GETCPU(2) Linux Programmer's Manual GETCPU(2)
getcpu - determine CPU and NUMA node on which the calling thread is running
int getcpu(unsigned *cpu, unsigned *node, struct getcpu_cache *tcache);
Note: There is no glibc wrapper for this system call; see NOTES.
The getcpu() system call identifies the processor and node on which the calling thread or
process is currently running and writes them into the integers pointed to by the cpu and
node arguments. The processor is a unique small integer identifying a CPU. The node is a
unique small identifier identifying a NUMA node. When either cpu or node is NULL nothing
is written to the respective pointer.
The third argument to this system call is nowadays unused, and should be specified as NULL
unless portability to Linux 2.6.23 or earlier is required (see NOTES).
The information placed in cpu is guaranteed to be current only at the time of the call:
unless the CPU affinity has been fixed using sched_setaffinity(2), the kernel might change
the CPU at any time. (Normally this does not happen because the scheduler tries to mini-
mize movements between CPUs to keep caches hot, but it is possible.) The caller must
allow for the possibility that the information returned in cpu and node is no longer cur-
rent by the time the call returns.
On success, 0 is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.
EFAULT Arguments point outside the calling process's address space.
getcpu() was added in kernel 2.6.19 for x86_64 and i386.
getcpu() is Linux specific.
Linux makes a best effort to make this call as fast possible. The intention of getcpu()
is to allow programs to make optimizations with per-CPU data or for NUMA optimization.
Glibc does not provide a wrapper for this system call; call it using syscall(2); or use
The tcache argument is unused since Linux 2.6.24. In earlier kernels, if this argument
was non-NULL, then it specified a pointer to a caller-allocated buffer in thread-local
storage that was used to provide a caching mechanism for getcpu(). Use of the cache could
speed getcpu() calls, at the cost that there was a very small chance that the returned
information would be out of date. The caching mechanism was considered to cause problems
when migrating threads between CPUs, and so the argument is now ignored.
mbind(2), sched_setaffinity(2), set_mempolicy(2), sched_getcpu(3), cpuset(7)
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Linux 2013-04-03 GETCPU(2)