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assert(3) [minix man page]

ASSERT(3)						     Library Functions Manual							 ASSERT(3)

NAME
assert - program verification SYNOPSIS
#include <assert.h> void assert(int expression) DESCRIPTION
Assert is a macro that indicates expression is expected to be true at this point in the program. It causes an abort(3) with a diagnostic comment on the standard output when expression is false (0). Compiling with the cc(1) option -DNDEBUG effectively deletes assert from the program. DIAGNOSTICS
`Assertion "expression" failed: file f line n.' F is the source file and n the source line number of the assert statement. 7th Edition May 12, 1986 ASSERT(3)

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ASSERT(3)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							 ASSERT(3)

NAME
assert - abort the program if assertion is false SYNOPSIS
#include <assert.h> void assert(scalar expression); DESCRIPTION
If the macro NDEBUG was defined at the moment <assert.h> was last included, the macro assert() generates no code, and hence does nothing at all. Otherwise, the macro assert() prints an error message to standard output and terminates the program by calling abort() if expression is false (i.e., compares equal to zero). The purpose of this macro is to help the programmer find bugs in his program. The message "assertion failed in file foo.c, function do_bar(), line 1287" is of no help at all to a user. RETURN VALUE
No value is returned. CONFORMING TO
ISO9899 (ANSI C). In the 1990 standard, expression is required to be of type int and undefined behavior results if it is not, but in the 1999 standard it may have any scalar type. BUGS
assert() is implemented as a macro; if the expression tested has side-effects, program behaviour will be different depending on whether NDEBUG is defined. This may create Heisenbugs which go away when debugging is turned on. SEE ALSO
exit(3), abort(3), assert_perror(3) C99 2002-08-25 ASSERT(3)
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