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getattrlist(2) [mojave man page]

GETATTRLIST(2)						      BSD System Calls Manual						    GETATTRLIST(2)

NAME
getattrlist, fgetattrlist, getattrlistat -- get file system attributes SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/attr.h> #include <unistd.h> int getattrlist(const char* path, struct attrlist * attrList, void * attrBuf, size_t attrBufSize, unsigned long options); int fgetattrlist(int fd, struct attrlist * attrList, void * attrBuf, size_t attrBufSize, unsigned long options); int getattrlistat(int fd, const char *path, struct attrlist * attrList, void * attrBuf, size_t attrBufSize, unsigned long options); DESCRIPTION
The getattrlist() function returns attributes (that is, metadata) of file system objects. getattrlist() works on the file system object named by path, while fgetattrlist() works on the provided file descriptor fd. The getattrlistat() system call is equivalent to getattrlist() except in the case where path specifies a relative path. In this case the attributes are returned for the file system object named by path relative to the directory associated with the file descriptor fd instead of the current working directory. If getattrlistat() is passed the special value AT_FDCWD in the fd parameter, the current working directory is used and the behavior is identical to a call to getattrlist(). You can think of getattrlist() as a seriously enhanced version of stat(2). The functions return attributes about the specified file system object into the buffer specified by attrBuf and attrBufSize. The attrList parameter determines what attributes are returned. The options parameter lets you control specific aspects of the function's behavior. Not all volumes support all attributes. See the discussion of ATTR_VOL_ATTRIBUTES for a discussion of how to determine whether a particular volume supports a particular attribute. Furthermore, you should only request the attributes that you need. Some attributes are expensive to calculate on some volume formats. For example, ATTR_DIR_ENTRYCOUNT is usually expensive to calculate on non-HFS [Plus] volumes. If you don't need a particular attribute, you should not ask for it. The path parameter must reference a valid file system object. Read, write or execute permission of the object itself is not required, but all directories listed in the path name leading to the object must be searchable. The attrList parameter is a pointer to an attrlist structure, as defined by <sys/attr.h> (shown below). It determines what attributes are returned by the function. You are responsible for filling out all fields of this structure before calling the function. typedef u_int32_t attrgroup_t; struct attrlist { u_short bitmapcount; /* number of attr. bit sets in list */ u_int16_t reserved; /* (to maintain 4-byte alignment) */ attrgroup_t commonattr; /* common attribute group */ attrgroup_t volattr; /* volume attribute group */ attrgroup_t dirattr; /* directory attribute group */ attrgroup_t fileattr; /* file attribute group */ attrgroup_t forkattr; /* fork attribute group */ }; #define ATTR_BIT_MAP_COUNT 5 The fields of the attrlist structure are defined as follows. bitmapcount Number of attribute bit sets in the structure. In current systems you must set this to ATTR_BIT_MAP_COUNT. reserved Reserved. You must set this to 0. commonattr A bit set that specifies the common attributes that you require. Common attributes relate to all types of file system objects. See below for a description of these attributes. volattr A bit set that specifies the volume attributes that you require. Volume attributes relate to volumes (that is, mounted file systems). See below for a description of these attributes. If you request volume attributes, path must reference the root of a volume. In addition, you can't request volume attributes if you also request file or directory attributes. dirattr A bit set that specifies the directory attributes that you require. See below for a description of these attributes. fileattr A bit set that specifies the file attributes that you require. See below for a description of these attributes. forkattr A bit set that specifies the fork attributes that you require. Fork attributes relate to the actual data in the file, which can be held in multiple named contiguous ranges, or forks. See below for a description of these attributes. If the FSOPT_ATTR_CMN_EXTENDED option is given, this bit set is reinterpreted as extended common attributes attributes, also described below. Unless otherwise noted in the lists below, attributes are read-only. Attributes labelled as read/write can be set using setattrlist(2). The attrBuf and attrBufSize parameters specify a buffer into which the function places attribute values. The format of this buffer is suffi- ciently complex that its description requires a separate section (see below). The initial contents of this buffer are ignored. The options parameter is a bit set that controls the behaviour of the functions. The following option bits are defined. FSOPT_NOFOLLOW If this bit is set, getattrlist() will not follow a symlink if it occurs as the last component of path. FSOPT_REPORT_FULLSIZE The size of the attributes reported (in the first u_int32_t field in the attribute buffer) will be the size needed to hold all the requested attributes; if not set, only the attributes actually returned will be reported. This allows the caller to determine if any truncation occurred. FSOPT_PACK_INVAL_ATTRS If this is bit is set, then all requested attributes, even ones that are not supported by the object or file system, will be returned. Default values will be used for the invalid ones. Requires that ATTR_CMN_RETURNED_ATTRS be requested. FSOPT_ATTR_CMN_EXTENDED If this is bit is set, then ATTR_CMN_GEN_COUNT and ATTR_CMN_DOCUMENT_ID can be requested. When this option is used, forkattrs are reinterpreted as a set of extended common attributes. ATTRIBUTE BUFFER
The data returned in the buffer described by attrBuf and attrBufSize is formatted as follows. 1. The first element of the buffer is a u_int32_t that contains the overall length, in bytes, of the attributes returned. This size includes the length field itself. 2. Following the length field is a list of attributes. Each attribute is represented by a field of its type, where the type is given as part of the attribute description (below). 3. The attributes are placed into the attribute buffer in the order that they are described below. 4. Each attribute is aligned to a 4-byte boundary (including 64-bit data types). If the attribute is of variable length, it is represented in the list by an attrreference structure, as defined by <sys/attr.h> (shown below). typedef struct attrreference { int32_t attr_dataoffset; u_int32_t attr_length; } attrreference_t; This structure contains a 'pointer' to the variable length attribute data. The attr_length field is the length of the attribute data (in bytes). The attr_dataoffset field is the offset in bytes from the attrreference structure to the attribute data. This offset will always be a multiple of sizeof(u_int32_t) bytes, so you can safely access common data types without fear of alignment exceptions. The getattrlist() function will silently truncate attribute data if attrBufSize is too small. The length field at the front of the attribute list always represents the length of the data actually copied into the attribute buffer. If the data is truncated, there is no easy way to determine the buffer size that's required to get all of the requested attributes. You should always pass an attrBufSize that is large enough to accommodate the known size of the attributes in the attribute list (including the leading length field). Because the returned attributes are simply truncated if the buffer is too small, it's possible for a variable length attribute to reference data beyond the end of the attribute buffer. That is, it's possible for the attribute data to start beyond the end of the attribute buffer (that is, if attrRef is a pointer to the attrreference_t, ( ( (char *) attrRef ) + attr_dataoffset ) > ( ( (char *) attrBuf ) + attrSize ) ) or, indeed, for the attribute data to extend beyond the end of the attribute buffer (that is, ( ( (char *) attrRef ) + attr_dataoffset + attr_datalength ) > ( ( (char *) attrBuf ) + attrSize ) ). If this happens you must increase the size of the buffer and call getattrlist() to get an accurate copy of the attribute. COMMON ATTRIBUTES
Common attributes relate to all types of file system objects. The following common attributes are defined. ATTR_CMN_RETURNED_ATTRS An attribute_set_t structure which is used to report which of the requested attributes were actually returned. This attribute, when requested, will always be the first attribute returned. By default, unsupported attributes will be skipped (i.e. not packed into the output buffer). This behavior can be over-ridden using the FSOPT_PACK_INVAL_ATTRS option flag. Both getattrlist(2) and getatttrlistbulk(2) support this attribute while searchfs(2) does not. ATTR_CMN_NAME An attrreference structure containing the name of the file system object as UTF-8 encoded, null terminated C string. The attribute data length will not be greater than NAME_MAX + 1 characters, which is NAME_MAX * 3 + 1 bytes (as one UTF-8-encoded character may take up to three bytes). ATTR_CMN_DEVID A dev_t containing the device number of the device on which this file system object's volume is mounted. Equiva- lent to the st_dev field of the stat structure returned by stat(2). ATTR_CMN_FSID An fsid_t structure containing the file system identifier for the volume on which the file system object resides. Equivalent to the f_fsid field of the statfs structure returned by statfs(2). ATTR_CMN_OBJTYPE An fsobj_type_t that identifies the type of file system object. The values are taken from enum vtype in <sys/vnode.h>. ATTR_CMN_OBJTAG An fsobj_tag_t that identifies the type of file system containing the object. The values are taken from enum vtagtype in <sys/vnode.h>. ATTR_CMN_OBJID An fsobj_id_t structure that uniquely identifies the file system object within a mounted volume for the duration of it's mount; this identifier is not guaranteed to be persistent for the volume and may change every time the volume is mounted. On HFS+ volumes, the ATTR_CMN_OBJID of a file system object is distinct from the ATTR_CMN_OBJID of any hard link to that file system object. Although the ATTR_CMN_OBJID of a file system object may appear similar (in whole or in part) to it's ATTR_CMN_FILEID (see description of ATTR_CMN_FILEID below), no relation between the two attributes should ever be implied. ATTR_CMN_OBJID is deprecated sarting with macOS 10.13, iOS 11.0, watchOS 4.0 and tvOS 11.0 and ATTR_CMNEXT_LINKID should be used in its place. ATTR_CMN_OBJID can only be used on older operating systems only if the file system doesn't 64 bit IDs. See the getLinkIDInfo() function in the EXAMPLES section. ATTR_CMN_OBJPERMANENTID An fsobj_id_t structure that uniquely and persistently identifies the file system object within its volume; persis- tence implies that this attribute is unaffected by mount/unmount operations on the volume. Some file systems can not return this attribute when the volume is mounted read-only and will fail the request with error EROFS. (e.g. original HFS modifies on disk structures to generate persistent identifiers, and hence cannot do so if the volume is mounted read only.) ATTR_CMN_PAROBJID An fsobj_id_t structure that uniquely identifies the parent directory of the file system object within a mounted volume, for the duration of the volume mount; this identifier is not guaranteed to be persistent for the volume and may change every time the volume is mounted. If a file system object is hard linked from multiple directories, the parent directory returned for this attribute is non deterministic; it can be any one of the parent directories of this object. For some volume formats the com- puting cost for this attribute is significant; developers are advised to request this attribute sparingly. ATTR_CMN_SCRIPT (read/write) A text_encoding_t containing a text encoding hint for the file system object's name. It is included to facilitate the lossless round trip conversion of names between Unicode and traditional Mac OS script encodings. File systems that do not have an appropriate text encoding value should return kTextEncodingMacUnicode. ATTR_CMN_CRTIME (read/write) A timespec structure containing the time that the file system object was created. ATTR_CMN_MODTIME (read/write) A timespec structure containing the time that the file system object was last modified. Equivalent to the st_mtimespec field of the stat structure returned by stat(2). ATTR_CMN_CHGTIME A timespec structure containing the time that the file system object's attributes were last modified. Equivalent to the st_ctimespec field of the stat structure returned by stat(2). ATTR_CMN_ACCTIME (read/write) A timespec structure containing the time that the file system object was last accessed. Equivalent to the st_atimespec field of the stat structure returned by stat(2). ATTR_CMN_BKUPTIME (read/write) A timespec structure containing the time that the file system object was last backed up. This value is for use by backup utilities. The file system stores but does not interpret the value. ATTR_CMN_FNDRINFO (read/write) 32 bytes of data for use by the Finder. Equivalent to the concatenation of a FileInfo structure and an ExtendedFileInfo structure (or, for directories, a FolderInfo structure and an ExtendedFolderInfo structure). This attribute is not byte swapped by the file system. The value of multibyte fields on disk is always big endian. When running on a little endian system (such as Darwin on x86), you must byte swap any multibyte fields. ATTR_CMN_OWNERID (read/write) A uid_t containing the owner of the file system object. Equivalent to the st_uid field of the stat structure returned by stat(2). ATTR_CMN_GRPID (read/write) A gid_t containing the group of the file system object. Equivalent to the st_gid field of the stat structure returned by stat(2). ATTR_CMN_ACCESSMASK (read/write) A u_int32_t containing the access permissions of the file system object. Equivalent to the st_mode field of the stat structure returned by stat(2). Only the permission bits of st_mode are valid; other bits should be ignored, e.g., by masking with ~S_IFMT. ATTR_CMN_FLAGS (read/write) A u_int32_t containing file flags. Equivalent to the st_flags field of the stat structure returned by stat(2). For more information about these flags, see chflags(2). ATTR_CMN_GEN_COUNT A u_int32_t containing a non zero monotonically increasing generation count for this file system object. The gener- ation count tracks the number of times the data in a file system object has been modified. No meaning can be implied from its value. The value of the generation count for a file system object can be compared against a previ- ous value of the same file system object for equality; i.e. an unchanged generation count indicates identical data. Requesting this attribute requires the FSOPT_ATTR_CMN_EXTENDED option flag. A generation count value of 0 is invalid and cannot be used to determine data change. The generation count is invalid while a file is mmap'ed. An invalid generation count value of 0 will be returned for mmap'ed files. ATTR_CMN_DOCUMENT_ID A u_int32_t containing the document id. The document id is a value assigned by the kernel to a document (which can be a file or directory) and is used to track the data regardless of where it gets moved. The document id survives safe saves; i.e it is sticky to the path it was assigned to. Requesting this attribute requires the FSOPT_ATTR_CMN_EXTENDED option flag. A document id of 0 is invalid. ATTR_CMN_USERACCESS A u_int32_t containing the effective permissions of the current user (the calling process's effective UID) for this file system object. You can test for read, write, and execute permission using R_OK, W_OK, and X_OK, respectively. See access(2) for more details. ATTR_CMN_EXTENDED_SECURITY A variable-length object (thus an attrreference structure) containing a kauth_filesec structure, of which only the ACL entry is used. ATTR_CMN_UUID A guid_t of the owner of the file system object. Analoguous to ATTR_CMN_OWNERID. ATTR_CMN_GRPUUID A guid_t of the group to which the file system object belongs. Analoguous to ATTR_CMN_GRPID. ATTR_CMN_FILEID A u_int64_t that uniquely identifies the file system object within its mounted volume. Equivalent to st_ino field of the stat structure returned by stat(2). ATTR_CMN_PARENTID A u_int64_t that identifies the parent directory of the file system object. ATTR_CMN_FULLPATH An attrreference structure containing the full path (resolving all symlinks) to the file system object as a UTF-8 encoded, null terminated C string. The attribute data length will not be greater than PATH_MAX. Inconsistent behavior may be observed when this attribute is requested on hard-linked items, particularly when the file system does not support ATTR_CMN_PARENTID natively. Callers should be aware of this when requesting the full path of a hard-linked item. ATTR_CMN_ADDEDTIME A timespec that contains the time that the file system object was created or renamed into its containing directory. Note that inconsistent behavior may be observed when this attribute is requested on hard-linked items. ATTR_CMN_DATA_PROTECT_FLAGS A u_int32_t that contains the file or directory's data protection class. VOLUME ATTRIBUTES
Volume attributes relate to volumes (that is, mounted file systems). The following volume attributes are defined. ATTR_VOL_INFO For reasons that are not at all obvious, you must set ATTR_VOL_INFO in the volattr field if you request any other volume attributes. This does not result in any attribute data being added to the attribute buffer. ATTR_VOL_FSTYPE A u_int32_t containing the file system type. Equivalent to the f_type field of the statfs structure returned by statfs(2). Generally not a useful value. ATTR_VOL_SIGNATURE A u_int32_t containing the volume signature word. This value is unique within a given file system type and lets you distinguish between different volume formats handled by the same file system. ATTR_VOL_SIZE An off_t containing the total size of the volume in bytes. ATTR_VOL_SPACEFREE An off_t containing the free space on the volume in bytes. ATTR_VOL_SPACEAVAIL An off_t containing the space, in bytes, on the volume available to non-privileged processes. This is the free space minus the amount of space reserved by the system to prevent critical disk exhaustion errors. Non-privileged programs, like a disk management tool, should use this value to display the space available to the user. ATTR_VOL_SPACEAVAIL is to ATTR_VOL_SPACEFREE as f_bavail is to f_bfree in statfs(2). ATTR_VOL_MINALLOCATION An off_t containing the minimum allocation size on the volume in bytes. If you create a file containing one byte, it will consume this much space. ATTR_VOL_ALLOCATIONCLUMP An off_t containing the allocation clump size on the volume, in bytes. As a file is extended, the file system will attempt to allocate this much space each time in order to reduce fragmentation. ATTR_VOL_IOBLOCKSIZE A u_int32_t containing the optimal block size when reading or writing data. Equivalent to the f_iosize field of the statfs structure returned by statfs(2). ATTR_VOL_OBJCOUNT A u_int32_t containing the number of file system objects on the volume. ATTR_VOL_FILECOUNT A u_int32_t containing the number of files on the volume. ATTR_VOL_DIRCOUNT A u_int32_t containing the number of directories on the volume. ATTR_VOL_MAXOBJCOUNT A u_int32_t containing the maximum number of file system objects that can be stored on the volume. ATTR_VOL_MOUNTPOINT An attrreference structure containing the path to the volume's mount point as a UTF-8 encoded, null terminated C string. The attribute data length will not be greater than MAXPATHLEN. Equivalent to the f_mntonname field of the statfs structure returned by statfs(2). ATTR_VOL_NAME (read/write) An attrreference structure containing the name of the volume as a UTF-8 encoded, null terminated C string. The attribute data length will not be greater than NAME_MAX + 1. This attribute is only read/write if the VOL_CAP_INT_VOL_RENAME bit is set in the volume capabilities (see below). ATTR_VOL_MOUNTFLAGS A u_int32_t containing the volume mount flags. This is a copy of the value passed to the flags parameter of mount(2) when the volume was mounted. Equivalent to the f_flags field of the statfs structure returned by statfs(2). ATTR_VOL_MOUNTEDDEVICE An attrreference structure that returns the same value as the f_mntfromname field of the statfs structure returned by statfs(2). For local volumes this is the path to the device on which the volume is mounted as a UTF-8 encoded, null terminated C string. For network volumes, this is a unique string that identifies the mount. The attribute data length will not be greater than MAXPATHLEN. ATTR_VOL_ENCODINGSUSED An unsigned long long containing a bitmap of the text encodings used on this volume. For more information about this, see the discussion of encodingsBitmap in DTS Technote 1150 "HFS Plus Volume Format". ATTR_VOL_CAPABILITIES A vol_capabilities_attr_t structure describing the optional features supported by this volume. See below for a discussion of volume capabilities. ATTR_VOL_UUID A uuid_t containing the file system UUID. Typically this will be a version 5 UUID. ATTR_VOL_QUOTA_SIZE An off_t containing the maximum size of the volume in bytes. ATTR_VOL_RESERVED_SIZE An off_t containing the minimum size of the volume in bytes. ATTR_VOL_ATTRIBUTES A vol_attributes_attr_t structure describing the attributes supported by this volume. This structure is discussed below, along with volume capabilities. DIRECTORY ATTRIBUTES
The following directory attributes are defined. ATTR_DIR_LINKCOUNT A u_int32_t containing the number of hard links to the directory; this does not include the historical "." and ".." entries. For file systems that do not support hard links to directories, this value will be 1. ATTR_DIR_ENTRYCOUNT A u_int32_t containing the number of file system objects in the directory, not including any synthetic items. The historical "." and ".." entries are also excluded from this count. ATTR_DIR_MOUNTSTATUS A u_int32_t containing flags describing what's mounted on the directory. Currently the only flag defined is DIR_MNTSTATUS_MNTPOINT, which indicates that there is a file system mounted on this directory. ATTR_DIR_ALLOCSIZE An off_t containing the number of bytes on disk used by the directory (the physical size). ATTR_DIR_IOBLOCKSIZE A u_int32_t containing the optimal block size when reading or writing data. ATTR_DIR_DATALENGTH An off_t containing the length of the directory in bytes (the logical size). Requested directory attributes are not returned for file system objects that are not directories. FILE ATTRIBUTES
The following file attributes are defined. ATTR_FILE_LINKCOUNT A u_int32_t containing the number of hard links to this file. Equivalent to the st_nlink field of the stat struc- ture returned by stat(2). ATTR_FILE_TOTALSIZE An off_t containing the total number of bytes in all forks of the file (the logical size). ATTR_FILE_ALLOCSIZE An off_t containing a count of the bytes on disk used by all of the file's forks (the physical size). ATTR_FILE_IOBLOCKSIZE A u_int32_t containing the optimal block size when reading or writing this file's data. ATTR_FILE_CLUMPSIZE A u_int32_t containing the allocation clump size for this file, in bytes. As the file is extended, the file system will attempt to allocate this much space each time in order to reduce fragmentation. This value applies to the data fork. ATTR_FILE_DEVTYPE (read/write) A u_int32_t containing the device type for a special device file. Equivalent to the st_rdev field of the stat structure returned by stat(2). ATTR_FILE_FILETYPE A u_int32_t that whose value is reserved. Clients should ignore its value. New volume format implementations should not support this attribute. ATTR_FILE_FORKCOUNT A u_int32_t containing the number of forks in the file. No built-in file systems on Mac OS X currently support forks other than the data and resource fork. ATTR_FILE_FORKLIST An attrreference structure containing a list of named forks of the file. No built-in file systems on Mac OS X cur- rently support forks other than the data and resource fork. Because of this, the structure of this attribute's value is not yet defined. ATTR_FILE_DATALENGTH An off_t containing the length of the data fork in bytes (the logical size). ATTR_FILE_DATAALLOCSIZE An off_t containing a count of the bytes on disk used by the data fork (the physical size). ATTR_FILE_DATAEXTENTS An extentrecord array for the data fork. The array contains eight diskextent structures which represent the first eight extents of the fork. This attributes exists for compatibility reasons. New clients should not use this attribute. Rather, they should use the F_LOG2PHYS command in fcntl(2). In current implementations the value may not be entirely accurate for a variety of reasons. ATTR_FILE_RSRCLENGTH An off_t containing the length of the resource fork in bytes (the logical size). ATTR_FILE_RSRCALLOCSIZE An off_t containing a count of the bytes on disk used by the resource fork (the physical size). ATTR_FILE_RSRCEXTENTS An extentrecord array for the resource fork. The array contains eight diskextent structures which represent the first eight extents of the fork. See also ATTR_FILE_DATAEXTENTS. File attributes are used for any file system object that is not a directory, not just ordinary files. Requested file attributes are not returned for file system objects that are directories. FORK ATTRIBUTES
Fork attributes relate to the actual data in the file, which can be held in multiple named contiguous ranges, or forks. These cannot be used if the FSOPT_ATTR_CMN_EXTENDED is given. The following fork attributes are defined. ATTR_FORK_TOTALSIZE Deprecated. An off_t containing the length of the fork in bytes (the logical size). ATTR_FORK_ALLOCSIZE Deprecated. An off_t containing a count of the bytes on disk used by the fork (the physical size). ATTR_FORK_RESERVED Reserved. You must set this to 0. Fork attributes are deprecated and all bits are reserved. They are not properly implemented by any current Mac OS X volume format implemen- tation. We strongly recommend that client programs do not request fork attributes. If you are implementing a volume format, you should not support these attributes. COMMON EXTENDED ATTRIBUTES
Common extended attributes are like common attributes except that they are set in the forkattr field and can only be used if the FSOPT_ATTR_CMN_EXTENDED option is given. Use of these attributes is mutually exclusive with the above fork attributes. ATTR_CMNEXT_RELPATH An attrreference structure containing the mount-relative path of the file system object as a UTF-8 encoded, null terminated C string. The attribute data length will not be greater than PATH_MAX. Inconsistent behavior may be observed when this attribute is requested on hard-linked items, particularly when the file system does not support ATTR_CMN_PARENTID natively. Callers should be aware of this when requesting the relative path of a hard-linked item. ATTR_CMNEXT_PRIVATESIZE An off_t containing the number of bytes that are not trapped inside a clone or snapshot, and which would be freed immediately if the file were deleted. ATTR_CMNEXT_LINKID A u_int64_t that uniquely identifies the file system object within a mounted volume for the duration of its mount. On HFS+ and APFS volumes, the ATTR_CMNEXT_LINKID of a file system object is distinct from the ATTR_CMNEXT_LINKID of any hard link to that file system object. Although the ATTR_CMNEXT_LINKID of a file system object may appear simi- lar (in whole or in part) to its ATTR_CMN_FILEID (see description of ATTR_CMN_FILEID above), no relation between the two attributes should ever be implied. VOLUME CAPABILITIES
Not all volumes support all features. The ATTR_VOL_CAPABILITIES attribute returns a vol_capabilities_attr_t structure (shown below) that indicates which features are supported by the volume. typedef u_int32_t vol_capabilities_set_t[4]; #define VOL_CAPABILITIES_FORMAT 0 #define VOL_CAPABILITIES_INTERFACES 1 #define VOL_CAPABILITIES_RESERVED1 2 #define VOL_CAPABILITIES_RESERVED2 3 typedef struct vol_capabilities_attr { vol_capabilities_set_t capabilities; vol_capabilities_set_t valid; } vol_capabilities_attr_t; The structure contains two fields, capabilities and valid. Each consists of an array of four elements. The arrays are indexed by the fol- lowing values. VOL_CAPABILITIES_FORMAT This element contains information about the volume format. See VOL_CAP_FMT_PERSISTENTOBJECTIDS and so on, below. VOL_CAPABILITIES_INTERFACES This element contains information about which optional functions are supported by the volume format imple- mentation. See VOL_CAP_INT_SEARCHFS and so on, below. VOL_CAPABILITIES_RESERVED1 Reserved. A file system implementation should set this element to zero. A client program should ignore this element. VOL_CAPABILITIES_RESERVED2 Reserved. A file system implementation should set this element to zero. A client program should ignore this element. The valid field contains bit sets that indicate which flags are known to the volume format implementation. Each bit indicates whether the contents of the corresponding bit in the capabilities field is valid. The capabilities field contains bit sets that indicate whether a particular feature is implemented by this volume format. The following bits are defined in the first element (indexed by VOL_CAPABILITIES_FORMAT) of the capabilities and valid fields of the vol_capabilities_attr_t structure. VOL_CAP_FMT_PERSISTENTOBJECTIDS If this bit is set the volume format supports persistent object identifiers and can look up file system objects by their IDs. See ATTR_CMN_OBJPERMANENTID for details about how to obtain these identifiers. VOL_CAP_FMT_SYMBOLICLINKS If this bit is set the volume format supports symbolic links. VOL_CAP_FMT_HARDLINKS If this bit is set the volume format supports hard links. VOL_CAP_FMT_JOURNAL If this bit is set the volume format supports a journal used to speed recovery in case of unplanned restart (such as a power outage or crash). This does not necessarily mean the volume is actively using a journal. Introduced with Darwin 7.0 (Mac OS X version 10.3). VOL_CAP_FMT_JOURNAL_ACTIVE If this bit is set the volume is currently using a journal for speedy recovery after an unplanned restart. This bit can be set only if VOL_CAP_FMT_JOURNAL is also set. Introduced with Darwin 7.0 (Mac OS X version 10.3). VOL_CAP_FMT_NO_ROOT_TIMES If this bit is set the volume format does not store reliable times for the root directory, so you should not depend on them to detect changes, identify volumes across unmount/mount, and so on. Introduced with Darwin 7.0 (Mac OS X version 10.3). VOL_CAP_FMT_SPARSE_FILES If this bit is set the volume format supports sparse files, that is, files which can have 'holes' that have never been written to, and thus do not consume space on disk. A sparse file may have an allocated size on disk that is less than its logical length (that is, ATTR_FILE_ALLOCSIZE < ATTR_FILE_TOTALSIZE ). Introduced with Darwin 7.0 (Mac OS X version 10.3). VOL_CAP_FMT_ZERO_RUNS For security reasons, parts of a file (runs) that have never been written to must appear to contain zeroes. When this bit is set, the volume keeps track of allocated but unwritten runs of a file so that it can sub- stitute zeroes without actually writing zeroes to the media. This provides performance similar to sparse files, but not the space savings. Introduced with Darwin 7.0 (Mac OS X version 10.3). VOL_CAP_FMT_CASE_SENSITIVE If this bit is set the volume format treats upper and lower case characters in file and directory names as different. Otherwise an upper case character is equivalent to a lower case character, and you can't have two names that differ solely in the case of the characters. Introduced with Darwin 7.0 (Mac OS X version 10.3). VOL_CAP_FMT_CASE_PRESERVING If this bit is set the volume format preserves the case of file and directory names. Otherwise the volume may change the case of some characters (typically making them all upper or all lower case). A volume that sets VOL_CAP_FMT_CASE_SENSITIVE must also set VOL_CAP_FMT_CASE_PRESERVING. Introduced with Darwin 7.0 (Mac OS X version 10.3). VOL_CAP_FMT_FAST_STATFS This bit is used as a hint to upper layers to indicate that statfs(2) is fast enough that its results need not be cached by the caller. A volume format implementation that caches the statfs(2) information in memory should set this bit. An implementation that must always read from disk or always perform a network transac- tion to satisfy statfs(2) should not set this bit. Introduced with Darwin 7.0 (Mac OS X version 10.3). VOL_CAP_FMT_2TB_FILESIZE If this bit is set the volume format supports file sizes larger than 4GB, and potentially up to 2TB; it does not indicate whether the file system supports files larger than that. Introduced with Darwin 8.0 (Mac OS X version 10.4). VOL_CAP_FMT_OPENDENYMODES If this bit is set, the volume format supports open deny modes (e.g., "open for read write, deny write"). VOL_CAP_FMT_HIDDEN_FILES If this bit is set, the volume format supports the UF_HIDDEN file flag, and the UF_HIDDEN flag is mapped to that volume's native "hidden" or "invisible" bit (e.g., the invisible bit from the Finder Info extended attribute). VOL_CAP_FMT_PATH_FROM_ID If this bit is set, the volume format supports the ability to derive a pathname to the root of the file sys- tem given only the ID of an object. This also implies that object IDs on this file system are persistent and not recycled. Most file systems will not support this capability. VOL_CAP_FMT_NO_VOLUME_SIZES If this bit is set the volume format does not support determining values for total data blocks, available blocks, or free blocks, as in f_blocks, f_bavail, and f_bfree in the struct statfs returned by statfs(2). Historically, those values were set to 0xFFFFFFFF for volumes that did not support them. Introduced with Darwin 10.0 (Mac OS X version 10.6). VOL_CAP_FMT_64BIT_OBJECT_IDS If this bit is set, the volume format uses object IDs that are 64-bit. This means that ATTR_CMN_FILEID and ATTR_CMN_PARENTID are the primary means of obtaining object IDs from this volume. The values returned by ATTR_CMN_OBJID, ATTR_CMN_OBJPERMANENTID, and ATTR_CMN_PAROBJID can be interpreted as 64-bit object IDs instead of fsobj_id_t. VOL_CAP_FMT_NO_IMMUTABLE_FILES If this bit is set, the volume format does not support setting the UF_IMMUTABLE flag. See ATTR_CMN_FLAGS for more details. VOL_CAP_FMT_NO_PERMISSIONS If this bit is set, the volume format does not support setting file permissions. See ATTR_CMN_USERACCESS for more details. The following bits are defined in the second element (indexed by VOL_CAPABILITIES_INTERFACES) of the capabilities and valid fields of the vol_capabilities_attr_t structure. VOL_CAP_INT_SEARCHFS If this bit is set the volume format implementation supports searchfs(2). VOL_CAP_INT_ATTRLIST If this bit is set the volume format implementation supports getattrlist() and setattrlist(2). VOL_CAP_INT_NFSEXPORT If this bit is set the volume format implementation allows this volume to be exported via NFS. VOL_CAP_INT_READDIRATTR If this bit is set the volume format implementation supports getdirentriesattr(2). VOL_CAP_INT_EXCHANGEDATA If this bit is set the volume format implementation supports exchangedata(2). Introduced with Darwin 7.0 (Mac OS X version 10.3). VOL_CAP_INT_COPYFILE If this bit is set the volume format implementation supports the (private and undocumented) copyfile() func- tion. (This is not the copyfile(3) function.) Introduced with Darwin 7.0 (Mac OS X version 10.3). VOL_CAP_INT_ALLOCATE If this bit is set the volume format implementation supports the F_PREALLOCATE selector of fcntl(2). Introduced with Darwin 7.0 (Mac OS X version 10.3). VOL_CAP_INT_VOL_RENAME If this bit is set the volume format implementation allows you to modify the volume name using setattrlist(2). Introduced with Darwin 7.0 (Mac OS X version 10.3). VOL_CAP_INT_ADVLOCK If this bit is set the volume format implementation supports advisory locking, that is, the F_GETLK, F_SETLK, and F_SETLKW selectors to fcntl(2). Introduced with Darwin 7.0 (Mac OS X version 10.3). VOL_CAP_INT_FLOCK If this bit is set the volume format implementation supports whole file locks. This includes flock(2) and the O_EXLOCK and O_SHLOCK flags to open(2). Introduced with Darwin 7.0 (Mac OS X version 10.3). VOL_CAP_INT_EXTENDED_SECURITY If this bit is set the volume format implementation supports extended security controls (ACLs). Introduced with Darwin 8.0 (Mac OS X version 10.4). VOL_CAP_INT_USERACCESS If this bit is set the volume format implementation supports the ATTR_CMN_USERACCESS attribute. Introduced with Darwin 8.0 (Mac OS X version 10.4). VOL_CAP_INT_MANLOCK If this bit is set, the volume format implementation supports AFP-style mandatory byte range locks via ioctl(2). VOL_CAP_INT_EXTENDED_ATTR If this bit is set, the volume format implementation supports native extended attributes (see setxattr(2)). VOL_CAP_INT_CLONE If this bit is set, the file system supports cloning files and directories. See clonefileat(2) for more details. VOL_CAP_INT_SNAPSHOT If this bit is set, the file system supports snapshots. See fs_snapshot_create(2) for more details. VOL_CAP_INT_NAMEDSTREAMS If this bit is set, the volume format implementation supports native named streams. VOL_CAP_INT_RENAME_SWAP If this bit is set, the file system supports swapping file system objects. See rename(2) for more details. VOL_CAP_INT_RENAME_EXCL If this bit is set, the file system supports an exclusive rename operation. See rename(2) for more details. A volume can also report which attributes it supports. This information is returned by the ATTR_VOL_ATTRIBUTES attribute, which returns a vol_attributes_attr_t structure (shown below). typedef struct attribute_set { attrgroup_t commonattr; /* common attribute group */ attrgroup_t volattr; /* volume attribute group */ attrgroup_t dirattr; /* directory attribute group */ attrgroup_t fileattr; /* file attribute group */ attrgroup_t forkattr; /* fork attribute group */ } attribute_set_t; typedef struct vol_attributes_attr { attribute_set_t validattr; attribute_set_t nativeattr; } vol_attributes_attr_t; The validattr field consists of a number of bit sets that indicate whether an attribute is supported by the volume format implementation. The nativeattr is similar except that the bit sets indicate whether an attribute is supported natively by the volume format. An attribute is supported natively if the volume format implementation does not have to do any complex conversions to access the attribute. For example, a volume format might support persistent object identifiers, but doing so requires a complex table lookup that is not part of the core volume format. In that case, the ATTR_VOL_ATTRIBUTES attribute would return ATTR_CMN_OBJPERMANENTID set in the validattr field of the vol_attributes_attr_t, but not in the nativeattr field. RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion a value of 0 is returned. Otherwise, a value of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error. COMPATIBILITY
Not all volumes support getattrlist(). The best way to test whether a volume supports this function is to simply call it and check the error result. getattrlist() will return ENOTSUP if it is not supported on a particular volume. The getattrlist() function has been undocumented for more than two years. In that time a number of volume format implementations have been created without a proper specification for the behaviour of this routine. You may encounter volume format implementations with slightly dif- ferent behaviour than what is described here. Your program is expected to be tolerant of this variant behaviour. If you're implementing a volume format that supports getattrlist(), you should be careful to support the behaviour specified by this docu- ment. ERRORS
getattrlist() and fgetattrlist() will fail if: [ENOTSUP] The volume does not support the query. [ENOTDIR] A component of the path prefix for getattrlist() is not a directory. [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a path name for getattrlist() exceeded NAME_MAX characters, or an entire path name exceeded PATH_MAX char- acters. [ENOENT] The file system object for getattrlist() does not exist. [EBADF] The file descriptor argument for fgetattrlist() is not a valid file descriptor. [EACCES] Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix for getattrlist(). [ELOOP] Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname for getattrlist(). [EFAULT] path, attrList or attrBuf points to an invalid address. [EINVAL] The bitmapcount field of attrList is not ATTR_BIT_MAP_COUNT. [EINVAL] You requested an invalid attribute. [EINVAL] You requested an attribute that is not supported for this file system object. [EINVAL] You requested volume attributes and directory or file attributes. [EINVAL] You requested volume attributes but path does not reference the root of the volume. [EROFS] The volume is read-only but must be modified in order to return this attribute. [EIO] An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system. In addition to the errors returned by the getattrlist(), the getattrlistat() function may fail if: [EBADF] The path argument does not specify an absolute path and the fd argument is neither AT_FDCWD nor a valid file descriptor open for searching. [ENOTDIR] The path argument is not an absolute path and fd is neither AT_FDCWD nor a file descriptor associated with a directory. CAVEATS
If you request any volume attributes, you must set ATTR_VOL_INFO in the volattr field, even though it generates no result in the attribute buffer. The order that attributes are stored in the attribute buffer almost invariably matches the order of attribute mask bit values. For example, ATTR_CMN_NAME (0x00000001) comes before ATTR_CMN_DEVID (0x00000002) because its value is smaller. When ordering attributes, you should always use the order in which they are described above. The timespec structure is 64-bits (two 32-bit elements) in 32-bit code, and 128-bits (two 64-bit elements) in 64-bit code; however, it is aligned on a 4-byte (32-bit) boundary, even in 64-bit code. If you use a structure for the attribute data, it must be correctly packed and aligned (see examples). Inconsistent behavior may be observed when the ATTR_CMN_FULLPATH attribute is requested on hard-linked items, particularly when the file sys- tem does not support ATTR_CMN_PARENTID natively. Callers should be aware of this when requesting the full path of a hard-linked item, espe- cially if the full path crosses mount points. For more caveats, see also the compatibility notes above. EXAMPLES
The following code prints the file type and creator of a file, assuming that the volume supports the required attributes. #include <assert.h> #include <stdio.h> #include <string.h> #include <sys/attr.h> #include <sys/errno.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <sys/vnode.h> typedef struct attrlist attrlist_t; struct FInfoAttrBuf { u_int32_t length; fsobj_type_t objType; char finderInfo[32]; } __attribute__((aligned(4), packed)); typedef struct FInfoAttrBuf FInfoAttrBuf; static int FInfoDemo(const char *path) { int err; attrlist_t attrList; FInfoAttrBuf attrBuf; memset(&attrList, 0, sizeof(attrList)); attrList.bitmapcount = ATTR_BIT_MAP_COUNT; attrList.commonattr = ATTR_CMN_OBJTYPE | ATTR_CMN_FNDRINFO; err = getattrlist(path, &attrList, &attrBuf, sizeof(attrBuf), 0); if (err != 0) { err = errno; } if (err == 0) { assert(attrBuf.length == sizeof(attrBuf)); printf("Finder information for %s: ", path); switch (attrBuf.objType) { case VREG: printf("file type = '%.4s' ", &attrBuf.finderInfo[0]); printf("file creator = '%.4s' ", &attrBuf.finderInfo[4]); break; case VDIR: printf("directory "); break; default: printf("other object type, %d ", attrBuf.objType); break; } } return err; } The following code is an alternative implementation that uses nested structures to group the related attributes. #include <assert.h> #include <stdio.h> #include <stddef.h> #include <string.h> #include <sys/attr.h> #include <sys/errno.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <sys/vnode.h> typedef struct attrlist attrlist_t; struct FInfo2CommonAttrBuf { fsobj_type_t objType; char finderInfo[32]; } __attribute__((aligned(4), packed)); typedef struct FInfo2CommonAttrBuf FInfo2CommonAttrBuf; struct FInfo2AttrBuf { u_int32_t length; FInfo2CommonAttrBuf common; } __attribute__((aligned(4), packed));; typedef struct FInfo2AttrBuf FInfo2AttrBuf; static int FInfo2Demo(const char *path) { int err; attrlist_t attrList; FInfo2AttrBuf attrBuf; memset(&attrList, 0, sizeof(attrList)); attrList.bitmapcount = ATTR_BIT_MAP_COUNT; attrList.commonattr = ATTR_CMN_OBJTYPE | ATTR_CMN_FNDRINFO; err = getattrlist(path, &attrList, &attrBuf, sizeof(attrBuf), 0); if (err != 0) { err = errno; } if (err == 0) { assert(attrBuf.length == sizeof(attrBuf)); printf("Finder information for %s: ", path); switch (attrBuf.common.objType) { case VREG: printf( "file type = '%.4s' ", &attrBuf.common.finderInfo[0] ); printf( "file creator = '%.4s' ", &attrBuf.common.finderInfo[4] ); break; case VDIR: printf("directory "); break; default: printf( "other object type, %d ", attrBuf.common.objType ); break; } } return err; } The following example shows how to deal with variable length attributes. It assumes that the volume specified by path supports the necessary attributes. #include <assert.h> #include <stdio.h> #include <stddef.h> #include <string.h> #include <sys/attr.h> #include <sys/errno.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <sys/vnode.h> typedef struct attrlist attrlist_t; struct VolAttrBuf { u_int32_t length; u_int32_t fileCount; u_int32_t dirCount; attrreference_t mountPointRef; attrreference_t volNameRef; char mountPointSpace[MAXPATHLEN]; char volNameSpace[MAXPATHLEN]; } __attribute__((aligned(4), packed)); typedef struct VolAttrBuf VolAttrBuf; static int VolDemo(const char *path) { int err; attrlist_t attrList; VolAttrBuf attrBuf; memset(&attrList, 0, sizeof(attrList)); attrList.bitmapcount = ATTR_BIT_MAP_COUNT; attrList.volattr = ATTR_VOL_INFO | ATTR_VOL_FILECOUNT | ATTR_VOL_DIRCOUNT | ATTR_VOL_MOUNTPOINT | ATTR_VOL_NAME; err = getattrlist(path, &attrList, &attrBuf, sizeof(attrBuf), 0); if (err != 0) { err = errno; } if (err == 0) { assert(attrBuf.length > offsetof(VolAttrBuf, mountPointSpace)); assert(attrBuf.length <= sizeof(attrBuf)); printf("Volume information for %s: ", path); printf("ATTR_VOL_FILECOUNT: %u ", attrBuf.fileCount); printf("ATTR_VOL_DIRCOUNT: %u ", attrBuf.dirCount); printf( "ATTR_VOL_MOUNTPOINT: %.*s ", (int) attrBuf.mountPointRef.attr_length, ( ((char *) &attrBuf.mountPointRef) + attrBuf.mountPointRef.attr_dataoffset ) ); printf( "ATTR_VOL_NAME: %.*s ", (int) attrBuf.volNameRef.attr_length, ( ((char *) &attrBuf.volNameRef) + attrBuf.volNameRef.attr_dataoffset ) ); } return err; } The following sample demonstrates the need to use packing and alignment controls; without the attribute, in 64-bit code, the fields of the structure are not placed at the locations that the kernel expects. #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <string.h> #include <err.h> #include <time.h> #include <sys/attr.h> /* The alignment and packing attribute is necessary in 64-bit code */ struct AttrListTimes { u_int32_t length; struct timespec st_crtime; struct timespec st_modtime; } __attribute__((aligned(4), packed)); main(int argc, char **argv) { int rv; int i; for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) { struct attrlist attrList; struct AttrListTimes myStat = {0}; char *path = argv[i]; memset(&attrList, 0, sizeof(attrList)); attrList.bitmapcount = ATTR_BIT_MAP_COUNT; attrList.commonattr = ATTR_CMN_CRTIME | ATTR_CMN_MODTIME; rv = getattrlist(path, &attrList, &myStat, sizeof(myStat), 0); if (rv == -1) { warn("getattrlist(%s)", path); continue; } printf("%s: Modification time = %s", argv[i], ctime(&myStat.st_modtime.tv_sec)); } return 0; } The getLinkIDInfo() function determines if ATTR_CMNEXT_LINKID and ATTR_CMN_OBJID are valid to use on the file system specified by path. int getLinkIDInfo(const char *path, bool *cmnExtLinkIDValid, bool *cmnObjIDValid) { int result; struct statfs statfsBuf; struct attrlist attrList; struct volAttrsBuf { u_int32_t length; vol_capabilities_attr_t capabilities; vol_attributes_attr_t attributes; } __attribute__((aligned(4), packed)); struct volAttrsBuf volAttrs; memset(&attrList, 0, sizeof(attrList)); attrList.bitmapcount = ATTR_BIT_MAP_COUNT; attrList.volattr = ATTR_VOL_INFO | ATTR_VOL_CAPABILITIES | ATTR_VOL_ATTRIBUTES; // get the file system's mount point path for the input path result = statfs(path, &statfsBuf); if ( result == 0 ) { // get the supported capabilities and attributes result = getattrlist(statfsBuf.f_mntonname, &attrList, &volAttrs, sizeof(volAttrs), FSOPT_ATTR_CMN_EXTENDED); if ( result == 0 ) { if ( volAttrs.attributes.validattr.forkattr & ATTR_CMNEXT_LINKID ) { // ATTR_CMNEXT_LINKID is available; do not use ATTR_CMN_OBJID *cmnExtLinkIDValid = true; *cmnObjIDValid = false; } else { // ATTR_CMNEXT_LINKID is not available cmnExtLinkIDValid = false; // ATTR_CMN_OBJID can only be used if the file system does not use 64-bit object IDs if ( (volAttrs.capabilities.capabilities[VOL_CAPABILITIES_FORMAT] & VOL_CAP_FMT_64BIT_OBJECT_IDS) && (volAttrs.capabilities.valid[VOL_CAPABILITIES_FORMAT] & VOL_CAP_FMT_64BIT_OBJECT_IDS) ) { *cmnObjIDValid = false; } else { *cmnObjIDValid = true; } } } } if ( result != 0 ) { *cmnExtLinkIDValid = *cmnObjIDValid = false; } return result; } SEE ALSO
access(2), chflags(2), exchangedata(2), fcntl(2), getattrlistbulk(2), mount(2), searchfs(2), setattrlist(2), stat(2), statfs(2) HISTORY
A getattrlist() function call appeared in Darwin 1.3.1 (Mac OS X version 10.0). The getattrlistat() function call appeared in OS X 10.10 . Darwin February 25, 2014 Darwin
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