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convert::uulib(3pm) [debian man page]

UUlib(3pm)						User Contributed Perl Documentation						UUlib(3pm)

Convert::UUlib - Perl interface to the uulib library (a.k.a. uudeview/uuenview). SYNOPSIS
use Convert::UUlib ':all'; # read all the files named on the commandline and decode them # into the CURRENT directory. See below for a longer example. LoadFile $_ for @ARGV; for (my $i = 0; my $uu = GetFileListItem $i; $i++) { if ($uu->state & FILE_OK) { $uu->decode; print $uu->filename, " "; } } DESCRIPTION
Read the file doc/library.pdf from the distribution for in-depth information about the C-library used in this interface, and the rest of this document and especially the non-trivial decoder program at the end. EXPORTED CONSTANTS
Action code constants ACT_IDLE we don't do anything ACT_SCANNING scanning an input file ACT_DECODING decoding into a temp file ACT_COPYING copying temp to target ACT_ENCODING encoding a file Message severity levels MSG_MESSAGE just a message, nothing important MSG_NOTE something that should be noticed MSG_WARNING important msg, processing continues MSG_ERROR processing has been terminated MSG_FATAL decoder cannot process further requests MSG_PANIC recovery impossible, app must terminate Options OPT_VERSION version number MAJOR.MINORplPATCH (ro) OPT_FAST assumes only one part per file OPT_DUMBNESS switch off the program's intelligence OPT_BRACKPOL give numbers in [] higher precendence OPT_VERBOSE generate informative messages OPT_DESPERATE try to decode incomplete files OPT_IGNREPLY ignore RE:plies (off by default) OPT_OVERWRITE whether it's OK to overwrite ex. files OPT_SAVEPATH prefix to save-files on disk OPT_IGNMODE ignore the original file mode OPT_DEBUG print messages with FILE/LINE info OPT_ERRNO get last error code for RET_IOERR (ro) OPT_PROGRESS retrieve progress information OPT_USETEXT handle text messages OPT_PREAMB handle Mime preambles/epilogues OPT_TINYB64 detect short B64 outside of Mime OPT_ENCEXT extension for single-part encoded files OPT_REMOVE remove input files after decoding (dangerous) OPT_MOREMIME strict MIME adherence OPT_DOTDOT ".."-unescaping has not yet been done on input files OPT_RBUF set default read I/O buffer size in bytes OPT_WBUF set default write I/O buffer size in bytes OPT_AUTOCHECK automatically check file list after every loadfile Result/Error codes RET_OK everything went fine RET_IOERR I/O Error - examine errno RET_NOMEM not enough memory RET_ILLVAL illegal value for operation RET_NODATA decoder didn't find any data RET_NOEND encoded data wasn't ended properly RET_UNSUP unsupported function (encoding) RET_EXISTS file exists (decoding) RET_CONT continue -- special from ScanPart RET_CANCEL operation canceled File States This code is zero, i.e. "false": UUFILE_READ Read in, but not further processed The following state codes are or'ed together: FILE_MISPART Missing Part(s) detected FILE_NOBEGIN No 'begin' found FILE_NOEND No 'end' found FILE_NODATA File does not contain valid uudata FILE_OK All Parts found, ready to decode FILE_ERROR Error while decoding FILE_DECODED Successfully decoded FILE_TMPFILE Temporary decoded file exists Encoding types UU_ENCODED UUencoded data B64_ENCODED Mime-Base64 data XX_ENCODED XXencoded data BH_ENCODED Binhex encoded PT_ENCODED Plain-Text encoded (MIME) QP_ENCODED Quoted-Printable (MIME) YENC_ENCODED yEnc encoded (non-MIME) EXPORTED FUNCTIONS
Initializing and cleanup Initialize is automatically called when the module is loaded and allocates quite a small amount of memory for todays machines ;) CleanUp releases that again. On my machine, a fairly complete decode with DBI backend needs about 10MB RSS to decode 20000 files. Initialize Not normally necessary, (re-)initializes the library. CleanUp Not normally necessary, could be called at the end to release memory before starting a new decoding round. Setting and querying options $option = GetOption OPT_xxx SetOption OPT_xxx, opt-value See the "OPT_xxx" constants above to see which options exist. Setting various callbacks SetMsgCallback [callback-function] SetBusyCallback [callback-function] SetFileCallback [callback-function] SetFNameFilter [callback-function] Call the currently selected FNameFilter $file = FNameFilter $file Loading sourcefiles, optionally fuzzy merge and start decoding ($retval, $count) = LoadFile $fname, [$id, [$delflag, [$partno]]] Load the given file and scan it for encoded contents. Optionally tag it with the given id, and if $delflag is true, delete the file after it is no longer necessary. If you are certain of the part number, you can specify it as the last argument. A better (usually faster) way of doing this is using the "SetFNameFilter" functionality. $retval = Smerge $pass If you are desperate, try to call "Smerge" with increasing $pass values, beginning at 0, to try to merge parts that usually would not have been merged. Most probably this will result in garbled files, so never do this by default, except: If the "OPT_AUTOCHECK" option has been disabled (by default it is enabled) to speed up file loading, then you have to call "Smerge -1" after loading all files as an additional pre-pass (which is normally done by "LoadFile"). $item = GetFileListItem $item_number Return the $item structure for the $item_number'th found file, or "undef" of no file with that number exists. The first file has number 0, and the series has no holes, so you can iterate over all files by starting with zero and incrementing until you hit "undef". Decoding files $retval = $item->rename($newname) Change the ondisk filename where the decoded file will be saved. $retval = $item->decode_temp Decode the file into a temporary location, use "$item->infile" to retrieve the temporary filename. $retval = $item->remove_temp Remove the temporarily decoded file again. $retval = $item->decode([$target_path]) Decode the file to it's destination, or the given target path. $retval = $item->info(callback-function) Querying (and setting) item attributes $state = $item->state $mode = $item->mode([newmode]) $uudet = $item->uudet $size = $item->size $filename = $item->filename([newfilename}) $subfname = $item->subfname $mimeid = $item->mimeid $mimetype = $item->mimetype $binfile = $item->binfile Information about source parts $parts = $item->parts Return information about all parts (source files) used to decode the file as a list of hashrefs with the following structure: { partno => <integer describing the part number, starting with 1>, # the following member sonly exist when they contain useful information sfname => <local pathname of the file where this part is from>, filename => <the ondisk filename of the decoded file>, subfname => <used to cluster postings, possibly the posting filename>, subject => <the subject of the posting/mail>, origin => <the possible source (From) address>, mimetype => <the possible mimetype of the decoded file>, mimeid => <the id part of the Content-Type>, } Usually you are interested mostly the "sfname" and possibly the "partno" and "filename" members. Functions below not documented and not very well tested QuickDecode EncodeMulti EncodePartial EncodeToStream EncodeToFile E_PrepSingle E_PrepPartial EXTENSION FUNCTIONS Functions found in this module but not documented in the uulib documentation: $msg = straction ACT_xxx Return a human readable string representing the given action code. $msg = strerror RET_xxx Return a human readable string representing the given error code. $str = strencoding xxx_ENCODED Return the name of the encoding type as a string. $str = strmsglevel MSG_xxx Returns the message level as a string. SetFileNameCallback $cb Sets (or queries) the FileNameCallback, which is called whenever the decoding library can't find a filename and wants to extract a filename from the subject line of a posting. The callback will be called with two arguments, the subject line and the current candidate for the filename. The latter argument can be "undef", which means that no filename could be found (and likely no one exists, so it is safe to also return "undef" in this case). If it doesn't return anything (not even "undef"!), then nothing happens, so this is a no-op callback: sub cb { return (); } If it returns "undef", then this indicates that no filename could be found. In all other cases, the return value is taken to be the filename. This is a slightly more useful callback: sub cb { return unless $_[1]; # skip "Re:"-plies et al. my ($subject, $filename) = @_; # if we find some *.rar, take it return $1 if $subject =~ /(w+.rar)/; # otherwise just pass what we have return (); } LARGE EXAMPLE DECODER
This is the file "example-decoder" from the distribution, put here instead of more thorough documentation. #!/usr/bin/perl # decode all the files in the directory uusrc/ and copy # the resulting files to uudst/ use Convert::UUlib ':all'; sub namefilter { my ($path) = @_; $path=~s/^.*[/\]//; $path } sub busycb { my ($action, $curfile, $partno, $numparts, $percent, $fsize) = @_; $_[0]=straction($action); print "busy_callback(", (join ",",@_), ") "; 0 } SetOption OPT_RBUF, 128*1024; SetOption OPT_WBUF, 1024*1024; SetOption OPT_IGNMODE, 1; SetOption OPT_IGNMODE, 1; SetOption OPT_VERBOSE, 1; # show the three ways you can set callback functions. I normally # prefer the one with the sub inplace. SetFNameFilter &namefilter; SetBusyCallback "busycb", 333; SetMsgCallback sub { my ($msg, $level) = @_; print uc strmsglevel $_[1], ": $msg "; }; # the following non-trivial FileNameCallback takes care # of some subject lines not detected properly by uulib: SetFileNameCallback sub { return unless $_[1]; # skip "Re:"-plies et al. local $_ = $_[0]; # the following rules are rather effective on some newsgroups, # like, where non-mime, uuencoded data # is very common # if we find some *.rar, take it as the filename return $1 if /(S{3,}.(?:[rstuvwxyz]dd|rar))s/i; # one common subject format return $1 if /- "(.{2,}?..+?)" (?:yenc )?(d+/d+)/i; # - filename.par (04/55) return $1 if /- "?(S{3,}.S+?)"? (?:yenc )?(d+/d+)/i; # - (xxx) No. 1 sayuri81.jpg 756565 bytes # - (20 files) No.17 Roseanne.jpg [2/2] return $1 if /No.[ 0-9]+ (S+....) (?:d+ bytes )?[/; # try to detect some common forms of filenames return $1 if /([a-z0-9_-+.]{3,}.[a-z]{3,4}(?:.d+))/i; # otherwise just pass what we have () }; # now read all files in the directory uusrc/* for(<uusrc/*>) { my ($retval, $count) = LoadFile ($_, $_, 1); print "file($_), status(", strerror $retval, ") parts($count) "; } SetOption OPT_SAVEPATH, "uudst/"; # now wade through all files and their source parts $i = 0; while ($uu = GetFileListItem $i) { $i++; print "file nr. $i"; print " state ", $uu->state; print " mode ", $uu->mode; print " uudet ", strencoding $uu->uudet; print " size ", $uu->size; print " filename ", $uu->filename; print " subfname ", $uu->subfname; print " mimeid ", $uu->mimeid; print " mimetype ", $uu->mimetype; print " "; # print additional info about all parts for ($uu->parts) { while (my ($k, $v) = each %$_) { print "$k > $v, "; } print " "; } print $uu->filename; $uu->remove_temp; if (my $err = $uu->decode ()) { print ", ", strerror $err, " "; } else { print ", saved as uudst/", $uu->filename, " "; } } print "cleanup... "; CleanUp; AUTHOR
Marc Lehmann <>, the original uulib library was written by Frank Pilhofer <>, and later heavily bugfixed by Marc Lehmann. SEE ALSO
perl(1), uudeview homepage at perl v5.14.2 2011-05-29 UUlib(3pm)
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