SUDO(5) BSD File Formats Manual SUDO(5)
sudo.conf -- configuration for sudo front end
The sudo.conf file is used to configure the sudo front end. It specifies the security policy and I/O logging plugins, debug flags as well as
plugin-agnostic path names and settings.
The sudo.conf file supports the following directives, described in detail below.
Plugin a security policy or I/O logging plugin
Path a plugin-agnostic path
Set a front end setting, such as disable_coredump or group_source
Debug debug flags to aid in debugging sudo, sudoreplay, visudo, and the sudoers plugin.
The pound sign ('#') is used to indicate a comment. Both the comment character and any text after it, up to the end of the line, are
Non-comment lines that don't begin with Plugin, Path, Debug, or Set are silently ignored.
The sudo.conf file is always parsed in the ``C'' locale.
sudo supports a plugin architecture for security policies and input/output logging. Third parties can develop and distribute their own pol-
icy and I/O logging plugins to work seamlessly with the sudo front end. Plugins are dynamically loaded based on the contents of sudo.conf.
A Plugin line consists of the Plugin keyword, followed by the symbol_name and the path to the shared object containing the plugin. The
symbol_name is the name of the struct policy_plugin or struct io_plugin in the plugin shared object. The path may be fully qualified or rel-
ative. If not fully qualified, it is relative to the /usr/libexec directory. In other words:
Plugin sudoers_policy sudoers.so
is equivalent to:
Plugin sudoers_policy /usr/libexec/sudoers.so
Any additional parameters after the path are passed as arguments to the plugin's open function. For example, to override the compile-time
default sudoers file mode:
Plugin sudoers_policy sudoers.so sudoers_mode=0440
If no sudo.conf file is present, or if it contains no Plugin lines, the sudoers plugin will be used as the default security policy and for
I/O logging (if enabled by the policy). This is equivalent to the following:
Plugin policy_plugin sudoers.so
Plugin io_plugin sudoers.so
For more information on the sudo plugin architecture, see the sudo_plugin(8) manual.
A Path line consists of the Path keyword, followed by the name of the path to set and its value. For example:
Path noexec /usr/libexec/sudo_noexec.so
Path askpass /usr/X11R6/bin/ssh-askpass
The following plugin-agnostic paths may be set in the /etc/sudo.conf file:
askpass The fully qualified path to a helper program used to read the user's password when no terminal is available. This may be the case
when sudo is executed from a graphical (as opposed to text-based) application. The program specified by askpass should display the
argument passed to it as the prompt and write the user's password to the standard output. The value of askpass may be overridden
by the SUDO_ASKPASS environment variable.
noexec The fully-qualified path to a shared library containing dummy versions of the execv(), execve() and fexecve() library functions
that just return an error. This is used to implement the noexec functionality on systems that support LD_PRELOAD or its equiva-
lent. The default value is: /usr/libexec/sudo_noexec.so.
The sudo.conf file also supports the following front end settings:
Core dumps of sudo itself are disabled by default. To aid in debugging sudo crashes, you may wish to re-enable core dumps by set-
ting ``disable_coredump'' to false in sudo.conf as follows:
Set disable_coredump false
Note that most operating systems disable core dumps from setuid programs, including sudo. To actually get a sudo core file you
will likely need to enable core dumps for setuid processes. On BSD and Linux systems this is accomplished via the sysctl command.
On Solaris, the coreadm command is used to configure core dump behavior.
This setting is only available in sudo version 1.8.4 and higher.
sudo versions 1.8.4 and higher support a flexible debugging framework that can help track down what sudo is doing internally if there is a
A Debug line consists of the Debug keyword, followed by the name of the program (or plugin) to debug (sudo, visudo, sudoreplay, sudoers), the
debug file name and a comma-separated list of debug flags. The debug flag syntax used by sudo and the sudoers plugin is subsystem@priority
but a plugin is free to use a different format so long as it does not include a comma (',').
Debug sudo /var/log/sudo_debug all@warn,plugin@info
would log all debugging statements at the warn level and higher in addition to those at the info level for the plugin subsystem.
Currently, only one Debug entry per program is supported. The sudo Debug entry is shared by the sudo front end, sudoedit and the plugins. A
future release may add support for per-plugin Debug lines and/or support for multiple debugging files for a single program.
The priorities used by the sudo front end, in order of decreasing severity, are: crit, err, warn, notice, diag, info, trace and debug. Each
priority, when specified, also includes all priorities higher than it. For example, a priority of notice would include debug messages logged
at notice and higher.
The following subsystems are used by the sudo front-end:
all matches every subsystem
args command line argument processing
conv user conversation
exec command execution
main sudo main function
netif network interface handling
pcomm communication with the plugin
plugin plugin configuration
pty pseudo-tty related code
selinux SELinux-specific handling
util utility functions
utmp utmp handling
/etc/sudo.conf sudo front end configuration
# Default /etc/sudo.conf file
# Plugin plugin_name plugin_path plugin_options ...
# Path askpass /path/to/askpass
# Path noexec /path/to/sudo_noexec.so
# Debug sudo /var/log/sudo_debug all@warn
# Set disable_coredump true
# The plugin_path is relative to /usr/libexec unless
# fully qualified.
# The plugin_name corresponds to a global symbol in the plugin
# that contains the plugin interface structure.
# The plugin_options are optional.
# The sudoers plugin is used by default if no Plugin lines are
Plugin policy_plugin sudoers.so
Plugin io_plugin sudoers.so
# Sudo askpass:
# An askpass helper program may be specified to provide a graphical
# password prompt for "sudo -A" support. Sudo does not ship with
# its own askpass program but can use the OpenSSH askpass.
# Use the OpenSSH askpass
#Path askpass /usr/X11R6/bin/ssh-askpass
# Use the Gnome OpenSSH askpass
#Path askpass /usr/libexec/openssh/gnome-ssh-askpass
# Sudo noexec:
# Path to a shared library containing dummy versions of the execv(),
# execve() and fexecve() library functions that just return an error.
# This is used to implement the "noexec" functionality on systems that
# support C<LD_PRELOAD> or its equivalent.
# The compiled-in value is usually sufficient and should only be
# changed if you rename or move the sudo_noexec.so file.
#Path noexec /usr/libexec/sudo_noexec.so
# Core dumps:
# By default, sudo disables core dumps while it is executing
# (they are re-enabled for the command that is run).
# To aid in debugging sudo problems, you may wish to enable core
# dumps by setting "disable_coredump" to false.
#Set disable_coredump false
sudoers(5), sudo(8), sudo_plugin(8)
See the HISTORY file in the sudo distribution (http://www.sudo.ws/sudo/history.html) for a brief history of sudo.
Many people have worked on sudo over the years; this version consists of code written primarily by:
Todd C. Miller
See the CONTRIBUTORS file in the sudo distribution (http://www.sudo.ws/sudo/contributors.html) for an exhaustive list of people who have con-
tributed to sudo.
If you feel you have found a bug in sudo, please submit a bug report at http://www.sudo.ws/sudo/bugs/
Limited free support is available via the sudo-users mailing list, see http://www.sudo.ws/mailman/listinfo/sudo-users to subscribe or search
sudo is provided ``AS IS'' and any express or implied warranties, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability
and fitness for a particular purpose are disclaimed. See the LICENSE file distributed with sudo or http://www.sudo.ws/sudo/license.html for
Sudo 1.8.6p7 February 5, 2013 Sudo 1.8.6p7