Parse.yp Treeregexp.yp DB<3> $x = slurp_file('Parse', 'yp') # read the whole file DB<4> p $x =~ tr/\n// # file Parse.yp has 1038 lines 1038 Function "valid_keys" The call valid_keys(%hash) Returns a string with the keys of the %hash separated by commas: pl@nereida:~/src/perl/YappWithDefaultAction/lib/Parse/Eyapp$ perl -wde 0 main::(-e:1): 0 DB<1> use Parse::Eyapp::Base qw(:all) DB<2> %h = ( SCOPE_NAME => 'STRING', ENTRY_NAME => 'STRING', SCOPE_DEPTH => 'STRING') DB<3> $x = valid_keys(%h) DB<4> p $x ENTRY_NAME, SCOPE_DEPTH, SCOPE_NAME Function "invalid_keys" It is called with two hash references: DB<5> p invalid_keys(\%h, { SCOPE_NAME => 'a', ENTRY_NAMe => 'b', SCOPE_DEPTH => 'c'}) ENTRY_NAMe It returns the first key in the second hash that does not appear in the first hash. See a more complete example: pl@nereida:~/src/perl/YappWithDefaultAction/lib/Parse/Eyapp$ head -31 Scope.pm | cat -n 1 package Parse::Eyapp::Scope; 2 use strict; 3 use warnings; 4 use Carp; 5 use List::MoreUtils qw(part); 6 use Parse::Eyapp::Base qw(valid_keys invalid_keys); 7 8 my %_new_scope = ( 9 SCOPE_NAME => 'STRING', 10 ENTRY_NAME => 'STRING', 11 SCOPE_DEPTH => 'STRING', 12 ); 13 my $valid_scope_keys = valid_keys(%_new_scope); 14 15 sub new { 16 my $class = shift; 17 my %args = @_; 18 19 if (defined($a = invalid_keys(\%_new_scope, \%args))) { 20 croak("Parse::Eyapp::Scope::new Error!:\n" 21 ."unknown argument $a. Valid arguments for new are:\n $valid_scope_keys") 22 } 23 $args{ENTRY_NAME} = 'entry' unless defined($args{ENTRY_NAME}); 24 $args{SCOPE_NAME} = 'scope' unless defined($args{SCOPE_NAME}); 25 $args{SCOPE_DEPTH} = '' unless defined($args{SCOPE_DEPTH}); 26 $args{PENDING_DECL} = []; 27 $args{SCOPE_MARK} = 0; 28 $args{DEPTH} = -1; # first depth is 0 29 30 bless \%args, $class; 31 } Function "write_file" The call write_file($filename, $textref) simply opens a file with name $filename writes in it the text referenced by $texterf and closes the file Function "numbered" The call numbered($input) Returns a string like $input but with lines numbered and the numbers correctly indented. See an example: DB<1> use Parse::Eyapp::Base qw(:all) DB<2> $input = "Another line!\n"x12 DB<3> $output = numbered($input) DB<4> p $output 1 Another line! 2 Another line! 3 Another line! 4 Another line! 5 Another line! 6 Another line! 7 Another line! 8 Another line! 9 Another line! 10 Another line! 11 Another line! 12 Another line!
SEE ALSO
o Parse::Eyapp,
CONTRIBUTORS
o Hal Finkel <http://www.halssoftware.com/> o G. Williams <http://kasei.us/> o Thomas L. Shinnick <http://search.cpan.org/~tshinnic/> o Frank Leray
AUTHOR
Casiano Rodriguez-Leon (casiano@ull.es)
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
This work has been supported by CEE (FEDER) and the Spanish Ministry of Educacion y Ciencia through Plan Nacional I+D+I number TIN2005-08818-C04-04 (ULL::OPLINK project <http://www.oplink.ull.es/>). Support from Gobierno de Canarias was through GC02210601 (Grupos Consolidados). The University of La Laguna has also supported my work in many ways and for many years. A large percentage of code is verbatim taken from Parse::Yapp 1.05. The author of Parse::Yapp is Francois Desarmenien. I wish to thank Francois Desarmenien for his Parse::Yapp module, to my students at La Laguna and to the Perl Community. Thanks to the people who have contributed to improve the module (see "CONTRIBUTORS" in Parse::Eyapp). Thanks to Larry Wall for giving us Perl. Special thanks to Juana.
LICENCE AND COPYRIGHT
Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Casiano Rodriguez-Leon (casiano@ull.es). All rights reserved. Parse::Yapp copyright is of Francois Desarmenien, all rights reserved. 1998-2001 These modules are free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See perlartistic. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. perl v5.18.2 2012-03-23 Parse::Eyapp::Base(3)