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authcap(4) [hpux man page]

authcap(4)						     Kernel Interfaces Manual							authcap(4)

authcap - security databases for trusted systems SYNOPSIS
All security-relevant databases are stored in an ASCII format in the file system. This format is converted to binary structures by support routines described in Section 3 manpages. This manpage describes the format of these databases, and describes the philosophy of conversion into data structures. Hierarchy Structure The complete database resides in two hierarchies: and The first hierarchy contains the Protected Password database, and has subdirectories with single letter names, each of which is a starting letter for user names. Within each of these directories are regular files, each con- taining an authcap(4) format file containing the Protected Password entry for a particular user. Thus, all user names beginning with have their respective authentication and identity information in a file in directory Directories within and contain system-wide information. Global system settings reside in directory Terminal and device assignment files are located in directory The following database files reside in directory Default Control The following database files reside in directory Terminal Control Device Assignment File Format Each data file and has the same format. Each file consists of one virtual line, optionally split into multiple physical lines with the character present at the end of all lines except the last. For example, the line can be split into: Note that all capabilities must be immediately preceded and followed with the separator. Multiple line entries require at the end of each line and at the beginning of each continuation line in the entry. Continuation lines are indented by a tab character. Multiple entries are separated by a new-line character that is not preceded by a continuation character: Line Format The format of a line is briefly as follows: The entry is referenced by the name. The end of the name part of the entry is terminated by the character. At the end of each entry is the chkent field. This is used as an integrity check on each entry. The routines reject all entries that do not contain the chkent terminator. Each entry has 0 or more capabilities, each terminated with the character. Each capability has a unique name. Numeric capabilities have the format: where num is a decimal or (0-preceded) octal number. Boolean capabilities have the format: id or id@ where the first form signals the presence of the capability and the second form signals the absence of the capability. String capabilities have the format: where string is 0 or more characters. The and characters are escaped as and respectively. File Locking All databases use a lock file, the existence of which means that the file is currently being rewritten. Occasionally, the lock files remain after a system crash and must be removed manually. The lock file is formed by appending to the database file name. Fields/Flags All databases are converted into structures by programs. The data structures consist of two substructures, each of which has one member for each field in the database entry. The field structure contains a field value (for example, a number, a boolean flag, a directory string, or a mask), while the flag value (one bit) indicates the presence or absence of the field in that entry. WARNINGS
HP-UX 11i Version 3 is the last release to support trusted systems functionality. AUTHOR
was developed by HP. SEE ALSO
getdvagent(3), getprdfent(3), getprpwent(3), getprtcent(3), default(4), devassign(4), prpwd(4), ttys(4). TO BE OBSOLETED authcap(4)

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