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man page for dpkg::deps

Dpkg::Deps(3)							   libdpkg-perl 						     Dpkg::Deps(3)

Dpkg::Deps - parse and manipulate dependencies of Debian packages DESCRIPTION
The Dpkg::Deps module provides objects implementing various types of dependencies. The most important function is deps_parse(), it turns a dependency line in a set of Dpkg::Deps::{Simple,AND,OR,Union} objects depending on the case. FUNCTIONS
All the deps_* functions are exported by default. deps_eval_implication($rel_p, $v_p, $rel_q, $v_q) ($rel_p, $v_p) and ($rel_q, $v_q) express two dependencies as (relation, version). The relation variable can have the following values that are exported by Dpkg::Version: REL_EQ, REL_LT, REL_LE, REL_GT, REL_GT. This functions returns 1 if the "p" dependency implies the "q" dependency. It returns 0 if the "p" dependency implies that "q" is not satisfied. It returns undef when there's no implication. The $v_p and $v_q parameter should be Dpkg::Version objects. my $dep = deps_parse($line, %options) This function parse the dependency line and returns an object, either a Dpkg::Deps::AND or a Dpkg::Deps::Union. Various options can alter the behaviour of that function. use_arch (defaults to 1) Take into account the architecture restriction part of the dependencies. Set to 0 to completely ignore that information. host_arch (defaults to the current architecture) Define the host architecture. Needed only if the reduce_arch option is set to 1. By default it uses Dpkg::Arch::get_host_arch() to identify the proper architecture. reduce_arch (defaults to 0) If set to 1, ignore dependencies that do not concern the current host architecture. This implicitely strips off the architecture restriction list so that the resulting dependencies are directly applicable to the current architecture. union (defaults to 0) If set to 1, returns a Dpkg::Deps::Union instead of a Dpkg::Deps::AND. Use this when parsing non-dependency fields like Conflicts. deps_compare($a, $b) Implements a comparison operator between two dependency objects. This function is mainly used to implement the sort() method. OBJECTS - Dpkg::Deps::* There are several kind of dependencies. A Dpkg::Deps::Simple dependency represents a single dependency statement (it relates to one package only). Dpkg::Deps::Multiple dependencies are built on top of this object and combine several dependencies in a different manners. Dpkg::Deps::AND represents the logical "AND" between dependencies while Dpkg::Deps::OR represents the logical "OR". Dpkg::Deps::Multiple objects can contain Dpkg::Deps::Simple object as well as other Dpkg::Deps::Multiple objects. In practice, the code is only meant to handle the realistic cases which, given Debian's dependencies structure, imply those restrictions: AND can contain Simple or OR objects, OR can only contain Simple objects. Dpkg::Deps::KnowFacts is a special object that is used while evaluating dependencies and while trying to simplify them. It represents a set of installed packages along with the virtual packages that they might provide. Common functions $dep->is_empty() Returns true if the dependency is empty and doesn't contain any useful information. This is true when a Dpkg::Deps::Simple object has not yet been initialized or when a (descendant of) Dpkg::Deps::Multiple contains an empty list of dependencies. $dep->get_deps() Return a list of sub-dependencies. For Dpkg::Deps::Simple it returns itself. $dep->output([$fh]) "$dep" Return a string representing the dependency. If $fh is set, it prints the string to the filehandle. $dep->implies($other_dep) Returns 1 when $dep implies $other_dep. Returns 0 when $dep implies NOT($other_dep). Returns undef when there's no implication. $dep and $other_dep do not need to be of the same type. $dep->sort() Sort alphabetically the internal list of dependencies. It's a no-op for Dpkg::Deps::Simple objects. $dep->arch_is_concerned($arch) Returns true if the dependency applies to the indicated architecture. For multiple dependencies, it returns true if at least one of the sub-dependencies apply to this architecture. $dep->reduce_arch($arch) Simplify the dependency to contain only information relevant to the given architecture. A Dpkg::Deps::Simple object can be left empty after this operation. For Dpkg::Deps::Multiple objects, the non-relevant sub-dependencies are simply removed. This trims off the architecture restriction list of Dpkg::Deps::Simple objects. $dep->get_evaluation($facts) Evaluates the dependency given a list of installed packages and a list of virtual packages provided. Those lists are part of the Dpkg::Deps::KnownFacts object given as parameters. Returns 1 when it's true, 0 when it's false, undef when some information is lacking to conclude. $dep->simplify_deps($facts, @assumed_deps) Simplify the dependency as much as possible given the list of facts (see object Dpkg::Deps::KnownFacts) and a list of other dependencies that we know to be true. $dep->has_arch_restriction() For a simple dependency, returns the package name if the dependency applies only to a subset of architectures. For multiple dependencies, it returns the list of package names that have such a restriction. Dpkg::Deps::Simple Such an object has four interesting properties: package The package name (can be undef if the dependency has not been initialized or if the simplification of the dependency lead to its removal). relation The relational operator: "=", "<<", "<=", ">=" or ">>". It can be undefined if the dependency had no version restriction. In that case the following field is also undefined. version The version. arches The list of architectures where this dependency is applicable. It's undefined when there's no restriction, otherwise it's an array ref. It can contain an exclusion list, in that case each architecture is prefixed with an exclamation mark. Methods $simple_dep->parse_string("dpkg-dev (>= 1.14.8) [!hurd-i386]") Parse the dependency and modify internal properties to match the parsed dependency. $simple_dep->merge_union($other_dep) Returns true if $simple_dep could be modified to represent the union of both dependencies. Otherwise returns false. Dpkg::Deps::Multiple This the base class for Dpkg::Deps::{AND,OR,Union}. It contains the $mul->add($dep) Add a new dependency object at the end of the list. Dpkg::Deps::AND This object represents a list of dependencies who must be met at the same time. $and->output([$fh]) The output method uses ", " to join the list of sub-dependencies. Dpkg::Deps::OR This object represents a list of dependencies of which only one must be met for the dependency to be true. $or->output([$fh]) The output method uses " | " to join the list of sub-dependencies. Dpkg::Deps::Union This object represents a list of relationships. $union->output([$fh]) The output method uses ", " to join the list of relationships. $union->implies($other_dep) $union->get_evaluation($other_dep) Those methods are not meaningful for this object and always return undef. $union->simplify_deps($facts) The simplication is done to generate an union of all the relationships. It uses $simple_dep->merge_union($other_dep) to get the its job done. Dpkg::Deps::KnowFacts This object represents a list of installed packages and a list of virtual packages provided (by the set of installed packages). my $facts = Dpkg::Deps::KnownFacts->new(); Create a new object. $facts->add_installed_package($package, $version) Record that the given version of the package is installed. If $version is undefined we know that the package is installed but we don't know which version it is. $facts->add_provided_package($virtual, $relation, $version, $by) Record that the "$by" package provides the $virtual package. $relation and $version correspond to the associated relation given in the Provides field. This might be used in the future for versioned provides. my ($check, $param) = $facts->check_package($package) $check is one when the package is found. For a real package, $param contains the version. For a virtual package, $param contains an array reference containing the list of packages that provide it (each package is listed as [ $provider, $relation, $version ]). 2012-04-17 Dpkg::Deps(3)

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