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Linux 2.6 - man page for ntfsresize (linux section 8)

NTFSRESIZE(8)									    NTFSRESIZE(8)

NAME
       ntfsresize - resize an NTFS filesystem without data loss

SYNOPSIS
       ntfsresize [OPTIONS] --info(-mb-only) DEVICE
       ntfsresize [OPTIONS] [--size SIZE[k|M|G]] DEVICE

DESCRIPTION
       The  ntfsresize program safely resizes Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows 2000, Win-
       dows NT4 and Longhorn NTFS filesystems without data loss. All NTFS versions are supported,
       used  by  32-bit  and  64-bit  Windows.	Defragmentation is NOT required prior to resizing
       because the program can relocate any data if needed, without risking data integrity.

       Ntfsresize can be used to shrink or enlarge any NTFS filesystem located	on  an	unmounted
       DEVICE  (usually  a  disk  partition).  The new filesystem will have SIZE bytes.  The SIZE
       parameter may have one of the optional modifiers k, M, G, which means the  SIZE	parameter
       is  given  in kilo-, mega- or gigabytes respectively.  Ntfsresize conforms to the SI, ATA,
       IEEE standards and the disk manufacturers by using k=10^3, M=10^6 and G=10^9.

       If both --info(-mb-only) and --size are omitted then the NTFS filesystem will be  enlarged
       to the underlying DEVICE size.

       To  resize a filesystem on a partition, you must resize BOTH the filesystem and the parti-
       tion by editing the partition table on the disk. Similarly to other command line  filesys-
       tem  resizers,  ntfsresize doesn't manipulate the size of the partitions, hence to do that
       you must use a disk partitioning tool as well, for example  fdisk(8).   Alternatively  you
       could use one of the many user friendly partitioners that uses ntfsresize internally, like
       Mandriva's DiskDrake, QTParted, SUSE/Novell's YaST Partitioner,	IBM's  EVMS,  GParted  or
       Debian/Ubuntu's Partman.

       IMPORTANT!   It's a good practice making REGULAR BACKUPS of your valuable data, especially
       before using ANY partitioning tools. To do so for NTFS, you could use ntfsclone(8).  Don't
       forget to save the partition table as well!

   Shrinkage
       If  you	wish  to shrink an NTFS partition, first use ntfsresize to shrink the size of the
       filesystem. Then you could use fdisk(8) to shrink the size of the  partition  by  deleting
       the  partition and recreating it with the smaller size.	Do not make the partition smaller
       than the new size of NTFS otherwise you won't be able to boot. If you did so notwithstand-
       ing then just recreate the partition to be as large as NTFS.

   Enlargement
       To  enlarge  an	NTFS filesystem, first you must enlarge the size of the underlying parti-
       tion. This can be done using fdisk(8) by deleting the partition and recreating it  with	a
       larger  size.   Make sure it will not overlap with an other existing partition.	Then  you
       may use ntfsresize to enlarge the size of the filesystem.

   Partitioning
       When recreating the partition by a disk partitioning tool, make sure you create it at  the
       same  starting  sector and with the same partition type as before.  Otherwise you won't be
       able to access your filesystem. Use the 'u' fdisk command to switch to the reliable sector
       unit from the default cylinder one.

       Also  make  sure you set the bootable flag for the partition if it existed before. Failing
       to do so you might not be able to boot your computer from the disk.

OPTIONS
       Below is a summary of all the options that ntfsresize accepts.  Nearly  all  options  have
       two  equivalent	names.	 The short name is preceded by - and the long name is preceded by
       --.  Any single letter options, that don't take an argument, can be combined into a single
       command,  e.g.	-fv is equivalent to -f -v.  Long named options can be abbreviated to any
       unique prefix of their name.

       -c, --check
	      By using this option ntfsresize will only check the device to  ensure  that  it  is
	      ready  to  be resized. If not, it will print any errors detected.  If the device is
	      fine, nothing will be printed.

       -i, --info
	      By using this option ntfsresize will determine the theoretically smallest  shrunken
	      filesystem size supported. Most of the time the result is the space already used on
	      the filesystem. Ntfsresize will refuse shrinking to a smaller size  than	what  you
	      got  by  this  option and depending on several factors it might be unable to shrink
	      very close to this theoretical size. Although the integrity of your data should  be
	      never  in  risk,	it's  still  strongly recommended to make a test run by using the
	      --no-action option before real resizing.

	      Practically the smallest shrunken size  generally  is  at  around  "used	space"	+
	      (20-200  MB). Please also take into account that Windows might need about 50-100 MB
	      free space left to boot safely.

	      This option never causes any changes to the filesystem,  the  partition  is  opened
	      read-only.

       -m, --info-mb-only
	      Like  the  info option, only print out the shrinkable size in MB.  Print nothing if
	      the shrink size is the same as the original size (in MB).

       -s, --size SIZE[k|M|G]
	      Resize filesystem to SIZE[k|M|G] bytes.  The optional modifiers k, M,  G	mean  the
	      SIZE  parameter  is given in kilo-, mega- or gigabytes respectively.  Conforming to
	      standards, k=10^3, M=10^6 and G=10^9. Use this option with --no-action first.

       -f, --force
	      Forces ntfsresize to proceed with the resize operation even if  the  filesystem  is
	      marked for consistency check.

	      Please  note, ntfsresize always marks the filesystem for consistency check before a
	      real resize operation and it leaves that way for extra safety.  Thus  if	NTFS  was
	      marked  by ntfsresize then it's safe to use this option. If you need to resize sev-
	      eral times without booting into Windows between each resizing steps then	you  must
	      use this option.

       -n, --no-action
	      Use  this option to make a test run before doing the real resize operation.  Volume
	      will be opened read-only and ntfsresize displays what it would do  if  it  were  to
	      resize  the  filesystem.	 Continue  with  the  real  resizing only if the test run
	      passed.

       -b, --bad-sectors
	      Support disks having hardware errors,  bad  sectors  with  those	ntfsresize  would
	      refuse to work by default.

	      Prior using this option, it's strongly recommended to make a backup by ntfsclone(8)
	      using the --rescue option, then running 'chkdsk /f /r volume:' on Windows from  the
	      command line. If the disk guarantee is still valid then replace it.  It's defected.
	      Please also note, that no software can repair these type of  hardware  errors.  The
	      most what they can do is to work around the permanent defects.

	      This option doesn't have any effect if the disk is flawless.

       -P, --no-progress-bar
	      Don't show progress bars.

       -v, --verbose
	      More output.

       -V, --version
	      Print the version number of ntfsresize and exit.

       -h, --help
	      Display help and exit.

EXIT CODES
       The exit code is 0 on success, non-zero otherwise.

KNOWN ISSUES
       No reliability problem is known. If you need help please try the Ntfsresize FAQ first (see
       below) and if you don't find your answer then send your question, comment or bug report to
       the development team:
       ntfs-3g-devel@lists.sf.net

       There  are  a  few very rarely met restrictions at present: filesystems having unknown bad
       sectors, relocation of the first MFT extent and resizing into the middle of a $MFTMirr ex-
       tent  aren't  supported yet. These cases are detected and resizing is restricted to a safe
       size or the closest safe size is displayed.

       Ntfsresize schedules an NTFS consistency check and after the first boot into  Windows  you
       must  see  chkdsk  running  on a blue background. This is intentional and no need to worry
       about it.  Windows may force a quick reboot after the consistency check.   Moreover  after
       repartitioning  your disk and depending on the hardware configuration, the Windows message
       System Settings Change may also appear. Just acknowledge it and reboot again.

       The disk geometry handling semantic (HDIO_GETGEO ioctl) has changed in an incompatible way
       in  Linux 2.6 kernels and this triggered multitudinous partition table corruptions result-
       ing in unbootable Windows systems, even if NTFS was consistent, if parted(8) was  involved
       in  some  way. This problem was often attributed to ntfsresize but in fact it's completely
       independent of NTFS thus ntfsresize. Moreover ntfsresize never touches the partition table
       at  all.  By  changing the 'Disk Access Mode' to LBA in the BIOS makes booting work again,
       most of the time. You can find more information about this issue  in  the  Troubleshooting
       section of the below referred Ntfsresize FAQ.

AUTHORS
       ntfsresize  was written by Szabolcs Szakacsits, with contributions from Anton Altaparmakov
       and Richard Russon.  It was ported to ntfs-3g by Erik Larsson and Jean-Pierre Andre.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
       Many thanks to Anton Altaparmakov and Richard Russon for libntfs, the excellent documenta-
       tion  and  comments,  to  Gergely Madarasz, Dewey M. Sasser and Miguel Lastra and his col-
       leagues at the University of Granada for their continuous and highly valuable  help,  fur-
       thermore  to  Erik Meade, Martin Fick, Sandro Hawke, Dave Croal, Lorrin Nelson, Geert Hen-
       drickx, Robert Bjorkman and Richard Burdick for beta testing the  relocation  support,  to
       Florian	Eyben, Fritz Oppliger, Richard Ebling, Sid-Ahmed Touati, Jan Kiszka, Benjamin Re-
       delings, Christopher Haney, Ryan Durk, Ralf Beyer, Scott Hansen, Alan Evans for the valued
       contributions and to Theodore Ts'o whose resize2fs(8) man page originally formed the basis
       of this page.

AVAILABILITY
       ntfsresize is part of the ntfs-3g package and is available from:
       http://www.tuxera.com/community/

       Ntfsresize related news, example of usage, troubleshooting, statically linked  binary  and
       FAQ (frequently asked questions) are maintained at:
       http://mlf.linux.rulez.org/mlf/ezaz/ntfsresize.html

SEE ALSO
       fdisk(8), cfdisk(8), sfdisk(8), parted(8), evms(8), ntfsclone(8), mkntfs(8), ntfsprogs(8)

ntfs-3g 2011.4.12AR.4			  February 2006 			    NTFSRESIZE(8)


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