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Linux 2.6 - man page for inviso (linux section 3erl)

inviso(3erl)			     Erlang Module Definition			     inviso(3erl)

       inviso - Main API Module to the Inviso Tracer

       With the inviso API runtime components can be started and tracing managed across a network
       of distributed Erlang nodes, using a control component also started with inviso API  func-

       Inviso  can  be used both in a distributed environment and in a non-distributed. API func-
       tions not taking a list of nodes as argument works on all started runtime  components.  If
       it  is  the  non-distributed  case, that is the local runtime component. The API functions
       taking a list of nodes as argument, or as part of one of the arguments, can not be used in
       a non-distributed environment. Return values named NodeResult refers to return values from
       a single Erlang node, and will therefore be the return in the non-distributed environment.

       start() -> {ok,pid()} | {error,Reason}
       start(Options) -> {ok,pid()} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  Options = [Option]

	      Options may contain both options which will be default options to a runtime  compo-
	      nent  when  started,  and  options  to  the  control component. See add_nodes/3 for
	      details on runtime component options. The control component recognizes the  follow-
	      ing options:

		{subscribe,Pid} :
		  Making the process Pid receive Inviso events from the control component.

		  Starts  a control component process on the local node. A control component must
		  be started before runtime components	can  be  started  manually  or	otherwise
		  accessed through the inviso API.

       stop() -> shutdown

	      Stops  the  control  component. Runtime components are left as is. They will behave
	      according to their dependency values.

       add_node(RTtag) -> NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       add_node(RTtag,Options) -> NodeResult | {error,Reason}

	      Types  RTtag = PreviousRTtag = term()
		     Options = [Option]
		     Option -- see below
		     Option = {dependency,Dep}
		     Dep = int() | infinity
		     The timeout, in milliseconds, before the runtime component will terminate if
		     abandoned by this control component.
		     Option = {overload,Overload} | overload
		     Controls how and how often overload checks shall be performed. Just overload
		     specifies that no loadcheck shall be performed.
		     Overload = Interval | {LoadMF,Interval,InitMFA,RemoveMFA}
		     LoadMF = {Mod,Func} | function()/1
		     Interval = int() | infinity
		     Interval is the time in milliseconds between overload checks.
		     InitMFA = RemoveMFA = {Mod,Func,ArgList} | void
		     When starting up  the  runtime  component	or  when  changing  options  (see
		     change_options/2  ) the overload mechanism is initialized with a call to the
		     InitMFA function. It shall return LoadCheckData . Every time a load check is
		     performed,  LoadMF is called with LoadCheckData as its only argument. LoadMF
		     shall return ok or {suspend,Reason} . When the runtime component is  stopped
		     or  made  to change options involving changing overload-check, the RemoveMFA
		     function is called. Its return value is discarded.
		     NodeResult = {ok,NAns} | {error,Reason}
		     NAns = new | {adopted,State,Status,PreviousRTtag} | already_added
		     State = new | tracing | idle
		     Status = running | {suspended,SReason}

	      Starts or tries to connect to an existing runtime  component  at	the  local  node,
	      regardless  if  the system is distributed or not. Options will override any default
	      options specified at start-up of the control component.

	      The PreviousRTtag can indicate if the incarnation of the runtime component  at  the
	      node in question was started by "us" and then can be expected to do tracing accord-
	      ing to "our" instructions or not.

       add_node_if_ref(RTtag) -> NodeResult | {error,{wrong_reference,OtherTag}} | {error,Reason}
       add_node_if_ref(RTtag,Options)  ->  NodeResult  |   {error,{wrong_reference,OtherRef}}	|

	      Types  OtherRef = term()
		     rttag of the running incarnation

	      As add_node/1,2 but will only adopt the runtime component if its rttag is RTtag .

       add_nodes(Nodes,RTtag) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       add_nodes(Nodes,RTtag,Options) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  Nodes = [Node]
		     NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]

	      As add_node/1,2 but for a distributed environment.

       add_nodes_if_ref(Nodes,RTtag) -> NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       add_nodes_if_ref(Nodes,RTtag,Options) -> NodeResult | {error,Reason}

	      Types  Nodes = [Node]
		     NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]

	      As add_node_if_ref/1,2 but for a distributed environment.

       stop_nodes() -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult
       stop_nodes(Nodes) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = ok | {error,Reason}

	      Stops  runtime  component  on Nodes . stop_nodes/0 will if the control component is
	      running on a distributed node stop all runtime components. And if running on a  non
	      distributed node, stop the local and only runtime component.

       stop_all() = {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult

	      Types  NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = ok | {error,Reason}

	      A combination of stop/0 and stop_nodes/0 .

       change_options(Options) -> NodeResult | {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       change_options(Nodes,Options) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  Nodes = [Node]
		     NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = ok | {error,Reason}

	      Changes the options for one or several runtime components. If for instance overload
	      is redefined, the previous overload will	be  stopped  and  the  new  started.  See
	      add_node/1 for details on Options .

       init_tracing(TracerData) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       init_tracing(TracerList) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       init_tracing(Nodes,TracerData) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  TracerData = [{trace,LogTD} [,{ti,TiTD}] }] | LogTD
		     LogTD   =	 {HandlerFun,Data1}  |	collector  |  {relayer,CollectingNode}	|
		     {ip,IPPortParameters} | {file,FilePortParameters}
		     TiTD = {file,FileName} | {file,FileName,TiSpec} | {relay,Node}
		     TiSpec = {InitMFA,RemoveMF,CleanMF}
		     InitMFA = {Mi,Fi,Argsi}
		     RemoveMF = {Mr,Fr} | void
		     CleanMF = {Mc,Fc}
		     Mi = Fi = Mr = Fr = Mc = Fd = atom()
		     Argsi = [term()]
		     TracerList = [{Node,TracerData}]
		     IPPortParameters = Portno | {Portno,Qsize}
		     Portno = tcp_portno()
		     Qsize = int()
		     FilePortParameters = {Filename,wrap,Tail,{time,WrapTime},WrapCnt}	|  {File-
		     Name,wrap,Tail,WrapSize,WrapCnt}  |  {FileName,wrap,Tail,WrapSize}  | {File-
		     Name,wrap,Tail} | FileName
		     FileName = string()
		     Tail = string() =/= ""
		     WrapTime = WrapCnt = WrapSize = int() >0
		     TracerList = [{Node,TracerData}]
		     Nodes = [Node]
		     HandlerFun = function()/2;
		     HandlerFun(TraceMsg,Data1) -> NewData
		     CollectingNode = pid() | node()
		     NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = {ok,LogResults} | {error,NReason}
		     LogResults = [LogResult]
		     LogResult = {trace_log,LogRes} | {ti_log,LogRes}
		     LogRes = ok | {error,Reason}

	      Starts the tracing at the specified nodes,  meaning  that  the  runtime  components
	      transits	from  the  state new or idle to tracing . For trace messages to be gener-
	      ated, there must of course also be trace pattern and/or trace flags set.	Such  can
	      not be set before tracing has been initiated with init_tracing/1,2 .

	      TracerData controls how the runtime component will handle generated trace messages.
	      The trace tag controls how regular trace messages are handled. The ti tag  controls
	      if  and how trace information will be stored and the meta tracer will be activated.
	      That is if ti is omitted, no meta tracer will be started as  part  of  the  runtime
	      component. It is possible to have ti without trace , but most likely not useful.

	      The  ip  and file trace tracerdata instructions results in using the built in trace
	      ip-port and file-port respectively. relayer will result in that all  regular  trace
	      messages	are  forwarded to a runtime component at the specified node. Using a Han-
	      dlerFun will result in that every incoming regular trace message is applied to  the
	      HandlerFun . collector can be used to use this runtime component to receive relayed
	      trace messages and print them to the shell.

	      The trace information can be configured to either  write	trace  information  to	a
	      plain  trace  information  file  or  to  relay  it to another inviso meta tracer on
	      another node. The inviso meta tracer is capable of  matching  function  calls  with
	      their  function  returns (only if return_trace is activated in the meta trace match
	      specification for the function in question). This is necessary since it may not  be
	      possible	to  decide what to do, if anything shall be done at all, until the return
	      value of the function call is examined.

	      To be able to match calls with returns a state can be saved when detecting a  func-
	      tion  call in a public loop data structure kept by the inviso meta tracer. The pub-
	      lic loop data structure is given as argument to a handler-function called  whenever
	      a  meta  trace  message  arrives to the inviso meta tracer (both function calls and
	      function returns). The public loop data structure is first initiated by  the  Mi:Fi
	      function	which  takes the items in Argsi as arguments. Fi shall return the initial
	      public loop data structure. When meta tracing is stopped, either because tracing is
	      stopped  or  because  tracing  is suspended, the Mr:Fr(PublicLoopData) is called to
	      offer a possibility to clean-up. Note that for every function meta-tracing is acti-
	      vated,  a  public  loop  data modification function can be specified. That function
	      will prepare the current loop data structure for this particular function.

	      Further there is a risk that function call states becomes abandoned inside the pub-
	      lic  loop  data  structure. This will happen if a function call is entered into the
	      public loop data structure, but no function return occurs. To  prevent  the  public
	      loop data structure from growing infinitely the clean function Fc will periodically
	      be called with the public loop data structure as argument.  Elements  entered  into
	      the  public loop data structure as a result of a function call must contain a time-
	      stamp for the Fc to be able to conclude if it is abandoned or not. Fc shall  return
	      a new public loop data structure.

	      When  initiating	tracing  involving trace information without a TiSpec , a default
	      public loop data structure will be initiated to handle locally  registered  process
	      aliases. The default public loop data structure is a two-tuple where the first ele-
	      ment is used by the meta tracing on the BIF register/2 . The second element is left
	      for user usage.

	      The default public loop data structure may be extended with more element positions.
	      The first position must be left to the implementation of	registered-name  transla-
	      tions. If the public loop data structure is changed no longer meeting this require-
	      ment, the tpm_localnames/0,1 and tpm_globalnames/0,1 can no longer be used.

	      A wrap files specification is used to limit the disk space consumed by  the  trace.
	      The  trace  is  written  to a limited number of files each with a limited size. The
	      actual filenames are Filename ++ SeqCnt ++ Tail , where SeqCnt counts as a  decimal
	      string from 0 to WrapCnt and then around again from 0. When a trace message written
	      to the current file makes it longer than WrapSize , that file  is  closed,  if  the
	      number of files in this wrap trace is as many as WrapCnt the oldest file is deleted
	      then a new file is opened to become the current. Thus, when a wrap trace	has  been
	      stopped,	there are at most WrapCnt trace files saved with a size of at least Wrap-
	      Size (but not much bigger), except for the last file that might even be empty.  The
	      default values are WrapSize == 128*1024 and WrapCnt == 8 .

	      The  SeqCnt  values  in the filenames are all in the range 0 through WrapCnt with a
	      gap in the circular sequence. The gap is needed to find the end of the trace.

	      If the WrapSize is specified as {time,WrapTime} , the current file is  closed  when
	      it  has  been open more than WrapTime milliseconds, regardless of it being empty or

	      The ip trace driver has a queue of QSize messages waiting to be delivered.  If  the
	      driver  cannot deliver messages as fast as they are produced by the runtime system,
	      they are dropped. The number of dropped messages are indicated in the trace log  as
	      separate trace message.

       stop_tracing(Nodes) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       stop_tracing() -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult

	      Types  Nodes = [Node]
		     NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = {ok,State} | {error,Reason}
		     State = new | idle

	      Stops  tracing on all or specified Nodes . Flushes the trace buffer if a trace-port
	      is used, closes the trace-port and removes all trace flags and  meta-patterns.  The
	      nodes are called in parallel.

	      Stopping tracing means going to state idle<c>. If the runtime component was already
	      in state <c>new , it will of course remain in state new (then there was no  tracing
	      to stop).

       clear() -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult
       clear(Nodes,Options) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       clear(Options) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}

	      Types  Nodes = [Node]
		     Options = [Option]
		     Option = keep_trace_patterns | keep_log_files
		     NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = {ok,{new,Status}} | {error,Reason}
		     Status = running | {suspended,SReason}

	      Stops  all  tracing  including removing meta-trace patterns. Removes all trace pat-
	      terns. If the node is tracing or idle , trace-logs belonging to the current tracer-
	      data  are removed. Hence the node is returned to state new . Note that the node can
	      still be suspended.

	      Various options can make the node keep set trace patterns and log-files.	The  node
	      still enters the new state.

       tp(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity,MatchSpec,Opts) ->
       tp(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity,MatchSpec) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       tp(Mod,Func,Arity,MatchSpec,Opts) ->
       tp(Mod,Func,Arity,MatchSpec) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       tp(Nodes,PatternList) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       tp(PatternList) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}

	      Types  Nodes = [Node]
		     Mod = Func = atom() | '_'
		     Arity = int() | '_'
		     MatchSpec = true | false | [] | matchspec()
		     PatternList = [Pattern],
		     Pattern = {Mod,Func,Arity,MatchSpec,Opts}
		     Opts = [Opt]
		     Opt = only_loaded
		     NodeResults = [NodeResult]
		     NodeResult = {ok,[Ans]} | {error,Reason}
		     Ans = int() | {error,Reason}

	      Set  trace  pattern  (global) on specified or all nodes. The integer replied if the
	      call was successfully describes the number  of  matched  functions.  The	functions
	      without a Nodes argument means all nodes, in a non-distributed environment it means
	      the  local  node.  Using	 wildcards   follows   the   rules   for   wildcards   of
	      erlang:trace_pattern/3  . It is for instance illegal to specify M == '_' while F is
	      not '_' .

	      When calling several nodes, the nodes are called in parallel.

	      The option only_loaded will prevent modules not loaded (yet) into the runtime  sys-
	      tem  to  become  loaded just as a result of that a trace pattern is requested to be
	      set on it. Otherwise modules are automatically loaded if not already loaded  (since
	      the  module  must  be present for a trace pattern to be set on it). The latter does
	      not apply if the wildcard '_' is used as module specification.

       tpl(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity,MatchSpec) ->
       tpl(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity,MatchSpec,Opts) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       tpl(Mod,Func,Arity,MatchSpec) ->
       tpl(Mod,Func,Arity,MatchSpec,Opts) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult| {error,Reason}
       tpl(Nodes,PatternList) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       tpl(PatternList) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}

	      See tp/N function above for details on arguments and return values.

	      Set local trace pattern on specified functions. When  calling  several  nodes,  the
	      nodes are called in parallel.

       ctp(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       ctp(Mod,Func,Arity) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}

	      See tp/N for argument descriptions.

	      Clear  global  trace  patterns. When calling several nodes, the nodes are called in

       ctpl(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       ctpl(Mod,Funct,Arity) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}

	      See tp/N for argument description.

	      Clear local trace patterns. When calling several nodes, the  nodes  are  called  in

       tf(Nodes,PidSpec,FlagList) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       tf(PidSpec,FlagList) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       tf(Nodes,TraceConfList) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       tf(NodeTraceConfList) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       tf(TraceConfList) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}

	      Types  Nodes = [Node]
		     NodeTraceConfList = [{Node,TraceConfList}]
		     TraceConfList = [{PidSpec,FlagList}]
		     FlagList = [Flag]
		     PidSpec = all | new| existing | pid() | locally_registered_name()
		     Flag -- see erlang:trace/3
		     NodeResult = {ok,[Ans]} | {error,Reason}
		     Ans = int() | {error,Reason}

	      Set  process  trace  flags  on  processes  on  all  or specified nodes. The integer
	      returned if the call was successful describes the matched number of processes.  The
	      functions  without  a Nodes argument means all nodes, in a non-distributed environ-
	      ment it means the local node.

	      There are many combinations which does not make much sense. For instance specifying
	      a certain process identifier at all nodes. Or an empty TraceConfList for all nodes.

	      When calling several nodes, the nodes are called in parallel.

       ctf(Nodes,PidSpec,FlagList) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       ctf(PidSpec,FlagList) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       ctf(Nodes,TraceConfList) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       ctf(TraceConfList) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}

	      See tf/N for arguments and return value description.

	      Clear  process  trace  flags on all or specified nodes. When calling several nodes,
	      the nodes are called in parallel.

       ctf_all(Nodes) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       ctf_all() -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}

	      Types  Nodes = [Node]
		     NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = ok | {error,Reason}

	      Clears all trace flags on all or specified nodes. Just for convenience.

       init_tpm(Mod,Func,Arity,CallFunc) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       init_tpm(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity,CallFunc) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       init_tpm(Mod,Func,Arity,InitFunc,CallFunc,ReturnFunc,RemoveFunc)  ->  {ok,NodeResults}	|
       NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       init_tpm(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity,	InitFunc,CallFunc,ReturnFunc,RemoveFunc)  ->  {ok,NodeRe-
       sults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  Mod = Func = atom()
		     Arity = int()
		     NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = ok | {error,Reason}
		     InitFunc,RemoveFunc = {Module,Function} | function()/4 | void
		     CallFunc = ReturnFunc = {Module,Function} | function()/3 | void

	      Initializes Mod:Func/Arity for meta tracing without setting  any	meta  trace  pat-
	      terns.  This  is necessary if the named match specs will be used (see tpm_ms/5,6 ).
	      Otherwise initialization of public loop data can be done at the same time  as  set-
	      ting meta trace patterns using tpm/8,9 .

	      Note  that we can not use wildcards here (even if it is perfectly legal in Erlang).
	      It also sets the CallFunc and ReturnFunc for the meta traced function. That is  the
	      functions  which	will be called when a function call and a return_trace meta trace
	      message respectively arrives to the inviso meta tracer for Mod:Func/Arity .

	      This function is also available without InitFunc and RemoveFunc . That  means  that
	      no  initialization of the public loop data structure will be done and that CallFunc
	      and ReturnFunc must either use already existing parts of public loop data structure
	      or not use it at all.

	      The  InitFunc  initializes  the already existing public loop data structure for use
	      with Mod:Func/Arity. InitFunc(Mod,Func,Arity,PublLD) -> {ok,NewPublLD,Output} where
	      OutPut can be a binary which will then be written to the trace information file. If
	      it is not a binary, no output will be done. RemoveFunc will be called when the meta
	      tracing is cleared with ctpm/3,4 . RemoveFunc(Mod,Func,Arity,PublLD) -> {ok,NewPub-
	      lLD} .

	      See tpm/N for details on CallFunc and ReturnFunc .

       tpm(Mod,Func,Arity,MS) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       tpm(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity,MS) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       tpm(Mod,Func,Arity,MS,CallFunc) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResults | {error,Reason}
       tpm(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity,MS,CallFunc) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       tpm(Mod,Func,Arity,MS,InitFunc,CallFunc,ReturnFunc,RemoveFunc)	->   {ok,NodeResults}	|
       NodeResults | {error,Reason}
       tpm(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity,MS,  InitFunc,CallFunc,ReturnFunc,RemoveFunc) -> {ok,NodeResults}
       | {error,Reason}

	      Types  Mod = Func = atom()
		     Arity = int()
		     MS = [match_spec()]
		     Nodes = [Node]
		     InitFunc = RemoveFunc = {Module,Function} | function()/4 | void
		     CallFunc = ReturnFunc = {Module,Function} | function()/3 | void
		     NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = {ok,1} | {ok,0} | {error,Reason}1

	      Activates meta-tracing in the inviso_rt_meta tracer.  Except  when  using  tpm/6	,
	      tpm/8  and tpm/9 the Mod:Func/Arity must first have been initiated using init_tpm/N
	      . When calling several nodes, the nodes are called in parallel.

	      CallFunc will be called every time a meta trace message arrives to the inviso  meta
	      tracer  because  of  a  call to Func . CallFunc(CallingPid,ActualArgList,PublLD) ->
	      {ok,NewPrivLD,Output} where Output can be a binary or void . If it is a  binary  it
	      will be written to the trace information file.

	      ReturnFunc  will	be  called  every time a meta return_trace message arrives to the
	      inviso meta tracer because of a return_trace of a call to Func  .  ReturnFunc(Call-
	      ingPid,ReturnValue,PublLD)  ->  {ok,NewPrivLD,Output} . Further the ReturnFunc must
	      handle the fact that a return_trace message arrives for  a  call	which  was  never
	      noticed. This because the message queue of the meta tracer may have been emptied.

       tpm_tracer(Mod,Func,Arity,MS) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       tpm_tracer(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity,MS) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       tpm_tracer(Mod,Func,Arity,MS,CallFunc) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResults | {error,Reason}
       tpm_tracer(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity,MS,CallFunc) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       tpm_tracer(Mod,Func,Arity,MS,InitFunc,CallFunc,ReturnFunc,RemoveFunc)  -> {ok,NodeResults}
       | NodeResults | {error,Reason}
       tpm_tracer(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity,MS,	InitFunc,CallFunc,ReturnFunc,RemoveFunc)       ->
       {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      See tpm/X for details on arguments and return values.

	      Same  as tpm/X but all match specs in MS containing a trace action term will have a
	      {tracer,Tracer} appended to its enable-list. Tracer will be the current output  for
	      regular  trace  messages	as specified when tracing was initiated. This function is
	      useful when setting a meta trace pattern on a function with  the	intent	that  its
	      execution  shall	turn  tracing  on for the process executing the match-spec in the
	      meta trace pattern. The reason the tracer process trace flag can not be  explicitly
	      written  in  the	action	term by the user is that it may be difficult to learn its
	      exact value for a remote node. Further more inviso functions are made  to  work  on
	      several  nodes at the same time, requiring different match specs to be set for dif-
	      ferent nodes.

	      Simple example: We want any process executing the function  mymod:init(1234)  (with
	      the  argument,  exactly  the  integer  1234) to begin function-call tracing. In the
	      example, if the process is found to be one that shall start call tracing,  we  also
	      first disable all process trace flags to ensure that we have full control over what
	      the  process  traces.  void  in  the  example  specifies	 that	the   meta-tracer
	      (inviso_rt_meta)	 will  not  call  any  function  when  meta  trace  messages  for
	      mymod:init/1 arrives. There is no need for a CallFunc since the side-effect  (start
	      call-tracing) is achieved immediately with the match-spec.


	      This will internally, by the meta tracer on each Erlang node, be translated to:


	      Where  T is the tracer for regular trace messages (most often a trace-port, but can
	      be the runtime component	inviso_rt  process),  and  P  is  the  meta  tracer  (the
	      inviso_rt_meta process).

       tpm_ms(Mod,Func,Arity,MSname,MS) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       tpm_ms(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity,MSname,MS) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  Nodes  = [Node]<v> <v>Mod = Func = atom()<v> <v>Arity = int()<v> <v>MSname =
		     term()<v> <v>MS = [match_spec()]<v> <v>NodeResults =  [{Node,NodeResult}]<v>
		     <v>NodeResult = {ok,1} | {ok,0} | {error,Reason}<v>

	      This  function  adds a list of match-specs to the already existing ones. It uses an
	      internal database to keep track of existing match-specs. This set  of  match  specs
	      can  hereafter  be  referred  to	with the name MSname . If the match-spec does not
	      result in any meta traced functions (for whatever reason), the MS is not	saved  in
	      the  database.  The  previously  known  match-specs  are	not removed. If MSname is
	      already in use as a name referring to a set  of  match-specs  for  this  particular
	      meta-traced function, the previous set of match-specs are replaced with MS .

	      Mod:Func/Arity  must  previously	have been initiated in order for this function to
	      add a match-spec.

	      When calling several nodes, the nodes are called in parallel. {ok,1} indicates suc-

       tpm_ms_tracer(Mod,Func,Arity,MSname,MS) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       tpm_ms_tracer(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity,MSname,MS) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      See  tpm_ms/X  for  details  on  arguments  and return values, and tpm_tracer/X for
	      explanations about the appending of {tracer,Tracer} process trace flag.

       ctpm_ms(Mod,Func,Arity,MSname) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       ctpm_ms(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity,MSname) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = ok | {error,Reason}

	      Removes a named match-spec from the meta traced function. Note that it never  is	a
	      fault to remove a match spec. Not even from a function which is non existent.

	      When calling several nodes, the nodes are called in parallel.

       ctpm(Mod,Func,Arity) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       ctpm(Nodes,Mod,Func,Arity) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = ok | {error,Reason}

	      Removes  the meta trace pattern for the function, means stops generating output for
	      this function. The public loop data structure may  be  cleared  by  the  previously
	      entered RemoveFunc .

	      When calling several nodes, the nodes are called in parallel.

       tpm_localnames() -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       tpm_localnames(Nodes) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = {R1,R2}
		     R1 = R2 = {ok,0} | {ok,1} | {error,Reason}

	      Quick  version  for  setting  meta-trace	patterns on erlang:register/2 . It uses a
	      default CallFunc and ReturnFunc in the meta-tracer server. The main purpose of this
	      function	is  to create ti-log entries for associations between pids and registered
	      name aliases. The implementation uses return_trace to see if the	registration  was
	      successful  or  not,  before  actually  making  the ti-log alias entry. Further the
	      implementation also meta traces the BIF unregister/1 .

	      If both N1 and N2 is 1, function call was successful. N1 and N2  represent  setting
	      meta trace pattern on register/2 and unregister/1 .

       ctpm_localnames() -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       ctpm_localnames(Nodes) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = {R1,R2}
		     R1 = R2 = ok | {error,Reason}

	      Function	for removing previously set patters by tpm_localnames/0 . The two results
	      R1 and R2 represents that meta pattern is removed from both register/2 and unregis-
	      ter/1 .

       tpm_globalnames() -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       tpm_globalnames(Nodes) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = {R1,R2}
		     R1 = R2 = {ok,0} | {ok,1} | {error,Reason}

	      Quick  version  for setting meta-trace patterns capable of learning the association
	      of a pid with a globally registered name (registered using global:register_name  ).
	      The	implementation	     meta-traces       on      global:handle_call({regis-
	      ter,'_','_','_'},'_','_') and global:delete_global_name/2 . The N1  and  N2  repre-
	      sents the success of the two sub-tmp calls.

       ctpm_globalnames() -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       ctpm_globalnames(Nodes) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = {R1,R2} | {error,Reason}
		     R1 = R2 = ok | {error,Reason}

	      Function	for removing previously set meta patters by tpm_globalnames/0,1 . The two
	      results R1 and R2 represents that meta pattern are removed  from	both  global:han-
	      dle_call/3 and global:delete_global_name/1 .

       ctp_all() -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       ctp_all(Nodes) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = ok | {error,Reason}

	      Clears  all,  both  global and local trace patterns. Does not clear meta trace pat-
	      terns. Equivalent to a call to ctp/3,4 and to ctpl/3,4 with wildcards '_'  for  all
	      modules, functions and arities.

       suspend(SReason) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       suspend(Nodes,SReason) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  SReason = term()
		     NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = ok | {error,Reason}

	      Suspends	the runtime components. SReason will become the suspend-reason replied in
	      for instance a get_status/0,1 call. A  runtime  component  that  becomes	suspended
	      removes all trace flags and all meta trace patterns. In that way trace output is no
	      longer generated. The task of reactivating a suspended runtime component is outside
	      the  scoop  of  inviso. It can for instance be implemented by a higher layer trace-
	      tool "remembering" all trace flags and meta patterns set.

       cancel_suspension() -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       cancel_suspend(Nodes) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = ok | {error,Reason}

	      Makes the runtime components running again (as opposite to suspended). Since  reac-
	      tivating	previous  trace  flags	and  meta  trace patterns is outside the scoop of
	      inviso, cancelling suspension is simply making it possible to set trace  flags  and
	      meta trace patterns again.

       get_status() -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       get_status(Nodes) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = {ok,{State,Status}} | {error,Reason}
		     State = new | idle | tracing
		     Status = running | {suspended,SReason}
		     SReason = term()

	      Finds  out  the  state and status of a runtime component. A runtime component is in
	      state new before it has been initiated to do any tracing the first time. There  are
	      clear-functions  which can make a runtime component become new again without having
	      to restart. A runtime component becomes idle after tracing is stopped.

       get_tracerdata() -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       get_tracerdata(Nodes) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = {ok,NResult} | {error,Reason}
		     NResult = TracerData | no_tracerdata

	      Returns the current tracerdata of a runtime component. A runtime component in state
	      new  can	not  have tracerdata. An idle runtime component does have tracerdata, the
	      last active tracerdata. TracerData will be a term as specified to init_tracing when
	      tracing was initiated for the runtime component.

       list_logs() -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       list_logs(Nodes) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       list_logs(NodeTracerData) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       list_logs(TracerData) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}

	      Types  TracerData -- see init_tracing/1,2
		     NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = {ok,FileList} | {ok,no_log} | {error,Reason}
		     FileList = [FileType]
		     FileType = {trace_log,Dir,Files} | {ti_log,Dir,Files}
		     Files = [FileNameWithOutPath]

	      Returns  the  actually existing log files associated with TracerData . If a tracer-
	      data is not specified, current tracerdata is used for that particular runtime  com-
	      ponent.  Files  will be a list of one or more files should it be a wrap-set. Other-
	      wise the it is a list of only one filename.

	      This function is useful to learn the name and path of  all  files  belonging  to	a
	      trace.  This  information  can  later be used to move those files for merging. Note
	      that since it is possible to ask on other tracerdata than the current, it is possi-
	      ble to learn filenames of previously done traces, under the circumstances that they
	      have not been removed.

       fetch_log(LogSpecList,DestDir,Prefix)  ->  {ok,NodeResults}  |  {error,not_distributed}	|
       fetch_log(DestDir,Prefix) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,not_distributed} | {error,Reason}

	      Types  DestDir = string()
		     Prefix = string()
		     LogSpecList = [LogSpec]
		     LogSpec = {Node,FileSpecList} | Node | {Node,TracerData}
		     TracerData = see init_tracing/1,/2
		     FileSpecList     =     [{trace_log,Dir,FileList},{ti_log,Dir,FileList}]	|
		     FileList = [RemoteFileName]
		     NodeResult = {Conclusion,ResultFileSpec} | no_log | {error,NReason}
		     NReason = own_node | Reason
		     Conclusion = complete | incomplete
		     ResultFileSpec = [{trace_log,FileResults},{ti_log,FileResults}]
		     FileResults = [FileResult]
		     FileResult = {ok,FileName} | {error,FReason}
		     FReason = {file_open,{posix(),FileName}}  |  {file_open,{posix(),RemoteFile-
		     Name}}	|     {file_open,{posix(),[DestDir,Prefix,RemoteFileName]}}	|
		     {file_write,{posix(),FileName}} |	{truncated,FileName}  |  {truncated,{Rea-
		     posix() = atom()

	      Copies  log files over distributed erlang to the control component node. This func-
	      tion can only be used in a distributed system.

	      The resulting transferred files will have the prefix Prefix and will be located  in
	      DestDir  . The source files can either be pointed out using a FileListSpec or trac-
	      erdata. If no files are explicitly specified, current tracerdata for that node will
	      be  used. Note that if source files have the same name (on several nodes) they will
	      overwrite each other at DestDir .

       delete_log(Nodes,TracerData) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       delete_log(NodeSpecList) -> {ok,NodeResults} | {error,Reason}
       delete_log(Spec) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       delete_log(TracerData) -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}
       delete_log() -> {ok,NodeResults} | NodeResult | {error,Reason}

	      Types  Nodes = [Node]
		     NodeSpecList = [{Node,Spec}]
		     Spec = [AbsPathFileName] | LogSpecs
		     LogSpecs = [LogSpec]
		     LogSpec = {trace_log,Dir,[FileNameWithoutPath]} | {ti_log,Dir,[FileNameWith-
		     TracerData -- see init_tracing/1,/2
		     NodeResults = [{Node,NodeResult}]
		     NodeResult = {ok,no_log} | {ok,LogInfos} | {ok,FileInfos}
		     LogInfos = [LogInfo]
		     LogInfo = {trace_log,FileInfos} | {ti_log,FileInfos}
		     FileInfos = [FileInfo]
		     FileInfo = {ok,FileName} | {error,Reason}

	      Deletes listed files or files corresponding to tracerdata. If no tracerdata or list
	      of files are specified in the call, current tracerdata at  the  runtime  components
	      will be used to identify files to delete. All filenames shall be strings.

	      FileName can either be an absolute path or just a filename depending on if AbsPath-
	      FileName or a LogSpec was used to identify the file.

       subscribe() -> ok | {error,Reason}
       subscribe(Pid) -> ok | {error,Reason}

	      Types  Pid = pid()

	      Adds Pid or self() if using subscribe/0 to the inviso-event sending list. Note that
	      it is possible to add a pid several times and that the Pid then will receive multi-
	      ple copies of inviso-event messages.

	      All events will be sent to all subscribers in the event sending list.

	      Event = {inviso_event,ControllerPid,erlang:localtime(),Msg}
		Msg = {connected, Node, {RTtag, {State,Status}}}
		    | {disconnected, Node, NA}
		    | {state_change,Node,{State,Status}}
		    | {port_down,Node,Reason}
		  Node = node() | local_runtime

	      Subscribing to inviso-event may be necessary for a higher  layer	trace-tool  using
	      inviso  to  follow the runtime components. local_runtime will be used for a runtime
	      component running in a non-distributed environment.

       unsubscribe() -> ok
       unsubscribe(Pid) -> ok

	      Removes Pid (once) from the subscription list.

Ericsson AB				   inviso 0.6.2 			     inviso(3erl)

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