Linux and UNIX Man Pages

Test Your Knowledge in Computers #963
Difficulty: Medium
Conficker, also known as Downup, Downadup and Kido, was a computer worm targeting the Microsoft Windows operating system that was first detected in November 2008.
True or False?
Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

gigextract(1) [debian man page]

gigextract(1)							   libgig tools 						     gigextract(1)

gigextract - Extract samples from Gigasampler (.gig) files. SYNOPSIS
Extract samples from Gigasampler (.gig) files. All extracted samples will be written in .wav format. You must at least supply name of the .gig input file and an output path where all extracted samples should be written to. By default gigextract extracts all samples contained in the Gigasampler file, even if they are not linked by any instrument in the .gig file, but you can also extract only particular samples by supplying a list of samples indices at the end of the command line. You can use the gigdump tool to see the list of available samples and their sample indices of a Gigasampler file. OPTIONS
GIGFILE filename of the input Gigasampler file DESTDIR output path where all samples should be extracted to SAMPLENR optional index of sample(s) to be exclusively extracted -v print version and exit SEE ALSO
gigdump(1) BUGS
None. Report bugs to Author Written by Christian Schoenebeck <> libgig 3.3.0 8 May 2005 gigextract(1)

Check Out this Related Man Page

MIXER(1)						  The Canonical Csound Reference						  MIXER(1)

mixer - Mixes together a number of soundfiles. . DESCRIPTION
Mixes together a number of soundfiles, starting at different times and with individual channel selection from the input files. SYNTAX
mixer [OPTIONS ... ] infile [[OPTIONS... ] infile] ... INITIALIZATION
Flags: o -A = Generate an AIFF output file. o -W = Generate an WAV output file. o -h = Generate an output file with no header. o -c = Generate 8-bit signed_char sound samples. o -a = Generate alaw sound samples. o -u = Generate ulaw sound samples. o -s = Generate short integer sound samples. o -l = Generate long (32 bit) integer sound samples. o -f = Generate floating point samples. o -F arg = Specifies the gain to be applied to the following input file. If arg is a floating point number that gain is applied uniformly to the input. Alternatively it could be a file name which specifies a breakpoint file for varying the gain for different periods. o -S integer = Indicate at which sample to start to mix in the next input file. o -T fpnum = Indicate at which time (in seconds) to start to mix in the next input file. o -1 = Mix in channel 1 from next sound file. o -2 = Mix in channel 2 from next sound file. o -3 = Mix in channel 3 from next sound file. o -4 = Mix in channel 4 from next sound file. o -^ intx inty = Mix in channel x from next sound file as channel y in the output. o -v = Verbose mode. o -R = Continually rewrite the header while writing soundfile (WAV/AIFF). o -H integer = Show a "heart-beat" to indicate progress, in style 1, 2 or 3. o -N = Alert call (usually ringing the bell) when finished. o -o fname = output file name (default: test.wav) EXAMPLES
The default values are mixer -s -otest -F 1.0 -S 0 For example mixer -F 0.96 in1.wav -S 300 -2 in2.aiff -S 300 -^4 1 in3.wav -o out.wav This creates a new sound file with a constant gain of 0.96 from in1.wav with the second channel of in2.aiff mixed in after 300 samples and channel 4 of in3.wav outpout as channel 1 after 300 samples. CREDITS
Author: John ffitch 1994 AUTHORS
Barry Vercoe MIT Media Lab Author. Dan Ellis MIT Media Lab, Cambridge Massachussetts Author. COPYRIGHT
5.10 08/01/2011 MIXER(1)

13 More Discussions You Might Find Interesting

1. Shell Programming and Scripting

Adding the individual columns of a matrix.

I have a huge matrix file containing some 1.5 million rows and 6000 columns. The matrix looks something like this: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 3 4 5 I want to add all the numbers in the columns of this matrix and display the result to my stdout. This means that the numbers in the first column are: ... (2 Replies)
Discussion started by: shoaibjameel123
2 Replies

2. Shell Programming and Scripting

awk or sed - Convert 2 lines to 1 line

Hi, Just trying to get to grips with sed and awk for some reporting for work and I need some assistance: I have a file that lists policy names on the first line and then on the second line whether the policy is active or not. Policy Name: Policy1 Active: yes Policy... (8 Replies)
Discussion started by: guinch
8 Replies

3. Shell Programming and Scripting

How can I do this in VI editor?

version info : vi availabe with RHEL 5.4 I have a text file with 10,000 lines. I want to copy lines from 5000th line to 7000th and redirect to a file. Any idea how I can do this? Note: The above scenario is just an example. In my actual requirement, the file has 14 million lines and I want... (9 Replies)
Discussion started by: kraljic
9 Replies

4. Fedora

Is UNIX an open source OS ?

Hi everyone, I know the following questions are noobish questions but I am asking them because I am confused about the basics of history behind UNIX and LINUX. Ok onto business, my questions are-: Was/Is UNIX ever an open source operating system ? If UNIX was... (21 Replies)
Discussion started by: sreyan32
21 Replies

5. What is on Your Mind?


Hello, I couldn't find an actual introduction thread, so I decided to just put this here. I go by d0wngrade online. I have been programming in multiple languages for about 15+ years. I started with standard web design languages like HTML and CSS, but I then advanced from design to development... (2 Replies)
Discussion started by: d0wngrade
2 Replies

6. UNIX for Advanced & Expert Users

Detecting unused variables...

Hi guys... The first active code line in is set -u . This causes a complete exit if a variable is used/found but has not been allocated at the start of the program. However, apart from writing code to do the task, is there a switch to to check which variables have been... (17 Replies)
Discussion started by: wisecracker
17 Replies

7. Shell Programming and Scripting

One instance of comparing grep and awk

Hi. In thread rovf and I had a mini-discussion on grep and awk. Here is a demo script that compares the awk and grep approaches for this single problem: #!/usr/bin/env bash # @(#) s2 Demonstrate group... (1 Reply)
Discussion started by: drl
1 Replies

8. Shell Programming and Scripting

Find columns in a file based on header and print to new file

Hello, I have to fish out some specific columns from a file based on the header value. I have the list of columns I need in a different file. I thought I could read in the list of headers I need, # file with header names of required columns in required order headers_file=$2 # read contents... (11 Replies)
Discussion started by: LMHmedchem
11 Replies

9. OS X (Apple)

Installing Dash Shell on OS X Lion

For those interested in installing dash shell on OSX Lion to help test POSIX compliancy of shell scripts, it is quite easy. I did it like this: If you don't have gcc on your system: 0. Download and install the Command Line Tools for Xcode package from Sign In - Apple * 1. Download the dash... (2 Replies)
Discussion started by: Scrutinizer
2 Replies

10. UNIX for Beginners Questions & Answers

Weird 'find' results

Hello and thanks in advance for any help anyone can offer me I'm trying to learn the find command and thought I was understanding it... Apparently I was wrong. I was doing compound searches and I started getting weird results with the -size test. I was trying to do a search on a 1G file owned by... (14 Replies)
Discussion started by: bodisha
14 Replies

11. UNIX for Beginners Questions & Answers

How to copy a column of multiple files and paste into new excel file (next to column)?

I have data of an excel files as given below, file1 org1_1 1 1 2.5 100 org1_2 1 2 5.5 98 org1_3 1 3 7.2 88 file2 org2_1 1 1 2.5 100 org2_2 1 2 5.5 56 org2_3 1 3 7.2 70 I have multiple excel files as above shown. I have to copy column 1, column 4 and paste into a new excel file as... (26 Replies)
Discussion started by: dineshkumarsrk
26 Replies

12. What is on Your Mind?

New UNIX and Linux History Sections

Dear All, Taking a break from Vue.js coding for the site, SEO and YT videos; and hopefully addressing some well deserved criticism from some here that I have been too focused on the visual aspects of the forums versus the substance and the community.... While the "current generation... (9 Replies)
Discussion started by: Neo
9 Replies

13. Programming

My first PERL incarnation... Audio Oscillograph

Hi all... Well guys and gals, I jumped in at the deep end and found things that PERL cannot do by default. Many tricky terminal escape codes are not catered for so I had to create workarounds. One thing I searched for was this: Passing perl variable to shell command AND, @Neo this was... (15 Replies)
Discussion started by: wisecracker
15 Replies

Featured Tech Videos