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Linux 2.6 - man page for sem_open (linux section 3)

SEM_OPEN(3)			    Linux Programmer's Manual			      SEM_OPEN(3)

NAME
       sem_open - initialize and open a named semaphore

SYNOPSIS
       #include <fcntl.h>	    /* For O_* constants */
       #include <sys/stat.h>	    /* For mode constants */
       #include <semaphore.h>

       sem_t *sem_open(const char *name, int oflag);
       sem_t *sem_open(const char *name, int oflag,
		       mode_t mode, unsigned int value);

       Link with -pthread.

DESCRIPTION
       sem_open() creates a new POSIX semaphore or opens an existing semaphore.  The semaphore is
       identified by name.  For details of the construction of name, see sem_overview(7).

       The oflag argument specifies flags that control the operation of the  call.   (Definitions
       of  the	flags values can be obtained by including <fcntl.h>.)  If O_CREAT is specified in
       oflag, then the semaphore is created if it does not already exist.  The owner (user ID) of
       the semaphore is set to the effective user ID of the calling process.  The group ownership
       (group ID) is set to the effective group ID of the calling process.  If both  O_CREAT  and
       O_EXCL  are  specified  in  oflag, then an error is returned if a semaphore with the given
       name already exists.

       If O_CREAT is specified in oflag, then two additional arguments	must  be  supplied.   The
       mode argument specifies the permissions to be placed on the new semaphore, as for open(2).
       (Symbolic definitions for the permissions bits can be obtained by including <sys/stat.h>.)
       The  permissions  settings are masked against the process umask.  Both read and write per-
       mission should be granted to each class of user that will access the semaphore.	The value
       argument  specifies the initial value for the new semaphore.  If O_CREAT is specified, and
       a semaphore with the given name already exists, then mode and value are ignored.

RETURN VALUE
       On success, sem_open() returns the address of the new semaphore; this address is used when
       calling	other semaphore-related functions.  On error, sem_open() returns SEM_FAILED, with
       errno set to indicate the error.

ERRORS
       EACCES The semaphore exists, but the caller does not have permission to open it.

       EEXIST Both O_CREAT and O_EXCL were specified in oflag, but a  semaphore  with  this  name
	      already exists.

       EINVAL value was greater than SEM_VALUE_MAX.

       EINVAL name consists of just "/", followed by no other characters.

       EMFILE The process already has the maximum number of files and open.

       ENAMETOOLONG
	      name was too long.

       ENFILE The system limit on the total number of open files has been reached.

       ENOENT The O_CREAT flag was not specified in oflag and no semaphore with this name exists;
	      or, O_CREAT was specified, but name wasn't well formed.

       ENOMEM Insufficient memory.

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.1-2001.

SEE ALSO
       sem_close(3), sem_getvalue(3), sem_post(3), sem_unlink(3), sem_wait(3), sem_overview(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.55 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,     and    information	  about    reporting	bugs,	 can	be    found    at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux					    2012-05-13				      SEM_OPEN(3)


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