BSNMPD(1) BSD General Commands Manual BSNMPD(1)
bsnmpd -- simple and extensible SNMP daemon
bsnmpd [-dh] [-c file] [-D options] [-e file] [-I paths] [-l prefix] [-m variable[=value]] [-p file]
The bsnmpd daemon serves the internet SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol). It is intended to serve only the absolute basic MIBs and
implement all other MIBs through loadable modules. In this way the bsnmpd can be used in unexpected ways.
The options are as follows:
-d Do not daemonize. Used for debugging.
-h Print a short usage message.
-c file Use file as configuration file instead of the standard one.
-D options Debugging options are specified with a -o flag followed by a comma separated string of options. The following options are avail-
dump Dump all sent and received PDUs to the terminal.
events Set the debugging level of the event library (see eventlib(3)) to 10.
trace=level Set the snmp library trace flag to the specified value.
The value can be specified in the usual C-syntax for numbers.
-e file Specify an alternate file where the agent's engine id and number of boots are saved.
-I paths Specify a colon separated list of directories to search for configuration include files. The default is
/etc:/usr/etc/:/usr/local/etc. These paths are only searched for include specified within <> parentheses.
-l prefix Use prefix as the default basename for the pid and the configuration files.
Define a configuration variable.
-p file Specify an alternate pid file instead of the default one.
bsnmpd reads its configuration from either the default or the user specified configuration file. The configuration file consists of the fol-
lowing types of lines:
o variable assignments
o section separators
o include directives
o MIB variable assignments
If a line is too long it can be continued on the next line by ending it with a backslash. Empty lines and lines in which the first non-blank
character is a ``#'' sign are ignored.
All MIB variable assignments of the entire configuration (including nested configuration files) are handled as one transaction, i.e., as if
they arrived in a single SET PDU. Any failure during the initial configuration read causes bsnmpd to exit. A failure during the configura-
tion read caused by a module load causes the loading of the module to fail.
The configuration is read during initialization of bsnmpd, when a module is loaded and when bsnmpd receives a SIGHUP.
Variable assignments can take one of two forms:
variable := string
variable ?= string
The string reaches from the first non-blank character after the equal sign until the first new line or ``#'' character. In the first case
the string is assigned to the variable unconditionally, in the second case the variable is only assigned if it does not exist yet.
Variable names must begin with a letter or underscore and contain only letters, digits or underscores.
The configuration consists of named sections. The MIB variable assignments in the section named ``snmpd'' are executed only during initial
setup or when bsnmpd receives a SIGHUP. All other sections are executed when either a module with the same name as the section is loaded or
bsnmpd receives a SIGHUP and that module is already loaded. The default section at the start of the configuration is ``snmpd''. One can
switch to another section with the syntax
Where secname is the name of the section. The same secname can be used in more than one place in the configuration. All of these parts are
collected into one section.
Another configuration file can be included into the current one with the include directive that takes one of two forms:
The first form causes the file to be searched in the current directory, the second form causes the file to be searched in the directories
specified in the system include path. Nesting depth is only restricted by available memory.
MIB VARIABLE ASSIGNMENTS
A MIB variable is assigned with the syntax
oid [ suboids ] = value
oid is the name of the variable to be set. Only the last component of the entire name is used here. If the variable is a scalar, the index
(.0) is automatically appended and need not to be specified. If the variable is a table column, the index (suboids) must be specified. The
index consist of elements each separated from the previous one by a dot. Elements may be either numbers, strings or hostnames enclosed in 
brackets. If the element is a number it is appended to the current oid. If the element is a string, its length and the ASCII code of each
of its characters are appended to the current oid. If the element is a hostname, the IP address of the host is looked up and the four ele-
ments of the IP address are appended to the oid.
For example, an oid of
results in the oid
The value of the assignment may be either empty, a string or a number. If a string starts with a letter or an underscore and consists only
of letters, digits, underscores and minus signs, it can be written without quotes. In all other cases the string must be enclosed in double
A variable substitution is written as
where variable is the name of the variable to substitute. Using an undefined variable is considered an error.
/etc/<prefix>.config Default configuration file, where the default <prefix> is ``snmpd''.
/var/<prefix>.engine Default engine id file.
/var/run/<prefix>.pid Default pid file.
Default search path for system include files.
Definitions for the MIBs implemented in the daemon.
Access controls that should be enforced by TCP wrappers are defined here. Further details are described in
The bsnmpd conforms to the applicable IETF RFCs.
Hartmut Brandt <harti@FreeBSD.org>
September 9, 2010 BSD