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ocsptool(1)				  User Commands 			      ocsptool(1)

NAME
       ocsptool - GnuTLS OCSP tool

SYNOPSIS
       ocsptool [-flag [value]]... [--opt-name[[=| ]value]]...

       All arguments must be options.

DESCRIPTION
       Ocsptool  is a program that can parse and print information about OCSP requests/responses,
       generate requests and verify responses.

OPTIONS
       -d number, --debug=number
	      Enable debugging..  This option takes an integer number as its argument.	The value
	      of number is constrained to being:
		  in the range	0 through 9999

	      Specifies the debug level.

       -V, --verbose
	      More verbose output.  This option may appear an unlimited number of times.

       --infile=file
	      Input file.

       --outfile=string
	      Output file.

       --ask[=server name|url]
	      Ask an OCSP/HTTP server on a certificate validity.  This option must appear in com-
	      bination with the following options: load-cert, load-issuer.

	      Connects to the specified HTTP OCSP server and queries on the validity of the
	      loaded certificate.

       -e, --verify-response
	      Verify response.

       -i, --request-info
	      Print information on a OCSP request.

       -j, --response-info
	      Print information on a OCSP response.

       -q, --generate-request
	      Generate an OCSP request.

       --nonce, --no-nonce
	      Don't add nonce to OCSP request.	The no-nonce form will disable the option.

       --load-issuer=file
	      Read issuer certificate from file.

       --load-cert=file
	      Read certificate to check from file.

       --load-trust=file
	      Read OCSP trust anchors from file.  This option must not appear in combination with
	      any of the following options: load-signer.

       --load-signer=file
	      Read OCSP response signer from file.  This option must not appear in combination
	      with any of the following options: load-trust.

       --inder, --no-inder
	      Use DER format for input certificates and private keys.  The no-inder form will
	      disable the option.

       -Q file, --load-request=file
	      Read DER encoded OCSP request from file.

       -S file, --load-response=file
	      Read DER encoded OCSP response from file.

       -h, --help
	      Display usage information and exit.

       -!, --more-help
	      Pass the extended usage information through a pager.

       -v [{v|c|n}], --version[={v|c|n}]
	      Output version of program and exit.  The default mode is `v', a simple version.
	      The `c' mode will print copyright information and `n' will print the full copyright
	      notice.

EXAMPLES
       Print information about an OCSP request

       To parse an OCSP request and print information about the content, the -i or --request-info
       parameter may be used as follows.  The -Q parameter specify the name of the file contain-
       ing the OCSP request, and it should contain the OCSP request in binary DER format.

	   $ ocsptool -i -Q ocsp-request.der

       The input file may also be sent to standard input like this:

	   $ cat ocsp-request.der | ocsptool --request-info

       Print information about an OCSP response

       Similar to parsing OCSP requests, OCSP responses can be parsed using the -j or
       --response-info as follows.

	   $ ocsptool -j -Q ocsp-response.der
	   $ cat ocsp-response.der | ocsptool --response-info

       Generate an OCSP request

       The -q or --generate-request parameters are used to generate an OCSP request.  By default
       the OCSP request is written to standard output in binary DER format, but can be stored in
       a file using --outfile.	To generate an OCSP request the issuer of the certificate to
       check needs to be specified with --load-issuer and the certificate to check with
       --load-cert.  By default PEM format is used for these files, although --inder can be used
       to specify that the input files are in DER format.

	   $ ocsptool -q --load-issuer issuer.pem --load-cert client.pem	    --outfile ocsp-request.der

       When generating OCSP requests, the tool will add an OCSP extension containing a nonce.
       This behaviour can be disabled by specifying --no-nonce.

       Verify signature in OCSP response

       To verify the signature in an OCSP response the -e or --verify-response parameter is used.
       The tool will read an OCSP response in DER format from standard input, or from the file
       specified by --load-response.  The OCSP response is verified against a set of trust
       anchors, which are specified using --load-trust.  The trust anchors are concatenated cer-
       tificates in PEM format.  The certificate that signed the OCSP response needs to be in the
       set of trust anchors, or the issuer of the signer certificate needs to be in the set of
       trust anchors and the OCSP Extended Key Usage bit has to be asserted in the signer cer-
       tificate.

	   $ ocsptool -e --load-trust issuer.pem	    --load-response ocsp-response.der

       The tool will print status of verification.

       Verify signature in OCSP response against given certificate

       It is possible to override the normal trust logic if you know that a certain certificate
       is supposed to have signed the OCSP response, and you want to use it to check the signa-
       ture.  This is achieved using --load-signer instead of --load-trust.  This will load one
       certificate and it will be used to verify the signature in the OCSP response.  It will not
       check the Extended Key Usage bit.

	   $ ocsptool -e --load-signer ocsp-signer.pem		  --load-response ocsp-response.der

       This approach is normally only relevant in two situations.  The first is when the OCSP
       response does not contain a copy of the signer certificate, so the --load-trust code would
       fail.  The second is if you want to avoid the indirect mode where the OCSP response signer
       certificate is signed by a trust anchor.

       Real-world example

       Here is an example of how to generate an OCSP request for a certificate and to verify the
       response.  For illustration we'll use the blog.josefsson.org host, which (as of writing)
       uses a certificate from CACert.	First we'll use gnutls-cli to get a copy of the server
       certificate chain.  The server is not required to send this information, but this particu-
       lar one is configured to do so.

	   $ echo | gnutls-cli -p 443 blog.josefsson.org --print-cert > chain.pem

       Use a text editor on chain.pem to create three files for each separate certificates,
       called cert.pem for the first certificate for the domain itself, secondly issuer.pem for
       the intermediate certificate and root.pem for the final root certificate.

       The domain certificate normally contains a pointer to where the OCSP responder is located,
       in the Authority Information Access Information extension.  For example, from certtool -i
       < cert.pem there is this information:

	   Authority Information Access Information (not critical):
	   Access Method: 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.48.1 (id-ad-ocsp)
	   Access Location URI: http://ocsp.CAcert.org/

       This means the CA support OCSP queries over HTTP.  We are now ready to create a OCSP
       request for the certificate.

	   $ ocsptool --ask ocsp.CAcert.org --load-issuer issuer.pem		--load-cert cert.pem --outfile ocsp-response.der

       The request is sent via HTTP to the OCSP server address specified. If the address is
       ommited ocsptool will use the address stored in the certificate.

EXIT STATUS
       One of the following exit values will be returned:

       0 (EXIT_SUCCESS)
	      Successful program execution.

       1 (EXIT_FAILURE)
	      The operation failed or the command syntax was not valid.

       70 (EX_SOFTWARE)
	      libopts had an internal operational error.  Please report it to autogen-
	      users@lists.sourceforge.net.  Thank you.

SEE ALSO
	   certtool (1)

AUTHORS
       Nikos Mavrogiannopoulos, Simon Josefsson and others; see /usr/share/doc/gnutls-bin/AUTHORS
       for a complete list.

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 2000-2012 Free Software Foundation all rights reserved.  This program is
       released under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 3 or later.

BUGS
       Please send bug reports to: bugs@gnutls.org

NOTES
       This manual page was AutoGen-erated from the ocsptool option definitions.

3.1.18					   20 Dec 2013				      ocsptool(1)
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