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strfmon(3) [freebsd man page]

STRFMON(3)						   BSD Library Functions Manual 						STRFMON(3)

strfmon -- convert monetary value to string LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS
#include <monetary.h> ssize_t strfmon(char * restrict s, size_t maxsize, const char * restrict format, ...); ssize_t strfmon_l(char * restrict s, size_t maxsize, locale_t loc, const char * restrict format, ...); DESCRIPTION
The strfmon() function places characters into the array pointed to by s as controlled by the string pointed to by format. No more than maxsize bytes are placed into the array. The strfmon_l() function does the same as strfmon() but takes an explicit locale rather than using the current locale. The format string is composed of zero or more directives: ordinary characters (not %), which are copied unchanged to the output stream; and conversion specifications, each of which results in fetching zero or more subsequent arguments. Each conversion specification is introduced by the % character. After the %, the following appear in sequence: o Zero or more of the following flags: =f A '=' character followed by another character f which is used as the numeric fill character. ^ Do not use grouping characters, regardless of the current locale default. + Represent positive values by prefixing them with a positive sign, and negative values by prefixing them with a negative sign. This is the default. ( Enclose negative values in parentheses. ! Do not include a currency symbol in the output. - Left justify the result. Only valid when a field width is specified. o An optional minimum field width as a decimal number. By default, there is no minimum width. o A '#' sign followed by a decimal number specifying the maximum expected number of digits after the radix character. o A '.' character followed by a decimal number specifying the number the number of digits after the radix character. o One of the following conversion specifiers: i The double argument is formatted as an international monetary amount. n The double argument is formatted as a national monetary amount. % A '%' character is written. RETURN VALUES
If the total number of resulting bytes including the terminating NUL byte is not more than maxsize, strfmon() returns the number of bytes placed into the array pointed to by s, not including the terminating NUL byte. Otherwise, -1 is returned, the contents of the array are indeterminate, and errno is set to indicate the error. The strfmon_l() function returns the same values as strfmon(). ERRORS
The strfmon() function will fail if: [E2BIG] Conversion stopped due to lack of space in the buffer. [EINVAL] The format string is invalid. [ENOMEM] Not enough memory for temporary buffers. SEE ALSO
localeconv(3) STANDARDS
The strfmon() function conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (``POSIX.1''). The strfmon_l() function conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-2008 (``POSIX.1''). AUTHORS
The strfmon() function was implemented by Alexey Zelkin <>. This manual page was written by Jeroen Ruigrok van der Werven <> based on the standards' text. BUGS
The strfmon() function does not correctly handle multibyte characters in the format argument. BSD
June 25, 2012 BSD

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STRFMON(3)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							STRFMON(3)

strfmon, strfmon_l - convert monetary value to a string SYNOPSIS
#include <monetary.h> ssize_t strfmon(char *s, size_t max, const char *format, ...); ssize_t strfmon_l(char *s, size_t max, locale_t locale, const char *" format , ...); DESCRIPTION
The strfmon() function formats the specified monetary amount according to the current locale and format specification format and places the result in the character array s of size max. The strfmon_l() function performs the same task, but uses the locale specified by locale. The behavior of strfmon_l() is undefined if locale is the special locale object LC_GLOBAL_LOCALE (see duplocale(3)) or is not a valid locale object handle. Ordinary characters in format are copied to s without conversion. Conversion specifiers are introduced by a '%' character. Immediately following it there can be zero or more of the following flags: =f The single-byte character f is used as the numeric fill character (to be used with a left precision, see below). When not speci- fied, the space character is used. ^ Do not use any grouping characters that might be defined for the current locale. By default, grouping is enabled. ( or + The ( flag indicates that negative amounts should be enclosed between parentheses. The + flag indicates that signs should be han- dled in the default way, that is, amounts are preceded by the locale's sign indication, for example, nothing for positive, "-" for negative. ! Omit the currency symbol. - Left justify all fields. The default is right justification. Next, there may be a field width: a decimal digit string specifying a minimum field width in bytes. The default is 0. A result smaller than this width is padded with spaces (on the left, unless the left-justify flag was given). Next, there may be a left precision of the form "#" followed by a decimal digit string. If the number of digits left of the radix charac- ter is smaller than this, the representation is padded on the left with the numeric fill character. Grouping characters are not counted in this field width. Next, there may be a right precision of the form "." followed by a decimal digit string. The amount being formatted is rounded to the specified number of digits prior to formatting. The default is specified in the frac_digits and int_frac_digits items of the current locale. If the right precision is 0, no radix character is printed. (The radix character here is determined by LC_MONETARY, and may dif- fer from that specified by LC_NUMERIC.) Finally, the conversion specification must be ended with a conversion character. The three conversion characters are % (In this case, the entire specification must be exactly "%%".) Put a '%' character in the result string. i One argument of type double is converted using the locale's international currency format. n One argument of type double is converted using the locale's national currency format. RETURN VALUE
The strfmon() function returns the number of characters placed in the array s, not including the terminating null byte, provided the string, including the terminating null byte, fits. Otherwise, it sets errno to E2BIG, returns -1, and the contents of the array is unde- fined. ATTRIBUTES
For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7). +------------+---------------+----------------+ |Interface | Attribute | Value | +------------+---------------+----------------+ |strfmon() | Thread safety | MT-Safe locale | +------------+---------------+----------------+ |strfmon_l() | Thread safety | MT-Safe | +------------+---------------+----------------+ CONFORMING TO
POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008. EXAMPLE
The call strfmon(buf, sizeof(buf), "[%^=*#6n] [%=*#6i]", 1234.567, 1234.567); outputs [EUR **1234,57] [EUR **1 234,57] in the nl_NL locale. The de_DE, de_CH, en_AU, and en_GB locales yield [ **1234,57 EUR] [ **1.234,57 EUR] [ Fr. **1234.57] [ CHF **1'234.57] [ $**1234.57] [ AUD**1,234.57] [ L**1234.57] [ GBP**1,234.57] SEE ALSO
duplocale(3), setlocale(3), sprintf(3), locale(7) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 4.15 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at Linux 2017-09-15 STRFMON(3)

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