saned(8) SANE Scanner Access Now Easy saned(8)
saned - SANE network daemon
saned [ -a [ username ] | -d [ n ] | -s [ n ] | -h ]
saned is the SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy) daemon that allows remote clients to access image acquisition devices available on the local
The -a flag requests that saned run in standalone daemon mode. In this mode, saned will detach from the console and run in the background,
listening for incoming client connections; inetd is not required for saned operations in this mode. If the optional username is given after
-a , saned will drop root privileges and run as this user (and group).
The -d and -s flags request that saned run in debug mode (as opposed to inetd(8) daemon mode). In this mode, saned explicitly waits for a
connection request. When compiled with debugging enabled, these flags may be followed by a number to request debug info. The larger the
number, the more verbose the debug output. E.g., -d128 will request printing of all debug info. Debug level 0 means no debug output at
all. The default value is 2. If flag -d is used, the debug messages will be printed to stderr while -s requests using syslog.
If saned is run from inetd, xinetd or systemd, no option can be given.
The -h flag displays a short help message.
First and foremost: saned is not intended to be exposed to the internet or other non-trusted networks. Make sure that access is limited by
tcpwrappers and/or a firewall setup. Don't depend only on saned's own authentication. Don't run saned as root if it's not necessary. And do
not install saned as setuid root.
The saned.conf configuration file contains both options for the daemon and the access list.
data_portrange = min_port - max_port
Specify the port range to use for the data connection. Pick a port range between 1024 and 65535; don't pick a too large port range,
as it may have performance issues. Use this option if your saned server is sitting behind a firewall. If that firewall is a Linux
machine, we strongly recommend using the Netfilter nf_conntrack_sane module instead.
The access list is a list of host names, IP addresses or IP subnets (CIDR notation) that are permitted to use local SANE devices. IPv6
addresses must be enclosed in brackets, and should always be specified in their compressed form. Connections from localhost are always per-
mitted. Empty lines and lines starting with a hash mark (#) are ignored. A line containing the single character ``+'' is interpreted to
match any hostname. This allows any remote machine to use your scanner and may present a security risk, so this shouldn't be used unless
you know what you're doing.
A sample configuration file is shown below:
# Daemon options
data_portrange = 10000 - 10100
# Access list
# this is a comment
The case of the host names does not matter, so AHost.COM is considered identical to ahost.com.
SERVER DAEMON CONFIGURATION
For saned to work properly in its default mode of operation, it is also necessary to add the appropriate configuration for (x)inetd or sys-
temd. (see below). Note that your inetd must support IPv6 if you want to connect to saned over IPv6 ; xinetd, openbsd-inetd and systemd
are known to support IPv6, check the documentation for your inetd daemon.
In the sections below the configuration for inetd, xinetd and systemd are described in more detail.
For the configurations below it is necessary to add a line of the following form to /etc/services:
sane-port 6566/tcp # SANE network scanner daemon
The official IANA short name for port 6566 is "sane-port". The older name "sane" is now deprecated.
It is required to add a single line to the inetd configuration file (/etc/inetd.conf)
The configuration line normally looks like this:
sane-port stream tcp nowait saned.saned /usr/sbin/saned saned
However, if your system uses tcpd(8) for additional security screening, you may want to disable saned access control by putting
``+'' in saned.conf and use a line of the following form in /etc/inetd.conf instead:
sane-port stream tcp nowait saned.saned /usr/sbin/tcpd /usr/sbin/saned
Note that both examples assume that there is a saned group and a saned user. If you follow this example, please make sure that the
access permissions on the special device are set such that saned can access the scanner (the program generally needs read and write
access to scanner devices).
If xinetd is installed on your system instead of inetd the following example for /etc/xinetd.conf may be helpful:
# default: off
# description: The sane server accepts requests
# for network access to a local scanner via the
port = 6566
socket_type = stream
wait = no
user = saned
group = saned
server = /usr/sbin/saned
for systemd we need to add 2 configuation files in /etc/systemd/system.
The first file we need to add here is called saned.socket. It shall have the following contents:
Description=saned incoming socket
The second file to be added is saned@.service with the following contents:
# Environment=SANE_CONFIG_DIR=/etc/sane.d SANE_DEBUG_DLL=255
Is you need to set an environment variable for saned like SANE_CONFIG_DIR you will have to remove the # on the last line and set the vari-
able appropriately. Multiple variables can be set by separating the assignments by spaces as shown in the example above.
Unlike (x)inetd systemd allows debugging output from backends set using SANE_DEBUG_<backend_name> to be captured. With the service unit as
described above, the debugging output is forwarded to the system log.
The hosts listed in this file are permitted to access all local SANE devices. Caveat: this file imposes serious security risks and
its use is not recommended.
Contains a list of hosts permitted to access local SANE devices (see also description of SANE_CONFIG_DIR below).
If this file contains lines of the form
access to the listed backends is restricted. A backend may be listed multiple times for different user/password combinations. The
server uses MD5 hashing if supported by the client.
This environment variable specifies the list of directories that may contain the configuration file. Under UNIX, the directories
are separated by a colon (`:'), under OS/2, they are separated by a semi-colon (`;'). If this variable is not set, the configura-
tion file is searched in two default directories: first, the current working directory (".") and then in /etc/sane.d. If the value
of the environment variable ends with the directory separator character, then the default directories are searched after the explic-
itly specified directories. For example, setting SANE_CONFIG_DIR to "/tmp/config:" would result in directories "tmp/config", ".",
and "/etc/sane.d" being searched (in this order).
sane(7), scanimage(1), xscanimage(1), xcam(1), sane-dll(5), sane-net(5), sane-"backendname"(5)
20 Apr 2009 saned(8)