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tmpnam(3p) [centos man page]

TMPNAM(3P)						     POSIX Programmer's Manual							TMPNAM(3P)

PROLOG
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the correspond- ing Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux. NAME
tmpnam - create a name for a temporary file SYNOPSIS
#include <stdio.h> char *tmpnam(char *s); DESCRIPTION
The tmpnam() function shall generate a string that is a valid filename and that is not the same as the name of an existing file. The func- tion is potentially capable of generating {TMP_MAX} different strings, but any or all of them may already be in use by existing files and thus not be suitable return values. The tmpnam() function generates a different string each time it is called from the same process, up to {TMP_MAX} times. If it is called more than {TMP_MAX} times, the behavior is implementation-defined. The implementation shall behave as if no function defined in this volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 calls tmpnam(). If the application uses any of the functions guaranteed to be available if either _POSIX_THREAD_SAFE_FUNCTIONS or _POSIX_THREADS is defined, the application shall ensure that the tmpnam() function is called with a non-NULL parameter. RETURN VALUE
Upon successful completion, tmpnam() shall return a pointer to a string. If no suitable string can be generated, the tmpnam() function shall return a null pointer. If the argument s is a null pointer, tmpnam() shall leave its result in an internal static object and return a pointer to that object. Sub- sequent calls to tmpnam() may modify the same object. If the argument s is not a null pointer, it is presumed to point to an array of at least L_tmpnam chars; tmpnam() shall write its result in that array and shall return the argument as its value. ERRORS
No errors are defined. The following sections are informative. EXAMPLES
Generating a Filename The following example generates a unique filename and stores it in the array pointed to by ptr. #include <stdio.h> ... char filename[L_tmpnam+1]; char *ptr; ptr = tmpnam(filename); APPLICATION USAGE
This function only creates filenames. It is the application's responsibility to create and remove the files. Between the time a pathname is created and the file is opened, it is possible for some other process to create a file with the same name. Applications may find tmpfile() more useful. RATIONALE
None. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
None. SEE ALSO
fopen(), open(), tempnam(), tmpfile(), unlink(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <stdio.h> COPYRIGHT
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technol- ogy -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html . IEEE
/The Open Group 2003 TMPNAM(3P)

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TEMPNAM(3P)						     POSIX Programmer's Manual						       TEMPNAM(3P)

PROLOG
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the correspond- ing Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux. NAME
tempnam - create a name for a temporary file SYNOPSIS
#include <stdio.h> char *tempnam(const char *dir, const char *pfx); DESCRIPTION
The tempnam() function shall generate a pathname that may be used for a temporary file. The tempnam() function allows the user to control the choice of a directory. The dir argument points to the name of the directory in which the file is to be created. If dir is a null pointer or points to a string which is not a name for an appropriate directory, the path prefix defined as P_tmpdir in the <stdio.h> header shall be used. If that directory is not accessible, an implementation-defined directory may be used. Many applications prefer their temporary files to have certain initial letter sequences in their names. The pfx argument should be used for this. This argument may be a null pointer or point to a string of up to five bytes to be used as the beginning of the filename. Some implementations of tempnam() may use tmpnam() internally. On such implementations, if called more than {TMP_MAX} times in a single process, the behavior is implementation-defined. RETURN VALUE
Upon successful completion, tempnam() shall allocate space for a string, put the generated pathname in that space, and return a pointer to it. The pointer shall be suitable for use in a subsequent call to free(). Otherwise, it shall return a null pointer and set errno to indi- cate the error. ERRORS
The tempnam() function shall fail if: ENOMEM Insufficient storage space is available. The following sections are informative. EXAMPLES
Generating a Pathname The following example generates a pathname for a temporary file in directory /tmp, with the prefix file. After the filename has been cre- ated, the call to free() deallocates the space used to store the filename. #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> ... char *directory = "/tmp"; char *fileprefix = "file"; char *file; file = tempnam(directory, fileprefix); free(file); APPLICATION USAGE
This function only creates pathnames. It is the application's responsibility to create and remove the files. Between the time a pathname is created and the file is opened, it is possible for some other process to create a file with the same name. Applications may find tmpfile() more useful. RATIONALE
None. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
None. SEE ALSO
fopen(), free(), open(), tmpfile(), tmpnam(), unlink(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <stdio.h> COPYRIGHT
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technol- ogy -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html . IEEE
/The Open Group 2003 TEMPNAM(3P)
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