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XINIT(1)										 XINIT(1)

NAME
       xinit - X Window System initializer

SYNOPSIS
       xinit [ [ client ] options ... ] [ -- [ server ] [ display ] options ... ]

DESCRIPTION
       The  xinit  program is used to start the X Window System server and a first client program
       on systems that are not using a display manager such as xdm(1) or in environments that use
       multiple  window  systems.  When this first client exits, xinit will kill the X server and
       then terminate.

       If no specific client program is given on the command line, xinit will look for a file  in
       the user's home directory called .xinitrc to run as a shell script to start up client pro-
       grams.  If no such file exists, xinit will use the following as a default:

	    xterm  -geometry  +1+1  -n	login  -display  :0

       If no specific server program is given on the command line, xinit will look for a file  in
       the  user's  home  directory  called  .xserverrc  to run as a shell script to start up the
       server.	If no such file exists, xinit will use the following as a default:

	    X  :0

       Note that this assumes that there is a program named X in the current  search  path.   The
       site administrator should, therefore, make a link to the appropriate type of server on the
       machine, or create a shell script that runs xinit with the appropriate server.

       Note, when using a .xserverrc script be sure to ``exec'' the real X server.  Failing to do
       this can make the X server slow to start and exit.  For example:

	    exec Xdisplaytype

       An  important  point is that programs which are run by .xinitrc should be run in the back-
       ground if they do not exit right away, so that they  don't  prevent  other  programs  from
       starting  up.   However,  the last long-lived program started (usually a window manager or
       terminal emulator) should be left in the foreground so that the script won't  exit  (which
       indicates that the user is done and that xinit should exit).

       An  alternate  client  and/or  server  may  be specified on the command line.  The desired
       client program and its arguments should be given as the first command  line  arguments  to
       xinit.	To  specify  a	particular  server command line, append a double dash (--) to the
       xinit command line (after any client and arguments) followed by the  desired  server  com-
       mand.

       Both  the client program name and the server program name must begin with a slash (/) or a
       period (.).  Otherwise, they are treated as an arguments to be appended to  their  respec-
       tive  startup lines.  This makes it possible to add arguments (for example, foreground and
       background colors) without having to retype the whole command line.

       If an explicit server name is not given and the first argument following the  double  dash
       (--)  is  a  colon  followed  by a digit, xinit will use that number as the display number
       instead of zero.  All remaining arguments are appended to the server command line.

EXAMPLES
       Below are several examples of how command line arguments in xinit are used.

       xinit   This will start up a server named X and run the user's .xinitrc, if it exists,  or
	       else start an xterm.

       xinit -- /usr/local/bin/Xvnc  :1
	       This is how one could start a specific type of server on an alternate display.

       xinit -geometry =80x65+10+10 -fn 8x13 -j -fg white -bg navy
	       This  will  start  up a server named X, and will append the given arguments to the
	       default xterm command.  It will ignore .xinitrc.

       xinit -e widgets -- ./Xorg -l -c
	       This will use the command .Xorg -l -c to start the  server  and	will  append  the
	       arguments -e widgets to the default xterm command.

       xinit /usr/ucb/rsh fasthost cpupig -display ws:1 --  :1 -a 2 -t 5
	       This  will  start  a server named X on display 1 with the arguments -a 2 -t 5.  It
	       will then start a remote shell on the machine fasthost in which it  will  run  the
	       command cpupig, telling it to display back on the local workstation.

       Below  is  a sample .xinitrc that starts a clock, several terminals, and leaves the window
       manager running as the ``last'' application.  Assuming that the window  manager	has  been
       configured properly, the user then chooses the ``Exit'' menu item to shut down X.

	       xrdb -load $HOME/.Xresources
	       xsetroot -solid gray &
	       xclock -g 50x50-0+0 -bw 0 &
	       xload -g 50x50-50+0 -bw 0 &
	       xterm -g 80x24+0+0 &
	       xterm -g 80x24+0-0 &
	       twm

       Sites  that  want  to  create  a  common startup environment could simply create a default
       .xinitrc that references a site-wide startup file:

	       #!/bin/sh
	       . /usr/local/lib/site.xinitrc

       Another approach is to write a script that starts xinit	with  a  specific  shell  script.
       Such  scripts are usually named x11, xstart, or startx and are a convenient way to provide
       a simple interface for novice users:

	       #!/bin/sh
	       xinit /usr/local/lib/site.xinitrc -- /usr/bin/X -br


ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       DISPLAY	      This variable gets set to the name of the display to which  clients  should
		      connect.

       XINITRC	      This  variable specifies an init file containing shell commands to start up
		      the initial windows.  By default, .xinitrc in the home  directory  will  be
		      used.

FILES
       .xinitrc       default client script

       xterm	      client to run if .xinitrc does not exist

       .xserverrc     default server script

       X	      server to run if .xserverrc does not exist

SEE ALSO
       X(7), startx(1), Xserver(1), Xorg(1), xorg.conf(5), xterm(1)

AUTHOR
       Bob Scheifler, MIT Laboratory for Computer Science

X Version 11				   xinit 1.3.2					 XINIT(1)
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