CentOS 7.0 - man page for which (centos section 1)

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

Man Page or Keyword Search:   man
Select Man Page Set:       apropos Keyword Search (sections above)


WHICH(1)										 WHICH(1)

NAME
       which - shows the full path of (shell) commands.

SYNOPSIS
       which [options] [--] programname [...]

DESCRIPTION
       Which takes one or more arguments. For each of its arguments it prints to stdout the full
       path of the executables that would have been executed when this argument had been entered
       at the shell prompt. It does this by searching for an executable or script in the directo-
       ries listed in the environment variable PATH using the same algorithm as bash(1).

       This man page is generated from the file which.texinfo.

OPTIONS
       --all, -a
	   Print all matching executables in PATH, not just the first.

       --read-alias, -i
	   Read aliases from stdin, reporting matching ones on stdout. This is useful in combina-
	   tion with using an alias for which itself. For example
	   alias which='alias | which -i'.

       --skip-alias
	   Ignore option `--read-alias', if any. This is useful to explicity search for normal
	   binaries, while using the `--read-alias' option in an alias or function for which.

       --read-functions
	   Read shell function definitions from stdin, reporting matching ones on stdout. This is
	   useful in combination with using a shell function for which itself.	For example:
	   which() { declare -f | which --read-functions $@ }
	   export -f which

       --skip-functions
	   Ignore option `--read-functions', if any. This is useful to explicity search for nor-
	   mal binaries, while using the `--read-functions' option in an alias or function for
	   which.

       --skip-dot
	   Skip directories in PATH that start with a dot.

       --skip-tilde
	   Skip directories in PATH that start with a tilde and executables which reside in the
	   HOME directory.

       --show-dot
	   If a directory in PATH starts with a dot and a matching executable was found for that
	   path, then print "./programname" rather than the full path.

       --show-tilde
	   Output a tilde when a directory matches the HOME directory. This option is ignored
	   when which is invoked as root.

       --tty-only
	   Stop processing options on the right if not on tty.

       --version,-v,-V
	   Print version information on standard output then exit successfully.

       --help
	   Print usage information on standard output then exit successfully.

RETURN VALUE
       Which returns the number of failed arguments, or -1 when no `programname' was given.

EXAMPLE
       The recommended way to use this utility is by adding an alias (C shell) or shell function
       (Bourne shell) for which like the following:

       [ba]sh:

	    which ()
	    {
	      (alias; declare -f) | /usr/bin/which --tty-only --read-alias --read-functions --show-tilde --show-dot $@
	    }
	    export -f which

       [t]csh:

	    alias which 'alias | /usr/bin/which --tty-only --read-alias --show-dot --show-tilde'

       This  will  print the readable ~/ and ./ when starting which from your prompt, while still
       printing the full path when used from a script:

	    > which q2
	    ~/bin/q2
	    > echo `which q2`
	    /home/carlo/bin/q2

BUGS
       The HOME directory is determined by looking  for  the  HOME  environment  variable,  which
       aborts  when  this variable doesn't exist.  Which will consider two equivalent directories
       to be different when one of them contains a path with a symbolic link.

AUTHOR
       Carlo Wood <carlo@gnu.org>

SEE ALSO
       bash(1)

											 WHICH(1)
Unix & Linux Commands & Man Pages : ©2000 - 2018 Unix and Linux Forums


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 05:28 PM.

Unix & Linux Forums Content Copyright©1993-2018. All Rights Reserved.
×
UNIX.COM Login
Username:
Password:  
Show Password





Not a Forum Member?
Forgot Password?