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CentOS 7.0 - man page for pflogsumm (centos section 1)

PFLOGSUMM(1)		       User Contributed Perl Documentation		     PFLOGSUMM(1)

NAME
       pflogsumm.pl - Produce Postfix MTA logfile summary

       Copyright (C) 1998-2010 by James S. Seymour, Release 1.1.3.

SYNOPSIS
	   pflogsumm.pl -[eq] [-d <today|yesterday>] [--detail <cnt>]
	       [--bounce_detail <cnt>] [--deferral_detail <cnt>]
	       [-h <cnt>] [-i|--ignore_case] [--iso_date_time] [--mailq]
	       [-m|--uucp_mung] [--no_bounce_detail] [--no_deferral_detail]
	       [--no_no_msg_size] [--no_reject_detail] [--no_smtpd_warnings]
	       [--problems_first] [--rej_add_from] [--reject_detail <cnt>]
	       [--smtp_detail <cnt>] [--smtpd_stats]
	       [--smtpd_warning_detail <cnt>] [--syslog_name=string]
	       [-u <cnt>] [--verbose_msg_detail] [--verp_mung[=<n>]]
	       [--zero_fill] [file1 [filen]]

	   pflogsumm.pl -[help|version]

	   If no file(s) specified, reads from stdin.  Output is to stdout.

DESCRIPTION
	   Pflogsumm is a log analyzer/summarizer for the Postfix MTA.	It is
	   designed to provide an over-view of Postfix activity, with just enough
	   detail to give the administrator a "heads up" for potential trouble
	   spots.

	   Pflogsumm generates summaries and, in some cases, detailed reports of
	   mail server traffic volumes, rejected and bounced email, and server
	   warnings, errors and panics.

OPTIONS
	   --bounce_detail <cnt>

			  Limit detailed bounce reports to the top <cnt>.  0
			  to suppress entirely.

	   -d today	  generate report for just today
	   -d yesterday   generate report for just "yesterday"

	   --deferral_detail <cnt>

			  Limit detailed deferral reports to the top <cnt>.  0
			  to suppress entirely.

	   --detail <cnt>

			  Sets all --*_detail, -h and -u to <cnt>.  Is
			  over-ridden by individual settings.  --detail 0
			  suppresses *all* detail.

	   -e		  extended (extreme? excessive?) detail

			  Emit detailed reports.  At present, this includes
			  only a per-message report, sorted by sender domain,
			  then user-in-domain, then by queue i.d.

			  WARNING: the data built to generate this report can
			  quickly consume very large amounts of memory if a
			  lot of log entries are processed!

	   -h <cnt>	  top <cnt> to display in host/domain reports.

			  0 = none.

			  See also: "-u" and "--*_detail" options for further
				    report-limiting options.

	   --help	  Emit short usage message and bail out.

			  (By happy coincidence, "-h" alone does much the same,
			  being as it requires a numeric argument :-).	Yeah, I
			  know: lame.)

	   -i
	   --ignore_case  Handle complete email address in a case-insensitive
			  manner.

			  Normally pflogsumm lower-cases only the host and
			  domain parts, leaving the user part alone.  This
			  option causes the entire email address to be lower-
			  cased.

	   --iso_date_time

			  For summaries that contain date or time information,
			  use ISO 8601 standard formats (CCYY-MM-DD and HH:MM),
			  rather than "Mon DD CCYY" and "HHMM".

	   -m		  modify (mung?) UUCP-style bang-paths
	   --uucp_mung

			  This is for use when you have a mix of Internet-style
			  domain addresses and UUCP-style bang-paths in the log.
			  Upstream UUCP feeds sometimes mung Internet domain
			  style address into bang-paths.  This option can
			  sometimes undo the "damage".	For example:
			  "somehost.dom!username@foo" (where "foo" is the next
			  host upstream and "somehost.dom" was whence the email
			  originated) will get converted to
			  "foo!username@somehost.dom".	This also affects the
			  extended detail report (-e), to help ensure that by-
			   domain-by-name sorting is more accurate.

	   --mailq	  Run "mailq" command at end of report.

			  Merely a convenience feature.  (Assumes that "mailq"
			  is in $PATH.	See "$mailqCmd" variable to path thisi
			  if desired.)

	   --no_bounce_detail
	   --no_deferral_detail
	   --no_reject_detail

			  These switches are depreciated in favour of
			  --bounce_detail, --deferral_detail and
			  --reject_detail, respectively.

			  Suppresses the printing of the following detailed
			  reports, respectively:

			       message bounce detail (by relay)
			       message deferral detail
			       message reject detail

			  See also: "-u" and "-h" for further report-limiting
				    options.

	   --no_no_msg_size

			   Do not emit report on "Messages with no size data".

			   Message size is reported only by the queue manager.
			   The message may be delivered long-enough after the
			   (last) qmgr log entry that the information is not in
			   the log(s) processed by a particular run of
			   pflogsumm.pl.  This throws off "Recipients by message
			   size" and the total for "bytes delivered." These are
			   normally reported by pflogsumm as "Messages with no
			   size data."

	   --no_smtpd_warnings

			  This switch is depreciated in favour of
			  smtpd_warning_detail

			   On a busy mail server, say at an ISP, SMTPD warnings
			   can result in a rather sizeable report.  This option
			   turns reporting them off.

	   --problems_first

			  Emit "problems" reports (bounces, defers, warnings,
			  etc.) before "normal" stats.

	   --rej_add_from
			  For those reject reports that list IP addresses or
			  host/domain names: append the email from address to
			  each listing.  (Does not apply to "Improper use of
			  SMTP command pipelining" report.)

	   -q		  quiet - don't print headings for empty reports

			  note: headings for warning, fatal, and "master"
			  messages will always be printed.

	   --reject_detail <cnt>

			  Limit detailed smtpd reject, warn, hold and discard
			  reports to the top <cnt>.  0 to suppress entirely.

	   --smtp_detail <cnt>

			  Limit detailed smtp delivery reports to the top <cnt>.
			  0 to suppress entirely.

	   --smtpd_stats

			  Generate smtpd connection statistics.

			  The "per-day" report is not generated for single-day
			  reports.  For multiple-day reports: "per-hour" numbers
			  are daily averages (reflected in the report heading).

	   --smtpd_warning_detail <cnt>

			  Limit detailed smtpd warnings reports to the top <cnt>.
			  0 to suppress entirely.

	   --syslog_name=name

			  Set syslog_name to look for for Postfix log entries.

			  By default, pflogsumm looks for entries in logfiles
			  with a syslog name of "postfix," the default.
			  If you've set a non-default "syslog_name" parameter
			  in your Postfix configuration, use this option to
			  tell pflogsumm what that is.

			  See the discussion about the use of this option under
			  "NOTES," below.

	   -u <cnt>	  top <cnt> to display in user reports. 0 == none.

			  See also: "-h" and "--*_detail" options for further
				    report-limiting options.

	   --verbose_msg_detail

			  For the message deferral, bounce and reject summaries:
			  display the full "reason", rather than a truncated one.

			  Note: this can result in quite long lines in the report.

	   --verp_mung	  do "VERP" generated address (?) munging.  Convert
	   --verp_mung=2  sender addresses of the form
			  "list-return-NN-someuser=some.dom@host.sender.dom"
			   to
			     "list-return-ID-someuser=some.dom@host.sender.dom"

			   In other words: replace the numeric value with "ID".

			  By specifying the optional "=2" (second form), the
			  munging is more "aggressive", converting the address
			  to something like:

			       "list-return@host.sender.dom"

			  Actually: specifying anything less than 2 does the
			  "simple" munging and anything greater than 1 results
			  in the more "aggressive" hack being applied.

			  See "NOTES" regarding this option.

	   --version	  Print program name and version and bail out.

	   --zero_fill	  "Zero-fill" certain arrays so reports come out with
			  data in columns that that might otherwise be blank.

RETURN VALUE
	   Pflogsumm doesn't return anything of interest to the shell.

ERRORS
	   Error messages are emitted to stderr.

EXAMPLES
	   Produce a report of previous day's activities:

	       pflogsumm.pl -d yesterday /var/log/maillog

	   A report of prior week's activities (after logs rotated):

	       pflogsumm.pl /var/log/maillog.0

	   What's happened so far today:

	       pflogsumm.pl -d today /var/log/maillog

	   Crontab entry to generate a report of the previous day's activity
	   at 10 minutes after midnight.

	       10 0 * * * /usr/local/sbin/pflogsumm -d yesterday /var/log/maillog
	       2>&1 |/usr/bin/mailx -s "`uname -n` daily mail stats" postmaster

	   Crontab entry to generate a report for the prior week's activity.
	   (This example assumes one rotates ones mail logs weekly, some time
	   before 4:10 a.m. on Sunday.)

	       10 4 * * 0   /usr/local/sbin/pflogsumm /var/log/maillog.0
	       2>&1 |/usr/bin/mailx -s "`uname -n` weekly mail stats" postmaster

	   The two crontab examples, above, must actually be a single line
	   each.  They're broken-up into two-or-more lines due to page
	   formatting issues.

SEE ALSO
	   The pflogsumm FAQ: pflogsumm-faq.txt.

NOTES
	   Pflogsumm makes no attempt to catch/parse non-Postfix log
	   entries.  Unless it has "postfix/" in the log entry, it will be
	   ignored.

	   It's important that the logs are presented to pflogsumm in
	   chronological order so that message sizes are available when
	   needed.

	   For display purposes: integer values are munged into "kilo" and
	   "mega" notation as they exceed certain values.  I chose the
	   admittedly arbitrary boundaries of 512k and 512m as the points at
	   which to do this--my thinking being 512x was the largest number
	   (of digits) that most folks can comfortably grok at-a-glance.
	   These are "computer" "k" and "m", not 1000 and 1,000,000.  You
	   can easily change all of this with some constants near the
	   beginning of the program.

	   "Items-per-day" reports are not generated for single-day
	   reports.  For multiple-day reports: "Items-per-hour" numbers are
	   daily averages (reflected in the report headings).

	   Message rejects, reject warnings, holds and discards are all
	   reported under the "rejects" column for the Per-Hour and Per-Day
	   traffic summaries.

	   Verp munging may not always result in correct address and
	   address-count reduction.

	   Verp munging is always in a state of experimentation.  The use
	   of this option may result in inaccurate statistics with regards
	   to the "senders" count.

	   UUCP-style bang-path handling needs more work.  Particularly if
	   Postfix is not being run with "swap_bangpath = yes" and/or *is* being
	   run with "append_dot_mydomain = yes", the detailed by-message report
	   may not be sorted correctly by-domain-by-user.  (Also depends on
	   upstream MTA, I suspect.)

	   The "percent rejected" and "percent discarded" figures are only
	   approximations.  They are calculated as follows (example is for
	   "percent rejected"):

	       percent rejected =

		   (rejected / (delivered + rejected + discarded)) * 100

	   There are some issues with the use of --syslog_name.  The problem is
	   that, even with $syslog_name set, Postfix will sometimes still log
	   things with "postfix" as the syslog_name.  This is noted in
	   /etc/postfix/sample-misc.cf:

	       # Beware: a non-default syslog_name setting takes effect only
	       # after process initialization. Some initialization errors will be
	       # logged with the default name, especially errors while parsing
	       # the command line and errors while accessing the Postfix main.cf
	       # configuration file.

	   As a consequence, pflogsumm must always look for "postfix," in logs,
	   as well as whatever is supplied for syslog_name.

	   Where this becomes an issue is where people are running two or more
	   instances of Postfix, logging to the same file.  In such a case:

	       . Neither instance may use the default "postfix" syslog name
		 and...

	       . Log entries that fall victim to what's described in
		 sample-misc.cf will be reported under "postfix", so that if
		 you're running pflogsumm twice, once for each syslog_name, such
		 log entries will show up in each report.

	   The Pflogsumm Home Page is at:

	       http://jimsun.LinxNet.com/postfix_contrib.html

REQUIREMENTS
	   For certain options (e.g.: --smtpd_stats), Pflogsumm requires the
	   Date::Calc module, which can be obtained from CPAN at
	   http://www.perl.com.

	   Pflogsumm is currently written and tested under Perl 5.8.3.
	   As of version 19990413-02, pflogsumm worked with Perl 5.003, but
	   future compatibility is not guaranteed.

LICENSE
	   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
	   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
	   as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
	   of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

	   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
	   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
	   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
	   GNU General Public License for more details.

	   You may have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
	   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
	   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307,
	   USA.

	   An on-line copy of the GNU General Public License can be found
	   http://www.fsf.org/copyleft/gpl.html.

1.1.3					    2010-03-20				     PFLOGSUMM(1)


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