Linux 2.6 - man page for apache2 (linux section 8)
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APACHE2(8) apache2 APACHE2(8)
apache2 - Apache Hypertext Transfer Protocol Server
apache2 [ -d serverroot ] [ -f config ] [ -C directive ] [ -c directive ] [ -D parameter ]
[ -e level ] [ -E file ] [ -k start|restart|graceful|stop|graceful-stop ] [ -R directory ]
[ -h ] [ -l ] [ -L ] [ -S ] [ -t ] [ -v ] [ -V ] [ -X ] [ -M ]
apache2 is the Apache HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server program. It is designed to
be run as a standalone daemon process. When used like this it will create a pool of child
processes or threads to handle requests.
In general, apache2 should not be invoked directly, but rather should be invoked via
/etc/init.d/apache2 or apache2ctl. The default Debian configuration requires environment
variables that are defined in /etc/apache2/envvars and are not available if apache2 is
started directly. However, apache2ctl can be used to pass arbitrary arguments to apache2.
The full documentation is available in the apache2-doc package or at
http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/ . Information about Debian specific changes and configu-
ration can be found in /usr/share/doc/apache2.2-common/README.Debian.gz .
Set the initial value for the ServerRoot directive to serverroot. This can be over-
ridden by the ServerRoot directive in the configuration file.
Uses the directives in the file config on startup. If config does not begin with a
/, then it is taken to be a path relative to the ServerRoot. The default is
Signals apache2 to start, restart, or stop. See Stopping Apache for more informa-
Process the configuration directive before reading config files.
Process the configuration directive after reading config files.
Sets a configuration parameter which can be used with <IfDefine> sections in the
configuration files to conditionally skip or process commands at server startup and
Sets the LogLevel to level during server startup. This is useful for temporarily
increasing the verbosity of the error messages to find problems during startup.
Send error messages during server startup to file.
When the server is compiled using the SHARED_CORE rule, this specifies the direc-
tory for the shared object files.
-h Output a short summary of available command line options.
-l Output a list of modules compiled into the server. This will not list dynamically
loaded modules included using the LoadModule directive.
-L Output a list of directives together with expected arguments and places where the
directive is valid.
-M Dump a list of loaded Static and Shared Modules.
-S Show the settings as parsed from the config file (currently only shows the virtual-
-t Run syntax tests for configuration files only. The program immediately exits after
these syntax parsing tests with either a return code of 0 (Syntax OK) or return
code not equal to 0 (Syntax Error). If -D DUMP_VHOSTS is also set, details of the
virtual host configuration will be printed. If -D DUMP_MODULES is set, all loaded
modules will be printed.
-v Print the version of apache2, and then exit.
-V Print the version and build parameters of apache2, and then exit.
-X Run apache2 in debug mode. Only one worker will be started and the server will not
detach from the console.
Apache HTTP Server 2008-04-05 APACHE2(8)
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