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CentOS 7.0 - man page for mc (centos section 1)

MC(1)				      GNU Midnight Commander				    MC(1)

NAME
       mc - Visual shell for Unix-like systems.

USAGE
       mc [-abcCdfhPstuUVx] [-l log] [dir1 [dir2]] [-e [file] ...] [-v file]

DESCRIPTION
       GNU  Midnight  Commander  is a directory browser/file manager for Unix-like operating sys-
       tems.

OPTIONS
       -a, --stickchars
	      Disable usage of graphic characters for line drawing.

       -b, --nocolor
	      Force black and white display.

       -c, --color
	      Force color mode, please check the section Colors for more information.

       -C arg, --colors=arg
	      Specify a different color set in the command line.  The format of arg is documented
	      in the Colors section.

       -S arg, --skin=arg
	      Specify  a  name	of skin in the command line. Technology of skins is documented in
	      the Skins section.

       -d, --nomouse
	      Disable mouse support.

       -e [file], --edit[=file]
	      Start the internal editor.  If the file is specified, open it on startup.  See also
	      mcedit (1).

       -f, --datadir
	      Display the compiled-in search paths for Midnight Commander files.

       -F, --datadir-info
	      Display extended info about compiled-in paths for Midnight Commander.

       --configure-options
	      Display configure options.

       -k, --resetsoft
	      Reset  softkeys to their default from the termcap/terminfo database. Only useful on
	      HP terminals when the function keys don't work.

       -K file, --keymap=file
	      Specify a name of keymap file in the command line.

       --nokeymap
	      Don't load key bindings from any file, use default hardcoded keys.

       -l file, --ftplog=file
	      Save the ftpfs dialog with the server in file.

       -D N, --debuglevel=N
	      Save the debug level for SMB VFS. N is in 0-10 range.

       -P file, --printwd=file
	      Print the last working directory to the specified file.  This option is  not  meant
	      to be used directly.  Instead, it's used from a special shell script that automati-
	      cally changes the current directory of the shell to the last directory the Midnight
	      Commander  was in.  Source the file /usr/share/mc/bin/mc.sh (bash and zsh users) or
	      /usr/share/mc/bin/mc.csh (tcsh users) respectively to define mc as an alias to  the
	      appropriate shell script.

       -s, --slow
	      Set  alternative mode drawing of frameworks.  If the section [Lines] is not filled,
	      the symbol for the pseudographics frame is a space, otherwise the frame  characters
	      are taken from follow params.

	      You can redefine the following variables:

       lefttop
	      left-top corner

       righttop
	      right-top corner

       centertop
	      center-top cross

       centerbottom
	      center-bottom cross

       leftbottom
	      left-bottom corner

       rightbottom
	      right-bottom corner

       leftmiddle
	      left-middle cross

       rightmiddle
	      right-middle cross

       centermiddle
	      center cross

       horiz  default horizontal line

       vert   default vertical line

       thinhoriz
	      thin horizontal line

       thinvert
	      thin vertical line

       -t, --termcap
	      Used  only  if the code was compiled with Slang and terminfo: it makes the Midnight
	      Commander use the value of  the  TERMCAP	variable  for  the  terminal  information
	      instead of the information on the system wide terminal database

       -u, --nosubshell
	      Disable use of the concurrent shell (only makes sense if the Midnight Commander has
	      been built with concurrent shell support).

       -U, --subshell
	      Enable use of the concurrent shell support (only makes sense if the  Midnight  Com-
	      mander was built with the subshell support set as an optional feature).

       -v file, --view=file
	      Start the internal viewer to view the specified file.  See also mcview (1).

       -V, --version
	      Display the version of the program.

       -x, --xterm
	      Force  xterm mode.  Used when running on xterm-capable terminals (two screen modes,
	      and able to send mouse escape sequences).

       -X, --no-x11
	      Do not use X11 to get the state of modifiers Alt, Ctrl, Shift

       -g, --oldmouse
	      Force a "normal tracking" mouse mode. Used when running on xterm-capable	terminals
	      (tmux/screen).

       If specified, the first path name is the directory to show in the selected panel; the sec-
       ond path name is the directory to be shown in the other panel.

Overview
       The screen of the Midnight Commander is divided into four parts.  Almost all of the screen
       space is taken up by two directory panels.  By default, the second line from the bottom of
       the screen is the shell command line, and the bottom line shows the function  key  labels.
       The  topmost line is the menu bar line.	The menu bar line may not be visible, but appears
       if you click the topmost line with the mouse or press the F9 key.

       The Midnight Commander provides a view of two directories at the same  time.  One  of  the
       panels  is  the current panel (a selection bar is in the current panel). Almost all opera-
       tions take place on the current panel. Some  file  operations  like  Rename  and  Copy  by
       default	use  the  directory  of  the unselected panel as a destination (don't worry, they
       always ask you for confirmation first). For more information,  see  the	sections  on  the
       Directory Panels, the Left and Right Menus and the File Menu.

       You  can execute system commands from the Midnight Commander by simply typing them. Every-
       thing you type will appear on the shell command line, and when you press  Enter	the  Mid-
       night  Commander  will execute the command line you typed; read the Shell Command Line and
       Input Line Keys sections to learn more about the command line.

Mouse Support
       The Midnight Commander comes with mouse support.  It is activated whenever you are running
       on  an  xterm(1) terminal (it even works if you take a telnet, ssh or rlogin connection to
       another machine from the xterm) or if you are running on a Linux console and have the  gpm
       mouse server running.

       When you left click on a file in the directory panels, that file is selected; if you click
       with the right button, the file is marked (or unmarked, depending on the previous state).

       Double-clicking on a file will try to execute the command if it is an executable  program;
       and  if the extension file has a program specified for the file's extension, the specified
       program is executed.

       Also, it is possible to execute the commands assigned to the function key labels by click-
       ing on them.

       The  default  auto  repeat  rate  for  the  mouse buttons is 400 milliseconds. This may be
       changed	to  other  values  by  editing	the  ~/.config/mc/ini  file  and   changing   the
       mouse_repeat_rate parameter.

       If  you are running the Midnight Commander with the mouse support, you can get the default
       mouse behavior (cutting and pasting text) by holding down the Shift key.

Keys
       Some commands in the Midnight Commander involve the use of the Control (sometimes  labeled
       CTRL  or CTL) and the Meta (sometimes labeled ALT or even Compose) keys. In this manual we
       will use the following abbreviations:

       C-<chr>
	      means hold the Control key while typing the character <chr>.  Thus  C-f  would  be:
	      hold the Control key and type f.

       Alt-<chr>
	      means hold the Meta or Alt key down while typing <chr>.  If there is no Meta or Alt
	      key, type ESC, release it, then type the character <chr>.

       S-<chr>
	      means hold the Shift key down while typing <chr>.

       All input lines in the Midnight Commander use an approximation to the GNU  Emacs  editor's
       key bindings (default).

       You may redefine key bindings. See redefine hotkey bindings

       for  more  info.  All  other  key  bindings (described in this manual) relative to default
       behavior.

       There are many sections which tell about the keys. The following are the most important.

       The File Menu section documents the keyboard shortcuts for the commands appearing  in  the
       File  menu.  This  section includes the function keys. Most of these commands perform some
       action, usually on the selected file or the tagged files.

       The Directory Panels section documents the keys which select a file or tag files as a tar-
       get for a later action (the action is usually one from the file menu).

       The  Shell Command Line section list the keys which are used for entering and editing com-
       mand lines. Most of these copy file names and such from the directory panels to	the  com-
       mand line (to avoid excessive typing) or access the command line history.

       Input Line Keys are used for editing input lines. This means both the command line and the
       input lines in the query dialogs.

  Redefine hotkey bindings
       Hotkey bindings may be read from external file (keymap-file).  Initially, Mignight Comman-
       der  creates  key  bindings  using  keymap  defined  in	the  source code. Then, two files
       /usr/share/mc/mc.keymap and /etc/mc/mc.keymap are loaded always,  sequentially  reassigned
       key bindings defined earlier.  User-defined keymap-file is searched on the following algo-
       rithm (to the first one found):

	      1) command line option -K <keymap> or --keymap=<keymap>
	      2) Environment variable MC_KEYMAP
	      3) Parameter keymap in section [Midnight-Commander] of config file.
	      4) File ~/.config/mc/mc.keymap

       Command line option, environment variable and parameter in config  file	may  contain  the
       absolute  path  to  the	keymap-file (with the extension .keymap or without it). Search of
       keymap-file will occur in (to the first one found):

	      1) ~/.config/mc
	      2) /etc/mc/
	      3) /usr/share/mc/

  Miscellaneous Keys
       Here are some keys which don't fall into any of the other categories:

       Enter  if there is some text in the command line (the one at the bottom	of  the  panels),
	      then  that command is executed. If there is no text in the command line then if the
	      selection bar is over a directory the Midnight Commander does  a	chdir(2)  to  the
	      selected directory and reloads the information on the panel; if the selection is an
	      executable file then it is executed. Finally, if the extension of the selected file
	      name  matches  one  of the extensions in the extensions file then the corresponding
	      command is executed.

       C-l    repaint all the information in the Midnight Commander.

       C-x c  run the Chmod command on a file or on the tagged files.

       C-x o  run the Chown command on the current file or on the tagged files.

       C-x l  run the hard link command.

       C-x s  run the absolute symbolic link command.

       C-x v  run the relative symbolic link command. See the File Menu section for more informa-
	      tion about symbolic links.

       C-x i  set the other panel display mode to information.

       C-x q  set the other panel display mode to quick view.

       C-x !  execute the External panelize command.

       C-x h  run the add directory to hotlist command.

       Alt-!  executes the Filtered view command, described in the view command.

       Alt-?  executes the Find file command.

       Alt-c  pops up the quick cd dialog.

       C-o    when the program is being run in the Linux or FreeBSD console or under an xterm, it
	      will show you the output of the previous command.  When ran on the  Linux  console,
	      the  Midnight  Commander uses an external program (cons.saver) to handle saving and
	      restoring of information on the screen.

       When the subshell support is compiled in, you can type C-o at any time  and  you  will  be
       taken  back to the Midnight Commander main screen, to return to your application just type
       C-o.  If you have an application suspended by using this trick, you won't be able to  exe-
       cute other programs from the Midnight Commander until you terminate the suspended applica-
       tion.

  Directory Panels
       This section lists the keys which operate on the directory panels. If you want to know how
       to change the appearance of the panels take a look at the section on Left and Right Menus.

       Tab, C-i
	      change the current panel. The old other panel becomes the new current panel and the
	      old current panel becomes the new other panel. The selection bar moves from the old
	      current panel to the new current panel.

       Insert, C-t
	      to  tag  files  you may use the Insert key (the kich1 terminfo sequence).  To untag
	      files, just retag a tagged file.

       M-e    to change charset of panel you may use M-e (Alt-e).  Recoding is made from selected
	      codepage into system codepage. To cancel the recoding you may select "directory up"
	      (..) in active panel.  To cancel the charsets in all directories, select "No trans-
	      lation " in the dialog of encodings.

       Alt-g, Alt-r, Alt-j
	      used to select the top file in a panel, the middle file and the bottom one, respec-
	      tively.

       Alt-t  toggle the current display listing to show the next  display  listing  mode.   With
	      this  it is possible to quickly switch to brief listing, long listing, user defined
	      listing mode, and back to the default.

       C-\ (control-backslash)
	      show the directory hotlist and change to the selected directory.

       +  (plus)
	      this is used to select (tag) a group of files.  The Midnight Commander will  prompt
	      for  a  selection  options.  When  Files	only  checkbox	is on, only files will be
	      selected.  If Files only is off, as files as directories will  be  selected.   When
	      Shell  Patterns  checkbox  is  on, the regular expression is much like the filename
	      globbing in the shell (* standing for zero or more characters and  ?  standing  for
	      one  character).	If  Shell Patterns is off, then the tagging of files is done with
	      normal regular expressions (see ed (1)). When Case sensitive checkbox  is  on,  the
	      selection  will  be  case sensitive characters.  If Case sensitive is off, the case
	      will be ignored.

       \ (backslash)
	      use the "\" key to unselect a group of files. This is the opposite of the Plus key.

       up-key, C-p
	      move the selection bar to the previous entry in the panel.

       down-key, C-n
	      move the selection bar to the next entry in the panel.

       home, a1, Alt-<
	      move the selection bar to the first entry in the panel.

       end, c1, Alt->
	      move the selection bar to the last entry in the panel.

       next-page, C-v
	      move the selection bar one page down.

       prev-page, Alt-v
	      move the selection bar one page up.

       Alt-o  If the currently selected file is a directory, load that	directory  on  the  other
	      panel  and  moves the selection to the next file. If the currently selected file is
	      not a directory, load the parent directory on the other panel and moves the  selec-
	      tion to the next file.

       Alt-i  make  the  current directory of the current panel also the current directory of the
	      other panel.  Put the other panel to the listing mode if needed.	 If  the  current
	      panel is panelized, the other panel doesn't become panelized.

       C-PageUp, C-PageDown
	      only  when  supported by the terminal: change to ".." and to the currently selected
	      directory respectively.

       Alt-y  moves to the previous directory in the history, equivalent to clicking the  <  with
	      the mouse.

       Alt-u  moves  to  the next directory in the history, equivalent to clicking the > with the
	      mouse.

       Alt-Shift-h, Alt-H
	      displays the directory history, equivalent to depressing the 'v' with the mouse.

  Quick search
       The Quick search mode allows you to perform fast file search in file panel.  Press C-s  or
       Alt-s to start a filename search in the directory listing.

       When  the  search  is active, the user input will be added to the search string instead of
       the command line. If the Show mini-status option is enabled the search string is shown  on
       the  mini-status  line. When typing, the selection bar will move to the next file starting
       with the typed letters. The Backspace or DEL keys can be used to correct typing	mistakes.
       If C-s is pressed again, the next match is searched for.

       If  quick search is started with double pressing of C-s, the previous quick search pattern
       will be used for current search.

       Besides the filename characters, you can also use wildcard characters '*' and '?'.

  Shell Command Line
       This section lists keys which are useful to avoid excessive  typing  when  entering  shell
       commands.

       Alt-Enter
	      copy the currently selected file name to the command line.

       C-Enter
	      same a Alt-Enter.  May not work on remote systems and some terminals.

       C-Shift-Enter
	      copy  the  full  path name of the currently selected file to the command line.  May
	      not work on remote systems and some terminals.

       Alt-Tab
	      does the filename, command, variable, username and hostname completion for you.

       C-x t, C-x C-t
	      copy the tagged files (or if there are no tagged files, the selected file)  of  the
	      current panel (C-x t) or of the other panel (C-x C-t) to the command line.

       C-x p, C-x C-p
	      the  first  key  sequence copies the current path name to the command line, and the
	      second one copies the unselected panel's path name to the command line.

       C-q    the quote command can be used to insert characters that are  otherwise  interpreted
	      by the Midnight Commander (like the '+' symbol)

       Alt-p, Alt-n
	      use  these  keys to browse through the command history. Alt-p takes you to the last
	      entry, Alt-n takes you to the next one.

       Alt-h  displays the history for the current input line.

  General Movement Keys
       The help viewer, the file viewer and the directory tree use common code to handle  moving.
       Therefore  they	accept	exactly the same keys. Each of them also accepts some keys of its
       own.

       Other parts of the Midnight Commander use some of the same movement keys, so this  section
       may be of use for those parts too.

       Up, C-p
	      moves one line backward.

       Down, C-n
	      moves one line forward.

       Prev Page, Page Up, Alt-v
	      moves one page up.

       Next Page, Page Down, C-v
	      moves one page down.

       Home, A1
	      moves to the beginning.

       End, C1
	      move to the end.

       The help viewer and the file viewer accept the following keys in addition the to ones men-
       tioned above:

       b, C-b, C-h, Backspace, Delete
	      moves one page up.

       Space bar
	      moves one page down.

       u, d   moves one half of a page up or down.

       g, G   moves to the beginning or to the end.

  Input Line Keys
       The input lines (they are used for the command line and for the query dialogs in the  pro-
       gram) accept these keys:

       C-a    puts the cursor at the beginning of line.

       C-e    puts the cursor at the end of the line.

       C-b, move-left
	      move the cursor one position left.

       C-f, move-right
	      move the cursor one position right.

       Alt-f  moves one word forward.

       Alt-b  moves one word backward.

       C-h, Backspace
	      delete the previous character.

       C-d, Delete
	      delete the character in the point (over the cursor).

       C-@    sets the mark for cutting.

       C-w    copies  the  text  between the cursor and the mark to a kill buffer and removes the
	      text from the input line.

       Alt-w  copies the text between the cursor and the mark to a kill buffer.

       C-y    yanks back the contents of the kill buffer.

       C-k    kills the text from the cursor to the end of the line.

       Alt-p, Alt-n
	      Use these keys to browse through the command history. Alt-p takes you to	the  last
	      entry, Alt-n takes you to the next one.

       Alt-C-h, Alt-Backspace
	      delete one word backward.

       Alt-Tab
	      does the filename, command, variable, username and hostname completion for you.

Menu Bar
       The  menu  bar  pops up when you press F9 or click the mouse on the top row of the screen.
       The menu bar has five menus: "Left", "File", "Command", "Options" and "Right".

       The Left and Right Menus allow you to modify the appearance of the left and  right  direc-
       tory panels.

       The  File  Menu	lists  the  actions you can perform on the currently selected file or the
       tagged files.

       The Command Menu lists the actions which are more general and bear no relation to the cur-
       rently selected file or the tagged files.

       The Options Menu lists the actions which allow you to customize the Midnight Commander.

  Left and Right (Above and Below) Menus
       The outlook of the directory panels can be changed from the Left and Right menus (they are
       named Above and Below when the horizontal panel split is chosen from  the  Layout  options
       dialog).

    Listing Mode...
       The  listing  mode  view  is  used to display a listing of files, there are four different
       listing modes available: Full, Brief, Long and User.  The full directory  view  shows  the
       file name, the size of the file and the modification time.

       The brief view shows only the file name and it has two columns (therefore showing twice as
       many files as other views). The long view is similar to the output of ls -l  command.  The
       long view takes the whole screen width.

       If you choose the "User" display format, then you have to specify the display format.

       The  user  display  format  must start with a panel size specifier.  This may be "half" or
       "full", and they specify a half screen panel and a full screen panel respectively.

       After the panel size, you may specify the two columns mode on the panel, this is  done  by
       adding the number "2" to the user format string.

       After  this  you add the name of the fields with an optional size specifier.  This are the
       available fields you may display:

       name   displays the file name.

       size   displays the file size.

       bsize  is an alternative form of the size format. It displays the size of  the  files  and
	      for directories it just shows SUB-DIR or UP--DIR.

       type   displays	a  one	character  wide type field.  This character is similar to what is
	      displayed by ls with the -F flag - * for executable files, / for directories, @ for
	      links,  = for sockets, - for character devices, + for block devices, | for pipes, ~
	      for symbolic links to directories and !	for  stale  symlinks  (links  that  point
	      nowhere).

       mark   an asterisk if the file is tagged, a space if it's not.

       mtime  file's last modification time.

       atime  file's last access time.

       ctime  file's status change time.

       perm   a string representing the current permission bits of the file.

       mode   an octal value with the current permission bits of the file.

       nlink  the number of links to the file.

       ngid   the GID (numeric).

       nuid   the UID (numeric).

       owner  the owner of the file.

       group  the group of the file.

       inode  the inode of the file.

       Also you can use following keywords to define the panel layout:

       space  a space in the display format.

       |      add a vertical line to the display format.

       To force one field to a fixed size (a size specifier), you just add : followed by the num-
       ber of characters you want the field to have.  If the number is followed by the symbol  +,
       then  the  size	specifies the minimal field size - if the program finds out that there is
       more space on the screen, it will then expand that field.

       For example, the Full display corresponds to this format:

       half type name | size | mtime

       And the Long display corresponds to this format:

       full perm space nlink space owner space group space size space mtime space name

       This is a nice user display format:

       half name | size:7 | type mode:3

       Panels may also be set to the following modes:

       Info   The info view display information related to the currently  selected  file  and  if
	      possible information about the current file system.

       Tree   The tree view is quite similar to the directory tree feature. See the section about
	      it for more information.

       Quick View
	      In this mode, the panel will switch to a reduced viewer that displays the  contents
	      of  the  currently  selected file, if you select the panel (with the tab key or the
	      mouse), you will have access to the usual viewer commands.

    Sort Order...
       The eight sort orders are by name, by extension, by modification time, by access time, and
       by inode information modification time, by size, by inode and unsorted.	In the Sort order
       dialog box you can choose the sort order and you may also specify if you want to  sort  in
       reverse order by checking the reverse box.

       By  default  directories  are  sorted  before files but this can be changed from the Panel
       options menu (option Mix all files).

    Filter...
       The filter command allows you to specify a shell pattern (for example *.tar.gz) which  the
       files  must  match  to be shown. Regardless of the filter pattern, the directories and the
       links to directories are always shown in the directory panel.

    Reread
       The reread command reload the list of files in the directory. It is useful if  other  pro-
       cesses have created or removed files.

  File Menu
       The Midnight Commander uses the F1 - F10 keys as keyboard shortcuts for commands appearing
       in the file menu.  The escape sequences for the function keys  are  terminfo  capabilities
       kf1  trough  kf10.   On	terminals  without function key support, you can achieve the same
       functionality by pressing the ESC key and then a number in the range 1  through	9  and	0
       (corresponding to F1 to F9 and F10 respectively).

       The File menu has the following commands (keyboard shortcuts in parentheses):

       Help (F1)

       Invokes	the  built-in  hypertext help viewer. Inside the help viewer, you can use the Tab
       key to select the next link and the Enter key to follow that  link.  The  keys  Space  and
       Backspace  are used to move forward and backward in a help page. Press F1 again to get the
       full list of accepted keys.

       Menu (F2)

       Invoke the user menu.  The user menu provides an easy way to provide users with a menu and
       add extra features to the Midnight Commander.

       View (F3, F13)

       View  the currently selected file. By default this invokes the Internal File Viewer but if
       the option "Use internal view" is off, it invokes an external file viewer specified by the
       VIEWER  environment  variable.	If VIEWER is undefined, the PAGER environment variable is
       tried.  If PAGER is also undefined, the	"view"	command  is  invoked.	If  you  use  F13
       instead,  the  viewer will be invoked without doing any formatting or preprocessing to the
       file.

       Filtered View (Alt-!)

       This command prompts for a command and its arguments (the argument defaults  to	the  cur-
       rently  selected  file  name),  the output from such command is shown in the internal file
       viewer.

       Edit (F4, F14)

       Press F4 to edit the highlighted file.  Press F14 (usually F14) to start the editor with a
       new, empty file.  Currently they invoke the vi editor, or the editor specified in the EDI-
       TOR environment variable, or the Internal File Editor if the use_internal_edit  option  is
       on.

       Copy (F5, F15)

       Press  F5  to  pop  up  an input dialog to copy the currently selected file (or the tagged
       files, if there is at least one file tagged) to the directory/filename you specify in  the
       input  dialog.  The destination defaults to the directory in the non-selected panel. Space
       for destination file may be preallocated relative to preallocate_space  configure  option.
       During  this  process, you can press C-c or ESC to abort the operation.	For details about
       source mask (which will be usually either * or ^\(.*\)$ depending on setting of Use  shell
       patterns) and possible wildcards in the destination see Mask copy/rename.

       F15  (usually  F15)  is	similar,  but defaults to the directory in the selected panel. It
       always operates on the selected file, regardless of any tagged files.

       On some systems, it is possible to do the copy in the background by clicking on the  back-
       ground  button (or pressing Alt-b in the dialog box).  The Background Jobs is used to con-
       trol the background process.

       Link (C-x l)

       Create a hard link to the current file.

       Absolute symlink (C-x s)

       Create a absolute symbolic link to the current file.

       Relative symLink (C-x v)

       Create a relative symbolic link to the current file.

       To those of you who don't know what links are: creating a link to a file  is  a	bit  like
       copying	the file, but both the source filename and the destination filename represent the
       same file image. For example, if you edit one of these files, all changes  you  make  will
       appear in both files. Some people call links aliases or shortcuts.

       A  hard link appears as a real file. After making it, there is no way of telling which one
       is the original and which is the link. If you delete either one of them the other  one  is
       still  intact. It is very difficult to notice that the files represent the same image. Use
       hard links when you don't even want to know.

       A symbolic link is a reference to the name of the original file. If the original  file  is
       deleted	the symbolic link is useless. It is quite easy to notice that the files represent
       the same image. The Midnight Commander shows an "@"-sign in front of the file name  if  it
       is  a  symbolic	link to somewhere (except to directory, where it shows a tilde (~)).  The
       original file which the link points to is shown on mini-status line if the Show	mini-sta-
       tus option is enabled. Use symbolic links when you want to avoid the confusion that can be
       caused by hard links.

       When you press "C-x  s"	Midnight  Commander  will  automatically  fill	in  the  complete
       path+filename of the original file and suggest a name for the link.  You can change either
       one.

       Sometimes you may want to change the absolute path of the original into a  relative  path.
       An absolute path starts from the root directory:

       /home/frodo/mc/mc -> /home/frodo/new/mc

       A  relative  link describes the original file's location starting from the location of the
       link itself:

       /home/frodo/mc/mc -> ../new/mc

       You can force Midnight Commander to suggest a relative path by pressing "C-x v" instead of
       "C-x s".

       Rename/Move (F6, F16)

       Press  F6  to  pop  up  an input dialog to copy the currently selected file (or the tagged
       files, if there is at least one file tagged) to the directory/filename you specify in  the
       input  dialog.	The  destination defaults to the directory in the non-selected panel. For
       more details look at Copy (F5) operation above, most of the things are quite similar.

       F16 (usually F16) is similar, but defaults to the directory  in	the  selected  panel.  It
       always operates on the selected file, regardless of any tagged files.

       On  some systems, it is possible to do the copy in the background by clicking on the back-
       ground button (or pressing Alt-b in the dialog box).  The Background Jobs is used to  con-
       trol the background process.

       Mkdir (F7)

       Pop up an input dialog and creates the directory specified.

       Delete (F8)

       Delete  the  currently  selected file or the tagged files in the currently selected panel.
       During the process, you can press C-c or ESC to abort the operation.

       Quick cd (Alt-c) Use the quick cd command if you have full command line	and  want  to  cd
       somewhere.

       Select group (+)

       This  is  used  to select (tag) a group of files. The Midnight Commander will prompt for a
       selection options. When Files only checkbox is on, only files will be selected.	If  Files
       only  is  off,  as files as directories will be selected.  When Shell Patterns checkbox is
       on, the regular expression is much like the filename globbing in the shell (* standing for
       zero or more characters and ?  standing for one character). If Shell Patterns is off, then
       the tagging of files is done with normal regular expressions (see ed (1)). When Case  sen-
       sitive checkbox is on, the selection will be case sensitive characters.	If Case sensitive
       is off, the case will be ignored.

       Unselect group (\)

       Used to unselect a group of files. This is the opposite of the Select group command.

       Quit (F10, Shift-F10)

       Terminate the Midnight Commander.  Shift-F10 is used when you want to  quit  and  you  are
       using  the  shell  wrapper.  Shift-F10 will not take you to the last directory you visited
       with the Midnight Commander, instead it will stay at the directory where you  started  the
       Midnight Commander.

    Quick cd
       This  command  is  useful if you have a full command line and want to cd somewhere without
       having to yank and paste the command line. This command pops up a small dialog, where  you
       enter  everything  you  would enter after cd on the command line and then you press enter.
       This features all the things that are already in the internal cd command.

  Command Menu
       The Directory tree command shows a tree figure of the directories.

       The "Find file" command allows you to search for a specific file.

       The "Swap panels" command swaps the contents of the two directory panels.

       The "Switch panels on/off" command shows the output of the last shell command.  This works
       only on xterm and on Linux and FreeBSD console.

       The  "Compare  directories" command compares the directory panels with each other. You can
       then use the Copy (F5) command to make the panels identical. There are three compare meth-
       ods.  The  quick method compares only file size and file date. The thorough method makes a
       full byte-by-byte compare. The thorough method is not available if the  machine	does  not
       support	the  mmap(2)  system  call.   The size-only compare method just compares the file
       sizes and does not check the contents or the date times, it just checks the file size.

       The "External panelize" allows you to execute an external program, and make the output  of
       that program the contents of the current panel.

       The  "Command  history"	command  shows	a list of typed commands. The selected command is
       copied to the command line. The command history can also be accessed by	typing	Alt-p  or
       Alt-n.

       The  "Directory	hotlist"  command  makes  changing of the current directory to often used
       directories faster.

       The "Screen list" command shows a dialog window with the list of currently running  inter-
       nal editors, viewers and other MC modules that support this mode.

       The  "Edit extension file" command allows you to specify programs to executed when you try
       to execute, view, edit and do a bunch of other thing  on  files	with  certain  extensions
       (filename endings).

       The  "Edit  menu  file"	command  may  be used for editing the user menu (which appears by
       pressing F2).

    Directory Tree
       The Directory Tree command shows a tree figure of the directories. You can select a direc-
       tory from the figure and the Midnight Commander will change to that directory.

       There  are  two ways to invoke the tree. The real directory tree command is available from
       Commands menu. The other way is to select tree view from the Left or Right menu.

       To get rid of long delays the Midnight Commander creates the tree figure by scanning  only
       a  small subset of all the directories. If the directory which you want to see is missing,
       move to its parent directory and press C-r (or F2).

       You can use the following keys:

       General movement keys are accepted.

       Enter.  In the directory tree, exits the directory tree and changes to this  directory  in
       the  current  panel.  In  the  tree view, changes to this directory in the other panel and
       stays in tree view mode in the current panel.

       C-r, F2 (Rescan).  Rescan this directory. Use this when the tree figure is out of date: it
       is missing subdirectories or shows some subdirectories which don't exist any more.

       F3  (Forget).  Delete this directory from the tree figure. Use this to remove clutter from
       the figure. If you want the directory back to the tree  figure  press  F2  in  its  parent
       directory.

       F4  (Static/Dynamic).  Toggle between the dynamic navigation mode (default) and the static
       navigation mode.

       In the static navigation mode you can use the Up and Down keys to select a directory.  All
       known directories are shown.

       In the dynamic navigation mode you can use the Up and Down keys to select a sibling direc-
       tory, the Left key to move to the parent directory, and the Right key to move to  a  child
       directory.  Only  the  parent, sibling and children directories are shown, others are left
       out. The tree figure changes dynamically as you traverse.

       F5 (Copy).  Copy the directory.

       F6 (RenMov).  Move the directory.

       F7 (Mkdir).  Make a new directory below this directory.

       F8 (Delete).  Delete this directory from the file system.

       C-s, Alt-s.  Search the next directory matching the search string. If  there  is  no  such
       directory these keys will move one line down.

       C-h, Backspace.	Delete the last character of the search string.

       Any  other  character.  Add the character to the search string and move to the next direc-
       tory which starts with these characters. In the tree view  you  must  first  activate  the
       search mode by pressing C-s. The search string is shown in the mini status line.

       The  following  actions are available only in the directory tree. They aren't supported in
       the tree view.

       F1 (Help).  Invoke the help viewer and show this section.

       Esc, F10.  Exit the directory tree. Do not change the directory.

       The mouse is supported. A double-click behaves like Enter. See also the section	on  mouse
       support.

    Find File
       The  Find  File feature first asks for the start directory for the search and the filename
       to be searched for. By pressing the Tree button you can select the  start  directory  from
       the directory tree figure.

       Option form whole words. Like grep -w.

       You  can  start the search by pressing the OK button.  During the search you can stop from
       the Stop button and continue from the Start button.

       You can browse the filelist with the up and down arrow keys. The Chdir button will  change
       to the directory of the currently selected file. The Again button will ask for the parame-
       ters for a new search. The Quit button quits the search	operation.  The  Panelize  button
       will  place  the  found files to the current directory panel so that you can do additional
       operations on them (view, copy, move, delete and so on). After panelizing  you  can  press
       C-r to return to the normal file listing.

       The 'Enable ignore directories' checkbox and input field below it allow to set up the list
       of directories that should be skip during the search files (for example, you may  want  to
       avoid searches on a CD-ROM or on a NFS directory that is mounted across a slow link). List
       components must be separated with a colon, here is an example:

       /cdrom:/nfs/wuarchive:/afs

       Relative paths are supported also. The following example shows how to skip special  direc-
       tories of version control systems:
       /cdrom:/nfs/wuarchive:/afs:.svn:.git:CVS

       Attention: input field can contain a dot (.), this means the current absolute path.

       You  may  consider using the External panelize command for some operations. Find file com-
       mand is for simple queries only, while using External panelize you can  do  as  mysterious
       searches as you would like.

    External panelize
       The  External  panelize	allows you to execute an external program, and make the output of
       that program the contents of the current panel.

       For example, if you want to manipulate in one of the panels all the symbolic links in  the
       current directory, you can use external panelization to run the following command:

       find . -type l -print

       Upon  command completion, the directory contents of the panel will no longer be the direc-
       tory listing of the current directory, but all the files that are symbolic links.

       If you want to panelize all of the files that have been downloaded from your  FTP  server,
       you can use this awk command to extract the file name from the transfer log files:

       awk '$9 ~! /incoming/ { print $9 }' < /var/log/xferlog

       You  may  want  to save often used panelize commands under a descriptive name, so that you
       can recall them quickly. You do this by typing the command on the input line and  pressing
       Add  new  button. Then you enter a name under which you want the command to be saved. Next
       time, you just choose that command from the list and do not have to type it again.

    Hotlist
       The Directory hotlist command shows  the  labels  of  the  directories  in  the	directory
       hotlist.   The  Midnight  Commander  will  change  to  the  directory corresponding to the
       selected label.	From the hotlist dialog, you can remove already  created  label/directory
       pairs  and  add	new ones.  To add new directories quickly, you can use the Add to hotlist
       command (C-x h), which adds the current directory into the directory hotlist, asking  just
       for the label for the directory.

       This makes cd to often used directories faster. You may consider using the CDPATH variable
       as described in internal cd command description.

    Extension File Edit
       This will invoke your editor on the file ~/.config/mc/mc.ext.  The  format  of  this  file
       following:

       All lines starting with # or empty lines are thrown away.

       Lines starting in the first column should have following format:

       keyword/expr, i.e. everything after the slash until new line is expr.

       keyword can be:

       shell  -  expr  is  an extension (no wildcards).  File matches it its name ends with expr.
	      Example: shell/.tar matches *.tar.

       regex  - expr is a regular expression.  File matches  if  its  name  matches  the  regular
	      expression.

       directory
	      -  expr  is  a  regular expression.  File matches if it is a directory and its name
	      matches the regular expression.

       type   - expr is a regular expression.  File matches if the output of file %f without  the
	      initial "filename:" part matches regular expression expr.

       default
	      - matches any file.  expr is ignored.

       include
	      - denotes a common section.  expr is the name of the section.

       Other  lines should start with a space or tab and should be of the format: keyword=command
       (with no spaces around =), where keyword should be:  Open  (invoked  on	Enter  or  double
       click),	View  (F3), Edit (F4) or Include (to add rules from the common section).  command
       is any one-line shell command, with the simple macro substitution.

       Rules are matched from top to bottom, thus the order is	important.   If  the  appropriate
       action  is  missing, search continues as if this rule didn't match (i.e. if a file matches
       the first and second entry and View action is missing in the first one, then  on  pressing
       F3  the	View  action  from  the second entry will be used).  default should match all the
       actions.

    Background Jobs
       This lets you control the state of any background Midnight Commander  process  (only  copy
       and  move files operations can be done in the background).  You can stop, restart and kill
       a background job from here.

    Menu File Edit
       The user menu is a menu of useful actions that can be customized by  the  user.	When  you
       access  the  user menu, the file .mc.menu from the current directory is used if it exists,
       but only if it is owned by user or root and is not world-writable.  If no such file found,
       ~/.config/mc/menu  is tried in the same way, and otherwise mc uses the default system-wide
       menu /usr/share/mc/mc.menu.

       The format of the menu file is very simple. Lines that start with anything  but	space  or
       tab are considered entries for the menu (in order to be able to use it like a hot key, the
       first character should be a letter). All the lines that start with a space or  a  tab  are
       the commands that will be executed when the entry is selected.

       When  an  option is selected all the command lines of the option are copied to a temporary
       file in the temporary directory (usually /usr/tmp) and then that file  is  executed.  This
       allows  the  user to put normal shell constructs in the menus. Also simple macro substitu-
       tion takes place before executing the menu code. For more information, see macro substitu-
       tion.

       Here is a sample mc.menu file:

       A    Dump the currently selected file
	    od -c %f

       B    Edit a bug report and send it to root
	    I=`mktemp ${MC_TMPDIR:-/tmp}/mail.XXXXXX` || exit 1
	    vi $I
	    mail -s "Midnight Commander bug" root < $I
	    rm -f $I

       M    Read mail
	    emacs -f rmail

       N    Read Usenet news
	    emacs -f gnus

       H    Call the info hypertext browser
	    info

       J    Copy current directory to other panel recursively
	    tar cf - . | (cd %D && tar xvpf -)

       K    Make a release of the current subdirectory
	    echo -n "Name of distribution file: "
	    read tar
	    ln -s %d `dirname %d`/$tar
	    cd ..
	    tar cvhf ${tar}.tar $tar

       = f *.tar.gz | f *.tgz & t n
       X       Extract the contents of a compressed tar file
	    tar xzvf %f

       Default Conditions

       Each  menu  entry  may be preceded by a condition. The condition must start from the first
       column with a '=' character. If the condition is true, the menu entry will be the  default
       entry.

       Condition syntax:   = <sub-cond>
	 or:		   = <sub-cond> | <sub-cond> ...
	 or:		   = <sub-cond> & <sub-cond> ...

       Sub-condition is one of following:

	 y <pattern>	   syntax of current file matching pattern?
		      (for edit menu only)
	 f <pattern>	   current file matching pattern?
	 F <pattern>	   other file matching pattern?
	 d <pattern>	   current directory matching pattern?
	 D <pattern>	   other directory matching pattern?
	 t <type>	   current file of type?
	 T <type>	   other file of type?
	 x <filename>	   is it executable filename?
	 ! <sub-cond>	   negate the result of sub-condition

       Pattern is a normal shell pattern or a regular expression, according to the shell patterns
       option. You can override the  global  value  of	the  shell  patterns  option  by  writing
       "shell_patterns=x" on the first line of the menu file (where "x" is either 0 or 1).

       Type is one or more of the following characters:

	 n  not a directory
	 r  regular file
	 d  directory
	 l  link
	 c  character device
	 b  block device
	 f  FIFO (pipe)
	 s  socket
	 x  executable file
	 t  tagged

       For  example  'rlf' means either regular file, link or fifo. The 't' type is a little spe-
       cial because it acts on the panel instead of the file. The condition '=t  t'  is  true  if
       there are tagged files in the current panel and false if not.

       If  the condition starts with '=?' instead of '=' a debug trace will be shown whenever the
       value of the condition is calculated.

       The conditions are calculated from left to right. This means
	    = f *.tar.gz | f *.tgz & t n
       is calculated as
	    ( (f *.tar.gz) | (f *.tgz) ) & (t n)

       Here is a sample of the use of conditions:

       = f *.tar.gz | f *.tgz & t n
       L    List the contents of a compressed tar-archive
	    gzip -cd %f | tar xvf -

       Addition Conditions

       If the condition begins with '+' (or '+?') instead of '=' (or '=?') it is an addition con-
       dition.	If the condition is true the menu entry will be included in the menu. If the con-
       dition is false the menu entry will not be included in the menu.

       You can combine default and addition conditions by starting condition with  '+='  or  '=+'
       (or  '+=?' or '=+?' if you want debug trace). If you want to use two different conditions,
       one for adding and another for defaulting, you can precede a menu entry with two condition
       lines, one starting with '+' and another starting with '='.

       Comments  are started with '#'. The additional comment lines must start with '#', space or
       tab.

  Options Menu
       The Midnight Commander has some options that may be toggled on and off in several  dialogs
       which  are  accessible from this menu. Options are enabled if they have an asterisk or "x"
       in front of them.

       The Configuration command pops up a dialog from which you can change most of  settings  of
       the Midnight Commander.

       The Layout command pops up a dialog from which you specify a bunch of options how mc looks
       like on the screen.

       The Panel options command pops up a dialog from which you specify options of file  manager
       panels.

       The Confirmation command pops up a dialog from which you specify which actions you want to
       confirm.

       The Display bits command pops up a dialog from which you may select  which  characters  is
       your terminal able to display.

       The  Learn keys command pops up a dialog from which you test some keys which are not work-
       ing on some terminals and you may fix them.

       The Virtual FS command pops up a dialog from which you specify some VFS related options.

       The Save setup command saves the current settings of the Left, Right and Options menus.	A
       small number of other settings is saved, too.

    Configuration
       The options in this dialog are divided into several groups: "File operation options", "Esc
       key mode", "Pause after run" and "Other options".

       File operation options

       Verbose operation.  This toggles whether the file Copy, Rename and Delete  operations  are
       verbose	(i.e., display a dialog box for each operation). If you have a slow terminal, you
       may wish to disable the verbose operation. It is automatically turned off if the speed  of
       your terminal is less than 9600 bps.

       Compute	totals.   If  this  option is enabled, the Midnight Commander computes total byte
       sizes and total number of files prior to any Copy, Rename and Delete operations. This will
       provide	you  with  a more accurate progress bar at the expense of some speed. This option
       has no effect, if Verbose operation is disabled.

       Classic progressbar.  If this option is enabled, the progressbar of Copy/Move/Delete oper-
       ations is always grown form left to right. If disabled, the growing direction of progress-
       bar follows to direction of Copy/Move/Delete operation: from left panel to right  one  and
       vice versa. Enabled by default.

       Mkdir autoname When you press F7 to create a new directory, the input line in popup dialog
       will be filled by name of current file or directory in active panel.  Disabled by default.

       Preallocate space Preallocate space for whole target file, if possible, before copy opera-
       tion.  Disabled by default.

       Esc key mode.

       By  default  the  Midnight  Commander  treats the ESC key as a key prefix.  Therefore, you
       should press Esc code twice to exit a dialog. But there is a possibility to use	a  single
       press of ESC key for that action.

       Single  press.	By default this option is disabled. If you'll enable it, the ESC key will
       act as a prefix key for set up time interval (see Timeout option below), and if	no  extra
       keys have arrived, then the ESC key is interpreted as a cancel key (ESC ESC).

       Timeout.   This	options  is  used to setup the time interval (in microseconds) for single
       press of ESC key. By default, this inrerval is one second (1000000 microseconds). Also the
       timeout	can  be  set  via KEYBOARD_KEY_TIMEOUT_US environment variable (also in microsec-
       onds), which has higher priority than Timeout option value.

       Pause after run

       After executing your commands, the Midnight Commander can pause, so that you  can  examine
       the output of the command.  There are three possible settings for this variable:

       Never.	Means  that  you do not want to see the output of your command.  If you are using
       the Linux or FreeBSD console or an xterm, you will be able to see the output of	the  com-
       mand by typing C-o.

       Ondumbterminals.   You  will  get  the  pause message on terminals that are not capable of
       showing the output of the last command executed (any terminal that is not an xterm or  the
       Linux console).

       Always.	The program will pause after executing all of your commands.

       Other options

       Use  internal editor.  If this option is enabled, the built-in file editor is used to edit
       files. If the option is disabled, the editor specified in the EDITOR environment  variable
       is  used.   If  no  editor is specified, vi is used.  See the section on the internal file
       editor.

       Use internal viewer.  If this option is enabled, the built-in file viewer is used to  view
       files. If the option is disabled, the pager specified in the PAGER environment variable is
       used.  If no pager is specified, the view command is used.  See the section on the  inter-
       nal file viewer.

       Auto  menus.  If this option is enabled, the user menu will be invoked at startup.  Useful
       for building menus for non-unixers.

       Drop down menus.  When this option is enabled, the pull down menus will	be  activated  as
       soon  as  you  press the F9 key. Otherwise, you will only get the menu title, and you will
       have to activate the menu either with the arrow keys or with the  hotkeys.  It  is  recom-
       mended if you are using hotkeys.

       Shell  Patterns.   By default the Select, Unselect and Filter commands will use shell-like
       regular expressions. The following conversions are performed to achieve this: the  '*'  is
       replaced by '.*' (zero or more characters); the '?'  is replaced by '.' (exactly one char-
       acter) and '.' by the literal dot. If the option is disabled, then the regular expressions
       are the ones described in ed(1).

       Complete: show all.  By default the Midnight Commander pops up all possible completions if
       the completion is ambiguous only when you press Alt-Tab for  the  second  time.	 For  the
       first  time,  it  just  completes  as much as possible and beeps in the case of ambiguity.
       Enable this option if you want to see all possible completions even after pressing Alt-Tab
       the first time.

       Rotating dash.  If this option is enabled, the Midnight Commander shows a rotating dash in
       the upper right corner as a work in progress indicator.

       Cd follows links.  This option, if set, causes the Midnight Commander to follow the  logi-
       cal  chain  of  directories when changing current directory either in the panels, or using
       the cd command. This is the default behavior of bash. When unset, the  Midnight	Commander
       follows	the real directory structure, so cd .. if you've entered that directory through a
       link will move you to the current directory's real parent and not to the  directory  where
       the link was present.

       Safe  delete.   If  this  option  is enabled, deleting files and directory hotlist entries
       unintentionally becomes more difficult.	The default selection in the confirmation dialogs
       for deletion changes from "Yes" to "No".  This option is disabled by default.

       Auto save setup.  If this option is enabled, when you exit the Midnight Commander the con-
       figurable options of the Midnight Commander are saved in the ~/.config/mc/ini file.

    Layout
       The layout dialog gives you a possibility to change the	general  layout  of  screen.  The
       options	in  this  dialog are divided into several groups: "Panel split", "Console output"
       and "Other options".

       Panel split

       The rest of the screen area is used for the two directory panels. You can specify  whether
       the area is split to the panels in Vertical
	or Horizontal direction. Panel layout can be changed using Alt-, (Alt-comma) shortcut.

       Equal  split.   By  default, panels have equal sizes. Using this option you can specify an
       unequal split.

       Console output

       On the Linux or FreeBSD console you can specify how many lines are  shown  in  the  output
       window. This option is available if Midnight Commander runs on native console only.

       Other options

       Menu  bar  visible.   If enabled, main menu of Midnight Commander is always visible on the
       top row of screen above panels. Enabled by default.

       Command prompt.	If enabled, command line is avalable. Enabled by default.

       Keybar visible.	If enabled, 10 lables associated with F1-F10 keys are located at the bot-
       tom row of screen. Enabled by default.

       Hintbar	visible.   If  enabled,  the  one-line hints are visible below panels. Enabled by
       default.

       XTerm window title.  When run in a terminal emulator for X11, Midnight Commander sets  the
       terminal  window title to the current working directory and updates it when necessary.  If
       your terminal emulator is broken and you see some incorrect output on startup  and  direc-
       tory change, turn off this option.  Enabled by default.

       Show  free  space.  If enabled, free space and total space of current file system is shown
       at the bottom frame of panel. Enabled by default.

    Panel options
       Main panel options

       Show mini-status.  If enabled, one line of status information about the currently selected
       item is shown at the bottom of the panels. Enabled by default.

       Use  SI size units.  If this option is enabled, Midnight Commander will use SI units (pow-
       ers of 1000) when displaying any byte sizes. The suffixes (k, m ...) are shown  in  lower-
       case.   If  disabled  (default), Midnight Commander will use binary units (powers of 1024)
       and the suffixes are shown in upper case (K, M ...)

       Mix all files.  If this option is enabled, all  files  and  directories	are  shown  mixed
       together.  If the option is desabled (default), directories (and links to directories) are
       shown at the beginning of the listing, and other files below.

       Show backup files.  If enabled, the Midnight Commander  will  show  files  ending  with	a
       tilde.  Otherwise, they won't be shown (like GNU's ls option -B). Enabled by default.

       Show hidden files.  If enabled, the Midnight Commander will show all files that start with
       a dot (like ls -a). Disabled by default.

       Fast directory reload.  If this option is enabled, the Midnight Commander will use a trick
       to determine if the directory contents have changed.  The trick is to reload the directory
       only if the i-node of the directory has changed; this means that reloads only happen  when
       files  are  created or deleted.	If what changes is the i-node for a file in the directory
       (file size changes, mode or owner changes, etc) the display  is	not  updated.	In  these
       cases,  if  you	have the option on, you have to rescan the directory manually (with C-r).
       Disabled by default.

       Mark moves down.  If enabled, the selection bar will move down when you mark a file  (with
       Insert key). Enabled by default.

       Reverse	files  only.   Allow  revert  selection  of  files  only. Enabled by default.  If
       enabled, the reverse selection is applied to files only, not to directories.   The  selec-
       tion  of  directories  is  untouched. If off, the reverse selection is applied to files as
       well to directories: all unselected items become selected, and vice versa.

       Simple swap.  If both panels contain file listing, simple swap means that panels  exchange
       its  screen  positions:	left  panel  become  right one, and vice versa. If this option is
       unchecked, file listing panels exchange	its  content  keeping  listing	format	and  sort
       options. Unchecked by default.

       Auto  save  panels setup.  If this option is enabled, when you exit the Midnight Commander
       the current settings of panels are saved in the ~/.config/mc/panels.ini file.  Disabled by
       default.

       Navigation

       Lynx-like motion.  If this option is enabled, you may use the arrows keys to automatically
       chdir if the current selection is a subdirectory and the shell command line is  empty.  By
       default, this setting is off.

       Page scrolling.	If set (the default), panel will scroll by half the display when the cur-
       sor reaches the end or the beginning of the panel, otherwise it will just scroll a file at
       a time.

       Mouse  page  scrolling.	Controls whenever scrolling with the mouse wheel is done by pages
       or line by line on the panels.

       File highlight

       You can specify whether permissions and file types should be highlighted with  distinctive
       Colors.	If the permission highlighting is enabled, the parts of the perm and mode display
       fields which apply to the user running Midnight Commander are highlighted with  the  color
       defined by the selected keyword.  If the file type highlighting is enabled, file names are
       colored according to rules described  in  /etc/mc/filehighlight.ini  file.  See	Filenames
       Highlight for more info.

       Quick search

       You  can  specify  how the Quick search mode should works: case insensitively, case sensi-
       tively or be matched to the the panel sort order: case sensitive or not.

    Confirmation
       In this dialog you configure the  confirmation  options	for  file  deletion,  overwriting
       files,  execution by pressing enter, quitting the program, directory hotlist entries dele-
       tion and history cleanup.
	and.

    Display bits
       This is used to configure the range of visible characters on the screen.  This setting may
       be 7-bits if your terminal/curses supports only seven output bits, ISO-8859-1 displays all
       the characters in the ISO-8859-1 map and full 8 bits is for those terminals that can  dis-
       play full 8 bit characters.

    Learn keys
       This  dialog allows you to test and redefine functional keys, cursor arrows and some other
       keys to make them work properly on your terminal.  They often don't, since  many  terminal
       databases are incomplete or broken.

       You  can move around with the Tab key and with the vi moving keys ('h' left, 'j' down, 'k'
       up and 'l' right).  Once you press any cursor movement key and it is recognized,  you  can
       use that key as well.

       You  can  test  keys just by pressing each of them.  When you press a key and it is recog-
       nized properly, OK should appear next to the name of that key.  Once a key is marked OK it
       starts  working as usually, e.g. F1 pressed the first time will just check that the F1 key
       works, but after that it will show help.  The same applies to the arrow keys.  The Tab key
       should be working always.

       If  some  keys  do  not	work  properly then you won't see OK appear after pressing one of
       these.  Then you may want to redefine it.  Do it by pressing the button with the  name  of
       that  key (either by the mouse or by Enter or Space after selecting the button with Tab or
       arrows).  Then a message box will appear asking you to press that key.	Do  it	and  wait
       until the message box disappears.  If you want to abort, just press Escape once and wait.

       When  you  finish  with all the keys, you can Save them.  The definitions for the keys you
       have redefined will be written into the [terminal:TERM] section of  your  ~/.config/mc/ini
       file  (where TERM is the name of your current terminal).  The definitions of the keys that
       were already working properly are not saved.

    Virtual FS
       This option gives you control over the settings of the Virtual File System.

       The Midnight Commander keeps in memory the information related to some of the virtual file
       systems	to  speed  up  the access to the files in the file system (for example, directory
       listings fetched from FTP servers).

       Also, in order to access the contents of compressed files  (for	example,  compressed  tar
       files) the Midnight Commander needs to create temporary uncompressed files on your disk.

       Since  both  the  information in memory and the temporary files on disk take up resources,
       you may want to tune the parameters of the cached information to  decrease  your  resource
       usage or to maximize the speed of access to frequently used file systems.

       Because of the format of the tar archives, the Tar filesystem needs to read the whole file
       just to load the file entries.  Since most tar files are usually  kept  compressed  (plain
       tar  files  are	species in extinction), the tar file system has to uncompress the file on
       the disk in a temporary location and then access the uncompressed file as  a  regular  tar
       file.

       Now,  since  we all love to browse files and tar files all over the disk, it's common that
       you will leave a tar file and then re-enter it later.  Since decompression  is  slow,  the
       Midnight  Commander  will  cache  the  information in memory for a limited time.  When the
       timeout expires, all the resources associated with the  file  system  are  released.   The
       default timeout is set to one minute.

       The  FTP  File  System (ftpfs) allows you to browse directories on remote FTP servers.  It
       has several options.

       ftp anonymous password is the password used when you login  as  "anonymous".   Some  sites
       require	a  valid e-mail address.  On the other hand, you probably don't want to give your
       real e-mail address to untrusted sites, especially if you are not using spam filtering.

       ftpfs keeps the directory listing it fetches from a FTP server  in  a  cache.   The  cache
       expire  time  is  configurable with the ftpfs directory cache timeout option.  A low value
       for this option may slow down every operation on the ftpfs because every  operation  would
       require sending a request to the FTP server.

       You can define an FTP proxy host for doing FTP.	Note that most modern firewalls are fully
       transparent at least for passive FTP (see below), so FTP proxies are considered obsolete.

       If Always use ftp proxy is not set, you can use the exclamation sign to enable  proxy  for
       certain hosts.  See FTP File System for examples.

       If this option is set, the program will do two things: consult the /usr/lib/mc/mc.no_proxy
       file for lines containing host names that are local (if the host name starts with  a  dot,
       it is assumed to be a domain) and to assume that any hostnames without dots in their names
       are directly accessible.  All other hosts will  be  accessed  through  the  specified  FTP
       proxy.

       You can enable using ~/.netrc file, which keeps login names and passwords for ftp servers.
       See netrc (5) for the description of the .netrc format.

       Use passive mode enables using FTP passive mode, when the connection for data transfer  is
       initiated  by  the  client,  not by the server.	This option is recommended and enabled by
       default.  If this option is turned off, the data connection is initiated  by  the  server.
       This may not work with some firewalls.

    Save Setup
       At  startup  the  Midnight  Commander will try to load initialization information from the
       ~/.config/mc/ini file. If this file doesn't exist, it will load the information	from  the
       system-wide  configuration  file, located in /usr/share/mc/mc.ini. If the system-wide con-
       figuration file doesn't exist, MC uses the default settings.

       The Save Setup command creates the ~/.config/mc/ini file by saving the current settings of
       the Left, Right and Options menus.

       If  you activate the auto save setup option, MC will always save the current settings when
       exiting.

       There also exist settings which can't be changed from the menus. To change these  settings
       you have to edit the setup file with your favorite editor. See the section on Special Set-
       tings for more information.

Executing operating system commands
       You may execute commands by typing them directly in the Midnight Commander's  input  line,
       or  by selecting the program you want to execute with the selection bar in one of the pan-
       els and hitting Enter.

       If you press Enter over a file that is not executable, the Midnight Commander  checks  the
       extension  of the selected file against the extensions in the Extensions File.  If a match
       is found then the code associated with that extension is executed.  A  very  simple  macro
       expansion takes place before executing the command.

  The cd internal command
       The  cd	command is interpreted by the Midnight Commander, it is not passed to the command
       shell for execution.  Thus it may not handle all of the nice macro expansion and substitu-
       tion that your shell does, although it does some of them:

       Tilde substitution.  The (~) will be substituted with your home directory, if you append a
       username after the tilde, then it will be substituted with  the	login  directory  of  the
       specified user.

       For  example, ~guest is the home directory for the user guest, while ~/guest is the direc-
       tory guest in your home directory.

       Previous directory.  You can jump to the directory you were previously by using	the  spe-
       cial directory name '-' like this: cd -

       CDPATH  directories.   If  the directory specified to the cd command is not in the current
       directory, then The Midnight Commander uses the value in the environment  variable  CDPATH
       to search for the directory in any of the named directories.

       For  example  you could set your CDPATH variable to ~/src:/usr/src, allowing you to change
       your directory to any of the directories inside the ~/src and /usr/src  directories,  from
       any  place  in the file system by using its relative name (for example cd linux could take
       you to /usr/src/linux).

  Macro Substitution
       When accessing a user menu, or executing an extension dependent command, or running a com-
       mand from the command line input, a simple macro substitution takes place.

       The macros are:

       %i     The indent of blank space, equal the cursor column position.  For edit menu only.

       %y     The syntax type of current file. For edit menu only.

       %k     The block file name.

       %e     The error file name.

       %m     The current menu name.

       %f and %p
	      The current file name.

       %x     The extension of current file name.

       %b     The current file name without extension.

       %d     The current directory name.

       %F     The current file in the unselected panel.

       %D     The directory name of the unselected panel.

       %t     The currently tagged files.

       %T     The tagged files in the unselected panel.

       %u and %U
	      Similar  to  the %t and %T macros, but in addition the files are untagged.  You can
	      use this macro only once per menu file entry or extension file entry, because  next
	      time there will be no tagged files.

       %s and %S
	      The selected files: The tagged files if there are any. Otherwise the current file.

       %cd    This  is a special macro that is used to change the current directory to the direc-
	      tory specified in front of it.  This is used primarily as an interface to the  Vir-
	      tual File System.

       %view  This macro is used to invoke the internal viewer.  This macro can be used alone, or
	      with arguments.  If you pass any arguments to this macro, they should  be  enclosed
	      in brackets.

	      The  arguments  are:  ascii  to  force the viewer into ascii mode; hex to force the
	      viewer into hex mode; nroff to tell the viewer that it should  interpret	the  bold
	      and  underline  sequences of nroff; unformatted to tell the viewer to not interpret
	      nroff commands for making the text bold or underlined.

       %%     The % character

       %{some text}
	      Prompt for the substitution. An input box is shown and the text inside  the  braces
	      is  used	as  a prompt. The macro is substituted by the text typed by the user. The
	      user can press ESC or F10 to cancel. This macro doesn't work on  the  command  line
	      yet.

       %var{ENV:default}
	      If  environment  variable ENV is unset, the default is substituted.  Otherwise, the
	      value of ENV is substituted.

  The subshell support
       The subshell support is a compile time option, that works with the shells: bash, tcsh  and
       zsh.

       When the subshell code is activated the Midnight Commander will spawn a concurrent copy of
       your shell (the one defined in the SHELL variable and if it is not defined, then  the  one
       in  the /etc/passwd file) and run it in a pseudo terminal, instead of invoking a new shell
       each time you execute a command, the command will be passed to the subshell as if you  had
       typed  it.   This also allows you to change the environment variables, use shell functions
       and define aliases that are valid until you quit the Midnight Commander.

       If you are using  bash  you  can  specify  startup  commands  for  the  subshell  in  your
       ~/.local/share/mc/bashrc  file  and special keyboard maps in the ~/.local/share/mc/inputrc
       file.  tcsh users may specify startup commands in the ~/.local/share/mc/tcshrc file.

       When the subshell code is used, you can suspend applications at any time with the sequence
       C-o and jump back to the Midnight Commander, if you interrupt an application, you will not
       be able to run other external commands until you quit the application you interrupted.

       An extra added feature of using the subshell is that the prompt displayed by the  Midnight
       Commander is the same prompt that you are currently using in your shell.

       The OPTIONS section has more information on how you can control the subshell code.

Chmod
       The Chmod window is used to change the attribute bits in a group of files and directories.
       It can be invoked with the C-x c key combination.

       The Chmod window has two parts - Permissions and File.

       In the File section are displayed the name of the file or directory and its permissions in
       octal form, as well as its owner and group.

       In  the	Permissions  section there is a set of check buttons which correspond to the file
       attribute bits.	As you change the attribute bits, you can see the octal value  change  in
       the File section.

       To move between the widgets (buttons and check buttons) use the arrow keys or the Tab key.
       To change the state of the check buttons or to select a button use Space.   You	can  also
       use the hotkeys on the buttons to quickly activate them.  Hotkeys are shown as highlighted
       letters on the buttons.

       To set the attribute bits, use the Enter key.

       When working with a group of files or directories, you just click on the bits you want  to
       set  or	clear.	Once you have selected the bits you want to change, you select one of the
       action buttons (Set marked or Clear marked).

       Finally, to set the attributes exactly to those specified, you can use the [Set all]  but-
       ton, which will act on all the tagged files.

       [Marked all] set only marked attributes to all selected files

       [Set marked] set marked bits in attributes of all selected files

       [Clean marked] clear marked bits in attributes of all selected files

       [Set] set the attributes of one file

       [Cancel] cancel the Chmod command

Chown
       The  Chown  command is used to change the owner/group of a file. The hot key for this com-
       mand is C-x o.

Advanced Chown
       The Advanced Chown command is the Chmod and Chown command combined into	one  window.  You
       can change the permissions and owner/group of files at once.

File Operations
       When  you copy, move or delete files the Midnight Commander shows the file operations dia-
       log.  It shows the files currently being processed and uses up  to  three  progress  bars.
       The  file bar indicates the percentage of the current file that has been processed so far.
       The count bar shows how many of the tagged files have been handled.  The bytes  bar  indi-
       cates  the percentage of the total size of the tagged files that has been handled.  If the
       verbose option is off, the file and bytes bars are not shown.

       There are two buttons at the bottom of the dialog. Pressing the Skip button will skip  the
       rest  of  the  current file. Pressing the Abort button will abort the whole operation, the
       rest of the files are skipped.

       There are three other dialogs which you can run into during the file operations.

       The error dialog informs about error conditions	and  has  three  choices.   Normally  you
       select  either the Skip button to skip the file or the Abort button to abort the operation
       altogether.  You can also select the Retry button if you fixed the  problem  from  another
       terminal.

       The  replace  dialog  is  shown	when  you attempt to copy or move a file on the top of an
       existing file.  The dialog shows the dates and sizes of the both  files.   Press  the  Yes
       button  to overwrite the file, the No button to skip the file, the All button to overwrite
       all the files, the None button to never overwrite and the Update button	to  overwrite  if
       the  source  file  is  newer  than  the target file.  You can abort the whole operation by
       pressing the Abort button.

       The recursive delete dialog is shown when you try to  delete  a	directory  which  is  not
       empty.	Press  the  Yes button to delete the directory recursively, the No button to skip
       the directory, the All button to delete all the directories and the None  button  to  skip
       all  the  non-empty  directories.  You can abort the whole operation by pressing the Abort
       button.	If you selected the Yes or All button you will be asked for a confirmation.  Type
       "yes" only if you are really sure you want to do the recursive delete.

       If  you	have  tagged  files  and perform an operation on them only the files on which the
       operation succeeded are untagged. Failed and skipped files are left tagged.

Mask Copy/Rename
       The copy/move operations let you translate the names of files in an easy way.  To  do  it,
       you have to specify the correct source mask and usually in the trailing part of the desti-
       nation specify some wildcards.  All the files matching the source mask are  copied/renamed
       according  to  the target mask.	If there are tagged files, only the tagged files matching
       the source mask are renamed.

       There are other options which you can set:

       Follow links

       determines whether make the symlinks and hardlinks in the source directory (recursively in
       subdirectories)	new links in the target directory or whether would you like to copy their
       content.

       Dive into subdirs

       determines the behavior when the source directory is about to be copied,  but  the  target
       directory already exists.  The default action is to copy the contents of the source direc-
       tory into the target directory.	Enabling this option causes copying the source	directory
       itself into the target directory.

       For  example, you want to copy directory /foo containing file bar to /bla/foo, which is an
       already existing directory.  Normally (when Dive into subdirs is not set), mc  would  copy
       file /foo/bar into the file /bla/foo/bar.  By enabling this option the /bla/foo/foo direc-
       tory will be created, and /foo/bar will be copied into /bla/foo/foo/bar.

       Preserve attributes

       determines whether to preserve the permissions, timestamps and (if you are root) the  own-
       ership  of  the original files.	If this option is not set, the current value of the umask
       will be respected.

       Use shell patterns

       When this option is on you can use the '*' and '?' wildcards in the source mask. They work
       like  they  do  in the shell. In the target mask only the '*' and '\<digit>' wildcards are
       allowed. The first '*' wildcard in the target mask corresponds to the first wildcard group
       in  the	source	mask, the second '*' corresponds to the second group and so on.  The '\1'
       wildcard corresponds to the first wildcard group in the source  mask,  the  '\2'  wildcard
       corresponds  to	the  second group and so on all the way up to '\9'.  The '\0' wildcard is
       the whole filename of the source file.

       Two examples:

       If the source mask is "*.tar.gz", the destination is  "/bla/*.tgz"  and	the  file  to  be
       copied is "foo.tar.gz", the copy will be "foo.tgz" in "/bla".

       Suppose you want to swap basename and extension so that "file.c" would become "c.file" and
       so on.  The source mask for this is "*.*" and the destination is "\2.\1".

       Use shell patterns off

       When the shell patterns option is off the MC doesn't do automatic  grouping  anymore.  You
       must  use '\(...\)' expressions in the source mask to specify meaning for the wildcards in
       the target mask. This is more flexible but also requires  more  typing.	Otherwise  target
       masks are similar to the situation when the shell patterns option is on.

       Two examples:

       If the source mask is "^\(.*\)\.tar\.gz$", the destination is "/bla/*.tgz" and the file to
       be copied is "foo.tar.gz", the copy will be "/bla/foo.tgz".

       Let's suppose you want to swap  basename  and  extension  so  that  "file.c"  will  become
       "c.file"  and so on. The source mask for this is "^\(.*\)\.\(.*\)$" and the destination is
       "\2.\1".

       Case Conversions

       You can also change the case of the filenames.  If you use '\u'	or  '\l'  in  the  target
       mask, the next character will be converted to uppercase or lowercase correspondingly.

       If  you	use  '\U'  or  '\L'  in the target mask, the next characters will be converted to
       uppercase or lowercase correspondingly up to the next '\E' or next '\U', '\L' or  the  end
       of the file name.

       The '\u' and '\l' are stronger than '\U' and '\L'.

       For  example, if the source mask is '*' ( Use shell patterns on) or '^\(.*\)$' ( Use shell
       patterns off) and the target mask is '\L\u*' the file names will be converted to have ini-
       tial upper case and otherwise lower case.

       You can also use '\' as a quote character. For example, '\\' is a backslash and '\*' is an
       asterisk.

       Stable symlinks

       commands Midnight Commander, that it should change symlinks in the target, so that they'll
       point  to the same location as it did before. With absolute symbolic links this does noth-
       ing, but if you have a relative one, it will recompute its value, adding necessary ../ and
       other  directory  parts and making the value as short as possible (most modern filesystems
       keep short symlinks inside inodes and thus don't waste much disk space).

Select/Unselect Files
       The dialog of group of files and directories selection  or  uselection.	 The  input  line
       allow enter the regular expression of filenames that will be selected/unselected.

       When  Files  only  checkbox  is on, only files will be selected.  If Files only is off, as
       files as directories will be selected.  When Shell Patterns checkbox is	on,  the  regular
       expression  is  much  like the filename globbing in the shell (* standing for zero or more
       characters and ?  standing for one character). If Shell Patterns is off, then the  tagging
       of  files is done with normal regular expressions (see ed (1)). When Case sensitive check-
       box is on, the selection will be case sensitive characters.  If Case sensitive is off, the
       case will be ignored.

Internal Diff Viewer
       The  mcdiff is a visual diff tool. You can compare two files and edit them in-place (diffs
       are updated dynamically). You can browse and view a working copy from popular version con-
       trol systems (GIT, Subversion, etc).

       Following shortcuts are available in internal diff viewer of Midnight Commander.

       F1 Invoke the built-in hypertext help viewer.

       F2 Save modified files.

       F4 Edit file of the left panel in the internal editor.

       F14 Edit file of the right panel in the internal editor.

       F5 Merge the current hunk. Only the current hunk will be merged.

       F7 Start search.

       F17 Continue search.

       F10, Esc, q Exit from diff viewer.

       Alt-s, s Toggle show of hunk status.

       Alt-n, l Toggle show of line numbers.

       f Maximize left panel.

       = Make panels equal in width.

       > Reduce the size of the right panel.

       < Reduce the size of the left panel.

       c Toggle show of trailing carriage return (CR) symbol as ^M.

       2, 3, 4, 8 Set tabulation size

       C-u Swap contents of diff panels.

       C-r Refresh the screen.

       C-o Switch to the subshell and show the command screen.

       Enter, Space, n Find next diff hunk.

       Backspace, p Find previous diff hunk.

       g Go to line.

       Down Scroll one line forward.

       Up Scroll one line backward.

       PageUp Move one page up.

       PageDown Mves one page down.

       Home, A1 Moves to the line beginning.

       End Moves to the line end.

       C-Home Move to the file beginning.

       C-End, C1 Move to the file end.

Internal File Viewer
       The  internal  file  viewer  provides two display modes: ASCII and hex.	To toggle between
       modes, use the F4 key.

       The viewer will try to use the best method provided by your system or  the  file  type  to
       display	the information.  Some character sequences, which appear most often in preformat-
       ted manual pages, are displayed bold and underlined, thus making a pretty display of  your
       files.

       When  in  hex mode, the search function accepts text in quotes and constant numbers.  Text
       in quotes is matched exactly after removing the quotes.	Each  number  matches  one  byte.
       You can mix quoted text with constants like this:

       "String" -1 0xBB 012 "more text"

       Note that 012 is an octal number.  -1 is converted to 0xFF.

       Here is a listing of the actions associated with each key that the Midnight Commander han-
       dles in the internal file viewer.

       F1 Invoke the built-in hypertext help viewer.

       F2 Toggle the wrap mode.

       F4 Toggle the hex mode.

       F5 Goto line.  This will prompt you for a line number and will display that line.

       F6, /.  Regular expression search.

       ?, Reverse regular expression search.

       F7 Normal search / hex mode search.

       C-s, F17, n.  Start normal search if there was no previous  search  expression  else  find
       next match.

       C-r.   Start  reverse  search  if  there  was no previous search expression else find next
       match.

       F8 Toggle Raw/Parsed mode: This will show the file as found on disk  or	if  a  processing
       filter  has  been  specified  in the mc.ext file, then the output from the filter. Current
       mode is always the other than written on the button label, since on the button is the mode
       which you enter by that key.

       F9  Toggle the format/unformat mode: when format mode is on the viewer will interpret some
       string sequences to show bold and underline with different colors. Also, on  button  label
       is the other mode than current.

       F10, Esc.  Exit the internal file viewer.

       next-page, space, C-v.  Scroll one page forward.

       prev-page, Alt-v, C-b, Backspace.  Scroll one page backward.

       down-key Scroll one line forward.

       up-key Scroll one line backward.

       C-l Refresh the screen.

       C-o Switch to the subshell and show the command screen.

       [n] m Set the mark n.

       [n] r Jump to the mark n.

       C-f Jump to the next file.

       C-b Jump to the previous file.

       Alt-r Toggle the ruler.

       Alt-e  to  change  charset  of  displayed text may use M-e (Alt-e).  Recoding is made from
       selected codepage into system codepage. To cancel the recoding you may select "<No  trans-
       lation>" in charset selection dialog.

       It's  possible  to  instruct  the file viewer how to display a file, look at the Extension
       File Edit section

Internal File Editor
       The internal file editor is a full-featured full screen editor.	It can edit files  up  to
       64  megabytes.	It is possible to edit binary files.  The internal file editor is invoked
       using F4 if the use_internal_edit option is set in the initialization file.

       The features it presently supports are: block copy, move, delete, cut, paste; key for  key
       undo;  pull-down  menus;  file  insertion;  macro  commands; regular expression search and
       replace; shift-arrow text highlighting (if supported by	the  terminal);  insert-overwrite
       toggle;	word  wrap;  autoindent;  tunable  tab size; syntax highlighting for various file
       types; and an option to pipe text blocks through shell commands like indent and ispell.

       Sections:

	      Options of editor in ini-file

       The editor is very easy to use and requires no tutoring. To see what keys  do  what,  just
       consult	the appropriate pull-down menu. Other keys are: Shift movement keys do text high-
       lighting.  Ctrl-Ins copies to the file mcedit.clip and Shift-Ins pastes from  mcedit.clip.
       Shift-Del  cuts	to mcedit.clip, and Ctrl-Del deletes highlighted text. Mouse highlighting
       also works, and you can override the mouse as usual by holding down the	shift  key  while
       dragging the mouse to let normal terminal mouse highlighting work.

       To define a macro, press Ctrl-R and then type out the key strokes you want to be executed.
       Press Ctrl-R again when finished. You can then assign the macro to any  key  you  like  by
       pressing  that key. The macro is executed when you press Ctrl-A and then the assigned key.
       The macro is also executed if you press Meta, Ctrl, or Esc and the assigned key,  provided
       that  the key is not used for any other function. Once defined, the macro commands go into
       the file ~/.local/share/mc/mcedit/mcedit.macros You can delete a  macro	by  deleting  the
       appropriate line in this file.

       To  change  charset of displayed text may use M-e (Alt-e).  Recoding is made from selected
       codepage into system codepage. To cancel the recoding you may select "<No translation>" in
       charset selection dialog.

       F19  will format the currently highlighted block (plain text or C or C++ code or another).
       This  is  controlled  by  the  file  /usr/share/mc/edit.indent.rc  which  is   copied   to
       ~/.local/share/mc/mcedit/edit.indent.rc in your home directory the first time you use it.

       The  editor  also displays non-us characters (160+). When editing binary files, you should
       set display bits to 7 bits in the options menu to keep the spacing clean.

Options of editor in ini-file
       Some editor options of ini-file are described in this  section.	 Options  are  placed  in
       [Midnight-Commander] section

       editor_wordcompletion_collect_entire_file
	      Search autocomplete candidates in entire of file or just from begin of file to cur-
	      sor position (0)

Screen selector
       Midnight Commander supports running many internal modules (such as editor, viewer and diff
       viewer)	simultaneously	and switching between them without closing open files. Using sev-
       eral file managers at a time, however, is not currently supported.

       Let's call each of these modules a screen. There are three ways to switch between screens,
       using one of these global shortcuts:

       Alt-}  switch to the next screen;

       Alt-{  switch to the previous screen;

       Alt-`  open  a  dialog  window with the list of currently open screens (or use the "Screen
	      list" menu item).

Completion
       Let the Midnight Commander type for you.

       Attempt to perform completion on the text before current position.  MC attempts completion
       treating  the  text  as variable (if the text begins with $), username (if the text begins
       with ~), hostname (if the text begins with @) or command (if you are on the  command  line
       in  the	position  where you might type a command, possible completions then include shell
       reserved words and shell built-in commands as well) in turn.  If none  of  these  matches,
       filename completion is attempted.

       Filename,  username,  variable  and  hostname completion works on all input lines, command
       completion is command line specific.  If the completion is ambiguous (there are more  dif-
       ferent  possibilities),	MC  beeps  and the following action depends on the setting of the
       Complete: show all option in the Configuration dialog.  If it is enabled, a  list  of  all
       possibilities  pops up next to the current position and you can select with the arrow keys
       and Enter the correct entry.  You can also type the first letters in which the  possibili-
       ties differ to move to a subset of all possibilities and complete as much as possible.  If
       you press Alt-Tab again, only the subset will be shown in the listbox, otherwise the first
       item  which  matches all the previous characters will be highlighted.  As soon as there is
       no ambiguity, dialog disappears, but you can hide it by canceling keys Esc, F10	and  left
       and  right  arrow  keys. If Complete: show all is disabled, the dialog pops up only if you
       press Alt-Tab for the second time, for the first time MC just beeps.

Virtual File System
       The Midnight Commander is provided with a code layer to access the file system; this  code
       layer  is  known as the virtual file system switch.  The virtual file system switch allows
       the Midnight Commander to manipulate files not located on the Unix file system.

       Currently the Midnight Commander is packaged with some Virtual  File  Systems  (VFS):  the
       local  file  system,  used  for accessing the regular Unix file system; the ftpfs, used to
       manipulate files on remote systems with the FTP protocol; the tarfs,  used  to  manipulate
       tar and compressed tar files; the undelfs, used to recover deleted files on ext2 file sys-
       tems (the default file system for Linux systems), fish (for manipulating files over  shell
       connections  such as rsh and ssh).  If the code was compiled with sftpfs (for manipulating
       files over SFTP connections).  If the code was compiled with smbfs support, you can manip-
       ulate files on remote systems with the SMB (CIFS) protocol.

       A  generic  extfs (EXTernal virtual File System) is provided in order to easily expand VFS
       capabilities using scripts and external software.

       The VFS switch code will interpret all of the path names used and will forward them to the
       correct	file system, the formats used for each one of the file systems is described later
       in their own section.

  FTP File System
       The FTP File System (ftpfs) allows you to manipulate files on remote machines.	To  actu-
       ally  use  it,  you  can use the FTP link item in the menu or directly change your current
       directory using the cd command to a path name that looks like this:

       ftp://[!][user[:pass]@]machine[:port][remote-dir]

       The user, port and remote-dir elements are optional.  If you specify the user element, the
       Midnight  Commander  will  login to the remote machine as that user, otherwise it will use
       anonymous login or the login name from the ~/.netrc file.  The optional	pass  element  is
       the password used for the connection.  Using the password in the VFS directory name is not
       recommended, because it can appear on the screen in clear text and can  be  saved  to  the
       directory history.

       To enable using FTP proxy, prepend !  (an exclamation sign) to the hostname.

       Examples:

	   ftp://ftp.nuclecu.unam.mx/linux/local
	   ftp://tsx-11.mit.edu/pub/linux/packages
	   ftp://!behind.firewall.edu/pub
	   ftp://guest@remote-host.com:40/pub
	   ftp://miguel:xxx@server/pub

       Please check the Virtual File System dialog box for ftpfs options.

  Tar File System
       The  tar  file  system provides you with read-only access to your tar files and compressed
       tar files by using the chdir command.  To change your directory to a tar file, you  change
       your current directory to the tar file by using the following syntax:

       /filename.tar/utar://[dir-inside-tar]

       The  mc.ext  file  already  provides a shortcut for tar files, this means that usually you
       just point to a tar file and press return to enter into the tar file,  see  the	Extension
       File Edit section for details on how this is done.

       Examples:

	   mc-3.0.tar.gz/utar://mc-3.0/vfs
	   /ftp/GCC/gcc-2.7.0.tar/utar://

       The latter specifies the full path of the tar archive.

  FIle transfer over SHell filesystem
       The  fish  file	system	is  a network based file system that allows you to manipulate the
       files in a remote machine as if they were local. To use this, the other side has to either
       run fish server, or has to have bash-compatible shell.

       To connect to a remote machine, you just need to chdir into a special directory which name
       is in the following format:

       sh://[user@]machine[:options]/[remote-dir]

       The user, options and remote-dir elements are optional.	If you specify the user  element,
       the  Midnight Commander will try to login on the remote machine as that user, otherwise it
       will use your login name.

       The available options are:
	 'C' - use compression;
	 'r' - use rsh instead of ssh;
	 port - specify the port used by remote server.
       If the remote-dir element is present, your current directory on the remote machine will be
       set to this one.

       Examples:

	   sh://onlyrsh.mx:r/linux/local
	   sh://joe@want.compression.edu:C/private
	   sh://joe@noncompressed.ssh.edu/private
	   sh://joe@somehost.ssh.edu:2222/private

  SFTP (SSH File Transfer Protocol) filesystem
       The  SFTP  file	system	is  a network based file system that allows you to manipulate the
       files in a remote machine as if they were local.

       To connect to a remote machine, you just need to chdir into a special directory which name
       is in the following format:

       sftp://[user@]machine:[port]/[remote-dir]

       The user, port and remote-dir elements are optional.  If you specify the user element, the
       Midnight Commander will try to login on the remote machine as that user, otherwise it will
       use  your  login name.  port - specify the port used by remote server (22 by default).  If
       the remote-dir element is present, your current directory on the remote	machine  will  be
       set to this one.

       Examples:

	   sftp://onlyrsh.mx/linux/local
	   sftp://joe:password@want.compression.edu/private
	   sftp://joe@noncompressed.ssh.edu/private
	   sftp://joe@somehost.ssh.edu:2222/private

  Undelete File System
       On  Linux  systems, if you asked configure to use the ext2fs undelete facilities, you will
       have the undelete file system available.  Recovery of deleted files is only  available  on
       ext2 file systems.  The undelete file system is just an interface to the ext2fs library to
       retrieve all of the deleted files names on an ext2fs  and  provides  and  to  extract  the
       selected files into a regular partition.

       To  use	this  file  system,  you  have	to chdir into the special file name formed by the
       "undel://" prefix and the file name where the actual file system resides.

       For example, to recover deleted files on the second partition of the first  SCSI  disk  on
       Linux, you would use the following path name:

	   undel://sda2

       It  may	take  a  while	for the undelfs to load the required information before you start
       browsing files there.

  SMB File System
       The smbfs allows you to manipulate files on remote machines with SMB (or  CIFS)	protocol.
       These  include  Windows	for  Workgroups,  Windows  9x/ME/XP, Windows NT, Windows 2000 and
       Samba.  To actually use it, you may try to use the panel command "SMB link..."	(accessi-
       ble from the menubar) or you may directly change your current directory to it using the cd
       command to a path name that looks like this:

       smb://[user@]machine[/service][/remote-dir]

       The user, service and remote-dir elements are optional.	The user, domain and password can
       be specified in an input dialog.

       Examples:

	   smb://machine/Share
	   smb://other_machine
	   smb://guest@machine/Public/Irlex

  EXTernal File System
       extfs allows you to integrate numerous features and file types into GNU Midnight Commander
       in an easy way, by writing scripts.

       Extfs filesystems can be divided into two categories:

       1. Stand-alone filesystems, which are not associated with any existing file.  They  repre-
       sent  certain  system-wide  data  as  a directory tree.	You can invoke them by typing 'cd
       fsname://' where fsname is an extfs short name (see below).  Examples of such  filesystems
       include	audio  (list  audio  tracks on the CD) or apt (list of all Debian packages in the
       system).

       For example, to list CD-Audio tracks on your CD-ROM drive, type

	 cd audio://

       2. 'Archive' filesystems (like rpm, patchfs and more), which represent contents of a  file
       as  a directory tree.  It can consist of 'real' files compressed in an archive (urar, rpm)
       or virtual files, like messages in a mailbox (mailfs) or parts of a patch  (patchfs).   To
       access such filesystems 'fsname://' should be appended to the archive name.  Note that the
       archive itself can be on another vfs.

       For example, to list contents of a zip archive documents.zip type

	 cd documents.zip/uzip://

       In many aspects, you could treat extfs like any other directory.  For  instance,  you  can
       add  it to the hotlist or change to it from directory history.  An important limitation is
       that you cannot invoke shell commands inside extfs, just like any other non-local VFS.

       Common extfs scripts included with Midnight Commander are:

       a      access 'A:' DOS/Windows diskette (cd a://).

       apt    front end to Debian's APT package management system (cd apt://).

       audio  audio CD ripping and playing (cd audio:// or cd device/audio://).

       bpp    package of Bad Penguin GNU/Linux distribution (cd file.bpp/bpp://).

       deb    package of Debian GNU/Linux distribution (cd file.deb/deb://).

       dpkg   Debian GNU/Linux installed packages (cd deb://).

       hp48   view and copy files to/from a HP48 calculator (cd hp48://).

       lslR   browsing of lslR listings as found on many FTPs (cd filename/lslR://).

       mailfs mbox-style mailbox files support (cd mailbox/mailfs://).

       patchfs
	      extfs to handle unified and context diffs (cd filename/patchfs://).

       rpm    RPM package (cd filename/rpm://).

       rpms   RPM database management (cd rpms://).

       ulha, urar, uzip, uzoo, uar, uha
	      archivers (cd archive/xxxx:// where xxxx is one of: ulha, urar,  uzip,  uzoo,  uar,
	      uha).

       You  could  bind file type/extension to specified extfs as described in the Extension File
       Edit section.  Here is an example entry for Debian packages:

	 regex/.deb$
		 Open=%cd %p/deb://

Colors
       The Midnight Commander will try to detect if your terminal supports color using the termi-
       nal  database  and your terminal name.  Sometimes it gets confused, so you may force color
       mode or disable color mode using the -c and -b flag respectively.

       If the program is compiled with the Slang screen manager instead of ncurses, it will  also
       check the variable COLORTERM, if it is set, it has the same effect as the -c flag.

       You may specify terminals that always force color mode by adding the color_terminals vari-
       able to the Colors section of the initialization file.  This  will  prevent  the  Midnight
       Commander from trying to detect if your terminal supports color.  Example:

       [Colors]
       color_terminals=linux,xterm
       color_terminals=terminal-name1,terminal-name2...

       The program can be compiled with both ncurses and slang, ncurses does not provide a way to
       force color mode: ncurses uses just the information in the terminal database.

       The Midnight Commander provides a way to change the default colors.  Currently the  colors
       are  configured using the environment variable MC_COLOR_TABLE or the Colors section in the
       initialization file.

       In the Colors section, the default color map is loaded from the base_color variable.   You
       can specify an alternate color map for a terminal by using the terminal name as the key in
       this section.  Example:

       [Colors]
       base_color=
       xterm=menu=magenta:marked=,magenta:markselect=,red

       The format for the color definition is:

	 <keyword>=<fgcolor>,<bgcolor>,<attributes>:<keyword>=...

       The colors are optional, and the keywords are: normal, selected, disabled, marked, markse-
       lect,  errors,  input, inputmark, inputunchanged, commandlinemark, reverse, gauge, header,
       inputhistory, commandhistory. Button bar colors are: bbarhotkey,  bbarbutton.  Status  bar
       color: statusbar. Menu colors are: menunormal, menusel, menuhot, menuhotsel, menuinactive.
       Dialog colors are: dnormal, dfocus, dhotnormal, dhotfocus,  dtitle.  Error  dialog  colors
       are: errdfocus, errdhotnormal, errdhotfocus, errdtitle.	Help colors are: helpnormal, hel-
       pitalic, helpbold, helplink, helpslink, helptitle.  Viewer color are: viewbold, viewunder-
       line,  viewselected.  Editor colors are: editnormal, editbold, editmarked, editwhitespace,
       editlinestate.  Popup menu colors are: pmenunormal, pmenusel, pmenutitle.

       header determines the color of panel header, the line that contains column titles and sort
       mode indicator.

       input determines the color of input lines used in query dialogs.

       gauge  determines  the color of the filled part of the progress bar (gauge), which is used
       to show the user the progress of file operations, such as copying.

       disabled determines the color of the widget that cannot be selected.

       The dialog boxes use the following colors: dnormal is used for the normal text, dfocus  is
       the  color used for the currently selected component, dhotnormal is the color used to dif-
       ferentiate the hotkey color in normal components, whereas the dhotfocus color is used  for
       the highlighted color in the currently selected component.

       Menus  use  the same scheme but uses the menunormal, menusel, menuhot, menuhotsel and men-
       uinactive tags instead.

       Help uses the following colors: helpnormal is used for normal text, helpitalic is used for
       text  which is emphasized in italic in the manual page, helpbold is used for text which is
       emphasized in bold in the manual page, helplink is used for not	selected  hyperlinks  and
       helpslink is used for selected hyperlink.

       Popup menu uses following colors: pmenunormal is used for non-selected menu items and as a
       main color of popup menu window, pmenusel is used for selected menu  item,  pmenutitle  is
       used for popup menu title.

       The  possible  colors are: black, gray, red, brightred, green, brightgreen, brown, yellow,
       blue, brightblue, magenta, brightmagenta, cyan, brightcyan, lightgray and white. And there
       is  a  special keyword for transparent background. It is 'default'. The 'default' can only
       be used for background color. Another special keyword "base" means mc's main colors.  When
       256  colors  are  available,  they  can	be specified either as color16 to color255, or as
       rgb000 to rgb555 and gray0 to gray23. Example:

       [Colors]
       base_color=normal=white,default:marked=magenta,default

       Attributes can be any of bold, underline, reverse and blink, appended by a  plus  sign  if
       more  than one are desired.  The special word "none" means no attributes, without attempt-
       ing to fall back to base_color.	Example:

       menuhotsel=yellow;black;bold+underline

Skins
       You can change the appearance of Midnight Commander.  To do this, you must specify a  file
       that  contain  descriptions of colors and lines to draw boxes. Redefining of the colors is
       entirely compatible with the assignment of colors, as described in Section Colors.

       If your skin contains any of 256-color definitions, you should define the '256colors'  key
       set to TRUE value in [skin] section.

       A skin-file is searched on the following algorithm (to the first one found):

	      1) command line option -S <skin> or --skin=<skin>
	      2) Environment variable MC_SKIN
	      3) Parameter skin in section [Midnight-Commander] in config file.
	      4) File /etc/mc/skins/default.ini
	      5) File /usr/share/mc/skins/default.ini

       Command	line  option,  environment  variable and parameter in config file may contain the
       absolute path to the skin-file  (with  the  extension  .ini  or	without  it).  Search  of
       skin-file will occur in (to the first one found):

	      1) ~/.local/share/mc/skins/
	      2) @sysconfdir@/mc/skins/
	      3) /usr/share/mc/skins/

       For getting extended info, refer to:

	      Description of section and parameters
	      Color pair definitions
	      Draw lines
	      Compatibility

  Description of section and parameters
       Section	[skin]	contain  metainfo for skin-file. Parameter description contain short text
       about skin.

       Section [filehighlight] contain descriptions of color pairs  for  filenames  highlighting.
       Name  of  parameters  must be equal to names of sections into filehighlight.ini file.  See
       Filenames Highlight for getting more info.

       Section [core] describes the elements that are used everywhere.

       _default_
	      Default color pair. Used in all other sections if they not  contain  color  defini-
	      tions

       selected
	      cursor

       marked selected data

       markselect
	      cursor on selected data

       gauge  color of the filled part of the progress bar

       input  color of input lines used in query dialogs

       inputmark
	      color of input selected text

       inputunhanged
	      color of input text before first modification or cursor movement

       commandlinemark
	      color of selected text in command line

       reverse
	      reverse color

       Section	[dialog]  describes  the elements that are placed on dialog windows (except error
       dialogs).

       _default_
	      Default color for this section. Used [core]._default_ if not specified

       dfocus Color of active element (in focus)

       dhotnormal
	      Color of hotkeys

       dhotfocus
	      Color of hotkeys in focused element

       Section [error] describes the elements that are placed on error dialog windows

       _default_
	      Default color for this section. Used [core]._default_ if not specified

       errdhotnormal
	      Color of hotkeys

       errdhotfocus
	      Color of hotkeys in focused element

       Section [menu] describes the elements that are placed in menu. This section describes sys-
       tem  menu (called by F9) and user-defined menus (called by F2 in panels and by F11 in edi-
       tor).

       _default_
	      Default color for this section. Used [core]._default_ if not specified

       entry  Color of menu items

       menuhot
	      Color of menu hotkeys

       menusel
	      Color of active menu item (in focus)

       menuhotsel
	      Color of menu hotkeys in focused menu item

       menuinactive
	      Color of inactive menu

       Section [help] describes the elements that are placed on help window.

       _default_
	      Default color for this section. Used [core]._default_ if not specified

       helpitalic
	      Color pair for element with italic attribute

       helpbold
	      Color pair for element with bold attribute

       helplink
	      Color of links

       helpslink
	      Color of active link (on focus)

       Section [editor] describes the colors of elements placed in editor.

       _default_
	      Default color for this section. Used [core]._default_ if not specified

       editbold
	      Color pair for element with bold attribute

       editmarked
	      Color of selected text

       editwhitespace
	      Color of tabs and trailing spaces highlighting

       editlinestate
	      Color for line state area

       Section [viewer] describes the colors of elements placed in viewer.

       viewunderline
	      Color pair for element with underline attribute

  Color pair definitions
       Any parameter in skin-file contain definition of color pair.

       Color pairs described as two colors and the optional attributes separated  by  ';'.  First
       field  sets the foreground color, second field sets background color, third field sets the
       attributes.  Any of the fields may be omitted, in this  case  value  will  be  taken  from
       default color pair (global color pair or from default color pair of this section).

       Example:
       [core]
	   # green on black
	   _default_=green;black
	   # green (default) on blue
	   selected=;blue
	   # yellow on black (default)
	   # underlined yellow on black (default)
	   marked=yellow;;underline

       Possible colors (names) and attributes are described in Colors.	section.

  Draw lines
       Lines  sets  in	section [Lines] into skin-file. By default single lines are used, but you
       may redefine to usage of any utf-8 symbols (like to lines, for example).

       WARNING!!!  When you build Midnight Commander with the Ncurses  screen  library	usage  of
       drawing	lines  is  limited!  Possible only drawing a single lines.  For all questions and
       comments please contact the developers of Ncurses.

       Descriptions of parameters [Lines]:

       lefttop
	      left-top line fragment.

       righttop
	      right-top line fragment.

       centertop
	      down branch of horizontal line

       centerbottom
	      up branch of horizontal line

       leftbottom
	      left-bottom line fragment

       rightbottom
	      right-bottom line fragment

       leftmiddle
	      right branch of vertical line

       rightmiddle
	      left branch of vertical line

       centermiddle
	      cross of lines

       horiz  horizontal line

       vert   vertical line

       thinhoriz
	      thin horizontal line

       thinvert
	      thin vertical line

  Compatibility
       Appointment of color  by skin-files fully compatible with the appointment  of  the  colors
       described in Colors.  section.

       In this case, reassignment of colors has priority over the skin file and is complementary.

Filenames Highlight
       Section	[filehighlight]  in  current skin-file contains key names as highlight groups and
       values as color pairs. Color pairs is documented in Skins section.

       Rules of filenames highlight are placed in /usr/share/mc/filehighlight.ini  file  (~/.con-
       fig/mc/filehighlight.ini).  Name of section in this file must be equal to parameters names
       in [filehighlight] section (in current skin-file).

       Keys in these groups are:

       type   file type. If present, all other options are ignored.

       regexp regular expression. If present, 'extensions' option is ignored.

       extensions
	      list of extensions of files. Separated by ';' sign.

       extensions_case
	      (make sense only with 'extensions' parameter) make 'extensions' rule case sentitive
	      (true) or not (false).

       `type' key may have values:
       - FILE (all files)
	 - FILE_EXE
       - DIR (all directories)
	 - LINK_DIR
       - LINK (all links except stale link)
	 - HARDLINK
	 - SYMLINK
       - STALE_LINK
       - DEVICE (all device files)
	 - DEVICE_BLOCK
	 - DEVICE_CHAR
       - SPECIAL (all special files)
	 - SPECIAL_SOCKET
	 - SPECIAL_FIFO
	 - SPECIAL_DOOR

Special Settings
       Most  of the Midnight Commander settings can be changed from the menus. However, there are
       a small number of settings which can only be changed by editing the setup file.

       These variables may be set in your ~/.config/mc/ini file:

       clear_before_exec
	      By default the Midnight Commander clears the screen before executing a command.  If
	      you would prefer to see the output of the command at the bottom of the screen, edit
	      your ~/.config/mc/ini file and change the value of the field  clear_before_exec  to
	      0.

       confirm_view_dir
	      If you press F3 on a directory, normally MC enters that directory.  If this flag is
	      set to 1, then MC will ask for confirmation before changing the  directory  if  you
	      have files tagged.

       ftpfs_retry_seconds
	      This  value  is  the  number  of	seconds  the  Midnight Commander will wait before
	      attempting to reconnect to an FTP server that has denied the login.  If  the  value
	      is zero, the login will no be retried.

       max_dirt_limit
	      Specifies  how  many  screen  updates  can  be skipped at most in the internal file
	      viewer.  Normally this value is not significant,	because  the  code  automatically
	      adjusts the number of updates to skip according to the rate of incoming keystrokes.
	      However, on very slow machines or terminals with a fast keyboard auto repeat, a big
	      value can make screen updates too jumpy.

	      It  seems  that  setting max_dirt_limit to 10 causes the best behavior, and that is
	      the default value.

       mouse_move_pages_viewer
	      Controls if scrolling with the mouse is done by pages or line by line on the inter-
	      nal file viewer.

       only_leading_plus_minus
	      Allow  special  treatment  for '+', '-', '*' in the command line (select, unselect,
	      reverse selection) only if the command line is empty.   You  don't  need	to  quote
	      those  characters in the middle of the command line.  On the other hand, you cannot
	      use them to change selection when the command line is not empty.

       show_output_starts_shell
	      This variable only works if you are not using the subshell support.  When  you  use
	      the C-o keystroke to go back to the user screen, if this one is set, you will get a
	      fresh shell.  Otherwise, pressing any key will bring you back to the Midnight  Com-
	      mander.

       timeformat_recent
	      Change  the  time  format  used  to display dates less than 6 months from now.  See
	      strftime or date man page for the format specification. If this option  is  absent,
	      default timeformat is used.

       timeformat_old
	      Change  the  time format used to display	dates older than 6 months from now or for
	      dates in the future.  See strftime or date man page for the  format  specification.
	      If this option is absent, default timeformat is used.

       torben_fj_mode
	      If this flag is set, then the home and end keys will work slightly different on the
	      panels, instead of moving the selection to the first and last files in the  panels,
	      they will act as follows:

	      The  home  key will: Go up to the middle line, if below it; else go to the top line
	      unless it is already on the top line, in this case it will go to the first file  in
	      the panel.

	      The end key has a similar behavior: Go down to the middle line, if over it; else go
	      to the bottom line unless you already are at the bottom line, in such case it  will
	      move the selection to the last file name in the panel.

       use_file_to_guess_type
	      If  this	variable  is on (the default) it will spawn the file command to match the
	      file types listed on the mc.ext file.

       xtree_mode
	      If this variable is on (default is off) when you browse the file system on  a  Tree
	      panel,  it  will	automatically  reload  the  other  panel with the contents of the
	      selected directory.

       fish_directory_timeout
	      This variable holds the lifetime of a directory cache entry in seconds. The default
	      value is 900 seconds.

       clipboard_store
	      This  variable  contains path (with options) to the external clipboard utility like
	      'xclip' to read text into X selection from file.	For example:

       clipboard_store=xclip -i

       clipboard_paste
	      This variable contains path (with options) to the external clipboard  utility  like
	      'xclip' to print the selection to standard out.  For example:

       clipboard_pastee=xclip -o

       autodetect_codeset
	      This  option  allows  use the `enca' command to autodetect codeset of text files in
	      internal viewer and editor. List of valid values can be obtain by the `enca  --list
	      languages | cut -d : -f1' command. Option must be located in the [Misc] section.

       For example:

       autodetect_codeset=russian

Terminal databases
       The Midnight Commander provides a way to fix your system terminal database without requir-
       ing root privileges.  The Midnight Commander searches in the  system  initialization  file
       (the  mc.lib  file located in the Midnight Commander library directory) and in the ~/.con-
       fig/mc/ini file for the section "terminal:your-terminal-name" and  then	for  the  section
       "terminal:general",  each  line	of  the  section  contains  a key symbol that you want to
       define, followed by an equal sign and the definition for the key.  You can use the special
       \e form to represent the escape character and the ^x to represent the control-x character.

       The possible key symbols are:

       f0 to f20     Function keys f0-f20
       bs	     backspace
       home	     home key
       end	     end key
       up	     up arrow key
       down	     down arrow key
       left	     left arrow key
       right	     right arrow key
       pgdn	     page down key
       pgup	     page up key
       insert	     the insert character
       delete	     the delete character
       complete      to do completion

       For  example,  to  define the key insert to be the Escape + [ + O + p, you set this in the
       ini file:

       insert=\e[Op

       Also now you can use extended learn keys.  For example:

	   ctrl-alt-right=\e[[1;6C
	   ctrl-alt-left=\e[[1;6D

       This means that ctrl+alt+left sends a \e[[1;6D escape sequence and therefore Midnight Com-
       mander interprets "\e[[1;6D" as Ctrl-Alt-Left.

       The  complete  key  symbol  represents  the escape sequences used to invoke the completion
       process, this is invoked with Alt-tab, but you can define other keys to do the  same  work
       (on those keyboard with tons of nice and unused keys everywhere).

FILES
       Full paths below may vary between installations.  They are also affected by the MC_DATADIR
       environment variable. If it's set, its value is used instead of /usr/share/mc in the paths
       below.

       /usr/share/mc/mc.hlp

	      The help file for the program.

       /usr/share/mc/mc.ext

	      The default system-wide extensions file.

       ~/.config/mc/mc.ext

	      User's  own  extension, view configuration and edit configuration file.  They over-
	      ride the contents of the system wide files if present.

       /usr/share/mc/mc.ini

	      The default system-wide setup for the Midnight Commander, used  only  if	the  user
	      doesn't have his own ~/.config/mc/ini file.

       /usr/share/mc/mc.lib

	      Global  settings	for  the  Midnight  Commander.	 Settings in this file affect all
	      users, whether they have ~/.config/mc/ini or not.  Currently,  only  terminal  set-
	      tings are loaded from mc.lib.

       ~/.config/mc/ini

	      User's  own  setup.  If  this  file  is  present then the setup is loaded from here
	      instead of the system-wide startup file.

       /usr/share/mc/mc.hint

	      This file contains the hints displayed by the program.

       /usr/share/mc/mc.menu

	      This file contains the default system-wide applications menu.

       ~/.config/mc/menu

	      User's own application menu. If this file is present it is used instead of the sys-
	      tem-wide applications menu.

       ~/.cache/mc/Tree

	      The directory list for the directory tree and tree view features.

       ~/.local/share/mc.menu

	      Local user-defined menu. If this file is present, it is used instead of the home or
	      system-wide applications menu.

       To change default root directory of MC, you can	use  MC_HOME  environment  variable.  The
       value  of MC_HOME must be an absolute path. If MC_HOME is unset or empty, HOME variable is
       used. If HOME is unset or empty, MC directories are get from GLib library.

LICENSE
       This program is distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published
       by  the Free Software Foundation. See the built-in help for details on the License and the
       lack of warranty.

AVAILABILITY
       The latest version of this program can be found at ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/mc/.

SEE ALSO
       ed(1), gpm(1), terminfo(1), view(1), sh(1), bash(1), tcsh(1), zsh(1).

       The Midnight Commander page on the World Wide Web:
	    http://www.midnight-commander.org/

AUTHORS
       Authors and contributors are listed in the AUTHORS file in the source distribution.

BUGS
       See the file TODO in the distribution for information on what remains to be done.

       If you want to report a problem with the  program,  please  send  mail  to  this  address:
       mc-devel@gnome.org.

       Provide	a detailed description of the bug, the version of the program you are running (mc
       -V displays this information), the operating system you are running the	program  on.   If
       the program crashes, we would appreciate a stack trace.

MC Version 4.8.7			   October 2012 				    MC(1)


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