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nologin(5) [freebsd man page]

NOLOGIN(5)						      BSD File Formats Manual							NOLOGIN(5)

NAME
nologin -- disallow logins DESCRIPTION
Programs such as login(1) disallow logins if the nologin file exists. The programs display the contents of nologin to the user if possible and interrupt the login sequence. This makes it simple to temporarily prevent incoming logins systemwide. To disable logins on a per-account basis, investigate nologin(8). SECURITY
The nologin file is ignored for user root by default. IMPLEMENTATION NOTES
The nologin feature is implemented through login.conf(5), which allows to change the pathname of the file and to extend the list of users exempt from temporary login restriction. PAM-aware programs can be selectively configured to respect nologin using the pam_nologin(8) module via pam.conf(5). The nologin file will be removed at system boot if it resides in /var/run and cleanvar_enable is set to ``YES'' in rc.conf(5), which is default. Therefore system reboot can effectively re-enable logins. FILES
/var/run/nologin default location of nologin SEE ALSO
login(1), login.conf(5), pam.conf(5), rc.conf(5), nologin(8), pam_nologin(8), shutdown(8) BSD
May 10, 2007 BSD

Check Out this Related Man Page

PAM_NOLOGIN(8)							 Linux-PAM Manual						    PAM_NOLOGIN(8)

NAME
pam_nologin - Prevent non-root users from login SYNOPSIS
pam_nologin.so [file=/path/nologin] [successok] DESCRIPTION
pam_nologin is a PAM module that prevents users from logging into the system when /var/run/nologin or /etc/nologin exists. The contents of the file are displayed to the user. The pam_nologin module has no effect on the root user's ability to log in. OPTIONS
file=/path/nologin Use this file instead the default /var/run/nologin or /etc/nologin. successok Return PAM_SUCCESS if no file exists, the default is PAM_IGNORE. MODULE TYPES PROVIDED
The auth and acct module types are provided. RETURN VALUES
PAM_AUTH_ERR The user is not root and /etc/nologin exists, so the user is not permitted to log in. PAM_BUF_ERR Memory buffer error. PAM_IGNORE This is the default return value. PAM_SUCCESS Success: either the user is root or the nologin file does not exist. PAM_USER_UNKNOWN User not known to the underlying authentication module. EXAMPLES
The suggested usage for /etc/pam.d/login is: auth required pam_nologin.so NOTES
In order to make this module effective, all login methods should be secured by it. It should be used as a required method listed before any sufficient methods in order to get standard Unix nologin semantics. Note, the use of successok module argument causes the module to return PAM_SUCCESS and as such would break such a configuration - failing sufficient modules would lead to a successful login because the nologin module succeeded. SEE ALSO
nologin(5), pam.conf(5), pam.d(5), pam(8) AUTHOR
pam_nologin was written by Michael K. Johnson <johnsonm@redhat.com>. Linux-PAM Manual 09/19/2013 PAM_NOLOGIN(8)
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