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getpwent(3c) [hpux man page]

getpwent(3C)															      getpwent(3C)

getpwent(), getpwuid(), getpwuid_r(), getpwnam(), getpwnam_r(), setpwent(), endpwent(), fgetpwent() - get password file entry SYNOPSIS
Obsolescent Interfaces DESCRIPTION
and are used to obtain password entries, and return a pointer to an object of structure. An entry may come from any of the sources for specified in the file. See nsswitch.conf(4). The structure is defined in and includes the following members: The pw_comment field is unused. For more information on the other fields, see the passwd(4) manpage. When first called, returns a pointer to the first structure in the password database. Thereafter, it returns a pointer to the next struc- ture in the database. Has the effect of rewinding the password database to allow repeated searches. Can be called to indicate that password database processing is complete. Searches from the beginning of the password database until a numeric user ID matching uid is found, and returns a pointer to the particular structure in which it was found. Searches from the beginning of the password database until a login name matching name is found, and returns a pointer to the particular structure in which it was found. Unlike the other functions above, does not use nor access NIS It returns a pointer to the next structure in the standard I/O stream stream, which should be open for reading, and its contents should match the format of Obsolescent Interfaces get password file entry. Reentrant Interfaces and both update the pointed to by and store a pointer to that structure at the location pointed to by The structure must contain an entry from the user database with a matching or Storage referenced by the structure pointed to by is allocated from the memory provided with the parameter, which is defined as in size. The maximum size needed for this buffer can be determined with the parameter. A NULL pointer is returned at the location pointed to by on error or if the requested entry is not found. Notes When the repository is set to in the file, then the and calls return the structure exactly as it appears in the file. In shadowed standard mode, the calls normally return "x" (instead of the encrypted password and aging information) in the pw_passwd field. The same applies for calls to when the argument stream is set to SECURITY FEATURES
If the system has been converted to a trusted system, the password, audit ID, and audit flag are not returned. The password will be the default that is in and the audit ID and audit flag will be set to On trusted systems, if it is not necessary to obtain information from the regular password file, users should use to access the protected password database. See getprpwent(3) and getspwent(3X). affects only and the audit ID and audit flag in the password structure are ignored. must be used to modify the protected password database entries. See getprpwent(3). See about trusted system support. RETURN VALUE
and return a NULL pointer if an end-of-file or error is encountered on reading. returns a NULL pointer on encountering an invalid entry. An invalid entry is one which does not follow the structure. Otherwise, the return value points to an internal static area containing a valid structure. and return zero upon success. Otherwise, an error number is returned to indicate the error. ERRORS
and fail if any of the following are true: An I/O error has occurred. OPEN_MAX descriptors are currently open in the calling process. The maximum allowable number of files is currently open in the system. The and functions will fail if: Insufficient storage was supplied via buffer and bufsize to contain the data to be referenced by the resulting structure WARNINGS
The value returned by and points to a single static area that is overwritten by each call to any of the functions, so it must be copied if it is to be saved. The following fields have numerical limitations as noted: o The user ID is an integer value between -2 and inclusive. o The group ID is an integer value between 0 and inclusive. Users of and should note that these interfaces now conform with POSIX.1c. and are obsolescent interfaces. These interfaces and the old prototypes of and are supported for compatibility with existing DCE applications only. The interfaces and use the Dynamic Name Service Switch. See nsswitch.conf(4). An application that uses these interfaces cannot be fully archive bound. HP-UX 11i Version 3 is the last release to support trusted systems functionality. EXAMPLE
The following code excerpt prints name and uid of a user logged in on this terminal: DEPENDENCIES
and were developed by Sun and HP. FILES
System Password file SEE ALSO
ypcat(1), cuserid(3S), getgrent(3C), getlogin(3C), getprpwent(3), getspwent(3X), stdio(3S), putpwent(3C), nsswitch.conf(4), passwd(4), lim- its(5), thread_safety(5). STANDARDS CONFORMANCE
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