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Linux 2.6 - man page for mysql_install_db (linux section 1)


       mysql_install_db - initialize MySQL data directory

       mysql_install_db [options]

       mysql_install_db initializes the MySQL data directory and creates the system tables that
       it contains, if they do not exist.  mysql_install_db is a shell script and is available
       only on Unix platforms. (As of MySQL 5.6, mysql_install_db is a Perl script and can be
       used on any system with Perl installed.)

       To invoke mysql_install_db, use the following syntax:

	   shell> mysql_install_db [options]

       Because the MySQL server, mysqld, needs to access the data directory when it runs later,
       you should either run mysql_install_db from the same system account that will be used for
       running mysqld or run it as root and use the --user option to indicate the user name that
       mysqld will run as. It might be necessary to specify other options such as --basedir or
       --datadir if mysql_install_db does not use the correct locations for the installation
       directory or data directory. For example:

	   shell> scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql \
		    --basedir=/opt/mysql/mysql \

       mysql_install_db needs to invoke mysqld with the --bootstrap and --skip-grant-tables

	   If you have set a custom TMPDIR environment variable when performing the installation,
	   and the specified directory is not accessible, mysql_install_db may fail. If so, unset
	   TMPDIR or set TMPDIR to point to the system temporary directory (usually /tmp).

       mysql_install_db supports the following options, which can be specified on the command
       line or in the [mysql_install_db] group of an option file. (Options that are common to
       mysqld can also be specified in the [mysqld] group.) Other options are passed to mysqld.
       For information about option files, see Section, "Using Option Files".
       mysql_install_db also supports the options for processing option files described at
       Section, "Command-Line Options that Affect Option-File Handling".

       o   --basedir=path

	   The path to the MySQL installation directory.

       o   --datadir=path, --ldata=path

	   The path to the MySQL data directory.

       o   --force

	   Cause mysql_install_db to run even if DNS does not work. Grant table entries that
	   normally use host names will use IP addresses.

       o   --rpm

	   For internal use. This option is used during the MySQL installation process for
	   install operations performed using RPM packages.

       o   --skip-name-resolve

	   Use IP addresses rather than host names when creating grant table entries. This option
	   can be useful if your DNS does not work.

       o   --srcdir=path

	   For internal use. This option specifies the directory under which mysql_install_db
	   looks for support files such as the error message file and the file for populating the
	   help tables.

       o   --user=user_name

	   The system (login) user name to use for running mysqld. Files and directories created
	   by mysqld will be owned by this user. You must be root to use this option. By default,
	   mysqld runs using your current login name and files and directories that it creates
	   will be owned by you.

       o   --verbose

	   Verbose mode. Print more information about what the program does.

       o   --windows

	   For internal use. This option is used for creating Windows distributions.

       Copyright (C) 1997, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

       This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it only under
       the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation;
       version 2 of the License.

       This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
       WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
       PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with the program;
       if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
       Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.

       For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which may already be
       installed locally and which is also available online at http://dev.mysql.com/doc/.

       Oracle Corporation (http://dev.mysql.com/).


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