UNGETC(P) POSIX Programmer's Manual UNGETC(P)
ungetc - push byte back into input stream
int ungetc(int c, FILE *stream);
The ungetc() function shall push the byte specified by c (converted to an unsigned char)
back onto the input stream pointed to by stream. The pushed-back bytes shall be returned
by subsequent reads on that stream in the reverse order of their pushing. A successful
intervening call (with the stream pointed to by stream) to a file-positioning function (
fseek(), fsetpos(), or rewind()) shall discard any pushed-back bytes for the stream. The
external storage corresponding to the stream shall be unchanged.
One byte of push-back shall be provided. If ungetc() is called too many times on the same
stream without an intervening read or file-positioning operation on that stream, the oper-
ation may fail.
If the value of c equals that of the macro EOF, the operation shall fail and the input
stream shall be left unchanged.
A successful call to ungetc() shall clear the end-of-file indicator for the stream. The
value of the file-position indicator for the stream after reading or discarding all
pushed-back bytes shall be the same as it was before the bytes were pushed back. The file-
position indicator is decremented by each successful call to ungetc(); if its value was 0
before a call, its value is unspecified after the call.
Upon successful completion, ungetc() shall return the byte pushed back after conversion.
Otherwise, it shall return EOF.
No errors are defined.
The following sections are informative.
fseek() , getc() , fsetpos() , read() , rewind() , setbuf() , the Base Definitions volume
of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <stdio.h>
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std
1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System
Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by
the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the
event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group
Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The orig-
inal Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
IEEE/The Open Group 2003 UNGETC(P)