SYSTEMD.PRESET(5) systemd.preset SYSTEMD.PRESET(5)
systemd.preset - Service enablement presets
Preset files may be used to encode policy which units shall be enabled by default and which ones shall be disabled. They are read by
systemctl preset (for more information see systemctl(1)) which uses this information to enable or disable a unit according to preset
policy. systemctl preset is used by the post install scriptlets of RPM packages (or other OS package formats), to enable/disable specific
units by default on package installation, enforcing distribution, spin or administrator preset policy. This allows choosing a certain set
of units to be enabled/disabled even before installing the actual package.
For more information on the preset logic please have a look at the Presets document.
It is not recommended to ship preset files within the respective software packages implementing the units, but rather centralize them in a
distribution or spin default policy, which can be amended by administrator policy.
If no preset files exist, systemctl preset will enable all units that are installed by default. If this is not desired and all units shall
rather be disabled, it is necessary to ship a preset file with a single, catchall "disable *" line. (See example 1, below.)
PRESET FILE FORMAT
The preset files contain a list of directives consisting of either the word "enable" or "disable" followed by a space and a unit name
(possibly with shell style wildcards), separated by newlines. Empty lines and lines whose first non-whitespace character is # or ; are
Two different directives are understood: "enable" may be used to enable units by default, "disable" to disable units by default.
If multiple lines apply to a unit name, the first matching one takes precedence over all others.
Each preset file shall be named in the style of <priority>-<program>.conf. Files in /etc/ override files with the same name in /usr/lib/
and /run/. Files in /run/ override files with the same name in /usr/lib/. Packages should install their preset files in /usr/lib/. Files in
/etc/ are reserved for the local administrator, who may use this logic to override the preset files installed by vendor packages. All
preset files are sorted by their filename in lexicographic order, regardless of which of the directories they reside in. If multiple files
specify the same unit name, the entry in the file with the lexicographically earliest name will be applied. It is recommended to prefix all
filenames with a two-digit number and a dash, to simplify the ordering of the files.
If the administrator wants to disable a preset file supplied by the vendor, the recommended way is to place a symlink to /dev/null in
/etc/systemd/system-preset/ bearing the same filename.
Example 1. Default off example /usr/lib/systemd/system-preset/99-default.preset:
This disables all units. Due to the filename prefix "99-", it will be read last and hence can easily be overridden by spin or administrator
preset policy or suchlike.
Example 2. A GNOME spin example /usr/lib/systemd/system-preset/50-gnome.preset:
This enables the three mentioned units, plus all avahi-daemon regardless of which unit type. A file like this could be useful for inclusion
in a GNOME spin of a distribution. It will ensure that the units necessary for GNOME are properly enabled as they are installed. It leaves
all other units untouched, and subject to other (later) preset files, for example like the one from the first example above.
Example 3. Administrator policy /etc/systemd/system-preset/00-lennart.preset:
This enables three specific services and disables all others. This is useful for administrators to specifically select the units to enable,
and disable all others. Due to the filename prefix "00-" it will be read early and hence overrides all other preset policy files.
systemd(1), systemctl(1), systemd-delta(1)
systemd 208 SYSTEMD.PRESET(5)