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Linux 2.6 - man page for rpm (linux section 8)

RPM(8)					       System Manager's Manual					       RPM(8)

NAME
rpm - RPM Package Manager
SYNOPSIS
QUERYING AND VERIFYING PACKAGES: rpm {-q|--query} [select-options] [query-options] rpm {-V|--verify} [select-options] [verify-options] rpm [--nosignature] [--nodigest] PACKAGE_FILE ... INSTALLING, UPGRADING, AND REMOVING PACKAGES: rpm {-i|--install} [install-options] PACKAGE_FILE ... rpm {-U|--upgrade} [install-options] PACKAGE_FILE ... rpm {-F|--freshen} [install-options] PACKAGE_FILE ... rpm {-e|--erase} [--allmatches] [--nodeps] [--noscripts] [--notriggers] [--test] PACKAGE_NAME ... MISCELLANEOUS: rpm {--querytags|--showrc} rpm {--setperms|--setugids} PACKAGE_NAME ... select-options [PACKAGE_NAME] [-a,--all] [-f,--file FILE] [-g,--group GROUP] {-p,--package PACKAGE_FILE] [--hdrid SHA1] [--pkgid MD5] [--tid TID] [--querybynumber HDRNUM] [--triggeredby PACKAGE_NAME] [--whatprovides CAPABILITY] [--whatrequires CAPABILITY] query-options [--changelog] [-c,--configfiles] [--conflicts] [-d,--docfiles] [--dump] [--filesbypkg] [-i,--info] [--last] [-l,--list] [--provides] [--qf,--queryformat QUERYFMT] [-R,--requires] [--scripts] [-s,--state] [--triggers,--triggerscripts] verify-options [--nodeps] [--nofiles] [--noscripts] [--nodigest] [--nosignature] [--nolinkto] [--nofiledigest] [--nosize] [--nouser] [--nogroup] [--nomtime] [--nomode] [--nordev] [--nocaps] install-options [--allfiles] [--badreloc] [--excludepath OLDPATH] [--excludedocs] [--force] [-h,--hash] [--ignoresize] [--ignorearch] [--ignoreos] [--includedocs] [--justdb] [--nocollections] [--nodeps] [--nodigest] [--nosignature] [--noorder] [--noscripts] [--notriggers] [--oldpackage] [--percent] [--prefix NEWPATH] [--relocate OLDPATH=NEWPATH] [--replacefiles] [--replacepkgs] [--test]
DESCRIPTION
rpm is a powerful Package Manager, which can be used to build, install, query, verify, update, and erase indi- vidual software packages. A package consists of an archive of files and meta-data used to install and erase the archive files. The meta-data includes helper scripts, file attributes, and descriptive information about the package. Packages come in two varieties: binary packages, used to encapsulate software to be installed, and source packages, containing the source code and recipe necessary to produce binary packages. One of the following basic modes must be selected: Query, Verify, Install/Upgrade/Freshen, Uninstall, Set Own- ers/Groups, Show Querytags, and Show Configuration. GENERAL OPTIONS These options can be used in all the different modes. -?, --help Print a longer usage message then normal. --version Print a single line containing the version number of rpm being used. --quiet Print as little as possible - normally only error messages will be displayed. -v Print verbose information - normally routine progress messages will be displayed. -vv Print lots of ugly debugging information. --rcfile FILELIST Each of the files in the colon separated FILELIST is read sequentially by rpm for configuration infor- mation. Only the first file in the list must exist, and tildes will be expanded to the value of $HOME. The default FILELIST is /usr/lib/rpm/rpmrc:/usr/lib/rpm/redhat/rpmrc:/etc/rpmrc:~/.rpmrc. --pipe CMD Pipes the output of rpm to the command CMD. --dbpath DIRECTORY Use the database in DIRECTORY rather than the default path /var/lib/rpm --root DIRECTORY Use the file system tree rooted at DIRECTORY for all operations. Note that this means the database within DIRECTORY will be used for dependency checks and any scriptlet(s) (e.g. %post if installing, or %prep if building, a package) will be run after a chroot(2) to DIRECTORY. INSTALL AND UPGRADE OPTIONS In these options, PACKAGE_FILE can be either rpm binary file or ASCII package manifest (see PACKAGE SELECTION OPTIONS), and may be specified as an ftp or http URL, in which case the package will be downloaded before being installed. See FTP/HTTP OPTIONS for information on rpm's internal ftp and http client support. The general form of an rpm install command is rpm {-i|--install} [install-options] PACKAGE_FILE ... This installs a new package. The general form of an rpm upgrade command is rpm {-U|--upgrade} [install-options] PACKAGE_FILE ... This upgrades or installs the package currently installed to a newer version. This is the same as install, except all other version(s) of the package are removed after the new package is installed. rpm {-F|--freshen} [install-options] PACKAGE_FILE ... This will upgrade packages, but only ones for which an earlier version is installed. --allfiles Installs or upgrades all the missingok files in the package, regardless if they exist. --badreloc Used with --relocate, permit relocations on all file paths, not just those OLDPATH's included in the binary package relocation hint(s). --excludepath OLDPATH Don't install files whose name begins with OLDPATH. --excludedocs Don't install any files which are marked as documentation (which includes man pages and texinfo docu- ments). --force Same as using --replacepkgs, --replacefiles, and --oldpackage. -h, --hash Print 50 hash marks as the package archive is unpacked. Use with -v|--verbose for a nicer display. --ignoresize Don't check mount file systems for sufficient disk space before installing this package. --ignorearch Allow installation or upgrading even if the architectures of the binary package and host don't match. --ignoreos Allow installation or upgrading even if the operating systems of the binary package and host don't match. --includedocs Install documentation files. This is the default behavior. --justdb Update only the database, not the filesystem. --nodigest Don't verify package or header digests when reading. --nomanifest Don't process non-package files as manifests. --nosignature Don't verify package or header signatures when reading. --nodeps Don't do a dependency check before installing or upgrading a package. --noorder Don't reorder the packages for an install. The list of packages would normally be reordered to satisfy dependencies. --noscripts --nopre --nopost --nopreun --nopostun Don't execute the scriptlet of the same name. The --noscripts option is equivalent to --nopre --nopost --nopreun --nopostun and turns off the execution of the corresponding %pre, %post, %preun, and %postun scriptlet(s). --notriggers --notriggerin --notriggerun --notriggerprein --notriggerpostun Don't execute any trigger scriptlet of the named type. The --notriggers option is equivalent to --notriggerprein --notriggerin --notriggerun --notriggerpostun and turns off execution of the corresponding %triggerprein, %triggerin, %triggerun, and %triggerpostun scriptlet(s). --oldpackage Allow an upgrade to replace a newer package with an older one. --percent Print percentages as files are unpacked from the package archive. This is intended to make rpm easy to run from other tools. --prefix NEWPATH For relocatable binary packages, translate all file paths that start with the installation prefix in the package relocation hint(s) to NEWPATH. --relocate OLDPATH=NEWPATH For relocatable binary packages, translate all file paths that start with OLDPATH in the package relo- cation hint(s) to NEWPATH. This option can be used repeatedly if several OLDPATH's in the package are to be relocated. --replacefiles Install the packages even if they replace files from other, already installed, packages. --replacepkgs Install the packages even if some of them are already installed on this system. --test Do not install the package, simply check for and report potential conflicts. ERASE OPTIONS The general form of an rpm erase command is rpm {-e|--erase} [--allmatches] [--nodeps] [--noscripts] [--notriggers] [--test] PACKAGE_NAME ... The following options may also be used: --allmatches Remove all versions of the package which match PACKAGE_NAME. Normally an error is issued if PACK- AGE_NAME matches multiple packages. --nodeps Don't check dependencies before uninstalling the packages. --noscripts --nopreun --nopostun Don't execute the scriptlet of the same name. The --noscripts option during package erase is equiva- lent to --nopreun --nopostun and turns off the execution of the corresponding %preun, and %postun scriptlet(s). --notriggers --notriggerun --notriggerpostun Don't execute any trigger scriptlet of the named type. The --notriggers option is equivalent to --notriggerun --notriggerpostun and turns off execution of the corresponding %triggerun, and %triggerpostun scriptlet(s). --test Don't really uninstall anything, just go through the motions. Useful in conjunction with the -vv option for debugging. QUERY OPTIONS The general form of an rpm query command is rpm {-q|--query} [select-options] [query-options] You may specify the format that package information should be printed in. To do this, you use the --qf|--queryformat QUERYFMT option, followed by the QUERYFMT format string. Query formats are modified versions of the standard printf(3) formatting. The format is made up of static strings (which may include standard C character escapes for new- lines, tabs, and other special characters) and printf(3) type formatters. As rpm already knows the type to print, the type specifier must be omitted however, and replaced by the name of the header tag to be printed, enclosed by {} characters. Tag names are case insensitive, and the leading RPMTAG_ portion of the tag name may be omitted as well. Alternate output formats may be requested by following the tag with :typetag. Currently, the following types are supported: :armor Wrap a public key in ASCII armor. :arraysize Display number of elements in array tags. :base64 Encode binary data using base64. :date Use strftime(3) "%c" format. :day Use strftime(3) "%a %b %d %Y" format. :depflags Format dependency comparison operator. :deptype Format dependency type. :expand Perform macro expansion. :fflags Format file flags. :fstate Format file state. :fstatus Format file verify status. :hex Format in hexadecimal. :octal Format in octal. :perms Format file permissions. :pgpsig Display signature fingerprint and time. :shescape Escape single quotes for use in a script. :triggertype Display trigger suffix. :vflags File verification flags. :xml Wrap data in simple xml markup. For example, to print only the names of the packages queried, you could use %{NAME} as the format string. To print the packages name and distribution information in two columns, you could use %-30{NAME}%{DISTRIBUTION}. rpm will print a list of all of the tags it knows about when it is invoked with the --querytags argument. There are two subsets of options for querying: package selection, and information selection. PACKAGE SELECTION OPTIONS: PACKAGE_NAME Query installed package named PACKAGE_NAME. -a, --all Query all installed packages. -f, --file FILE Query package owning FILE. -g, --group GROUP Query packages with the group of GROUP. --hdrid SHA1 Query package that contains a given header identifier, i.e. the SHA1 digest of the immutable header region. -p, --package PACKAGE_FILE Query an (uninstalled) package PACKAGE_FILE. The PACKAGE_FILE may be specified as an ftp or http style URL, in which case the package header will be downloaded and queried. See FTP/HTTP OPTIONS for infor- mation on rpm's internal ftp and http client support. The PACKAGE_FILE argument(s), if not a binary package, will be interpreted as an ASCII package manifest unless --nomanifest option is used. In mani- fests, comments are permitted, starting with a '#', and each line of a package manifest file may include white space separated glob expressions, including URL's, that will be expanded to paths that are substituted in place of the package manifest as additional PACKAGE_FILE arguments to the query. --pkgid MD5 Query package that contains a given package identifier, i.e. the MD5 digest of the combined header and payload contents. --querybynumber HDRNUM Query the HDRNUMth database entry directly; this is useful only for debugging. --specfile SPECFILE Parse and query SPECFILE as if it were a package. Although not all the information (e.g. file lists) is available, this type of query permits rpm to be used to extract information from spec files without having to write a specfile parser. --tid TID Query package(s) that have a given TID transaction identifier. A unix time stamp is currently used as a transaction identifier. All package(s) installed or erased within a single transaction have a common identifier. --triggeredby PACKAGE_NAME Query packages that are triggered by package(s) PACKAGE_NAME. --whatprovides CAPABILITY Query all packages that provide the CAPABILITY capability. --whatrequires CAPABILITY Query all packages that require CAPABILITY for proper functioning. PACKAGE QUERY OPTIONS: --changelog Display change information for the package. -c, --configfiles List only configuration files (implies -l). --conflicts List capabilities this package conflicts with. -d, --docfiles List only documentation files (implies -l). --dump Dump file information as follows (implies -l): path size mtime filedigest mode owner group isconfig isdoc rdev symlink --filesbypkg List all the files in each selected package. -i, --info Display package information, including name, version, and description. This uses the --queryformat if one was specified. --last Orders the package listing by install time such that the latest packages are at the top. -l, --list List files in package. --provides List capabilities this package provides. -R, --requires List capabilities on which this package depends. --scripts List the package specific scriptlet(s) that are used as part of the installation and uninstallation processes. -s, --state Display the states of files in the package (implies -l). The state of each file is one of normal, not installed, or replaced. --triggers, --triggerscripts Display the trigger scripts, if any, which are contained in the package. VERIFY OPTIONS The general form of an rpm verify command is rpm {-V|--verify} [select-options] [verify-options] Verifying a package compares information about the installed files in the package with information about the files taken from the package metadata stored in the rpm database. Among other things, verifying compares the size, MD5 sum, permissions, type, owner and group of each file. Any discrepancies are displayed. Files that were not installed from the package, for example, documentation files excluded on installation using the "--excludedocs" option, will be silently ignored. The package selection options are the same as for package querying (including package manifest files as argu- ments). Other options unique to verify mode are: --nodeps Don't verify dependencies of packages. --nodigest Don't verify package or header digests when reading. --nofiles Don't verify any attributes of package files. --noscripts Don't execute the %verifyscript scriptlet (if any). --nosignature Don't verify package or header signatures when reading. --nolinkto --nofiledigest (formerly --nomd5) --nosize --nouser --nogroup --nomtime --nomode --nordev Don't verify the corresponding file attribute. The format of the output is a string of 8 characters, a possible attribute marker: c %config configuration file. d %doc documentation file. g %ghost file (i.e. the file contents are not included in the package payload). l %license license file. r %readme readme file. from the package header, followed by the file name. Each of the 8 characters denotes the result of a compari- son of attribute(s) of the file to the value of those attribute(s) recorded in the database. A single "." (period) means the test passed, while a single "?" (question mark) indicates the test could not be performed (e.g. file permissions prevent reading). Otherwise, the (mnemonically emBoldened) character denotes failure of the corresponding --verify test: S file Size differs M Mode differs (includes permissions and file type) 5 MD5 sum differs D Device major/minor number mismatch L readLink(2) path mismatch U User ownership differs G Group ownership differs T mTime differs P caPabilities differ SHOWRC The command rpm --showrc shows the values rpm will use for all of the options are currently set in rpmrc and macros configuration file(s). FTP/HTTP OPTIONS rpm can act as an FTP and/or HTTP client so that packages can be queried or installed from the internet. Package files for install, upgrade, and query operations may be specified as an ftp or http style URL: ftp://USER:PASSWORD@HOST:PORT/path/to/package.rpm If the :PASSWORD portion is omitted, the password will be prompted for (once per user/hostname pair). If both the user and password are omitted, anonymous ftp is used. In all cases, passive (PASV) ftp transfers are per- formed. rpm allows the following options to be used with ftp URLs: --ftpproxy HOST The host HOST will be used as a proxy server for all ftp transfers, which allows users to ftp through firewall machines which use proxy systems. This option may also be specified by configuring the macro %_ftpproxy. --ftpport PORT The TCP PORT number to use for the ftp connection on the proxy ftp server instead of the default port. This option may also be specified by configuring the macro %_ftpport. rpm allows the following options to be used with http URLs: --httpproxy HOST The host HOST will be used as a proxy server for all http transfers. This option may also be specified by configuring the macro %_httpproxy. --httpport PORT The TCP PORT number to use for the http connection on the proxy http server instead of the default port. This option may also be specified by configuring the macro %_httpport.
LEGACY ISSUES
Executing rpmbuild The build modes of rpm are now resident in the /usr/bin/rpmbuild executable. Install the package containing rpmbuild (usually rpm-build) and see rpmbuild(8) for documentation of all the rpm build modes.
FILES
rpmrc Configuration /usr/lib/rpm/rpmrc /usr/lib/rpm/redhat/rpmrc /etc/rpmrc ~/.rpmrc Macro Configuration /usr/lib/rpm/macros /usr/lib/rpm/redhat/macros /etc/rpm/macros ~/.rpmmacros Database /var/lib/rpm/Basenames /var/lib/rpm/Conflictname /var/lib/rpm/Dirnames /var/lib/rpm/Group /var/lib/rpm/Installtid /var/lib/rpm/Name /var/lib/rpm/Obsoletename /var/lib/rpm/Packages /var/lib/rpm/Providename /var/lib/rpm/Requirename /var/lib/rpm/Sha1header /var/lib/rpm/Sigmd5 /var/lib/rpm/Triggername Temporary /var/tmp/rpm*
SEE ALSO
popt(3), rpm2cpio(8), rpmbuild(8), rpmdb(8), rpmkeys(8), rpmsign(8), rpmspec(8), rpm --help - as rpm supports customizing the options via popt aliases it's impossible to guarantee that what's described in the manual matches what's available. http://www.rpm.org/ <URL:http://www.rpm.org/>
AUTHORS
Marc Ewing <marc@redhat.com> Jeff Johnson <jbj@redhat.com> Erik Troan <ewt@redhat.com> Red Hat, Inc. 09 June 2002 RPM(8)


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