MKDIR(2) Linux Programmer's Manual MKDIR(2)
mkdir - create a directory
int mkdir(const char *pathname, mode_t mode);
mkdir() attempts to create a directory named pathname.
The argument mode specifies the permissions to use. It is modified by the process's umask
in the usual way: the permissions of the created directory are (mode & ~umask & 0777).
Other mode bits of the created directory depend on the operating system. For Linux, see
The newly created directory will be owned by the effective user ID of the process. If the
directory containing the file has the set-group-ID bit set, or if the file system is
mounted with BSD group semantics (mount -o bsdgroups or, synonymously mount -o grpid), the
new directory will inherit the group ownership from its parent; otherwise it will be owned
by the effective group ID of the process.
If the parent directory has the set-group-ID bit set then so will the newly created direc-
mkdir() returns zero on success, or -1 if an error occurred (in which case, errno is set
EACCES The parent directory does not allow write permission to the process, or one of the
directories in pathname did not allow search permission. (See also path_resolu-
EDQUOT The user's quota of disk blocks or inodes on the file system has been exhausted.
EEXIST pathname already exists (not necessarily as a directory). This includes the case
where pathname is a symbolic link, dangling or not.
EFAULT pathname points outside your accessible address space.
ELOOP Too many symbolic links were encountered in resolving pathname.
EMLINK The number of links to the parent directory would exceed LINK_MAX.
pathname was too long.
ENOENT A directory component in pathname does not exist or is a dangling symbolic link.
ENOMEM Insufficient kernel memory was available.
ENOSPC The device containing pathname has no room for the new directory.
ENOSPC The new directory cannot be created because the user's disk quota is exhausted.
A component used as a directory in pathname is not, in fact, a directory.
EPERM The file system containing pathname does not support the creation of directories.
EROFS pathname refers to a file on a read-only file system.
SVr4, BSD, POSIX.1-2001.
Under Linux apart from the permission bits, only the S_ISVTX mode bit is honored. That
is, under Linux the created directory actually gets mode (mode & ~umask & 01777). See
There are many infelicities in the protocol underlying NFS. Some of these affect mkdir().
mkdir(1), chmod(2), chown(2), mkdirat(2), mknod(2), mount(2), rmdir(2), stat(2), umask(2),
This page is part of release 3.53 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the
project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at
Linux 2013-01-27 MKDIR(2)