👤
Home Man
Search
Today's Posts
Register

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages
Man Page or Keyword Search:
Select Section of Man Page:
Select Man Page Repository:

Linux 2.6 - man page for getprotobyname_r (linux section 3)

GETPROTOENT_R(3)		    Linux Programmer's Manual			 GETPROTOENT_R(3)

NAME
       getprotoent_r, getprotobyname_r, getprotobynumber_r - get protocol entry (reentrant)

SYNOPSIS
       #include <netdb.h>

       int getprotoent_r(struct protoent *result_buf, char *buf,
		       size_t buflen, struct protoent **result);

       int getprotobyname_r(const char *name,
		       struct protoent *result_buf, char *buf,
		       size_t buflen, struct protoent **result);

       int getprotobynumber_r(int proto,
		       struct protoent *result_buf, char *buf,
		       size_t buflen, struct protoent **result);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       getprotoent_r(), getprotobyname_r(), getprotobynumber_r():
	   _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION
       The  getprotoent_r(), getprotobyname_r(), and getprotobynumber_r() functions are the reen-
       trant equivalents of, respectively, getprotoent(3), getprotobyname(3), and  getprotobynum-
       ber(3).	 They differ in the way that the protoent structure is returned, and in the func-
       tion calling signature and return value.  This manual page describes just the  differences
       from the nonreentrant functions.

       Instead	of  returning a pointer to a statically allocated protoent structure as the func-
       tion result,  these  functions  copy  the  structure  into  the	location  pointed  to  by
       result_buf.

       The  buf  array	is  used  to  store the string fields pointed to by the returned protoent
       structure.  (The nonreentrant functions allocate these strings in  static  storage.)   The
       size  of  this array is specified in buflen.  If buf is too small, the call fails with the
       error ERANGE, and the caller must try again with a larger buffer.   (A  buffer  of  length
       1024 bytes should be sufficient for most applications.)

       If  the function call successfully obtains a protocol record, then *result is set pointing
       to result_buf; otherwise, *result is set to NULL.

RETURN VALUE
       On success, these functions return 0.  On error, they return one  of  the  positive  error
       numbers listed in ERRORS.

       On  error,  record  not	found (getprotobyname_r(), getprotobynumber_r()), or end of input
       (getprotoent_r()) result is set to NULL.

ERRORS
       ENOENT (getprotoent_r()) No more records in database.

       ERANGE buf is too small.  Try again with a larger buffer (and increased buflen).

CONFORMING TO
       These functions are GNU extensions.  Functions with similar names exist on some other sys-
       tems, though typically with different calling signatures.

EXAMPLE
       The program below uses getprotobyname_r() to retrieve the protocol record for the protocol
       named in its first command-line argument.  If a second (integer) command-line argument  is
       supplied, it is used as the initial value for buflen; if getprotobyname_r() fails with the
       error ERANGE, the program retries with larger buffer sizes.  The following  shell  session
       shows a couple of sample runs:

	   $ ./a.out tcp 1
	   ERANGE! Retrying with larger buffer
	   getprotobyname_r() returned: 0 (success)  (buflen=78)
	   p_name=tcp; p_proto=6; aliases=TCP
	   $ ./a.out xxx 1
	   ERANGE! Retrying with larger buffer
	   getprotobyname_r() returned: 0 (success)  (buflen=100)
	   Call failed/record not found

   Program source

       #define _GNU_SOURCE
       #include <ctype.h>
       #include <netdb.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <errno.h>
       #include <string.h>

       #define MAX_BUF 10000

       int
       main(int argc, char *argv[])
       {
	   int buflen, erange_cnt, s;
	   struct protoent result_buf;
	   struct protoent *result;
	   char buf[MAX_BUF];
	   char **p;

	   if (argc < 2) {
	       printf("Usage: %s proto-name [buflen]\n", argv[0]);
	       exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	   }

	   buflen = 1024;
	   if (argc > 2)
	       buflen = atoi(argv[2]);

	   if (buflen > MAX_BUF) {
	       printf("Exceeded buffer limit (%d)\n", MAX_BUF);
	       exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	   }

	   erange_cnt = 0;
	   do {
	       s = getprotobyname_r(argv[1], &result_buf,
			    buf, buflen, &result);
	       if (s == ERANGE) {
		   if (erange_cnt == 0)
		       printf("ERANGE! Retrying with larger buffer\n");
		   erange_cnt++;

		   /* Increment a byte at a time so we can see exactly
		      what size buffer was required */

		   buflen++;

		   if (buflen > MAX_BUF) {
		       printf("Exceeded buffer limit (%d)\n", MAX_BUF);
		       exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
		   }
	       }
	   } while (s == ERANGE);

	   printf("getprotobyname_r() returned: %s  (buflen=%d)\n",
		   (s == 0) ? "0 (success)" : (s == ENOENT) ? "ENOENT" :
		   strerror(s), buflen);

	   if (s != 0 || result == NULL) {
	       printf("Call failed/record not found\n");
	       exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	   }

	   printf("p_name=%s; p_proto=%d; aliases=",
		       result_buf.p_name, result_buf.p_proto);
	   for (p = result_buf.p_aliases; *p != NULL; p++)
	       printf("%s ", *p);
	   printf("\n");

	   exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
       }

SEE ALSO
       getprotoent(3), protocols(5)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 3.55 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of the
       project,    and	  information	 about	  reporting    bugs,	can    be    found     at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

GNU					    2010-09-10				 GETPROTOENT_R(3)


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 04:17 AM.

Unix & Linux Forums Content Copyrightę1993-2018. All Rights Reserved.
×
UNIX.COM Login
Username:
Password:  
Show Password