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OSX 10.14 Mojave - man page for jstat (mojave section 1)

jstat(1)						      General Commands Manual							  jstat(1)

NAME
jstat - Java Virtual Machine statistics monitoring tool
SYNOPSIS
jstat [ generalOption | outputOptions vmid [ interval [ s|ms ] [ count ] ] ]
DESCRIPTION
The jstat tool displays performance statistics for an instrumented HotSpot Java virtual machine (JVM). The target JVM is identified by its virtual machine identifier, or vmid option described below. NOTE - This utility is unsupported and may or may not be available in future versions of the J2SE SDK. It is currently not available on Windows 98 and Windows ME platforms. VIRTUAL MACHINE IDENTIFIER The syntax of the vmid string largely corresponds to the syntax of a URI: [protocol:][//]lvmid[@hostname][:port][/servername] protocol The communications protocol. If the protocol is omitted and a hostname is not specified, the default protocol is a platform specific optimized local protocol. If the protocol is omitted and a hostname is specified, then the default protocol is rmi. lvmid The local virtual machine identifier for the target JVM. The lvmid is a platform-specific value that uniquely identifies a JVM on a system. The lvmid is the only required component of a virtual machine identifier. The lvmid is typically, but not necessarily, the operating system's process identifier for the target JVM process. You can use the jps command to determine the lvmid. Also, you can determine lvmid on Unix platforms with the ps command, and on Windows with the Windows Task Man- ager. hostname A hostname or IP address indicating the target host. If hostname is omitted, then the target host is the local host. port The default port for communicating with the remote server. If the hostname is omitted or the protocol specifies an opti- mized, local protocol, then port is ignored. Otherwise, treatment of the port parameter is implementation specific. For the default rmi protocol, the port indicates the port number for the rmiregistry on the remote host. If port is omitted, and protocol indicates rmi, then the default rmiregistry port (1099) is used. servername The treatment of this parameter depends on implementation. For the optimized local protocol, this field is ignored. For the rmi protocol, it represents the name of the RMI remote object on the remote host.
PARAMETERS
generalOption A single general command-line option (-help, -options, or -version) outputOptions One or more output options, consisting of a single statOption, plus any of the -t, -h, and -J options. vmid Virtual machine identifier, a string indicating the target Java virtual machine (JVM). The general syntax is [protocol:][//]lvmid[@hostname[:port]/servername The syntax of the vmid string largely corresponds to the syntax of a URI. The vmid can vary from a simple integer representing a local JVM to a more complex construction specifying a communications protocol, port number, and other implementation-specific values. See Virtual Machine Identifier below for details. interval[s|ms] Sampling interval in the specified units, seconds (s) or milliseconds (ms). Default units are milliseconds. Must be a posi- tive integer. If specified, jstat will produce its output at each interval. count Number of samples to display. Default value is infinity; that is, jstat displays statistics until the target JVM terminates or the jstat command is terminated. Must be a positive integer.
OPTIONS
The jstat command supports two types of options, general options and output options. General options cause jstat to display simple usage and version information. Output options determine the content and format of the statistical output. NOTE- All options, and their functionality are subject to change or removal in future releases. GENERAL OPTIONS If you specify one of the general options, you cannot specify any other option or parameter. -help Display help message. -version Display version information. -options Display list of statistics options. See the Output Options section below. OUTPUT OPTIONS If you do not specify a general option, then you can specify output options. Output options determine the content and format of jstat's output, and consist of a single statOption, plus any of the other output options (-h, -t, and -J). The statOption must come first. Output is formatted as a table, with columns are separated by spaces. A header row with titles describes the columns. Use the -h option to set the frequency at which the header is displayed. Column header names are generally consistent between the different options. In gen- eral, if two options provide a column with the same name, then the data source for the two columns are the same. Use the -t option to display a time stamp column, labeled Timestamp as the first column of output. The Timestamp column contains the elapsed time, in seconds, since startup of the target JVM. The resolution of the time stamp is dependent on various factors and is subject to variation due to delayed thread scheduling on heavily loaded systems. Use the interval and count parameters to determine how frequently and how many times, respectively, jstat displays its output. NOTE- You are advised not to write scripts to parse jstat's output since the format may change in future releases. If you choose to write scripts that parse jstat output, expect to modify them for future releases of this tool. -statOption Determines the statistics information that jstat displays. The following table lists the available options. Use the -options general option to display the list of options for a particular platform installation. +-----------------+------------------------------------------------------+ | Option | Displays... | +-----------------+------------------------------------------------------+ |class | Statistics on the behavior of the class loader | |compiler | Statistics on the behavior of the HotSpot Just-In- | | | Time compiler | |gc | Statistics on the behavior of the garbage collected | | | heap | |gccapacity | Statistics of the capacities of the generations and | | | their corresponding spaces. | |gccause | Summary of garbage collection statistics (same as | | | -gcutil), with the cause of the last and current (if | | | applicable) garbage collection events. | |gcnew | Statistics of the behavior of the new generation. | |gcnewcapacity | Statistics of the sizes of the new generations and | | | its corresponding spaces. | |gcold | Statistics of the behavior of the old and permanent | | | generations. | |gcoldcapacity | Statistics of the sizes of the old generation. | |gcpermcapacity | Statistics of the sizes of the permanent generation. | |gcutil | Summary of garbage collection statistics. | |printcompilation | Summary of garbage collection statistics. | +-----------------+------------------------------------------------------+ -h n Display a column header every n samples (output rows), where n is a positive integer. Default value is 0, which displays the column header above the first row of data. -t n Display a timestamp column as the first column of output. The timestamp is the the time since the start time of the target JVM. -JjavaOption Pass javaOption to the java application launcher. For example, -J-Xms48m sets the startup memory to 48 megabytes. For a com- plete list of options, see java(1). STATOPTIONS AND OUTPUT The following tables summarize the columns that jstat outputs for each statOption. class Class Loader Statistics +---------+--------------------------------------------------------+ | Column | Description | +---------+--------------------------------------------------------+ |Loaded | Number of classes loaded | |Bytes | Number of Kbytes loaded | |Unloaded | Number of classes unloaded | |Bytes | Number of Kbytes unloaded | |Time | Time spent performing class load and unload operations | +---------+--------------------------------------------------------+ compiler HotSpot Just-In-Time Compiler Statistics +-------------+-------------------------------------------------------+ | Column | Description | +-------------+-------------------------------------------------------+ |Compiled | Humber of compilation tasks performed | |Failed | Number of compilation tasks that failed | |Invalid | Number of compilation tasks that were invalidated | |Time | Time spent performing compilation tasks | |FailedType | Compile type of the last failed compilation | |FailedMethod | Class name and method for the last failed compilation | +-------------+-------------------------------------------------------+ gc Garbage-collected heap statistics +-------+-------------------------------------------+ |Column | Description | +-------+-------------------------------------------+ |SOC | Current survivor space 0 capacity (KB). | |S1C | Current survivor space 1 capacity (KB). | |S0U | Survivor space 0 utilization (KB). | |S1U | Survivor space 1 utilization (KB). | |EC | Current eden space capacity (KB). | |EU | Eden space utilization (KB). | |OC | Current old space capacity (KB). | |OU | Old space utilization (KB). | |PC | Current permanent space capacity (KB). | |PU | Permanent space utilization (KB). | |YGC | Number of young generation GC Events. | |YGCT | Young generation garbage collection time. | |FGC | Number of full GC events. | |FGCT | Full garbage collection time. | |GCT | Total garbage collection time. | +-------+-------------------------------------------+ gccapacity Memory Pool Generation and Space Capacities +-------+---------------------------------------------+ |Column | Description | +-------+---------------------------------------------+ |NGCMN | Minimum new generation capacity (KB). | |NGCMX | Maximum new generation capacity (KB). | |NGC | Current new generation capacity (KB). | |S0C | Current survivor space 0 capacity (KB). | |S1C | Current survivor space 1 capacity (KB). | |EC | Current eden space capacity (KB). | |OGCMN | Minimum old generation capacity (KB). | |OGCMX | Maximum old generation capacity (KB). | |OGC | Current old generation capacity (KB). | |OC | Current old space capacity (KB). | |PGCMN | Minimum permanent generation capacity (KB). | |PGCMX | Maximum Permanent generation capacity (KB). | |PGC | Current Permanent generation capacity (KB). | |PC | Current Permanent space capacity (KB). | |VGC | Number of Young generation GC Events. | |FGC | Number of Full GC Events. | +-------+---------------------------------------------+ gccause This option displays the same summary of garbage collection statistics as the -gcutil option, but includes the causes of the last garbage collection event and (if applicable) the current garbage collection event. In addition to the columns listed for -gcutil, this option adds the following columns: +-------+--------------------------------------+ |Column | Description | +-------+--------------------------------------+ |LGCC | Cause of last Garbage Collection. | |GCC | Cause of current Garbage Collection. | +-------+--------------------------------------+ gcnew New Generation Statistics +-------+-------------------------------------------+ |Column | Description | +-------+-------------------------------------------+ |SOC | Current survivor space 0 capacity (KB). | |S1C | Current survivor space 1 capacity (KB). | |S0U | Survivor space 0 utilization (KB). | |S1U | Survivor space 1 utilization (KB). | |TT | Tenuring threshold. | |MTT | Maximum tenuring threshold. | |DSS | Desired survivor size (KB). | |EC | Current eden space capacity (KB). | |EU | Eden space utilization (KB). | |VGC | Number of young generation GC events. | |VGCT | Young generation garbage collection time. | +-------+-------------------------------------------+ gcnewcapacity New Generation Space Size Statistics +-------+-----------------------------------------+ |Column | Description | +-------+-----------------------------------------+ |NGCMN | Minimum new generation capacity (KB). | |NGCMX | Maximum new generation capacity (KB). | |NGC | Current new generation capacity (KB). | |S0CMX | Maximum survivor space 0 capacity (KB). | |S0C | Current survivor space 0 capacity (KB). | |S1CMX | Maximum survivor space 1 capacity (KB). | |S1C | Current survivor space 1 capacity (KB). | |ECMX | Maximum eden space capacity (KB). | |EC | Current eden space capacity (KB). | |YGC | Number of young generation GC events. | |FGC | Number of Full GC Events. | +-------+-----------------------------------------+ gcold Old and Permanent Generation Statistics +-------+----------------------------------------+ |Column | Description | +-------+----------------------------------------+ |PC | Current permanent space capacity (KB). | |PU | Permanent space utilization (KB). | |OC | Current old space capacity (KB). | |OU | Old space utilization (KB). | |YGC | Number of young generation GC events. | |FGC | Number of Full GC events. | |FGCT | Full garbage collection time. | |GCT | Total garbage collection time. | +-------+----------------------------------------+ gcoldcapacity Old Generation Statistics +-------+---------------------------------------+ |Column | Description | +-------+---------------------------------------+ |OGCMN | Minimum old generation capacity (KB). | |OGCMV | Maximum old generation capacity (KB). | |OGC | Current old generation capacity (KB). | |OC | Current old space capacity (KB). | |YGC | Number of young generation GC events. | |FGC | Number of Full GC events. | |FGCT | Full garbage collection time. | |GCT | Total garbage collection time. | +-------+---------------------------------------+ gcpermcapacity Permanent Generation Statistics +-------+---------------------------------------------+ |Column | Description | +-------+---------------------------------------------+ |PGCMN | Minimum permanent generation capacity (KB). | |PGCMX | Maximum permanent generation capacity (KB). | |PGC | Current permanent generation capacity (KB). | |PC | Current permanent space capacity (KB). | |YGC | Number of young generation GC events. | |FGC | Number of Full GC events. | |FGCT | Full garbage collection time. | |GCT | Total garbage collection time. | +-------+---------------------------------------------+ gcutil Summary of Garbage Collection Statistics +-------+---------------------------------------------------+ |Column | Description | +-------+---------------------------------------------------+ |S0 | Survivor space 0 utilization as a percentage of | | | the space's current capacity. | |S1 | Survivor space 1 utilization as a percentage of | | | the space's current capacity. | |E | Eden space utilization as a percentage of the | | | space's current capacity. | |O | Old space utilization as a percentage of the | | | space's current capacity. | |P | Permanent space utilization as a percentage of | | | the space's current capacity. | |YGC | Number of young generation GC events. | |YGCT | Young generation garbage collection time. | |FGC | Number of Full GC events. | |FGCT | Full garbage collection time. | |GCT | Total garbage collection time. | +-------+---------------------------------------------------+ printcompilation HotSpot Compiler Method Statistics +---------+---------------------------------------------------+ | Column | Description | +---------+---------------------------------------------------+ |Compiled | Number of compilation tasks performed. | |Size | Number of bytes of bytecode for the method. | |Type | Compilation type. | |Method | Class name and method name identifying the com- | | | piled method. Class name uses "/" instead of "." | | | as namespace separator. Method name is the method | | | within the given class. The format for these two | | | fields is consistent with the HotSpot - | | | XX:+PrintComplation option. | +---------+---------------------------------------------------+
EXAMPLES
This section presents some examples of monitoring a local JVM with a lvmid of 21891. Using the gcutil option This example attaches to lvmid 21891 and takes 7 samples at 250 millisecond intervals and displays the output as specified by the -gcutil option. jstat -gcutil 21891 250 7 S0 S1 E O P YGC YGCT FGC FGCT GCT 12.44 0.00 27.20 9.49 96.70 78 0.176 5 0.495 0.672 12.44 0.00 62.16 9.49 96.70 78 0.176 5 0.495 0.672 12.44 0.00 83.97 9.49 96.70 78 0.176 5 0.495 0.672 0.00 7.74 0.00 9.51 96.70 79 0.177 5 0.495 0.673 0.00 7.74 23.37 9.51 96.70 79 0.177 5 0.495 0.673 0.00 7.74 43.82 9.51 96.70 79 0.177 5 0.495 0.673 0.00 7.74 58.11 9.51 96.71 79 0.177 5 0.495 0.673 The output of this example shows that a young generation collection occurred between the 3rd and 4th sample. The collection took 0.001 sec- onds and promoted objects from the eden space (E) to the old space (O), resulting in an increase of old space utilization from 9.49% to 9.51%. Before the collection, the survivor space was 12.44% utilized, but after this collection it is only 7.74% utilized. Repeating the column header string This example attaches to lvmid 21891 and takes samples at 250 millisecond intervals and displays the output as specified by -gcutil option. In addition, it uses the -h3 option to output the column header after every 3 lines of data. jstat -gcnew -h3 21891 250 S0C S1C S0U S1U TT MTT DSS EC EU YGC YGCT 64.0 64.0 0.0 31.7 31 31 32.0 512.0 178.6 249 0.203 64.0 64.0 0.0 31.7 31 31 32.0 512.0 355.5 249 0.203 64.0 64.0 35.4 0.0 2 31 32.0 512.0 21.9 250 0.204 S0C S1C S0U S1U TT MTT DSS EC EU YGC YGCT 64.0 64.0 35.4 0.0 2 31 32.0 512.0 245.9 250 0.204 64.0 64.0 35.4 0.0 2 31 32.0 512.0 421.1 250 0.204 64.0 64.0 0.0 19.0 31 31 32.0 512.0 84.4 251 0.204 S0C S1C S0U S1U TT MTT DSS EC EU YGC YGCT 64.0 64.0 0.0 19.0 31 31 32.0 512.0 306.7 251 0.204 In addition to showing the repeating header string, this example shows that between the 2nd and 3rd samples, a young GC occurred. Its dura- tion was 0.001 seconds. The collection found enough live data that the survivor space 0 utilization (S0U) would would have exceeded the desired survivor Size (DSS). As a result, objects were promoted to the old generation (not visible in this output), and the tenuring threshold (TT) was lowered from 31 to 2. Another collection occurs between the 5th and 6th samples. This collection found very few survivors and returned the tenuring threshold to 31. Including a time stamp for each sample This example attaches to lvmid 21891 and takes 3 samples at 250 millisecond intervals. The -t option is used to generate a time stamp for each sample in the first column. jstat -gcoldcapacity -t 21891 250 3 Timestamp OGCMN OGCMX OGC OC YGC FGC FGCT GCT 150.1 1408.0 60544.0 11696.0 11696.0 194 80 2.874 3.799 150.4 1408.0 60544.0 13820.0 13820.0 194 81 2.938 3.863 150.7 1408.0 60544.0 13820.0 13820.0 194 81 2.938 3.863 Monitor instrumentation for a remote JVM This example attaches to lvmid 40496 on the system named remote.domain using the -gcutil option, with samples taken every second indefi- nitely. jstat -gcutil 40496@remote.domain 1000 ... output omitted The lvmid is combined with the name of the remote host to construct a vmid of 40496@remote.domain. This vmid results in the use of the rmi protocol to communicate to the default jstatd server on the remote host. The jstatd server is located using the rmiregistry on remote.domain that is bound to the default rmiregistry port (port 1099).
SEE ALSO
java(1) jps(1) jstatd(1) rmiregistry(1) 13 June 2004 jstat(1)

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