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AT&T 3B computer systems included the 3B2, 3B5, 3B15, 3B20S, and 3B4000. These computers were named after the successful 3B20D. The 3B20S (simplex) ran using the UNIX operating system and was developed at Bell Labs and produced by WECo in 1982 for the general purpose internal Bell System use, and later the mini-computer market.
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truncate(2) [mojave man page]

TRUNCATE(2)						      BSD System Calls Manual						       TRUNCATE(2)

NAME
ftruncate, truncate -- truncate or extend a file to a specified length SYNOPSIS
#include <unistd.h> int ftruncate(int fildes, off_t length); int truncate(const char *path, off_t length); DESCRIPTION
ftruncate() and truncate() cause the file named by path, or referenced by fildes, to be truncated (or extended) to length bytes in size. If the file size exceeds length, any extra data is discarded. If the file size is smaller than length, the file is extended and filled with zeros to the indicated length. The ftruncate() form requires the file to be open for writing. Note: ftruncate() and truncate() do not modify the current file offset for any open file descriptions associated with the file. RETURN VALUES
A value of 0 is returned if the call succeeds. If the call fails a -1 is returned, and the global variable errno specifies the error. ERRORS
The ftruncate() system call will fail if: [EBADF] fildes is not a valid descriptor open for writing. [EFBIG] The file is a regular file and length is greater than the offset maximum established in the open file description associ- ated with fildes. [EINVAL] fildes references a socket, not a file. [EINVAL] fildes is not open for writing. [EROFS] The named file resides on a read-only file system. The truncate() system call will fail if: [EACCES] Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix. [EACCES] The named file is not writable by the user. [EFAULT] Path points outside the process's allocated address space. [EISDIR] The named file is a directory. [ELOOP] Too many symbolic links are encountered in translating the pathname. This is taken to be indicative of a looping symbolic link. [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeds {NAME_MAX} characters, or an entire path name exceeds {PATH_MAX} characters. [ENOENT] The named file does not exist. [ENOTDIR] A component of the path prefix is not a directory. [EROFS] The named file resides on a read-only file system. [ETXTBSY] The file is a pure procedure (shared text) file that is being executed. The ftruncate() and truncate() system calls will fail if: [EFBIG] The length argument was greater than the maximum file size. [EINTR] A signal is caught during execution. [EINVAL] The length argument is less than 0. [EIO] An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to a file system. SEE ALSO
open(2) BUGS
These calls should be generalized to allow ranges of bytes in a file to be discarded. Use of truncate() to extend a file is not portable. HISTORY
The truncate() and ftruncate() function calls appeared in 4.2BSD. 4.2 Berkeley Distribution June 4, 1993 4.2 Berkeley Distribution

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TRUNCATE(2)						      BSD System Calls Manual						       TRUNCATE(2)

NAME
ftruncate, truncate -- truncate or extend a file to a specified length SYNOPSIS
#include <unistd.h> int ftruncate(int fildes, off_t length); int truncate(const char *path, off_t length); DESCRIPTION
ftruncate() and truncate() cause the file named by path, or referenced by fildes, to be truncated (or extended) to length bytes in size. If the file size exceeds length, any extra data is discarded. If the file size is smaller than length, the file is extended and filled with zeros to the indicated length. The ftruncate() form requires the file to be open for writing. Note: ftruncate() and truncate() do not modify the current file offset for any open file descriptions associated with the file. RETURN VALUES
A value of 0 is returned if the call succeeds. If the call fails a -1 is returned, and the global variable errno specifies the error. ERRORS
The ftruncate() system call will fail if: [EBADF] fildes is not a valid descriptor open for writing. [EFBIG] The file is a regular file and length is greater than the offset maximum established in the open file description associ- ated with fildes. [EINVAL] fildes references a socket, not a file. [EINVAL] fildes is not open for writing. [EROFS] The named file resides on a read-only file system. The truncate() system call will fail if: [EACCES] Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix. [EACCES] The named file is not writable by the user. [EFAULT] Path points outside the process's allocated address space. [EISDIR] The named file is a directory. [ELOOP] Too many symbolic links are encountered in translating the pathname. This is taken to be indicative of a looping symbolic link. [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeds {NAME_MAX} characters, or an entire path name exceeds {PATH_MAX} characters. [ENOENT] The named file does not exist. [ENOTDIR] A component of the path prefix is not a directory. [EROFS] The named file resides on a read-only file system. [ETXTBSY] The file is a pure procedure (shared text) file that is being executed. The ftruncate() and truncate() system calls will fail if: [EFBIG] The length argument was greater than the maximum file size. [EINTR] A signal is caught during execution. [EINVAL] The length argument is less than 0. [EIO] An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to a file system. SEE ALSO
open(2) BUGS
These calls should be generalized to allow ranges of bytes in a file to be discarded. Use of truncate() to extend a file is not portable. HISTORY
The truncate() and ftruncate() function calls appeared in 4.2BSD. 4.2 Berkeley Distribution June 4, 1993 4.2 Berkeley Distribution

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