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request_key(2) [linux man page]

REQUEST_KEY(2)						    Linux Key Management Calls						    REQUEST_KEY(2)

NAME
request_key - Request a key from the kernel's key management facility SYNOPSIS
#include <keyutils.h> key_serial_t request_key(const char *type, const char *description, const char *callout_info, key_serial_t keyring); DESCRIPTION
request_key() asks the kernel to find a key of the given type that matches the specified description and, if successful, to attach it to the nominated keyring and to return its serial number. request_key() first recursively searches all the keyrings attached to the calling process in the order thread-specific keyring, process- specific keyring and then session keyring for a matching key. If request_key() is called from a program invoked by request_key() on behalf of some other process to generate a key, then the keyrings of that other process will be searched next, using that other process's UID, GID, groups and security context to control access. The keys in each keyring searched are checked for a match before any child keyrings are recursed into. Only keys that are searchable for the caller may be found, and only searchable keyrings may be searched. If the key is not found then, if callout_info is set, this function will attempt to look further afield. In such a case, the callout_info is passed to a userspace service such as /sbin/request-key to generate the key. If that is unsuccessful also, then an error will be returned, and a temporary negative key will be installed in the nominated keyring. This will expire after a few seconds, but will cause subsequent calls to request_key() to fail until it does. The keyring serial number may be that of a valid keyring to which the caller has write permission, or it may be a special keyring ID: KEY_SPEC_THREAD_KEYRING This specifies the caller's thread-specific keyring. KEY_SPEC_PROCESS_KEYRING This specifies the caller's process-specific keyring. KEY_SPEC_SESSION_KEYRING This specifies the caller's session-specific keyring. KEY_SPEC_USER_KEYRING This specifies the caller's UID-specific keyring. KEY_SPEC_USER_SESSION_KEYRING This specifies the caller's UID-session keyring. If a key is created, no matter whether it's a valid key or a negative key, it will displace any other key of the same type and description from the destination keyring. RETURN VALUE
On success request_key() returns the serial number of the key it found. On error, the value -1 will be returned and errno will have been set to an appropriate error. ERRORS
ENOKEY No matching key was found. EKEYEXPIRED An expired key was found, but no replacement could be obtained. EKEYREVOKED A revoked key was found, but no replacement could be obtained. EKEYREJECTED The attempt to generate a new key was rejected. ENOMEM Insufficient memory to create a key. EINTR The request was interrupted by a signal. EDQUOT The key quota for this user would be exceeded by creating this key or linking it to the keyring. EACCES The keyring wasn't available for modification by the user. LINKING
Although this is a Linux system call, it is not present in libc but can be found rather in libkeyutils. When linking, -lkeyutils should be specified to the linker. SEE ALSO
keyctl(1), add_key(2), keyctl(2), request-key(8) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 3.27 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. Linux 2010-02-25 REQUEST_KEY(2)

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KEYCTL_GET_KEYRING_ID(3)				    Linux Key Management Calls					  KEYCTL_GET_KEYRING_ID(3)

NAME
keyctl_get_keyring_ID - Get the ID of a special keyring SYNOPSIS
#include <keyutils.h> key_serial_t keyctl_get_keyring_ID(key_serial_t key, int create); DESCRIPTION
keyctl_get_keyring_ID() maps a special key or keyring ID to the serial number of the key actually representing that feature. The serial number will be returned if that key exists. If the key or keyring does not yet exist, then if create is non-zero, the key or keyring will be created if it is appropriate to do so. The following special key IDs may be specified as key: KEY_SPEC_THREAD_KEYRING This specifies the caller's thread-specific keyring. KEY_SPEC_PROCESS_KEYRING This specifies the caller's process-specific keyring. KEY_SPEC_SESSION_KEYRING This specifies the caller's session-specific keyring. KEY_SPEC_USER_KEYRING This specifies the caller's UID-specific keyring. KEY_SPEC_USER_SESSION_KEYRING This specifies the caller's UID-session keyring. KEY_SPEC_REQKEY_AUTH_KEY This specifies the authorisation key created by request_key() and passed to the process it spawns to generate a key. If a valid keyring ID is passed in, then this will simply be returned if the key exists; an error will be issued if it doesn't exist. RETURN VALUE
On success keyctl_get_keyring_ID() returns the serial number of the key it found. On error, the value -1 will be returned and errno will have been set to an appropriate error. ERRORS
ENOKEY No matching key was found. ENOMEM Insufficient memory to create a key. EDQUOT The key quota for this user would be exceeded by creating this key or linking it to the keyring. LINKING
This is a library function that can be found in libkeyutils. When linking, -lkeyutils should be specified to the linker. SEE ALSO
keyctl(1), add_key(2), keyctl(2), request_key(2), keyctl(3), request-key(8) Linux 4 May 2006 KEYCTL_GET_KEYRING_ID(3)

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